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The African Maasai have adopted the Living Wall

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Re: The African Maasai have adopted the Living Wall  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2019, 09:14
1
A. natural fences built of myrrh trees have been designed to prevent the attacks, and they do - Correct
B. natural fences have been built of myrrh trees, designed to prevent the attacks, and they have been Trees are not designed to prevent attack - Wrong modifier + "They have been" - Wrong
C. natural fences built of myrrh trees are designed for preventing the attacks, and haveMust be "They do" not "have" as it is not an Independent clause (", + FANBOYS" requires an IC)
D. naturally built fences of myrrh trees have been designed for preventing the attacks, and it is Wrong pronoun "it" for fences + Naturally modifies built and not fences
E. naturally built fences of myrrh trees are being designed to prevent the attacks, and they do Naturally modifies built and not fences

IMO A
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Re: The African Maasai have adopted the Living Wall  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2019, 09:29
1
1
This SC question is test of parallelism and ellipsis.
The later part after AND the verb is to be written after the last word in order to make sense
A. This is our correct answer. This is because the word prevent is our verb and it fits properly after do ( remember ellipsis can't change forms)

B. HAVE been will use Verb +Ing form. Preventing is not used before, so it can't be used
C. for preventing, and have PREVENTED => usage of prevented can't be done because PREVENTED is not present before AND
D. Use of adverb changes meaning from natural fences to naturally built fences. It's actually the natural fences not naturally built fences. Although the error of ellipsis is taken care of here, using is but use of it creates a pronoun mismatch. In place of "it" there should be "they"
E. The use of passive construction is not quite correct. This option also repeats the error of NATURALLY BUILT FENCES vs NATURAL FENCES and thus is INCORRECT.

Correct answer is A.

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Re: The African Maasai have adopted the Living Wall  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2019, 09:50
1
The African Maasai have adopted the Living Wall project in their bid to save their livestock from attacks by predators; the natural fences built of myrrh trees have been designed to prevent the attacks, and they do.

A. natural fences built of myrrh trees have been designed to prevent the attacks, and they do
—. and they do prevent- seems correct
B. natural fences have been built of myrrh trees, designed to prevent the attacks, and they have been
—- and they have been preventing - preventing is missing. Therefore incorrect.
C. natural fences built of myrrh trees are designed for preventing the attacks, and have
and have - incomplete sentence. Incorrect
D. naturally built fences of myrrh trees have been designed for preventing the attacks, and it is
E. naturally built fences of myrrh trees are being designed to prevent the attacks, and they do

naturally built - is incorrect

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The African Maasai have adopted the Living Wall  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 05 Jul 2019, 06:36
1
The African Maasai have adopted the Living Wall project in their bid to save their livestock from attacks by predators; the natural fences built of myrrh trees have been designed to prevent the attacks, and they do.

A. natural fences built of myrrh trees have been designed to prevent the attacks, and they do- 'they' creates the confusion, but it seems ok, let's save it for later
B. natural fences have been built of myrrh trees, designed to prevent the attacks, and they have been- meaning change
C. natural fences built of myrrh trees are designed for preventing the attacks, and have- it should be 'to prevent'
D. naturally built fences of myrrh trees have been designed for preventing the attacks, and it is- tense problem
E. naturally built fences of myrrh trees are being designed to prevent the attacks, and they do- tense problem


IMO, the correct answer is (a)

Originally posted by harry89 on 04 Jul 2019, 09:53.
Last edited by harry89 on 05 Jul 2019, 06:36, edited 4 times in total.
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Re: The African Maasai have adopted the Living Wall  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2019, 10:09
1
A.

The second clause in the underlined portion of the section should be " and they do" to be parallel to " have been designed to".

This leaves us with A and E.

In E, "naturally built" is incorrect as the process of building cant be done "naturally" Natural built fences brings out meaning more succinctly.
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Re: The African Maasai have adopted the Living Wall  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2019, 10:12
Hi,
This question is for the subject and verb agreement and correct uses of helping verb.
A. Same
B. Excess use of have been at the end.
C. Does not complete the meaning of the sentence.
D. It is, does not go with the sentence structure.
E. In my opinion it is the proper use of sentence structure.

IMO E.

Please hit kudos if you like the solution.
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Re: The African Maasai have adopted the Living Wall  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2019, 11:05
My take is E

Let's get down to options



A. natural fences built of myrrh trees have been designed to prevent the attacks, and they do

Natural fences is a bit akward ,naturally built fences is better I guess
Keep A unless we get a better option


B. natural fences have been built of myrrh trees, designed to prevent the attacks, and they have been

This is easy to strike off ,it is the fences preventing the attack not tress .

Plus the same natural problem as in A

Strike off B

C. natural fences built of myrrh trees are designed for preventing the attacks, and have

The same natural problem still persisting plus the have at last bothers me a bit ,no parralelism or anything is making sense .

D. naturally built fences of myrrh trees have been designed for preventing the attacks, and it is

Natuarally built is better but their is problem at the end of sentence , it is referring to fences (s-v error ) plus no sense is being made at the end of the sentence .


E. naturally built fences of myrrh trees are being designed to prevent the attacks, and they do


This looks perfect and better than A ,role being is correct ,it is not modifying anything .

My take is E

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Re: The African Maasai have adopted the Living Wall  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2019, 11:06
It's A. By POE, there is a conflict with tenses in all other options
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Re: The African Maasai have adopted the Living Wall  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2019, 11:09
1
A. natural fences built of myrrh trees have been designed to prevent the attacks, and they do-seems correct
B. natural fences have been built of myrrh trees, designed to prevent the attacks, and they have been- incorrectly used modifier-designed to prevent the attacks
C. natural fences built of myrrh trees are designed for preventing the attacks, and have-- have at end is incorrectly used
D. naturally built fences of myrrh trees have been designed for preventing the attacks, and it is-it -pronoun error
E. naturally built fences of myrrh trees are being designed to prevent the attacks, and they do- usage of being, indicates , build is in process
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Re: The African Maasai have adopted the Living Wall  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2019, 11:38
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The African Maasai have adopted the Living Wall project in their bid to save their livestock from attacks by predators; the natural fences built of myrrh trees have been designed to prevent the attacks, and they do.

A. natural fences built of myrrh trees have been designed to prevent the attacks, and they do.CORRECT "they do" is ellipsis here and the meaning is clear with they do <prevent>.
B. natural fences have been built of myrrh trees, designed to prevent the attacks, and they have been ----> INCORRECT ",designed to prevent," is noun modifier and describes the preceding noun myrrh trees; however it should refer to the natural fences and must be close to it.
C. natural fences built of myrrh trees are designed for preventing the attacks, and have ----> INCORRECT have after ,and makes no sense and is just a fragment.
D. naturally built fences of myrrh trees have been designed for preventing the attacks, and it is ----> INCORRECT to prevent is more preferred than for preventing.
E. naturally built fences of myrrh trees are being designed to prevent the attacks, and they do ----> INCORRECT The tense used here is past tense. However we requires present perfect tense.
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Re: The African Maasai have adopted the Living Wall  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2019, 11:50
2
My Ans-A

First take- "Natural Fences built of "----better version,
Naturally built fences cannot be designed.-- D & E out
Designed with a purpose- So "Designed to" is Ok- C & D out


A. natural fences built of myrrh trees have been designed to prevent the attacks, and they do---------- Unstated part at end, and they do prevent the attacks...
B. natural fences have been built of myrrh trees, designed to prevent the attacks, and they have been----- Designed to no longer a part of main clause. it is acting as a modifier.
C. natural fences built of myrrh trees are designed for preventing the attacks, and have
D. naturally built fences of myrrh trees have been designed for preventing the attacks, and it is
E. naturally built fences of myrrh trees are being designed to prevent the attacks, and they do
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Re: The African Maasai have adopted the Living Wall  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2019, 12:01
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A. natural fences built of myrrh trees have been designed to prevent the attacks, and they do

I dont see any problems. Have been designed and they do. Could be clearer on the tense part.

B. natural fences have been built of myrrh trees, designed to prevent the attacks, and they have been

they have been.... what? and joins and independent clause. they have been is not a independent clause.barely a clause

C. natural fences built of myrrh trees are designed for preventing the attacks, and have.

OUT. what is have parallel to- natural fences? awkward construction

D. naturally built fences of myrrh trees have been designed for preventing the attacks, and it is

what would it refer to. not fences. not trees. OUT

E. naturally built fences of myrrh trees are being designed to prevent the attacks, and they do

If they ARE still being designed then how do they prevent attacks?


Answer is A.
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Re: The African Maasai have adopted the Living Wall  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2019, 12:04
2
A. natural fences built of myrrh trees have been designed to prevent the attacks, and they do (prevent the attacks)
this is perfectly parallel and they clearly refer to natural fences (CORRECT)

B. natural fences have been built of myrrh trees, designed to prevent the attacks, and they have been
This incorrectly modify the myrrh trees and convey the meaning that myrrh trees are designed to prevent the attacks
this doesn't make sense so OUT

C. natural fences built of myrrh trees are designed for preventing the attacks, and(subject is required) have
since there is comma before and we require subject after and to make sense so OUT

D. naturally built fences of myrrh trees have been designed for preventing the attacks, and it is
it is wrong here (it incorrectly refers to fences)----

E. naturally built fences of myrrh trees are being designed to prevent the attacks, and they do
how can the naturally built fences be designed.... trying to convey the illogical meaning OUT
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Re: The African Maasai have adopted the Living Wall  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2019, 12:21
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A. natural fences built of myrrh trees have been designed to prevent the attacks, and they do Correct
B. natural fences have been built of myrrh trees, designed to prevent the attacks, and they have been
C. natural fences built of myrrh trees are designed for preventing the attacks, and have
D. naturally built fences of myrrh trees have been designed for preventing the attacks, and it is
E. naturally built fences of myrrh trees are being designed to prevent the attacks, and they do
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New post 04 Jul 2019, 12:47
1
1
A. natural fences built of myrrh trees have been designed to prevent the attacks, and they do
Honestly when I dont see any problems in the initial sentence I panick :)
I dont see any problem here, we have got a good passive voice;
"and they do" says: and they do prevent.

B. natural fences have been built of myrrh trees, designed to prevent the attacks, and they have been
Honestly, I don't see a huge problem with the modifier "designed to prevent the attacks" which in my opinion can modify "natural fences"
The problem for me is "and they have been". "They have been" what? built? Incorrect

C. natural fences built of myrrh trees are designed for preventing the attacks, and have
"and have" still is a problem.
another problem for me is preposition "for" instead of "to"

D. naturally built fences of myrrh trees have been designed for preventing the attacks, and it is
"and it is" is a problem, I cant find any verb to complete it
naturally is no adverb modifying "built". Incorrect
Still "for" instead of "to"
This choice is truly antihero

E. naturally built fences of myrrh trees are being designed to prevent the attacks, and they do
"being" nightmare of a GMAT test taker :)
"naturally" is incorrectly modifying "built". it has to be adjective and modify "Fence"

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Ans: A
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Re: The African Maasai have adopted the Living Wall  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2019, 12:53
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A. correct option
B. 'designed to prevent the attacks' is modifying myrrh trees. Incorrect
C. for preventing the attacks ia a wrong usage. We need an infinitive here to show the purpose of the fence. Incorrect
D. 1. Pronoun disagreement.
2. Naturally is modifying built. Incorrect
E. Naturally is modifying built.

IMO A
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Re: The African Maasai have adopted the Living Wall  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2019, 13:30
1
Are the answer choices missing "the" determiner?

I was stuck between A and E, I went with A

The stem is in the Present Perfect:

B. natural fences have been built of myrrh trees, designed to prevent the attacks, and they have been - Awkward writing
C. natural fences built of myrrh trees are designed for preventing the attacks, and have - to me "have what"
D. naturally built fences of myrrh trees have been designed for preventing the attacks, and it is - verb agreement
E. naturally built fences of myrrh trees are being designed to prevent the attacks, and they do - Was not sure, but did not chose E, because "being designed to prevent the attacks" if the fence is already constructed, it will not be in the future tense.
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Re: The African Maasai have adopted the Living Wall  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2019, 14:12
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1
To understand the ellipsis in the sentence, we must first know: what "they do" refers to and emphasizes??
They ---> refers to "fences"
do ---> refers to "prevent" (not design/ not build)
the author wanted to highlight that the fences succeeded to prevent predators

A. natural fences built of myrrh trees have been designed to prevent the attacks, and they do (prevent)

B. natural fences have been built of myrrh trees, designed to prevent the attacks, and they have been (built)
grammatically correct, but this can't be what the author tries to elaborate!!

C. natural fences built of myrrh trees are designed for preventing the attacks, and have
faulty use of preposition "for ,
distorted clause after "and" -->> where is the subject of the clause?? it can't be omitted

D. naturally built fences of myrrh trees have been designed for preventing the attacks, and it is
faulty use of preposition "for ,
wrong SV agreement with "it". there is no singular subject to refer to!!

E. naturally built fences of myrrh trees are being designed to prevent the attacks, and they do
redundant use of "being" , it should be "are designed"

A
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Re: The African Maasai have adopted the Living Wall  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2019, 14:23
Only the first statement has a clear and concise meaning

The answer is A

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Re: The African Maasai have adopted the Living Wall  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2019, 14:44
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The African Maasai have adopted the Living Wall project in their bid to save their livestock from attacks by predators; the natural fences built of myrrh trees have been designed to prevent the attacks, and they do.


Modifier errors
B. natural fences have been built of myrrh trees, designed to prevent the attacks, and they have been

Meaning issues - The fences were designed for a purpose. What's the purpose? To prevent attacks. Thus we need an infinitive to convey intention.
"preventing" requires a helping verb to act as a verb. Right now C is a fragment as it states "subject + participle + are designed for [participle]"
C. natural fences built of myrrh trees are designed for preventing the attacks, and have

Should be "to prevent"; "it" does not agree with plural "fences"
D. naturally built fences of myrrh trees have been designed for preventing the attacks, and it is

Tense issue - the trees are already designed and built. They aren't currently "being designed" as implied below
E. naturally built fences of myrrh trees are being designed to prevent the attacks, and they do

A. natural fences built of myrrh trees have been designed to prevent the attacks, and they do

A is correct
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Re: The African Maasai have adopted the Living Wall   [#permalink] 04 Jul 2019, 14:44

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