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# That educators have not anticipated the impact of

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Re: That educators have not anticipated the impact of [#permalink]

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14 Mar 2014, 16:34
Option D seems to be the best option amongst the answer choices.C is too wordy.

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Re: That educators have not anticipated the impact of [#permalink]

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31 Mar 2014, 07:29
egmat wrote:
freakygeek wrote:
Hi experts,

I understand that opening sentence is Dependent clause followed by ";", followed by Independent clause and we need to somehow convert dependent clause to independent clause.

Can you please explain why each of the answer choices are wrong here ? Especially what is the difference between C and D

Hi there,

Before we respond to your question, we would like to see your analysis of this question. This way, we can give you a more effective response based on your understanding of the question. Please attempt an analysis based on the three-step process.

I look forward to your response.

Thanks,
Meghna

Hi Meghna,
Let me try to answer this and then correct me if I'm wrong.

I'd focus on C and D only as rest is either grammatically wrong or awkward.

There is a shuttle change in meaning between C and D, I think.
C narrows down the educators' set to only those who have not anticipated the impact. So, it could be that there are other educators as well who are not involved here...But the intended meaning is not the same, the sentence actually refers to the (all)educators without narrowing down the set...and D makes it clear.

Now, please share e-GMAT's awesome analysis and explanation
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Re: That educators have not anticipated the impact of [#permalink]

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31 Mar 2014, 09:13
Hi Meghna,

Can you please respond to my analysis
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Re: That educators have not anticipated the impact of [#permalink]

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02 Apr 2014, 00:38
I have a query related to option(B).

I don't see any problem with (B). And as per OE from OG, it is grammatically acceptable to start the clause with THAT.

That educators have not anticipated the impact of microcomputer technology can hardly be said to be at fault.

"THAT" introduces an idea.So, it the educators who can hardly be said to at fault.

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Re: That educators have not anticipated the impact of [#permalink]

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02 Apr 2014, 10:45
Replace "that" with "the idea that" or "the fact that". Option B is saying that this idea can hardly be said to be at fault. Here, they want to say that the educators (not an idea) are not at fault. Option D does this.

Btw, you can start sentences with "that". Here's an example:
That he is intelligent is beyond dispute.

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Re: That educators have not anticipated the impact of [#permalink]

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26 Apr 2014, 22:32
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That educators have not anticipated the impact of microcomputer technology can hardly be said that it is their fault: Alvin Toffler, one of the most prominent students of the future, did not even mention microcomputers in Future Shock, published in 1970.

(A) That educators have not anticipated the impact of microcomputer technology can hardly be said that it is their fault

(B) That educators have not anticipated the impact of microcomputer technology can hardly be said to be at fault

(C) It can hardly be said that it is the fault of educators who have not anticipated the impact of microcomputer technology

(D) It can hardly be said that educators are at fault for not anticipating the impact of microcomputer technology

(E) The fact that educators are at fault for not anticipating the impact of microcomputer
technology can hardly be said

Meaning : It can hardly be said that the educators are at fault for not anticipating the impact of microcomputer technology. Alvin Toffler, one of the most prominent students of the future, did not even mention microcomputers in Future Shock, published in 1970.

POE:

Option A) The Sentence starts with "that" and kind of inverted.

It can hardly be said That educators have not anticipated the impact of microcomputer technology. And also “it is their fault”. The usage is educators are at fault.

Option B) Not sure who is at fault.

Option C) “it is the fault”. What does “it” signify?
We can say
“It can hardly be said that educators are at fault.”

Option D) Looks good.

Option E) Only issue I can find is the predicate of the sentence “The fact can hardly be said” is very far away and we lose track of it.

D) Looks good as per POE.

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Re: That educators have not anticipated the impact of [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2014, 00:44
x2suresh wrote:
OG 50)
That educators have not anticipated the impact of microcomputer technology can hardly be said that it is their fault: Alvin Toffler, one of the most prominent students of the future, did not even mention microcomputers in Future Shock, published in 1970.

(A) That educators have not anticipated the impact of microcomputer technology can hardly be said that it is their fault

(B) That educators have not anticipated the impact of microcomputer technology can hardly be said to be at fault

(C) It can hardly be said that it is the fault of educators who have not anticipated the impact of microcomputer technology

(D) It can hardly be said that educators are at fault for not anticipating the impact of microcomputer technology

(E) The fact that educators are at fault for not anticipating the impact of microcomputer technology can hardly be said

this is a hard question because we do not know the reason for wrongness though we can choose the oa.

in A, "it" can not be a fake subject because there is no idiom in which "it" can be a fake subject. so, "it" has not referent. wrong.

in B, the intended meaing is "the educators is at falt" not" that educator have not anticipated... is at falt". this is distorted meaning situation which is typical on gmat. Wrong.

in C. this choice is also a distorted meaning. the main meaning here is "it is the falt of educator" while the intended meaning is "the eduator is at fault" . wrong

between D and E. there is no idiom like E. the idiom is the pattern in D. in other words, E is wrong simply because it is not idiomatic.

D is left.

though I try to explain, I am not satisfiied and want more explanation. pls, join and share your idea. only when I have clear reasons for the wrong choice we can be confident .
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Re: That educators have not anticipated the impact of [#permalink]

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20 May 2014, 03:21
bagdbmba wrote:
egmat wrote:
freakygeek wrote:
Hi experts,

I understand that opening sentence is Dependent clause followed by ";", followed by Independent clause and we need to somehow convert dependent clause to independent clause.

Can you please explain why each of the answer choices are wrong here ? Especially what is the difference between C and D

Hi there,

Before we respond to your question, we would like to see your analysis of this question. This way, we can give you a more effective response based on your understanding of the question. Please attempt an analysis based on the three-step process.

I look forward to your response.

Thanks,
Meghna

Hi Meghna,
Let me try to answer this and then correct me if I'm wrong.

I'd focus on C and D only as rest is either grammatically wrong or awkward.

There is a shuttle change in meaning between C and D, I think.
C narrows down the educators' set to only those who have not anticipated the impact. So, it could be that there are other educators as well who are not involved here...But the intended meaning is not the same, the sentence actually refers to the (all)educators without narrowing down the set...and D makes it clear.

Now, please share e-GMAT's awesome analysis and explanation

Hi eGMAT,
Any update on this ? It's pretty long pending!

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Re: That educators have not anticipated the impact of [#permalink]

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20 May 2014, 05:40
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Hi @freakygeek,

This one slipped my attention - very sorry about that. :-/ Thanks @bagdbmba for the reminder.

Thanks @freakygeek for providing your detailed analysis as suggested. I really like how you've paid attention to the structure of your sentence, particularly for your analysis of option A: you are right that two DCs don't make an IC, and you can use that justification to eliminate option A. Having said that, I wouldn’t use sentence structure as the primary focus when eliminating options for this question. Each of the incorrect options has a meaning issue here. Let’s see how.

Option A: Incorrect, as you’ve pointed out.

Option B: Completely distorts the intended meaning. “That educators have not anticipated the impact of microcomputer technology” is the subject of the verb “can hardly be said”. Logically, this statement can’t be said to be at fault. It’s the educators who aren’t at fault.

Option C: “Educators who have not anticipated” restricts the meaning to those educators who haven’t anticipated the impact of microcomputers. However, the intended meaning is that educators in general can’t be faulted, not that a certain group of educators can’t be faulted.

Let’s see how the meaning gets restricted here. Look at these examples:

• The teacher distributed the notebooks among the students who had completed their homework.
=> Meaning: Only some students had done their homework. Only these students were given the notebooks.
• The teacher distributed the notebooks among the students, who had completed their homework.
=> Meaning: All the students referred to in the sentence had done their homework.

While these examples don't exactly correspond to the structure of this choice, I hope the meaning change is clear. "Educators, who have not..." means "all educators have not..." "Educators who have not..." means "some educators have not..."

Option D: Correct.

Option E: Again, this choice completely distorts the intended meaning. “The fact that educators are at fault” is misleading, since the point made by the sentence is that educators are NOT at fault. Moreover, ‘that fact’ is the subject of the verb ‘can hardly be said’. So, this choice says that “the fact… can hardly be said.” This meaning is illogical. If something is a fact, it’s already happened. So in other words, this choice is saying that the fact that educators are at fault has already happened, but it can hardly be said. There’s a serious meaning discrepancy here.

bagdbmba wrote:

C narrows down the educators' set to only those who have not anticipated the impact. So, it could be that there are other educators as well who are not involved here...But the intended meaning is not the same, the sentence actually refers to the (all)educators without narrowing down the set...and D makes it clear.

Now, please share e-GMAT's awesome analysis and explanation

@bagdbmba: I agree with your analysis of the meaning of option C: this option distorts the intended meaning of the original sentence, which refers to educators in general and not to a specific group.

I hope this analysis helps!

Regards,
Meghna
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Re: That educators have not anticipated the impact of [#permalink]

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20 May 2014, 06:49
freakygeek wrote:
Overall we have DC + DC ; IC

Can you please explain where you noticed ";" in the sentence? I only see ":".

Also, I believe that there is no DC+DC. There is IC+DC. Following looks like a IC:

That educators have not anticipated the impact of microcomputer technology can hardly be said.

It's like this:

That people don't follow the rules is the reason for most law and order problems.

This seems to be a IC to me. Not sure what others think.
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Re: That educators have not anticipated the impact of [#permalink]

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10 Jun 2014, 08:29
Although it is possible to begin a sentence with a subordinate clause beginning with that, this inverted construction often results in errors such as those found here. In the original sentence, the subordinate clause that... technology is followed by the main verb, can ... be said, but then the verb is followed by yet another subordinate clause, that it is their fault. The best way to solve this problem is by putting the sentence in the expected order,with the main clause (It can hardly be said) preceding the subordinate clause (that...). For greater clarity and concision, the two subordinate clauses should be condensed into one: educators are at fault for not anticipating the impact of microcomputer technology.
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Re: That educators have not anticipated the impact of [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2014, 01:31
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x2suresh wrote:
OG 50)
That educators have not anticipated the impact of microcomputer technology can hardly be said that it is their fault: Alvin Toffler, one of the most prominent students of the future, did not even mention microcomputers in Future Shock, published in 1970.

(A) That educators have not anticipated the impact of microcomputer technology can hardly be said that it is their fault

(B) That educators have not anticipated the impact of microcomputer technology can hardly be said to be at fault

(C) It can hardly be said that it is the fault of educators who have not anticipated the impact of microcomputer technology

(D) It can hardly be said that educators are at fault for not anticipating the impact of microcomputer technology

(E) The fact that educators are at fault for not anticipating the impact of microcomputer technology can hardly be said

In GMAT world that primarily has two usages either a connector or act as a subject (please read the e-gmat's post on that). When that acts a connector, it will connect two clauses, each having it's own subject and verb. That as a subject will have a verb and will be modifying a noun.

Option A and B seems to have it's own subject and verb which means it's role should be of a connector but there are no clauses to connect hence incorrect.
C-Change in the meaning and wordy (changes the scope from Educators to Educators who have not anticipated)
D-Correct
E-Wordy.

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Re: That educators have not anticipated the impact of [#permalink]

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16 Oct 2014, 09:27
then eliminated C and D, because I could not figure out to what "it" refers to.
the only answer that is left was E.

Now I understand that "the fact...can hardly be said" is incorrect, a fact cannot be hardly said, it is a fact!!
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Re: That educators have not anticipated the impact of [#permalink]

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06 Jan 2015, 15:48
Here are my 2c...
The first part before the colon must be able to stand alone as a sentence --> Eliminate A and B, a sentence starting with THAT (subordinate clause) can not stand alone
(C)It can hardly be said that it is the fault of educators who have not anticipated the impact of microcomputer technology -> wrong meaning, wordy
(D)It can hardly be said that educators are at fault for not anticipating the impact of microcomputer technology -- CORRECT (IT is a placeholder here + postpones THAT-Clause)
(E)The fact that educators are at fault for not anticipating the impact of microcomputer technology can hardly be said. -> The fact can hardly be said ...?
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Re: That educators have not anticipated the impact of [#permalink]

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14 Mar 2015, 04:15
D is the best answer. The rest change meaning.
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Re: That educators have not anticipated the impact of [#permalink]

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02 Jun 2015, 20:24
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Beautifully explained ; Kudos for you

Option E can also be eliminated on the following grounds :

When you see colon ' : ' , MAKE SURE the preceding part of the sentence is STAND ALONE ( as in a separate clause )

E can clearly be eliminated now

Consider Kudos , if you found this post helpful

PUNEETSCHDV wrote:
A - That educators have not anticipated the impact of microcomputer technology can hardly be said that it is their fault

That something has happened can hardly be said that it is their fault.
something = educators have not anticipated the impact of microcomputer technology

The second that is problematic.

If we change the construction to - That educators have not anticipated the impact of microcomputer technology can hardly be said to be their fault, I don't see any grammatical lapses, the construction is inelegant and awkward. I would look for a better construction.

B - That educators have not anticipated the impact of microcomputer technology can hardly be said to be at fault

That something has happened can hardly be said to be at fault.
something = educators have not anticipated the impact of microcomputer technology

What does it even mean? Who is at fault? An event cannot be at fault.

C - It can hardly be said that it is the fault of educators who have not anticipated the impact of microcomputer technology

who have not anticipated the impact of microcomputer technology is just a modifier modifying educators. So the sentence in essence reads - It can hardly be said that it is the fault of a certain kind of educators.

certain kind - those educators who have not anticipated the impact of microcomputer technology

Now what is the fault of educators? it has no referent.

E - The fact that educators are at fault for not anticipating the impact of microcomputer technology can hardly be said.

Something can hardly be said - Okay

Something - The fact that educators are at fault for not anticipating the impact of microcomputer technology

- Changes meaning. it is not a fact that educators are at fault for not anticipating the impact of microcomputer technology. In fact this very thing is debatable.

D - It can hardly be said that educators are at fault for not anticipating the impact of microcomputer technology - Perfect.
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Re: That educators have not anticipated the impact of [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2015, 06:04
PUNEETSCHDV wrote:
A - That educators have not anticipated the impact of microcomputer technology can hardly be said that it is their fault

That something has happened can hardly be said that it is their fault.
something = educators have not anticipated the impact of microcomputer technology

The second that is problematic.

If we change the construction to - That educators have not anticipated the impact of microcomputer technology can hardly be said to be their fault, I don't see any grammatical lapses, the construction is inelegant and awkward. I would look for a better construction.

B - That educators have not anticipated the impact of microcomputer technology can hardly be said to be at fault

That something has happened can hardly be said to be at fault.
something = educators have not anticipated the impact of microcomputer technology

What does it even mean? Who is at fault? An event cannot be at fault.

C - It can hardly be said that it is the fault of educators who have not anticipated the impact of microcomputer technology

who have not anticipated the impact of microcomputer technology is just a modifier modifying educators. So the sentence in essence reads - It can hardly be said that it is the fault of a certain kind of educators.

certain kind - those educators who have not anticipated the impact of microcomputer technology

Now what is the fault of educators? it has no referent.

E - The fact that educators are at fault for not anticipating the impact of microcomputer technology can hardly be said.

Something can hardly be said - Okay

Something - The fact that educators are at fault for not anticipating the impact of microcomputer technology

- Changes meaning. it is not a fact that educators are at fault for not anticipating the impact of microcomputer technology. In fact this very thing is debatable.

D - It can hardly be said that educators are at fault for not anticipating the impact of microcomputer technology - Perfect.

this posting is so nice that after giving you a kudos, I am writing here to say that this posting is great. AN EVENT CAN NOT BE AT FAULT. this thinking can be expanded to solve many other questions because it is typical of gmat thinking.
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Re: That educators have not anticipated the impact of [#permalink]

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19 Feb 2016, 23:09
Request the moderators from egmat or OptimusPrep help understand the logic for eliminating C.
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Re: That educators have not anticipated the impact of [#permalink]

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20 Feb 2016, 03:47
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Expert's post
nishith17 wrote:
Request the moderators from egmat or OptimusPrep help understand the logic for eliminating C.

nishith17

Ask the question: What can hardly be said?

The answer is the clause: it is the fault of educators who have not anticipated the impact of microcomputer technology.

Now think of this clause independently.

First eliminate the modifier who have not.....technology referring to educators.

The clause becomes: it is the fault of the educators. ........ this is an incomplete clause.

The clause should have continued in the following way:
It is the fault of the educators that they did or did not XXXX.

Here the pronoun it acts as a placeholder that is used in place of the whole phrase that they did or did not XXXX.
Without the phrase that they did or did not XXXX, the pronoun it is incomplete .

This is the reason that option C is wrong... incomplete clause because of absence of an antecedent for the placeholder it.
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Re: That educators have not anticipated the impact of [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2016, 06:06
But I thought the present perfect tense should be used here. The action 'anticipate' occurred in the past, furthermore, the sentence has one of the example which also occurred in the past.

Pls help. I always have problem understanding questions regarding tenses.
Re: That educators have not anticipated the impact of   [#permalink] 23 Mar 2016, 06:06

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