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The Audubon Society and other conservation groups, concerned

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The Audubon Society and other conservation groups, concerned [#permalink]

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New post 22 Feb 2010, 09:40
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6. The Audubon Society and other conservation groups, concerned over what they have perceived to be the serious threatening of the environment as posed by the policies of the government, are preparing for a major political effort.

(A) have perceived to be the serious threatening of the environment as
(B) perceived as the serious threat to the environment as
(C) perceive being the serious threat to the environment
(D) are perceiving as the serious threatening of the environment
(E) perceive as the serious threat to the environment

[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA--E
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by JarvisR on 05 Sep 2016, 22:43, edited 1 time in total.
OA added and formatted the post

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Re: The Audubon Society and other conservation groups, concerned [#permalink]

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New post 22 Feb 2010, 14:45
raghavs wrote:
6. The Audubon Society and other conservation groups, concerned over what they have
perceived to be the serious threatening of the environment as posed by the policies of
the government, are preparing for a major political effort.
(A) have perceived to be the serious threatening of the environment as
(B) perceived as the serious threat to the environment as
(C) perceive being the serious threat to the environment
(D) are perceiving as the serious threatening of the environment
(E) perceive as the serious threat to the environment

[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA--E


IMHO E

right idiom: Perceive as

In B extra "as" is wrong.

In D: "serious threatening" is wrong.

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Re: The Audubon Society and other conservation groups, concerned [#permalink]

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New post 22 Feb 2010, 18:31
raghavs wrote:
6. The Audubon Society and other conservation groups, concerned over what they have
perceived to be the serious threatening of the environment as posed by the policies of
the government, are preparing for a major political effort.
(A) have perceived to be the serious threatening of the environment as
(B) perceived as the serious threat to the environment as
(C) perceive being the serious threat to the environment
(D) are perceiving as the serious threatening of the environment
(E) perceive as the serious threat to the environment

[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA--E


My style of solving SC questions, break the sentence into logical clauses, each clause carries meaning just one thing or an action.

The Audubon Society | and other conservation groups, | concerned over what they perceive | as the serious threat to the environment | posed by the policies of the government, | are preparing for a major political effort.

This technique is simple, it's a non-native reading style from kindergarten and automatically your ear will tell you what's awkward and what's right. You can simplify the sentence by ignoring unnecessary clauses as well.
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Re: The Audubon Society and other conservation groups, concerned [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2012, 21:34
E it is.

A and D are out for using 'threatening of'.

among the remaining E is the best

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Re: The Audubon Society and other conservation groups, concerned [#permalink]

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Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: The Audubon Society and other conservation groups, concerned [#permalink]

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The Audubon Society and other conservation groups, concerned over what they have
perceived to be the serious threatening of the environment as
posed by the policies of
the government, are preparing for a major political effort.

In the main sentence, there are two commas. The portion between commas is a modifier.
The main clause is " The Audubon Society and other conservation groups are preparing for a major political effort".

(A) have perceived to be the serious threatening of the environment as - awkward construction--"to be serious threatening" sounds as if it is going to be a a threat....Use of "as" is not appropriate... "as" can be used to show cause (used as conjunction) , to show "in what position or authority"(used as preposition) or to compare similarity between actions in two clauses (used as conjunction)

(B) perceived as the serious threat to the environment as - "they perceived" mean they no more perceive now yet are preparing for a political effort

(C) perceive being the serious threat to the environment - "being the serious threat" is ambiguous. "they perceive being the serious threat"..."being serious threat" may refer to "they" and define how they perceive.

(D) are perceiving as the serious threatening of the environment - "are perceiving" is in present continuous tense. The main clause also is in present continuous tense. hence it sounds as if both "perceiving" and "preparing" are occurring simultaneously.

(E) perceive as the serious threat to the environment --"they perceive" is simple present..hence mean they perceived earlier, perceive now and may continue to perceive....it makes sense with the tense of the main clause...."as" is used as preposition ....preposition should be followed by noun ....the noun is "threat"...

So correct answer is E

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Re: The Audubon Society and other conservation groups, concerned [#permalink]

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New post 25 Aug 2016, 22:32
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: The Audubon Society and other conservation groups, concerned [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2017, 05:25
Posed by the policies of the govt seems to modify environment. But i believe the phrase should present the cause and as is required after environment.
Also in option E i believe tense should be past tense rather than present tense.

Please explain.
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Re: The Audubon Society and other conservation groups, concerned [#permalink]

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sumanainampudi wrote:
Posed by the policies of the govt seems to modify environment. But i believe the phrase should present the cause and as is required after environment.
Also in option E i believe tense should be past tense rather than present tense.

Please explain.



Hello sumanainampudi,

I will be glad to help you out with this one. :-)

Let's take a good look at the sentence with correct answer choice E:

The Audubon Society and other conservation groups, concerned over what they perceive as the serious threat to the environment posed by the policies of the government, are preparing for a major political effort.



Modifier Usage

There is no problem with the usage of posed by the policies... directly after the noun phrase the serious threatening of the environment. The verb-ed modifier posed does not modify the immediate preceding noun environment because this modification makes no sense.

The modifier actually modifies the entire preceding noun phrase the serious threatening of the environment because it is the threats that have been posed by the policies.

At e-GMAT, we call such modification a noun modifier modifying a slightly far away noun. You can learn about this modification with great details, explanations and official and unofficial examples in our very famous article named Noun Modifiers can Modify slightly far away noun in the following link:

https://gmatclub.com/forum/noun-modifiers-can-modify-slightly-far-away-noun-135868.html

Verb Tense Usage

Please note that the main verb of the sentence are preparing is written in present continuous/progressive tense. This usage suggests that the sentence has been written in the present context.

The mentioned groups in the sentence are preparing to do something. It means that what they have observed is still relevant. This is the reason why they are going to do something about it. Hence, use of simple present tense verb perceive is also correct.



Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: The Audubon Society and other conservation groups, concerned [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2017, 00:48
The Audubon Society and other conservation groups, concerned over what they have perceived to be the serious threatening of the environment as posed by the policies of the government, are preparing for a major political effort.

(E) perceive as the serious threat to the environment

I thought E is wrong because of "the environment posed". without "AS" posed will refer to environment, which seems wrong to me. why E is correct then?

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Re: The Audubon Society and other conservation groups, concerned [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2017, 03:05
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It is a wrong to assume that an adjectival 'ed' modifier necessarily modify the noun it touches, with a comma or no comma; it is the logic that drives such modifications. When nouns have critical prepositional phrases that are intervening, as in the 'threat to the environment', then it is actually the threat rather than the environment that is being modified. When logic does not accommodate, the 'ed' modifier has an imperative need to fetch a distant yet logical match than go by an absurd nearby one.

I do not think we can fault ' E' for its supposedly flawed appearance.
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Re: The Audubon Society and other conservation groups, concerned   [#permalink] 29 Sep 2017, 03:05
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