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# The Achaemenid empire of Persia reached the Indus Valley in the fifth

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Re: The Achaemenid empire of Persia reached the Indus Valley in the fifth [#permalink]

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04 Feb 2017, 08:57
I also can come to C but there is a point I do not understand.

in C, it should be " from which both a and b derive"
why do gmat use "derive" at the beginning ?

because a and b are too long?

pls, explain
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Re: The Achaemenid empire of Persia reached the Indus Valley in the fifth [#permalink]

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08 Feb 2017, 18:51
Experts please explain how "derive" is correct in C.
With the SV pair, I am convinced that we should use plural form i.e. "derive", but from tense prospective how does "simple present" makes sense with "reached"?
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Re: The Achaemenid empire of Persia reached the Indus Valley in the fifth [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2017, 06:14
victory47 wrote:
I also can come to C but there is a point I do not understand.

in C, it should be " from which both a and b derive"
why do gmat use "derive" at the beginning ?

because a and b are too long?

pls, explain

This is a case of subject-verb flip. In this case the usage is just a matter of choice. The sentence would be equally correct, if it were:
....from which X and Y derive.

The flip seems to have been intentionally used to trap students into choosing D instead of C. It is important to recognise the flip to select the correct option.

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Re: The Achaemenid empire of Persia reached the Indus Valley in the fifth [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2017, 06:25
RMD007 wrote:
Experts please explain how "derive" is correct in C.
With the SV pair, I am convinced that we should use plural form i.e. "derive", but from tense prospective how does "simple present" makes sense with "reached"?

Consider this a stylistic usage - somewhat similar to the following example:
I come from India.

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Re: The Achaemenid empire of Persia reached the Indus Valley in the fifth [#permalink]

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31 Mar 2017, 22:18
sayantanc2k wrote:

Consider this a stylistic usage - somewhat similar to the following example:
I come from India.

sayantanc2k : genius !!
Simple yet right on the point ....!!!
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Re: The Achaemenid empire of Persia reached the Indus Valley in the fifth [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2017, 20:50
The Achaemenid empire of Persia reached the Indus Valley in the fifth century B.C., bringing the Aramaic script with it, from which was derived both northern and southern India alphabets.

(A) the Aramaic script with it, from which was derived both northern and - "from which" seems to incorrectly refer to the empire (referenced by the pronoun "it") rather than to the script. Also, the singular verb "was derived" does not agree in number with the plural subject "northern and southern Indian alphabets". Finally, the subject "northern and southern Indian alphabets" is unclear: are there several alphabets, or only one of each?

(B) the Aramaic script with it, and from which deriving both the northern and the - "and" creates a lack of connection between the two parts of the sentence. Additionally, "deriving" is an incorrect verb tense.

(C) with it the Aramaic script, from which derive both the northern and the -CORRECT. "From which" correctly refers to the script. Additionally, "derive," a plural verb, correctly agrees with the plural subject "the Northern and the Southern Indian alphabets."

(D) with it the Aramaic script, from which derives both northern and - "derives," a singular verb, does not agree with the plural subject "Northern and Southern Indian alphabets."

(E) with it the Aramaic script, and deriving from it both the northern and - The second pronoun "it" is ambiguous: does it refer to the "empire" or to the "script"? Additionally, the original intent of the sentence is significantly changed in meaning.

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Re: The Achaemenid empire of Persia reached the Indus Valley in the fifth   [#permalink] 28 Nov 2017, 20:50

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