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The Articles of Confederation provided the first government of the

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The Articles of Confederation provided the first government of the  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2018, 23:38
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  15% (low)

Question Stats:

78% (01:28) correct 22% (01:15) wrong based on 85 sessions

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The Articles of Confederation provided the first government of the United States, although, under them, the weak federal government was lacking in the power to negotiate treaties with other nations, for the purpose of securing favorable trade agreements, or in generating revenue by collecting taxes from the states and from individual citizens.


A. was lacking in the power to negotiate treaties with other nations, for the purpose of securing favorable trade agreements, or in generating

B. lacked the power of negotiating treaties and securing favorable trade agreements, or to generate

C. was with a lack of power to negotiate treaties with other nations, with the intent of securing favorable trade agreements, or of generating

D. had no power to negotiate treaties with other nations, to secure favorable trade agreements, or to generate

E. had not the power for negotiating treaties with other nations, to secure favorable trade agreements, or to generate

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Re: The Articles of Confederation provided the first government of the  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2018, 23:52
I pick option D as the government did not have the power to negotiate, secure or generate. Hence, option D conveys the meaning properly as a list.
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The Articles of Confederation provided the first government of the  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Sep 2018, 11:50
The Articles of Confederation provided the first government of the United States, although, under them, the weak federal government was lacking in the power to negotiate treaties with other nations, for the purpose of securing favorable trade agreements, or in generating revenue by collecting taxes from the states and from individual citizens.


A. was lacking in the power to negotiate treaties with other nations, for the purpose of securing favorable trade agreements, or in generating ( in is wrong)

B. lacked the power of negotiating treaties and securing favorable trade agreements, or generate ( parallelism error)

C. was with a lack of power to negotiate treaties with other nations, with the intent of securing favorable trade agreements, or of generating (awkard phrasing' with lack of power' and of 'generating' is wrong)

D. had no power to negotiate treaties with other nations, to secure favorable trade agreements, or to generate (correct)

E. had not the power for negotiating treaties with other nations, to secure favorable trade agreements, or to generate ( meaning distorted)
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Re: The Articles of Confederation provided the first government of the  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Sep 2018, 00:42

Official Explanation


A question about the Articles of Confederation, America’s first government, which provided a not-so-perfect union upon which the Constitution substantially improved.

Split #1: Idiom

The idiom with “power”—the most natural idiom is the “power to do X,” an infinitive construction. The construction “power of doing X” is also perfectly acceptable. The constructions “the power for doing X” and “the power in doing X” are idiomatically incorrect.

Choices (A) & (E) uses at least one idiomatically incorrect construction, and so each is incorrect.

Split #2: Parallelism

The sentence lists three powers—ideally, these three powers should be presented in parallel. Arguably, the second one might be viewed as a qualify of the first, so that only two would be in parallel—that could be acceptable as well.

Choice (A): correct parallelism of two powers, with middle one qualifying

Choice (B): not correct parallelism of the three powers

Choice (C): not correct parallelism of two powers

Choice (D): correct parallelism of the three powers

Choice (E): not correct parallelism of the three powers

Split #3: Rhetorical Construction

A sentence has strong rhetorical construction when it is elegant, concise, direct, powerful, persuasive, and unambiguous. These five choices differ profoundly in the way they set up the verb:

Choice (A): “was lacking in the power” = weak, lily-livered, indirect

Choice (B): “lacked the power” = concise and clear

Choice (C): “was with a lack of power” = embarrassingly bad

Choice (D): “had no power” = concise and clear

Choice (E): “had not the power” = strangely hyper-dramatic and stilted

Rhetorical construction is not black/white right/wrong, the way grammar often is. It’s important to pay attention to rhetoric, though, because wrong answers on the GMAT SC are often rhetorically poor, and correct answer typically are rhetorical gems.

The only possible choice is (D).
_________________

Thanks!
Do give some kudos.

Simple strategy:
“Once you’ve eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth.”

Want to improve your Score:
GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 1| GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 2

My Notes:
Reading comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Absolute Phrases

GMAT Club Bot
Re: The Articles of Confederation provided the first government of the &nbs [#permalink] 23 Sep 2018, 00:42
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