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The analysis of results on the national tests found that [#permalink]

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06 Oct 2012, 02:05

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The analysis of results on the national tests found that math scores for black boys were not much different than those for black girls, but black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, which is sometimes interpreted as three academic grades

A. found that math scores for black boys were not much different than those for black girls, but black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, which is sometimes interpreted as three academic grades. B. has found that math scores for black boys were not much different from those for black girls, and that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, sometimes interpreted as three academic grades. C. found that math scores for black boys are not much different than black girls, but that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, a gap sometimes interpreted as three academic grades. D. found that math scores for black boys were not much different from those for black girls, but that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, a gap sometimes interpreted as three academic grades. E. found that math scores for black boys were not much different as compared to black girls, but that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, a gap sometimes interpreted as three academic grades.

Re: The analysis of results on the national tests [#permalink]

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06 Oct 2012, 03:30

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The analysis of results on the national tests found that math scores for black boys were not much different than those for black girls, but black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, which is sometimes interpreted as three academic grades

A. found that math scores for black boys were not much different than those for black girls, but black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, which is sometimes interpreted as three academic grades. B. has found that math scores for black boys were not much different from those for black girls, and that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, sometimes interpreted as three academic grades. C. found that math scores for black boys are not much different than black girls, but that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, a gap sometimes interpreted as three academic grades. D. found that math scores for black boys were not much different from those for black girls, but that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, a gap sometimes interpreted as three academic grades.---------correct E. found that math scores for black boys were not much different as compared to black girls, but that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, a gap sometimes interpreted as three academic grades.

Re: The analysis of results on the national tests [#permalink]

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07 Oct 2012, 11:48

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A is obviously wrong because of the wrong ‘different than’ idiom and use of 'which' to refer to 30 points. B is using bad tense; although the analysis might exist today, ‘has found’ is inappropriate for a report finding that occurred sometime in the past. Hence a past tense verb- found- is the apt one for that description. In addition, all the other verbs are in past tense to promptly refer to past occurrences. C also indulges in shift of tense when it states that - black boys are not- of course; more seriously C and E wrongly compare maths score with black girls

Therefore, we must choose D as the best answer
_________________

“Better than a thousand days of diligent study is one day with a great teacher” – a Japanese proverb. 9884544509

Re: The analysis of results on the national tests [#permalink]

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06 Oct 2012, 08:15

getgyan wrote:

The analysis of results on the national tests found that math scores for black boys were not much different than those for black girls, but black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, which is sometimes interpreted as three academic grades

A. found that math scores for black boys were not much different than those for black girls, but black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, which is sometimes interpreted as three academic grades. B. has found that math scores for black boys were not much different from those for black girls, and that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, sometimes interpreted as three academic grades. C. found that math scores for black boys are not much different than black girls, but that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, a gap sometimes interpreted as three academic grades. D. found that math scores for black boys were not much different from those for black girls, but that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, a gap sometimes interpreted as three academic grades. E. found that math scores for black boys were not much different as compared to black girls, but that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, a gap sometimes interpreted as three academic grades.

IMO B since B is keeping the parallelism.. the analysis found that "abc" and that "xyz"... i sumhow dont agree with D since it steers away the meaning of the sentence by 180 degrees.... what is the answer?

Re: The analysis of results on the national tests [#permalink]

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06 Oct 2012, 10:57

aditi1903 wrote:

getgyan wrote:

The analysis of results on the national tests found that math scores for black boys were not much different than those for black girls, but black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, which is sometimes interpreted as three academic grades

A. found that math scores for black boys were not much different than those for black girls, but black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, which is sometimes interpreted as three academic grades. B. has found that math scores for black boys were not much different from those for black girls, and that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, sometimes interpreted as three academic grades. C. found that math scores for black boys are not much different than black girls, but that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, a gap sometimes interpreted as three academic grades. D. found that math scores for black boys were not much different from those for black girls, but that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, a gap sometimes interpreted as three academic grades. E. found that math scores for black boys were not much different as compared to black girls, but that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, a gap sometimes interpreted as three academic grades.

IMO B since B is keeping the parallelism.. the analysis found that "abc" and that "xyz"... i sumhow dont agree with D since it steers away the meaning of the sentence by 180 degrees.... what is the answer?

IMO D how does the meaning differ from the original question

Re: The analysis of results on the national tests [#permalink]

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06 Oct 2012, 22:14

aditi1903 wrote:

getgyan wrote:

The analysis of results on the national tests found that math scores for black boys were not much different than those for black girls, but black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, which is sometimes interpreted as three academic grades

A. found that math scores for black boys were not much different than those for black girls, but black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, which is sometimes interpreted as three academic grades. B. has found that math scores for black boys were not much different from those for black girls, and that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, sometimes interpreted as three academic grades. C. found that math scores for black boys are not much different than black girls, but that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, a gap sometimes interpreted as three academic grades. D. found that math scores for black boys were not much different from those for black girls, but that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, a gap sometimes interpreted as three academic grades. E. found that math scores for black boys were not much different as compared to black girls, but that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, a gap sometimes interpreted as three academic grades.

IMO B since B is keeping the parallelism.. the analysis found that "abc" and that "xyz"... i sumhow dont agree with D since it steers away the meaning of the sentence by 180 degrees.... what is the answer?

Actually the author is trying to explain a contrast...so but is necessary.. I hope you get the point..

Re: The analysis of results on the national tests [#permalink]

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07 Oct 2012, 22:47

aditi1903 wrote:

IMO B since B is keeping the parallelism.. the analysis found that "abc" and that "xyz"... i sumhow dont agree with D since it steers away the meaning of the sentence by 180 degrees.... what is the answer?

Hi Aditi

First of all, there are a few mistakes in Option B which does not make it a better option than D. Let us look at it 1) “has found” is not correct tense. It is a statement/fact/findings. Use Simple tense 2) “sometimes interpreted as three academic grades”. What does this mean? Sometimes wrongly refers to “30 points”. 3) Why so many “and” ? “and that black boys” “and that they fell behind”

Option D correctly rectifies all these issues.

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Re: The analysis of results on the national tests [#permalink]

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22 Nov 2012, 19:55

Can you please explain why can't which refer to 30 points in option A ? 30 points could be equal to three academic grades?

daagh wrote:

A is obviously wrong because of the wrong ‘different than’ idiom and use of 'which' to refer to 30 points. B is using bad tense; although the analysis might exist today, ‘has found’ is inappropriate for a report finding that occurred sometime in the past. Hence a past tense verb- found- is the apt one for that description. In addition, all the other verbs are in past tense to promptly refer to past occurrences. C also indulges in shift of tense when it states that - black boys are not- of course; more seriously C and E wrongly compare maths score with black girls

Re: The analysis of results on the national tests found that [#permalink]

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23 Nov 2012, 10:19

getgyan wrote:

The analysis of results on the national tests found that math scores for black boys were not much different than those for black girls, but black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, which is sometimes interpreted as three academic grades

A. found that math scores for black boys were not much different than those for black girls, but black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, which is sometimes interpreted as three academic grades. B. has found that math scores for black boys were not much different from those for black girls, and that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, sometimes interpreted as three academic grades. C. found that math scores for black boys are not much different than black girls, but that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, a gap sometimes interpreted as three academic grades. D. found that math scores for black boys were not much different from those for black girls, but that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, a gap sometimes interpreted as three academic grades. E. found that math scores for black boys were not much different as compared to black girls, but that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, a gap sometimes interpreted as three academic grades.

Hii Daagh. I got confused over this one. I have highlighted the blue confusion points in blue. Don't you think that all the relative clause following "that" in blue are what the analysis found?
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Re: The analysis of results on the national tests found that [#permalink]

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23 Nov 2012, 22:52

@ Prep

Found is the past tense of find. Found is also the past participle. Along with auxiliary verbs such as have, has, is, are, will be etc, the past participle is used in either in prefect tenses or passive voices.

Here the tests found ---- that is the plural subjects tests did the act of finding – namely found.

And there are also many other ways of using found: to establish; Eg; I am trying to found a club for local GMAT aspirants
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“Better than a thousand days of diligent study is one day with a great teacher” – a Japanese proverb. 9884544509

Re: The analysis of results on the national tests found that [#permalink]

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23 Nov 2012, 23:15

@ Marcab: If I got you rightly that is exactly what the text wants to say but with a contrast built in between list 1 and list 2. In gist, the tests found three things. 1, that that math scores for black boys were not much different from those for black girls 2. But that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes, and 3. That they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points; the original misses the middle –that- which D provides promptly. The debate whether the contrast is required or not is moot, as it is clear that the original does intend a contrast.
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“Better than a thousand days of diligent study is one day with a great teacher” – a Japanese proverb. 9884544509

Re: The analysis of results on the national tests found that [#permalink]

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23 Nov 2012, 23:54

Hii Daagh for such a quick reply. What does "they" after third "that" refers to? So since they form a list, then quite probably we can write the sentence in the following parts. 1)The analysis of results on the national tests found that math scores for black boys were not much different from those for black girls. 2)But the analysis of results on the national tests found that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes. 3) The analysis of results on the national tests found that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points.

In the third list, I am confused over the usage of "they". Please let me know if I am unable to grasp the concept.
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Re: The analysis of results on the national tests found that [#permalink]

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24 Nov 2012, 00:09

They is certainly is a sore point; It is ambiguous in that it might refer to either the black boys or the math scores; But then, all the choices indulge in that; Logically, however we should take it as refering to the black boys, as they are being compared white boys, lest we should end up with another mis-comparison
_________________

“Better than a thousand days of diligent study is one day with a great teacher” – a Japanese proverb. 9884544509

Re: The analysis of results on the national tests found that [#permalink]

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09 Dec 2014, 02:06

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Re: The analysis of results on the national tests found that [#permalink]

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31 Dec 2014, 13:55

getgyan wrote:

The analysis of results on the national tests found that math scores for black boys were not much different than those for black girls, but black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, which is sometimes interpreted as three academic grades

A. found that math scores for black boys were not much different than those for black girls, but black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, which is sometimes interpreted as three academic grades. B. has found that math scores for black boys were not much different from those for black girls, and that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, sometimes interpreted as three academic grades. C. found that math scores for black boys are not much different than black girls, but that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, a gap sometimes interpreted as three academic grades. D. found that math scores for black boys were not much different from those for black girls, but that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, a gap sometimes interpreted as three academic grades. E. found that math scores for black boys were not much different as compared to black girls, but that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, a gap sometimes interpreted as three academic grades.

(A) has parallelism issue. This is corrected in (D) by repeating 'that' after but. Also, which refers to '30 points' but uses singular verb (B) but is replaces by and - the contrast in original sentence is gone. Also 'has found' changes the tense of original sentence. (C) 'are' is wrong tense (D) RIGHT choice - correct the parallelism & does not have any tense / meaning issues (E) different as in wrong idiomatically

PS - I did not use the different from vs than split because I was not sure of the what was the meaning difference.

Please let me know your thoughts.. I found this questions extremely tough to resolve and took almost 3 mins
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Re: The analysis of results on the national tests found that [#permalink]

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05 Oct 2016, 08:25

Correct IDIOM is different from - not different than - chuck A C AND E .

B. has found that math scores for black boys were not much different from those for black girls, and that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, sometimes interpreted as three academic grades.

Sometimes seems to modify 30 points - so doesnt clearly brings out the meaning the sentence wants to convey

D. found that math scores for black boys were not much different from those for black girls, but that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, a gap sometimes interpreted as three academic grades.

But is required as it shows the contrast here and secondly a gap is the correct modifier here.
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Re: The analysis of results on the national tests found that [#permalink]

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23 Dec 2016, 09:50

Hi guys, Just want to check my understanding about the pronoun ambiguity in the correct option. The correct sentence reads : The analysis of results on the national tests found that math scores for black boys were not much different from those for black girls, but that black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes and that they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points, a gap sometimes interpreted as three academic grades.

Here we have 3 points from the analysis of results on the national tests : 1 math scores for black boys were not much different from those for black girls 2 black boys lagged behind Hispanics of both sexes 3 they fell behind white boys by at least 30 points

(2) and (3) are in the same list,named as (4) (1) contrasts with(4);hence we can safely assume that "they" refer to black boys without pronoun ambiguity. Is my understanding correct?

gmatclubot

Re: The analysis of results on the national tests found that
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