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The ancient Kazazi tribe is considered the first group

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The ancient Kazazi tribe is considered the first group  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Feb 2018, 12:34
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The ancient Kazazi tribe is considered the first group of people to domesticate corn, famously giving different varieties of corn their own unique names. The Kazazi did not have unique names for varieties of wheat, however, so it is unlikely that the Kazazi were able to domesticate wheat.

Which of the following, if true, most undermines the conclusion drawn above?

A) The climate and soil conditions that are best for growing corn are the same conditions that are best for growing wheat.
B) Archaeologists have discovered that the first tribe to domesticate wheat did so more than 50 years before the Kazazi domesticated corn.
C) Tribes only give unique names to​ crops that they have successfully domesticated.
D) The Kazazi did not have unique names for different varieties of potatoes or lettuce, crops the tribe is known to have domesticated.
E) The knowledge and tools required to domesticate wheat are more sophisticated than the knowledge and tools required to domesticate corn.​

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Re: The ancient Kazazi tribe is considered the first group  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Feb 2018, 12:36
I chose D. However, I didnt find any strong ground to reject C . Is C wrong because of such an extreme language? Someone please clarify .
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Re: The ancient Kazazi tribe is considered the first group  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Feb 2018, 20:27
I think it's D. I think D "undermines" the conclusion if nothing else.
A - good candidate, but not as strong as D.
B - Strengthens
C - Also strengthens
E - Also strengthens


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Re: The ancient Kazazi tribe is considered the first group  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Feb 2018, 21:02
poul_249 wrote:
I chose D. However, I didnt find any strong ground to reject C . Is C wrong because of such an extreme language? Someone please clarify .


I don't think C is in contest at all. It actually strengthens the position that it is unlikely that wheat is domesticated by the tribe.

A - climate, soil supports, but they may have not known wheat
B - previous tribe abilities may not be inherited by present
C - strengthens that the tribe did not successfully domesticate wheat
E - its about the requirements, does not imply success in domestication
D - Right answer
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Re: The ancient Kazazi tribe is considered the first group  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Mar 2018, 11:39
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sahilvijay wrote:
The ancient Kazazi tribe is considered the first group of people to domesticate corn, famously giving different varieties of corn their own unique names. The Kazazi did not have unique names for varieties of wheat, however, so it is unlikely that the Kazazi were able to domesticate wheat.

Which of the following, if true, most undermines the conclusion drawn above?

A) The climate and soil conditions that are best for growing corn are the same conditions that are best for growing wheat.
B) Archaeologists have discovered that the first tribe to domesticate wheat did so more than 50 years before the Kazazi domesticated corn.
C) Tribes only give unique names to​ crops that they have successfully domesticated.
D) The Kazazi did not have unique names for different varieties of potatoes or lettuce, crops the tribe is known to have domesticated.
E) The knowledge and tools required to domesticate wheat are more sophisticated than the knowledge and tools required to domesticate corn.​


A) The climate and soil conditions that are best for growing corn are the same conditions that are best for growing wheat. We can keep it.

B) Archaeologists have discovered that the first tribe to domesticate wheat did so more than 50 years before the Kazazi domesticated corn. Out of scope

C) Tribes only give unique names to​ crops that they have successfully domesticated. Strengthener

D) The Kazazi did not have unique names for different varieties of potatoes or lettuce, crops the tribe is known to have domesticated. unique name does not decide domestication

E) The knowledge and tools required to domesticate wheat are more sophisticated than the knowledge and tools required to domesticate corn.​ Out of scope

(D) is better than (A)

Hence (D)
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Re: The ancient Kazazi tribe is considered the first group  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Mar 2018, 11:53
rkishores051 wrote:
poul_249 wrote:
I chose D. However, I didnt find any strong ground to reject C . Is C wrong because of such an extreme language? Someone please clarify .


I don't think C is in contest at all. It actually strengthens the position that it is unlikely that wheat is domesticated by the tribe.

A - climate, soil supports, but they may have not known wheat
B - previous tribe abilities may not be inherited by present
C - strengthens that the tribe did not successfully domesticate wheat
E - its about the requirements, does not imply success in domestication
D - Right answer





Need to read the last line of the question:

[i]The Kazazi did not have unique names for varieties of wheat, however, so it is unlikely that the Kazazi were able to domesticate wheat.[b]
[/b][/i]

Here the statement in the conclusion says >> since wheat was not given unique names, therefore, no unique names for wheat.

question requires us to find statement most undermines the conclusion : which means wheat was domesticated but no unique name given to wheat



C) Tribes only give unique names to​ crops that they have successfully domesticated.
if tribe did not give name to wheat that means wheat was not successfully domesticated

D) The Kazazi did not have unique names for different varieties of potatoes or lettuce, crops the tribe is known to have domesticated.
here, it says with examples of potato & lettuce being domesticated they were not given unique names, in the same fashion even wheat would have not got a unique name even though it was domesticated.


i hope it helps.
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Re: The ancient Kazazi tribe is considered the first group  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Mar 2018, 13:22
Premise : The ancient Kazazi tribe is considered the first group of people to domesticate corn, famously giving different varieties of corn their own unique names.
Premise : The Kazazi did not have unique names for varieties of wheat,
Conclusion : however, so it is unlikely that the Kazazi were able to domesticate wheat.

Which of the following, if true, most undermines the conclusion drawn above?
So, conclusion says that since the Kazazi dodn't have different names for varieties of wheat, so they were not able to domesticate wheat.. So, to undermine the conclusion we will have to find the statement in which there may be different corps which were domesticated by kazazi but were provided different names by them.

A) The climate and soil conditions that are best for growing corn are the same conditions that are best for growing wheat.
yes this looks close. Since the climate and soil conditions to grow corn a and wheat are some, kazazi should have domesticated wheat also. But not exactly.. they might not also.. So we will keep this option for now.
B) Archaeologists have discovered that the first tribe to domesticate wheat did so more than 50 years before the Kazazi domesticated corn.
Since wheat was domesticated 50 years before kazazi domesticated corn, it might have been done by either Kazazi or any other tribe.. Out of scope.
C) Tribes only give unique names to​ crops that they have successfully domesticated.
This strengthens the argument in the stem.
D) The Kazazi did not have unique names for different varieties of potatoes or lettuce, crops the tribe is known to have domesticated.
yes this is correct, Kazazi did not have unique names for different varities of potatoes or lettuce which were domesticated by the kazazi only.
E) The knowledge and tools required to domesticate wheat are more sophisticated than the knowledge and tools required to domesticate corn.
So, Kazazi might have domesticated wheat... They might not.. Can't say.. Out Of Scope ...
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Re: The ancient Kazazi tribe is considered the first group  [#permalink]

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New post 25 May 2018, 03:50
sahilvijay wrote:
The ancient Kazazi tribe is considered the first group of people to domesticate corn, famously giving different varieties of corn their own unique names. The Kazazi did not have unique names for varieties of wheat, however, so it is unlikely that the Kazazi were able to domesticate wheat.

Which of the following, if true, most undermines the conclusion drawn above?

A) The climate and soil conditions that are best for growing corn are the same conditions that are best for growing wheat.
B) Archaeologists have discovered that the first tribe to domesticate wheat did so more than 50 years before the Kazazi domesticated corn.
C) Tribes only give unique names to​ crops that they have successfully domesticated.
D) The Kazazi did not have unique names for different varieties of potatoes or lettuce, crops the tribe is known to have domesticated.
E) The knowledge and tools required to domesticate wheat are more sophisticated than the knowledge and tools required to domesticate corn.​


VERITAS PREP OFFICIAL SOLUTION:




If you break down the logical flaw in the argument, it is one of generalization - the argument essentially says that "the tribe gave specific names to one type of crop it domesticated, so if it didn't have a special name for a type of crop it didn't domesticate it."

In order to weaken an argument with a generalization flaw, you want to show that that one data point isn't indicative of the whole. And choice D does just that: it shows two other types of crops that didn't have special names but were domesticated, showing that the "domesticated and had names" link is an outlier, not the rule. Choice D is therefore correct.

Among the incorrect answer choices: choice A is a long way away from "domesticating" wheat - since the argument states that the Kazazi was the first tribe to domesticate corn, it shows that just having good conditions doesn't mean that those conditions are anywhere near sufficient to domesticate a crop. So A doesn't have an impact on the conclusion. Choice B is similar: just because wheat had already been domesticated for the first time somewhere else on the planet doesn't mean that the Kazazi would have been able to do it on their own. Choice C is out of scope: the Kazazi did not have special names for wheat, so knowing the circumstances under which tribes DID have special names for crops is irrelevant. And choice E, if anything, strengthens the argument by suggesting essentially that if you just figured out how to domesticate corn, you still have a long way to go to domesticate wheat.
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Re: The ancient Kazazi tribe is considered the first group  [#permalink]

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New post 25 May 2018, 06:41
poul_249 wrote:
I chose D. However, I didnt find any strong ground to reject C . Is C wrong because of such an extreme language? Someone please clarify .


Need is to find best argument that weakens the conclusion drawn in question. C actually strengthens the conclusion drawn
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Re: The ancient Kazazi tribe is considered the first group &nbs [#permalink] 25 May 2018, 06:41
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