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The Achaemenid empire of Persia reached in Indus valley in

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The Achaemenid empire of Persia reached in Indus valley in [#permalink]

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04 Aug 2011, 05:14
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The Achaemenid empire of Persia reached in Indus valley in the fifth century B.C, bringing the Aramaic script with it, from which was derived both northern and southern Indian alphabets

i) the Aramaic script with it, from which was derived both northern and
ii) the Aramaic script with it, and from which deriving both the northern and the
iii) with it the Aramaic script, from which derive both the northern and the
iv) with it the Aramaic script, from which derives both northern and
v) with it the Aramaic script, and deriving from it both the northern and

Why other answer choices are not correct
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04 Aug 2011, 06:25
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D. What's the OA?

i) the Aramaic script with it ((what's it referring to? The script or the empire?)), from which was derived both northern and
ii) the Aramaic script with it ((what's it referring to? The script or the empire?)), and from which deriving both the northern and the

---the first 'it' refers to the empire---D) because script is singular, use derives
iii) with it the Aramaic script, from which derive both the northern and the
iv) with it the Aramaic script, from which derives both northern and
v) with it the Aramaic script, and deriving from it both the northern and
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04 Aug 2011, 08:56
Yeah I agree D looks best out of all.
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04 Aug 2011, 09:13
The answer is most definitely (c). The correct usage here is "derive", not "derives", because alphabets is plural.

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Last edited by GyanOne on 04 Aug 2011, 16:45, edited 1 time in total.
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04 Aug 2011, 09:20
The answer should be 'C'. Here is why:

i) the Aramaic script with it, from which was derived both northern and - this is grammatically wrong because of 'was', should have been 'were'.
ii) the Aramaic script with it, and from which deriving both the northern and the - 'from which' seems to be misplaced.
iii) with it the Aramaic script, from which derive both the northern and the - should have been 'derived' for answer to be perfect but derive is also correct grammatically.
iv) with it the Aramaic script, from which derives both northern and - derives is singular, should have been plural here.
v) with it the Aramaic script, and deriving from it both the northern and - second 'it' is redundant.
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04 Aug 2011, 09:44
I would need little more clarification on this. What is getting derived from what? As far as I understand, "Alphabets" are getting derived from the script, that is evident from the usage of "from which". Could one of you tell me why do you think "derive" is a verb for Alphabets, not for script? Am I missing anything here?
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04 Aug 2011, 11:49
OA is C
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04 Aug 2011, 21:40
mrblack wrote:
D. What's the OA?

i) the Aramaic script with it ((what's it referring to? The script or the empire?)), from which was derived both northern and
ii) the Aramaic script with it ((what's it referring to? The script or the empire?)), and from which deriving both the northern and the

---the first 'it' refers to the empire---D) because script is singular, use derives
iii) with it the Aramaic script, from which derive both the northern and the
iv) with it the Aramaic script, from which derives both northern and
v) with it the Aramaic script, and deriving from it both the northern and

Thanks Mrblack, for clarifying difference for different positions of "with it" .
+1 for you
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04 Aug 2011, 21:50
GyanOne wrote:
The answer is most definitely (c). The correct usage here is "derive", not "derives", because alphabets is plural.

Hi Gyanone,

Can you please elaborate how to decide between derives and derive, because I thought its talking about script, from which derives both x and Y.

For Ex.
Color, from which he creates many paintings, is blue.

And next doubt, What is the structure of sentence, I can understand first two part but not able to under " From which........", What is the role of this phrase in sentence.
Really appreciate any response on this.
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04 Aug 2011, 22:22
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+1 for C.

Rephrasing the last part clarifies the role of "derive" which here is used for northern and southern Indian alphabets and not script:

both northern and southern Indian alphabets derive from the Aramaic script

Crick
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05 Aug 2011, 08:33
crick20002002 wrote:
+1 for C.

Rephrasing the last part clarifies the role of "derive" which here is used for northern and southern Indian alphabets and not script:

both northern and southern Indian alphabets derive from the Aramaic script

Crick

I think I was confused about the usage of derive. Just checked few sentences using derive. Now it makes complete sense. +1 to crick for rephrasing.

Here are few sentences using derive:
If we're lucky, we may derive one great benefit from this horrible experience.
All these words derive from a form of the Latin verb ''gerere,'' meaning to act or carry.
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05 Aug 2011, 12:07
Derive a plural correctly agrees with the verb in C. C is the answer.
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07 Aug 2011, 07:43
+c remember Man SC flip it! Rule

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Re: The Achaemenid empire of Persia reached in Indus valley in [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2013, 06:14
in option C From which clause is passive? so s/v pair is alphabets derive? From which needs to refer to script. Hence A and B are out...

Option E is an incomplete sentence

So between D and C is where the confusion lies. Can anyone comment? Thanks!
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Re: The Achaemenid empire of Persia reached in Indus valley in [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2013, 06:20
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fozzzy wrote:
in option C From which clause is passive? so s/v pair is alphabets derive? From which needs to refer to script. Hence A and B are out...

Option E is an incomplete sentence

So between D and C is where the confusion lies. Can anyone comment? Thanks!

The Achaemenid empire of Persia reached in Indus valley in the fifth century B.C, bringing the Aramaic script with it, from which was derived both northern and southern Indian alphabets

iii) with it the Aramaic script, from which derive both the northern and the
iv) with it the Aramaic script, from which derives both northern and

The difference between C and D is the verb: plural or singular? derive or derives?

Since nothing before the verb can act as subject, we have to look beyond the verb to find it. Since we are talking about "alphabets"=Plural, the verb cannot be singular.
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Re: The Achaemenid empire of Persia reached in Indus valley in [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2013, 02:52
I agree with "From which derived/derive.. " structure..
Re: The Achaemenid empire of Persia reached in Indus valley in   [#permalink] 02 Aug 2013, 02:52
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