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The American Revolution arose partly in response to British

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The American Revolution arose partly in response to British [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2008, 00:57
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The American Revolution arose partly in response to British general search warrants, which gave arbitrary and intrusive powers to government officers. Thus, the founders created the Fourth Amendment to protect against unreasonable and warrant-less intrusions of privacy by a powerful and partisan federal government. During the 20th century, countless dictators have used arbitrary and intrusive surveillance to monitor and suppress dissidents. Any democracy that does not enforce equally extensive protections will systematically suppress dissent.

Which of the following, if true, best weakens the argument?

(A) The United Kingdom’s parliamentary system does not have such extensive protections but has never systematically suppressed dissent.
(B) Many dictators have been very beneficial and constructive leaders for their countries.
(C) Many democracies have haphazardly used surveillance to monitor dissidents and suppress dissent during times of war.
(D) Some dictators have been supported by the United States.
(E) At least some countries in the former Soviet Union now have democratic elections but still suppress dissent.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by pqhai on 02 Sep 2013, 00:48, edited 1 time in total.
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22 Sep 2008, 03:45
I'm stuck between C and D but I'll go with C.
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22 Sep 2008, 04:16
dancinggeometry wrote:
The American Revolution arose partly in response to British general search warrants, which gave arbitrary and intrusive powers to government officers. Thus, the founders created the Fourth Amendment to protect against unreasonable and warrant-less intrusions of privacy by a powerful and partisan federal government. During the 20th century, countless dictators have used arbitrary and intrusive surveillance to monitor and suppress dissidents. Any democracy that does not enforce equally extensive protections will systematically suppress dissent.

Which of the following, if true, best weakens the argument?

(A) The United Kingdom’s parliamentary system does not have such extensive protections but has never systematically suppressed dissent.
(B) Many dictators have been very beneficial and constructive leaders for their countries.
(C) Many democracies have haphazardly used surveillance to monitor dissidents and suppress dissent during times of war.
(D) Some dictators have been supported by the United States.
(E) At least some countries in the former Soviet Union now have democratic elections but still suppress dissent.

Though it sounds too obvious, A is attractive to me.
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23 Sep 2008, 14:15
dancinggeometry wrote:
The American Revolution arose partly in response to British general search warrants, which gave arbitrary and intrusive powers to government officers. Thus, the founders created the Fourth Amendment to protect against unreasonable and warrant-less intrusions of privacy by a powerful and partisan federal government. During the 20th century, countless dictators have used arbitrary and intrusive surveillance to monitor and suppress dissidents. Any democracy that does not enforce equally extensive protections will systematically suppress dissent.

Which of the following, if true, best weakens the argument?

(A) The United Kingdom’s parliamentary system does not have such extensive protections but has never systematically suppressed dissent.
(B) Many dictators have been very beneficial and constructive leaders for their countries.
(C) Many democracies have haphazardly used surveillance to monitor dissidents and suppress dissent during times of war.
(D) Some dictators have been supported by the United States.
(E) At least some countries in the former Soviet Union now have democratic elections but still suppress dissent.

Answer is A. C isn't correct because it stregthens the argument, while D is out f scope.
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23 Sep 2008, 14:23
(A) The United Kingdom’s parliamentary system does not have such extensive protections but has never systematically suppressed dissent. [Hold it]
(B) Many dictators have been very beneficial and constructive leaders for their countries. [Dictators Role is out of scope]
(C) Many democracies have haphazardly used surveillance to monitor dissidents and suppress dissent during times of war. [We are dealing with Extensive protection not haphazardly used surveillance]
(D) Some dictators have been supported by the United States. [Irrelevant to argument]
(E) At least some countries in the former Soviet Union now have democratic elections but still suppress dissent.[Extensive protection not democratic elections]

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Re: The American Revolution arose partly in response to British [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2013, 11:45
This argument states that the United States created the Fourth Amendment to
protect against unreasonable intrusions. It observes that such intrusions are
often committed by dictatorships. It then makes a rather sweeping conclusion
that any country without similar protections will suppress dissent. Such a broad
conclusion could be weakened by citing one case in which that pattern does not
hold.
(A) CORRECT. This choice cites a country without such protections that does not
suppress dissent. One example weakens the conclusion, which said no country
would refrain from suppressing dissent without such protections.
(B) This choice is irrelevant, as the conclusion does not address the
effectiveness of different types of government. In fact, as it is limited to
democracies; any information about dictatorships is irrelevant.
(C) This choice does not weaken the argument. The conclusion said
“systematically suppress dissent” and this statement talks about “haphazard”
suppression under special circumstances. Furthermore, we do not know if these
(D) Whether or not the United States supported a dictatorship is irrelevant to the
conclusion that democracies without extensive protections will eventually
suppress dissent.
(E) This choice, if anything, strengthens the argument. It presents the example of
democracies without such protections that do suppress dissent.
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Re: The American Revolution arose partly in response to British [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2013, 23:24
Ans is A.
It negates the conclusion-Any democracy that does not enforce equally extensive protections will systematically suppress dissent.
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Re: The American Revolution arose partly in response to British [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2014, 01:58
dancinggeometry wrote:
The American Revolution arose partly in response to British general search warrants, which gave arbitrary and intrusive powers to government officers. Thus, the founders created the Fourth Amendment to protect against unreasonable and warrant-less intrusions of privacy by a powerful and partisan federal government. During the 20th century, countless dictators have used arbitrary and intrusive surveillance to monitor and suppress dissidents. Any democracy that does not enforce equally extensive protections will systematically suppress dissent.

Which of the following, if true, best weakens the argument?

(A) The United Kingdom’s parliamentary system does not have such extensive protections but has never systematically suppressed dissent.
(B) Many dictators have been very beneficial and constructive leaders for their countries.
(C) Many democracies have haphazardly used surveillance to monitor dissidents and suppress dissent during times of war.
(D) Some dictators have been supported by the United States.
(E) At least some countries in the former Soviet Union now have democratic elections but still suppress dissent.

Here's my take on this:

A - This statement directly hits the base of the argument - Those countries which would not enforce extensive protections will systematically suppress dissent.
B - Out of scope - The question doesn't talk about the the positives / negatives of a dictator.
C - This would actually support the argument.
D - Out of Scope
E - Out of Scope. There's no discussion on any democratic process and its result on dissent.

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Re: The American Revolution arose partly in response to British [#permalink]

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03 Dec 2015, 13:28
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: The American Revolution arose partly in response to British [#permalink]

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25 Dec 2015, 12:01
dancinggeometry wrote:
The American Revolution arose partly in response to British general search warrants, which gave arbitrary and intrusive powers to government officers. Thus, the founders created the Fourth Amendment to protect against unreasonable and warrant-less intrusions of privacy by a powerful and partisan federal government. During the 20th century, countless dictators have used arbitrary and intrusive surveillance to monitor and suppress dissidents. Any democracy that does not enforce equally extensive protections will systematically suppress dissent.

took me some time to understand what suppress dissent actually means.
since we are talking that any democracy that DOES not enforce... will suppress dissent.
we need an answer that would prove that the above is wrong.

Which of the following, if true, best weakens the argument?

(A) The United Kingdom’s parliamentary system does not have such extensive protections but has never systematically suppressed dissent.
ok, so we have an example of democracy that does not enforce equally extensive protections. moreover, UK has never suppressed dissent. this is a clear weakener.

(B) Many dictators have been very beneficial and constructive leaders for their countries.
well, good for them, but this doesn't actually weaken the argument.

(C) Many democracies have haphazardly used surveillance to monitor dissidents and suppress dissent during times of war.
tempting one. Nevertheless, incorrect one. we are talking about enforcing equally extensive protections, and that by not doing this, the country will suppress dissent. this one is an iSWAT. during war - is not something we are interested.

(D) Some dictators have been supported by the United States.
good for them, but doesn't weaken the argument.

(E) At least some countries in the former Soviet Union now have democratic elections but still suppress dissent.
well, again, not a weakener.
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Re: The American Revolution arose partly in response to British [#permalink]

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17 Nov 2016, 01:26
we can rephrase conclusion to be weakened as conclusion to be strenghthened

Conclusion to be weakened: Any democracy that does not enforce equally extensive protections will systematically suppress dissent

Conclusion to be strengthened: Any democracy that does not enforce equally extensive protections will not systematically suppress dissent

Option A is the same
Re: The American Revolution arose partly in response to British   [#permalink] 17 Nov 2016, 01:26
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