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# The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby

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The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2009, 02:56
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Question Stats:

41% (01:31) correct 59% (01:38) wrong based on 709 sessions

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The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby boomers will create an unprecedented opportunity to move significant numbers of people into career-track jobs at family-supporting incomes. Major industries, from health care and construction to automotive repair, will soon face deep shortages of workers as a result of projected growth and boomer retirements. Fortunately, many of these jobs have relatively low barriers to entry and could be filled by out-of-work young people. To achieve this result, the city government should convene employers and educators to determine how best to create paths of upward mobility in these fields.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the argument?

A) Immigration reform will limit the pool of available workers.

B) Government efforts have been shown to affect employment trends only rarely.

C) The best available positions require skills not possessed by the vast majority of the unemployed.

D) A small proportion of baby boomers will not retire as soon as is anticipated.

E) Many out-of-work young people are unaware of these looming employment opportunities.

OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
B

EXPLAIN..
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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16 Aug 2009, 02:37
can anyone explain...

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16 Aug 2009, 20:43
Argument states that : " To achieve this result, the city government should convene employers and educators to determine how best to create paths of upward mobility in these fields. "

B weakens the argument since government is rarely successful in its employment attempts. Hence this result may be hard to achieve.

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18 Aug 2009, 02:51
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crejoc wrote:
The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby boomers will create an unprecedented opportunity to move significant numbers of people into career-track jobs at family-supporting incomes. Major industries, from health care and construction to automotive repair, will soon face deep shortages of workers as a result of projected growth and boomer retirements. Fortunately, many of these jobs have relatively low barriers to entry and could be filled by out-of-work young people. To achieve this result, the city government should convene employers and educators to determine how best to create paths of upward mobility in these fields.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the argument?

A) Immigration reform will limit the pool of available workers.

B) Government efforts have been shown to affect employment trends only rarely.

C) The best available positions require skills not possessed by the vast majority of the unemployed.

D) A small proportion of baby boomers will not retire as soon as is anticipated.

E) Many out-of-work young people are unaware of these looming employment opportunities.

OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
B

EXPLAIN..

Read the question stem then look at the answer choices only B and E weaken the conclusion. The conclusion is the city government should convene employers and educators to determine how best to create paths of upward mobility in these fields.
So if the ex efforts are not succesful any effort which will now be implemented will be unsuccesful.
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22 Sep 2009, 22:41
Its cleary B...

E may not weaken because even if the poeple are unaware its Gov responsibility to ensure.......

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25 Sep 2009, 12:25
I think both B and C can be, but inclined to believe it's C.
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The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby [#permalink]

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13 Oct 2009, 06:53
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The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby boomers will create an unprecedented opportunity to move significant numbers of people into career-track jobs at family-supporting incomes. Major industries, from health care and construction to automotive repair, will soon face deep shortages of workers as a result of projected growth and boomer retirements. Fortunately, many of these jobs have relatively low barriers to entry and could be filled by out-of-work young people. To achieve this result, the city government should convene employers and educators to determine how best to create paths of upward mobility in these fields.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the argument?

A. Immigration reform will limit the pool of available workers.
B. Government efforts have been shown to affect employment trends only rarely.
C. The best available positions require skills not possessed by the vast majority of the unemployed.
D. A small proportion of baby boomers will not retire as soon as is anticipated.
E. Many out-of-work young people are unaware of these looming employment opportunities.

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Re: The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby [#permalink]

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13 Oct 2009, 08:00
The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby boomers will create an unprecedented opportunity to move significant numbers of people into career-track jobs at family-supporting incomes. Major industries, from health care and construction to automotive repair, will soon face deep shortages of workers as a result of projected growth and boomer retirements. Fortunately, many of these jobs have relatively low barriers to entry and could be filled by out-of-work young people. To achieve this result, the city government should convene employers and educators to determine how best to create paths of upward mobility in these fields.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the argument?

A. Immigration reform will limit the pool of available workers. ...Workforce not necessarily has to be insourced
B. Government efforts have been shown to affect employment trends only rarely...Could be possible but not conclusive
C. The best available positions require skills not possessed by the vast majority of the unemployed...No need for best available jobs.The bulk jobs can go to them
D. A small proportion of baby boomers will not retire as soon as is anticipated...Does not affect the city's plans
E. Many out-of-work young people are unaware of these looming employment opportunities...MOST LIKELY

IMO its E

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Re: The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby [#permalink]

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13 Oct 2009, 08:32
I mostly agree with IEsailor but

I would have answered "A" all because immigration is about migration and not insourcing...therefore it can potentially affect the whole situation...!!!
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Re: The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby [#permalink]

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13 Oct 2009, 09:16
You have a point Paul...Hogann OA pls

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Re: The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby [#permalink]

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13 Oct 2009, 09:45
I would go with [C] because if the large # of people that the author expects to fill those positions, do not possess the necessary skills, then the plan will not be effective. What is OA?

Edit: Looks like the OA is [B].

The official answer is as follows:

This argument concludes that the city should convene a conference of relevant parties to create opportunities for out of work young people. The argument's premise is that the retirement of the baby boomers will create shortages. The argument assumes the efficacy of its conclusion -- in other words, that the conference will actually be effective in creating job opportunities. Attacking an assumption is an effective way to weaken an argument.

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Re: The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby [#permalink]

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13 Oct 2009, 12:15
OA is B

The argument assumes that it is feasible to affect employment patterns by government encouragement and/or action. If that assumption is denied, the conclusion is weakened, as the conference would be pointless.

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Re: The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2010, 12:59
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I just failed on that question. It appeared in MGMAT CAT #4.

Honestly, what in hell is that explanation? We work hard to brush up our CR skills and the answer to that problem is "hmm in the past government failed, so it will fail in the future", no that's not how CR works. Is it because of the "have been shown" which is present perfect and means that today government actions cannot affect employment trends? Come on Manhattan, this is about logic, not about grammar and trap words.

I picked E, because for me if unemployed young people aren't aware of these jobs, then even if the government to improve upward mobility, the young job seekers won't hear about opening positions, hence the effort of the government will be vain.

This problem does not mimic typical CR questions we find in the Official Guide and Official Guide for Verbal Review. We see, that from the answers provided by previous posters, there is no consensus on the answer. Therefore this problem has no value and doesn't help improve one's CR skills.

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Re: The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby [#permalink]

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09 Nov 2010, 22:27

I truely and completely agree with you. We make our base and enhance the skills and later at some point, when such problem pitches, we tend to doubt our own laid concepts for which we had worked so hard. Anyways, this question was heavily argued in MGMAT forum. http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/cr- ... t3472.html
I hope MGMAT staff should accept the point users are putting in, rather than trying to save the OA given by them.
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Re: The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby [#permalink]

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10 Nov 2010, 02:51
I think to answer this, we need to look at what we are given. The conclusion tells us there will be a number of openings available, but they also say that it will need rely on the government to achieve this goal.

B is correct because it is saying government has little relation in pushing people to do things. With that said, government help will have little impact in helping this opportunity.

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Re: The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby [#permalink]

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10 Nov 2010, 08:23
I disagree with B. I think the answer should be E.

hogann wrote:
The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby boomers will create an unprecedented opportunity to move significant numbers of people into career-track jobs at family-supporting incomes. Major industries, from health care and construction to automotive repair, will soon face deep shortages of workers as a result of projected growth and boomer retirements. Fortunately, many of these jobs have relatively low barriers to entry and could be filled by out-of-work young people. To achieve this result, the city government should convene employers and educators to determine how best to create paths of upward mobility in these fields.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the argument?

The argument is that the government should work with employers and educators to figure out the best way to create employment paths that will lead to these positions that will be open when the baby boomers retire. In other words, they want to figure out how to best prepare people in lesser jobs to step in and take over for the baby boomers in the higher paying jobs. They're not trying to CREATE jobs or FILL jobs, just PREPARE people for these jobs.

A. Immigration reform will limit the pool of available workers. Irrelevant - immigration reform won't affect the efforts to create jobs tracks to help prepare workers for these positions
B. Government efforts have been shown to affect employment trends only rarely. Irrelevant, because the effort in the argument isn't meant to alter any employment trend. We're told that these jobs will be open and the government should make efforts to prepare people to take them. This answer doesn't affect that argument whatsoever.
C. The best available positions require skills not possessed by the vast majority of the unemployed. The point is to prepare people for all jobs, so their current skills don't matter much. Besides, the best available positions will be filled by the people who qualify for them, regardless of the skills of the MAJORITY of the public.
D. A small proportion of baby boomers will not retire as soon as is anticipated. Irrelevant
E. Many out-of-work young people are unaware of these looming employment opportunities. If the unemployed people are unaware of these opportunities, then they will not seek out whatever program the government installs with the educators and employers. If they don't seek the program out, they won't get involved.

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The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby [#permalink]

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26 Nov 2010, 03:01
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The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby boomers will create an unprecedented opportunity to move significant numbers of people into career-track jobs at family-supporting incomes. Major industries, from health care and construction to automotive repair, will soon face deep shortages of workers as a result of projected growth and boomer retirements. Fortunately, many of these jobs have relatively low barriers to entry and could be filled by out-of-work young people. To achieve this result, the city government should convene employers and educators to determine how best to create paths of upward mobility in these fields.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the argument?

Immigration reform will limit the pool of available workers.
Government efforts have been shown to affect employment trends only rarely.
The best available positions require skills not possessed by the vast majority of the unemployed.
A small proportion of baby boomers will not retire as soon as is anticipated.
Many out-of-work young people are unaware of these looming employment opportunities.

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26 Nov 2010, 12:09
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anilnandyala wrote:
The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby boomers will create an unprecedented opportunity to move significant numbers of people into career-track jobs at family-supporting incomes. Major industries, from health care and construction to automotive repair, will soon face deep shortages of workers as a result of projected growth and boomer retirements. Fortunately, many of these jobs have relatively low barriers to entry and could be filled by out-of-work young people. To achieve this result, the city government should convene employers and educators to determine how best to create paths of upward mobility in these fields.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the argument?

a) Immigration reform will limit the pool of available workers.
b) Government efforts have been shown to affect employment trends only rarely.
c) The best available positions require skills not possessed by the vast majority of the unemployed.
d) A small proportion of baby boomers will not retire as soon as is anticipated.
e) Many out-of-work young people are unaware of these looming employment opportunities.

We identify a weakening question. Similar to assumption questions, our task is to:

1) paraphase the conclusion;
2) summarize the evidence; and
3) identify the missing link between the two.

Once we've identified the author's assumption, we then predict an answer that attacks it.

Here, the author's conclusion is a plan to deal with an upcoming issue; plans and proposals are common GMAT conclusions. In every plan or proposal, the author is making two key assumptions:

1) the plan/proposal is practical; and
2) the stated result of the plan/proposal is desirable.

Accordingly, to weaken a plan we predict that the correct answer will do one of two things: either

1) present a reason why the plan is unlikely to succeed; or
2) provide an objection to the final result of the plan, i.e. a negative effect of the result.

Armed with those prediction, we attack the choices.

a) does limiting the pool of workers affect the plan? No, it's just another reason why we need a plan.

b) is the ineffectiveness of government efforts relevant to the plan? Yes, since the entire plan is a government effort. If (b) is true, we have a concrete reason to believe that the plan is impractical - choose (b).

On test day, we'd choose (b) and move on. Let's slip into "review mode":

c) always watch for qualifiers in choices. Do we know what proportion of all jobs fall into the category of "best available positions"? Nope, could be .0001% for all we know. Since we don't know whether (c) is relevant, it MUST be wrong.

d) similar to (c), "a small proportion" is far too weak to jeopardize the plan.

e) similar to (a), (e) is another reason why a plan is required; definitely not a weakener.

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28 Nov 2010, 15:57
Nice explaination skovinsky.... Thanks!!

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28 Nov 2010, 16:45
I selected E only because I didn't pay attention to choice B! Need to look and evaluate each statement closely on CR problems.

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Re: boomer retirement   [#permalink] 28 Nov 2010, 16:45

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