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# The amount of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like accidents ca

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Manager
Joined: 22 Dec 2012
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Re: The amount of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like accidents ca [#permalink]

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13 Apr 2013, 23:06
classic Subject Verb agreement + parallelism question

E satisfies both - "The number"is parallel to "has".
"The number of ..."is parallel to "the number
Manager
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Re: The amount of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like accidents ca [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2013, 22:12
though E is the best out of the lot but i find the ellipses in E rather weird

The number of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like the number caused by faulty wiring, has increased significantly since regulations on manufacturing were relaxed.

firstly whats bothering me the comparison .secondly,and more importantly, the following ellipses is little disturbing

The number of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like the number( of accident ) caused by faulty wiring, has increased significantly since regulations on manufacturing were relaxed.

what is the source of this question ?
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Re: The amount of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like accidents ca [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2013, 15:41
1
crejoc wrote:
The amount of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like accidents caused by faulty wiring, has increased significantly since regulations on manufacturing have been relaxed.

A) The amount of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like accidents caused by faulty wiring, has increased significantly since regulations on manufacturing have been relaxed.
B) The amount of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like those caused by faulty wiring, have increased significantly since regulations on manufacturing were relaxed.
C) The number of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like the number caused by faulty wiring, have increased significantly since regulations on manufacturing were relaxed.
D) The number of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like accidents caused by faulty wiring, has increased significantly since regulations on manufacturing had been relaxed.
E) The number of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like the
number caused by faulty wiring, has increased significantly since regulations on manufacturing were relaxed.

OA :

EXPLAIN the correct answer as well as why other options are wrong..

HERE IS OE

The original sentence contains several errors. First, it is incorrect to refer to "the amount of car accidents" because "amount of" is used only with uncountable quantities, such as “amount of salt.” Since accidents are countable, the correct quantity reference is "the number of car accidents." Second, the original sentence compares “the amount of accidents” to “accidents caused by faulty wiring.” The correct (i.e., logically and structurally parallel) comparison is between the number of one type of accident and the number of another type of accident. Third, the present perfect "have been relaxed" is incorrectly used. This action occurred exclusively in the past, so the simple past "were relaxed" is needed.

(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.

(B) First, it is incorrect to refer to "the amount of car accidents" because "amount of" is used only with uncountable quantities, such as “amount of salt.” Since accidents are countable, the correct quantity reference is "the number of car accidents." Second, this choice compares “the amount of accidents” to “accidents caused by faulty wiring.” The correct (i.e., logically and structurally parallel) comparison is between the number of one type of accident and the number of another type of accident. Finally, the antecedent of the plural pronoun “those” is ambiguous: it could refer to “car accidents” or “faulty brakes.”

(C) The plural verb “have increased” does not agree with the singular subject “the number.”

(D) This choice compares “the number of car accidents caused by faulty brakes” to “accidents caused by faulty wiring.” The correct (i.e., logically and structurally parallel) comparison is between “the number of car accidents caused by faulty brakes” to “the number of car accidents caused by faulty wiring.” Third, the past perfect "had been relaxed" can only be correctly used to indicate that the regulations were relaxed prior to some other action in the past. In this sentence, there is no other past action, so the use of the past perfect tense cannot be justified and the simple past "were relaxed" should be used instead.

(E) CORRECT. “The number” is correctly used to refer to car accidents, a countable quantity. Also, a logically and structurally parallel comparison is made between “the number of car accidents caused by faulty brakes” to “the number caused by faulty wiring.” Finally, this choice uses the correct simple past “were relaxed.”
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Re: The amount of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like accidents ca [#permalink]

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29 Sep 2013, 12:40
mustdoit wrote:
knabi wrote:
The amount of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like accidents caused by faulty wiring, has increased significantly since regulations on manufacturing have been relaxed.

QUESTION: Why is "have been" relaxed incorrect? The regulations are still relaxed, but why is "have been" incorrect? Why do we have to use "were"?

Thanks.

Were is correct because the regulations are relaxed only on a particular date say on 1.1.2010 but the effects are experienced for some time span in future.....

So we will say that ""since regulations on manufacturing were relaxed""...

That's precisely it! If the effects are still experienced in the future it doesn't matter whether the regulations were relaxed only on a particular date. You still need to use the present perfect to account for that continued effect, described clearly by the use of the word since.

I am not saying that this is the correct answer because it has other mistakes, but it hard to understand why the use of have been in incorrect for this particular answer choice.

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Re: The amount of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like accidents ca [#permalink]

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07 Oct 2013, 06:20
crejoc wrote:
The amount of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like accidents caused by faulty wiring, has increased significantly since regulations on manufacturing have been relaxed.

A) The amount of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like accidents caused by faulty wiring, has increased significantly since regulations on manufacturing have been relaxed.
B) The amount of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like those caused by faulty wiring, have increased significantly since regulations on manufacturing were relaxed.
C) The number of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like the number caused by faulty wiring, have increased significantly since regulations on manufacturing were relaxed.
D) The number of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like accidents caused by faulty wiring, has increased significantly since regulations on manufacturing had been relaxed.
E) The number of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like the
number caused by faulty wiring, has increased significantly since regulations on manufacturing were relaxed.

OA :

EXPLAIN the correct answer as well as why other options are wrong..

Amount (Singular) 'HAS' increased B,C are out right off the bat.
Comparison has to be "The Number" vs. "The Number"
Only E does this job correctly.
You don't even need to look at the last part of the sentence, were relaxed but just to check.
Has increased significantly since regulations WERE relaxed is the correct verb tense.
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Re: The amount of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like accidents ca [#permalink]

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24 Feb 2018, 07:09
Why is the usage of like correct here? We must only use like with nouns, right?
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Re: The amount of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like accidents ca [#permalink]

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24 Feb 2018, 20:24
(A) The amount of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like accidents caused by faulty wiring, has increased significantly since regulations on manufacturing have been relaxed. - The amount is incorrect for accidents that is countable

(B) The amount of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like those caused by faulty wiring, have increased significantly since regulations on manufacturing were relaxed. - same as A

(C) The number of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like the number caused by faulty wiring, have increased significantly since regulations on manufacturing were relaxed. - subject verb agreement issue - the number is singular

(D) The number of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like accidents caused by faulty wiring, has increased significantly since regulations on manufacturing had been relaxed. - incorrect comparison - the number vs accidents ; usage of past perfect had is incorrect

(E) The number of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like the number caused by faulty wiring, has increased significantly since regulations on manufacturing were relaxed. - Correct

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Re: The amount of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like accidents ca [#permalink]

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25 Feb 2018, 04:55
The amount of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like accidents caused by faulty wiring, has increased significantly since regulations on manufacturing have been relaxed.

(A) The amount of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like accidents caused by faulty wiring, has increased significantly since regulations on manufacturing have been relaxed.

(B) The amount of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like those caused by faulty wiring, have increased significantly since regulations on manufacturing were relaxed.

(C) The number of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like the number caused by faulty wiring, have increased significantly since regulations on manufacturing were relaxed.

(D) The number of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like accidents caused by faulty wiring, has increased significantly since regulations on manufacturing had been relaxed.

(E) The number of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like the number caused by faulty wiring, has increased significantly since regulations on manufacturing were relaxed.

The amount of car accidents ..... thats totally illogical
hence A and B are out

The number of something is always singular hence in C we have verb tense error
The number of car accidents........have increased
C is wrong

There are 2 errors in D
1.Comparison is not correct here we are comparing the number of accidents with the accidents which is illogical
2.Usage of past perfect tense does not makes sense here We do not have an kind of time sequencing

corrects the verb tense error and comparison error
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Re: The amount of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like accidents ca [#permalink]

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01 Mar 2018, 09:56
Hello mikemcgarry,

A and B out (amount of)
C is out (Has increased not Have)

But between D and E, I know that HAD is wrong, but is WERE correct?
and in D is this a correct comparison "The number of car accidents...., like accidents caused....." (As an instructor from Manhattan Considered is Wrong!)
in E is this comparison correct "The number of car accidents caused...., like the number caused....." To me, the number isn't caused rather accidents are caused. Or is there any omitting words?

Respect....
-Nahid
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Re: The amount of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like accidents ca [#permalink]

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01 Mar 2018, 16:29
nahid78 wrote:
Hello mikemcgarry,

A and B out (amount of)
C is out (Has increased not Have)

But between D and E, I know that HAD is wrong, but is WERE correct?
and in D is this a correct comparison "The number of car accidents...., like accidents caused....." (As an instructor from Manhattan Considered is Wrong!)
in E is this comparison correct "The number of car accidents caused...., like the number caused....." To me, the number isn't caused rather accidents are caused. Or is there any omitting words?

Respect....
-Nahid

Hi Nahid!

Carolyn from Magoosh here -- I can jump in for Mike

In choice E) the "were" is correct: since regulations on manufacturing were relaxed.

And with E), we just have a case of words omitted The full version would be:

The number of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like the number of car accidents caused by faulty wiring

So we are correctly comparing "number of car accidents caused by X" to "number of car accidents caused by Y". Since "of car accidents" would be repeated, it's fine to omit it

Hope that helps!
-Carolyn
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Re: The amount of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like accidents ca [#permalink]

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29 Mar 2018, 00:30
I have a question regarding the right answer choice E.Don't we need to right the number of that caused by faulty wiring rather than the the number of that caused by....A number cannot be the result of malfunction but the number of accidents can be.
Re: The amount of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like accidents ca   [#permalink] 29 Mar 2018, 00:30

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