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The apples sold in this cafeteria are greasy

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Joined: 09 Apr 2017
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Re: The apples sold in this cafeteria are greasy  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2018, 07:15
Conclusion:

What is the missing fact
(= the gap = central assumption = unstated premise )
that made the customer think that the apples were covered in pesticides.

Premise:
1. she was told that the apples were not washed in the cafeteria
2. She believes that the apples were covered with pesticides before harvest.

Missing fact:
A. The Process inbetween harvested and before arriving at the cafeteria.
-she did not know that the apple were washed in between

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Re: The apples sold in this cafeteria are greasy  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Aug 2018, 10:33
madhukaramar wrote:
souvik101990 - Could you help our here please.Below is my analysis.

Cafeteria patron: The apples sold in this cafeteria are greasy. The cashier told me that the apples are in that condition when they are delivered to the cafeteria and that the cafeteria does not wash the apples it sells. Most fruit is sprayed with dangerous pesticides before it is harvested, and is dangerous until it is washed. Clearly, the cafeteria is selling pesticide-covered fruit, thereby endangering its patrons.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

(A) The apples that the cafeteria sells are not thoroughly washed after harvest but before reaching the cafeteria.
-Although this is the best answer - I have a question. "The apples sold in this cafeteria are greasy" is already stated as premise so this options actually tells the same story in
different way. So just a reword of a premise can be considered as an assumption ??

(B) Most pesticides that are sprayed on fruit before harvest leave a greasy residue on the fruit.
- This must not be true to hold the conclusion. Even if less than 50% of pesticides leave grease (negation) - the conclusion holds true.

(C) Many of the cafeteria's patrons are unaware that the cafeteria does not wash the apples it sells.
- This is Out of Scope. Patron's are aware or not doesn't impact the conclusion that the cafeteria is selling pesticide-covered fruit, thereby endangering its patrons

(D) Only pesticides that leave a greasy residue on fruit can be washed off.
- Irrelevant

(E) Fruits other than apples also arrive at the cafeteria in a greasy condition.
- Irrelevant.



I got the answer correct, but please explain why D is irrelevant ?
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Re: The apples sold in this cafeteria are greasy   [#permalink] 22 Aug 2018, 10:33

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