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# The artist Pierre-Auguste Renoir's last word was "flowers,"

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Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2497
Re: The artist Pierre-Auguste Renoir's last word was "flowers," [#permalink]

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03 Oct 2017, 08:15
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pikolo2510 wrote:
Hi egmat

Although this is not asked in the question, I have a doubt regarding the verb-ed modifier used in this sentence

As the verb-ed modifier is preceded by a comma , it is modifies the preceding noun. In this sentence it is modifying "flowers". How can flowers speak as the bouquet of flowers were being arranged.

Can you help me understand where I am going wrong?

https://e-gmat.com/blogs/verb-ed-modifi ... ver-verbs/

Hello pikolo2510,

Take a look at the following two sentences:

1. He spoke the word "flowers". (Active Voice sentence)

2. The word "flower" was spoken by him. (Passive Voice sentence)

In sentence 1., it is absolutely clear that the action of speaking is done by the subject he.

In sentence 2., although the subject of the sentence is The word "flower", we know that the word did not speak anything. A man did the action of speaking as evident by the verb phrase was spoken by him.

Now, the official sentence says: The artist Pierre-Auguste Renoir's last word was "flowers," spoken as a bouquet consisting of roses just picked from his garden were arranged in a vase on his bedroom windowsill.

Pay attention to the word spoken, the verb-ed modifier. These modifiers are actually derived from passive voice verbs by dropping the helping verb. So spoken suggests that word "flowers" was spoken by the artist. He did the job of uttering that word. "flowers" did not speak anything.

Hence, use of spoken is absolutely correct in this official sentence.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: The artist Pierre-Auguste Renoir's last word was "flowers," [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2017, 14:20
n22 wrote:
apart from garden in a vase what else is a mistake in d option?

I was trying this question and for me the option b was :

"As a bouquet of roses had been just picked and was being arranged" - Off course it doesn't have SVA Were / Was issue , but rather it tried to introduce a sequence of 2 events . Technically its not wrong as it just tries to tell roses were first picked up and were later being arranged !

How do you eliminate this ? By concision ?
Re: The artist Pierre-Auguste Renoir's last word was "flowers,"   [#permalink] 25 Nov 2017, 14:20

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