GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 17 Oct 2018, 12:07

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

The Audubon Society and other conservation groups, concerned

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 124
WE 1: 4 years in IT
The Audubon Society and other conservation groups, concerned  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 05 Sep 2016, 23:43
8
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

73% (01:21) correct 27% (01:36) wrong based on 353 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

6. The Audubon Society and other conservation groups, concerned over what they have perceived to be the serious threatening of the environment as posed by the policies of the government, are preparing for a major political effort.

(A) have perceived to be the serious threatening of the environment as
(B) perceived as the serious threat to the environment as
(C) perceive being the serious threat to the environment
(D) are perceiving as the serious threatening of the environment
(E) perceive as the serious threat to the environment

OA--E

Originally posted by raghavs on 22 Feb 2010, 10:40.
Last edited by JarvisR on 05 Sep 2016, 23:43, edited 1 time in total.
OA added and formatted the post
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 24 Jul 2009
Posts: 246
Re: The Audubon Society and other conservation groups, concerned  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Feb 2010, 15:45
raghavs wrote:
6. The Audubon Society and other conservation groups, concerned over what they have
perceived to be the serious threatening of the environment as posed by the policies of
the government, are preparing for a major political effort.
(A) have perceived to be the serious threatening of the environment as
(B) perceived as the serious threat to the environment as
(C) perceive being the serious threat to the environment
(D) are perceiving as the serious threatening of the environment
(E) perceive as the serious threat to the environment

OA--E


IMHO E

right idiom: Perceive as

In B extra "as" is wrong.

In D: "serious threatening" is wrong.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 21 Jul 2009
Posts: 335
Schools: LBS, INSEAD, IMD, ISB - Anything with just 1 yr program.
Re: The Audubon Society and other conservation groups, concerned  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Feb 2010, 19:31
raghavs wrote:
6. The Audubon Society and other conservation groups, concerned over what they have
perceived to be the serious threatening of the environment as posed by the policies of
the government, are preparing for a major political effort.
(A) have perceived to be the serious threatening of the environment as
(B) perceived as the serious threat to the environment as
(C) perceive being the serious threat to the environment
(D) are perceiving as the serious threatening of the environment
(E) perceive as the serious threat to the environment

OA--E


My style of solving SC questions, break the sentence into logical clauses, each clause carries meaning just one thing or an action.

The Audubon Society | and other conservation groups, | concerned over what they perceive | as the serious threat to the environment | posed by the policies of the government, | are preparing for a major political effort.

This technique is simple, it's a non-native reading style from kindergarten and automatically your ear will tell you what's awkward and what's right. You can simplify the sentence by ignoring unnecessary clauses as well.
_________________

I am AWESOME and it's gonna be LEGENDARY!!!

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Status: Current MBA Student
Joined: 19 Nov 2009
Posts: 101
Concentration: Finance, General Management
GMAT 1: 720 Q49 V40
Tricky Verb Tense SC: Audubon Society  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Dec 2010, 14:18
3
1
Hello all,

I saw some other posts on this question, but the responses weren't specific regarding the underlying grammar on each answer choice. Can someone please take a crack at breaking this problem down, answer choice by answer choice. I got lost in the verb tense shuffle. How do we know whether to choose "perceive" or "perceived" in this problem. Also, could selection (B) be grammatically correct if the answer wasn't followed by "as." I appreciate all the help.

Thanks!

The Audubon Society and other conservation groups, concerned over what they have perceived to be the serious threatening of the environment as posed by the policies of the government, are preparing for a major political effort.

(A) have perceived to be the serious threatening of the environment as
(B) perceived as the serious threat to the environment as
(C) perceive being the serious threat to the environment
(D) are perceiving as the serious threatening of the environment
(E) perceive as the serious threat to the environment
Retired Moderator
User avatar
D
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4479
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Tricky Verb Tense SC: Audubon Society  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Dec 2010, 20:50
1
1
The setting of the passage is clearly in the present tense. The ‘concerned’ here is a participle, describing the mindset of the subject and not a working verb. Hence we need a clear present tense such as ‘perceive’ or ‘are perceiving’ to match the ‘are preparing”

So all choices containing the past tense ‘perceived’ and for that matter even he present perfect ‘have perceived’ are out (A and B)
C misses the bus because of using the shoddy 'being the serious thereat',
D is also incorrect due to the unidiomatic ‘threatening of’.
E remains the best choice
_________________

you can know a lot about something and not really understand it."-- a quote
No one knows this better than a GMAT student does.
Narendran +9198845 44509

Manhattan Prep Instructor
User avatar
Joined: 22 Sep 2010
Posts: 181
Schools: MBA, Thunderbird School of Global Management / BA, Wesleyan University
Re: Tricky Verb Tense SC: Audubon Society  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Dec 2010, 19:37
1
tonebeeze,

Daagh is right on this one. You know that you are in the present tense because the last clause of the sentence says "are preparing." Since this part is a) not underlined and b) in the present tense, you know the sentence must be in the present tense.

Yours is a great question, though, as very often people stop reading after they get to the end of the underlined portion. That's a really risky thing to do, because without this part of the sentence, the whole thing could legitimately be placed in the past tense.

Great question!

Brett
_________________


Brett Beach-Kimball | Manhattan GMAT Instructor

Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Reviews

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 13 Aug 2010
Posts: 167
Re: The Audubon Society and other conservation groups, concerned  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Jan 2012, 22:34
E it is.

A and D are out for using 'threatening of'.

among the remaining E is the best
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 22 Aug 2013
Posts: 7
Location: United States
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: The Audubon Society and other conservation groups, concerned  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Oct 2014, 00:16
1
The Audubon Society and other conservation groups, concerned over what they have
perceived to be the serious threatening of the environment as
posed by the policies of
the government, are preparing for a major political effort.

In the main sentence, there are two commas. The portion between commas is a modifier.
The main clause is " The Audubon Society and other conservation groups are preparing for a major political effort".

(A) have perceived to be the serious threatening of the environment as - awkward construction--"to be serious threatening" sounds as if it is going to be a a threat....Use of "as" is not appropriate... "as" can be used to show cause (used as conjunction) , to show "in what position or authority"(used as preposition) or to compare similarity between actions in two clauses (used as conjunction)

(B) perceived as the serious threat to the environment as - "they perceived" mean they no more perceive now yet are preparing for a political effort

(C) perceive being the serious threat to the environment - "being the serious threat" is ambiguous. "they perceive being the serious threat"..."being serious threat" may refer to "they" and define how they perceive.

(D) are perceiving as the serious threatening of the environment - "are perceiving" is in present continuous tense. The main clause also is in present continuous tense. hence it sounds as if both "perceiving" and "preparing" are occurring simultaneously.

(E) perceive as the serious threat to the environment --"they perceive" is simple present..hence mean they perceived earlier, perceive now and may continue to perceive....it makes sense with the tense of the main clause...."as" is used as preposition ....preposition should be followed by noun ....the noun is "threat"...

So correct answer is E
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 02 Dec 2014
Posts: 387
Location: Russian Federation
Concentration: General Management, Economics
GMAT 1: 640 Q44 V33
WE: Sales (Telecommunications)
Re: Tricky Verb Tense SC: Audubon Society  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Dec 2015, 09:27
I have a question. In E does "posed" modify "threat" or "environment"?
_________________

"Are you gangsters?" - "No we are Russians!"

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Status: Always try to face your worst fear because nothing GOOD comes easy. You must be UNCOMFORTABLE to get to your COMFORT ZONE
Joined: 15 Aug 2014
Posts: 294
Concentration: Marketing, Technology
GMAT 1: 570 Q44 V25
GMAT 2: 600 Q48 V25
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: Tricky Verb Tense SC: Audubon Society  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Dec 2015, 09:39
1
Konstantin1983 wrote:
I have a question. In E does "posed" modify "threat" or "environment"?


here posed is a verb-ed modifier that modifies threat. "here to the environment" provides additional information about the threat
_________________

"When you want to succeed as bad as you want to breathe, then you’ll be successful.” - Eric Thomas

I need to work on timing badly!!

Retired Moderator
User avatar
D
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4479
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Tricky Verb Tense SC: Audubon Society  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Dec 2015, 10:29
(E) perceive as the serious threat to the environment

Logically only a threat can be posed by some measures such as policies; an environment cannot be posed by policies. Okay?
'To environment' is an integral part of the threat in the context, revealing its relevance to the Audubon Society, which is an environment-protection movement. So, we should read them jointly rather than separately
_________________

you can know a lot about something and not really understand it."-- a quote
No one knows this better than a GMAT student does.
Narendran +9198845 44509

Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 29 Feb 2016
Posts: 102
Location: India
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V35
GPA: 3
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: The Audubon Society and other conservation groups, concerned  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Sep 2017, 06:25
Posed by the policies of the govt seems to modify environment. But i believe the phrase should present the cause and as is required after environment.
Also in option E i believe tense should be past tense rather than present tense.

Please explain.
_________________

Find what you love and let it kill you. — Charles Bukowski

e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
G
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2704
Re: The Audubon Society and other conservation groups, concerned  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Sep 2017, 11:46
1
sumanainampudi wrote:
Posed by the policies of the govt seems to modify environment. But i believe the phrase should present the cause and as is required after environment.
Also in option E i believe tense should be past tense rather than present tense.

Please explain.



Hello sumanainampudi,

I will be glad to help you out with this one. :-)

Let's take a good look at the sentence with correct answer choice E:

The Audubon Society and other conservation groups, concerned over what they perceive as the serious threat to the environment posed by the policies of the government, are preparing for a major political effort.



Modifier Usage

There is no problem with the usage of posed by the policies... directly after the noun phrase the serious threatening of the environment. The verb-ed modifier posed does not modify the immediate preceding noun environment because this modification makes no sense.

The modifier actually modifies the entire preceding noun phrase the serious threatening of the environment because it is the threats that have been posed by the policies.

At e-GMAT, we call such modification a noun modifier modifying a slightly far away noun. You can learn about this modification with great details, explanations and official and unofficial examples in our very famous article named Noun Modifiers can Modify slightly far away noun in the following link:

https://gmatclub.com/forum/noun-modifiers-can-modify-slightly-far-away-noun-135868.html

Verb Tense Usage

Please note that the main verb of the sentence are preparing is written in present continuous/progressive tense. This usage suggests that the sentence has been written in the present context.

The mentioned groups in the sentence are preparing to do something. It means that what they have observed is still relevant. This is the reason why they are going to do something about it. Hence, use of simple present tense verb perceive is also correct.



Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
_________________












| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 07 Sep 2014
Posts: 383
Concentration: Finance, Marketing
Re: The Audubon Society and other conservation groups, concerned  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Sep 2017, 01:48
The Audubon Society and other conservation groups, concerned over what they have perceived to be the serious threatening of the environment as posed by the policies of the government, are preparing for a major political effort.

(E) perceive as the serious threat to the environment

I thought E is wrong because of "the environment posed". without "AS" posed will refer to environment, which seems wrong to me. why E is correct then?
Retired Moderator
User avatar
D
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4479
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: The Audubon Society and other conservation groups, concerned  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Sep 2017, 04:05
Top Contributor
It is a wrong to assume that an adjectival 'ed' modifier necessarily modify the noun it touches, with a comma or no comma; it is the logic that drives such modifications. When nouns have critical prepositional phrases that are intervening, as in the 'threat to the environment', then it is actually the threat rather than the environment that is being modified. When logic does not accommodate, the 'ed' modifier has an imperative need to fetch a distant yet logical match than go by an absurd nearby one.

I do not think we can fault ' E' for its supposedly flawed appearance.
_________________

you can know a lot about something and not really understand it."-- a quote
No one knows this better than a GMAT student does.
Narendran +9198845 44509

GMAT Club Bot
Re: The Audubon Society and other conservation groups, concerned &nbs [#permalink] 29 Sep 2017, 04:05
Display posts from previous: Sort by

The Audubon Society and other conservation groups, concerned

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.