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The availability of television reduces the amount

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Manager
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The availability of television reduces the amount  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2017, 09:12
1
2
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

49% (02:28) correct 51% (02:09) wrong based on 125 sessions

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The availability of television reduces the amount of reading children do. When television is made unavailable, a nearly universal increase in reading, both by parents and by children, is reported. When television is available again, the level of reading by both parents and children relapses to its previous level.
The reasoning in which one of the following is most similar to the reasoning above?

(A) Whenever the money supply in an economy fluctuates, interest rates tend to fluctuate. When the money supply remains constant, interest rates tend to remain stable. Thus, the money supply's remaining constant stabilizes interest rates.
(B) The consumption of candy between meals disrupts a child's appetite at mealtimes. When candy is not consumed, blood sugar declines until mealtime, so the child feels hungry. A child who eats healthy meals feels less desire for candy.
(C) Global warming is caused by increased carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Furthermore, industrial pollution causes increased carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. So industrial pollution causes global warming.
(D) Voting behavior is affected by factors other than political candidates' records of political achievement. For example, a candidate who projects confidence will gain votes as a result, whereas a candidate with a supercilious facial expression will lose votes.
(E) Adults read less than they once did because there are so many other activities to divert them. This can be seen from the fact that the more time they spend on such other activities, the less they read. Conversely, the less they read, the more time they spend on such other activities
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Re: The availability of television reduces the amount  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2017, 10:18
Could some one explain me the solution ?
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Re: The availability of television reduces the amount  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2017, 08:31
Why is it not B? It has almost the same structure as the stimulus right
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Re: The availability of television reduces the amount  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2017, 10:08
A and E are very close.

A wins because:

In the given analogy TV is an external factor which determines our behaviour.
TV = 1, Reading = less;
TV = 0, Reading = more;


In E, there is no external factor; we choose to divert ourselves to other activities and we choose to read.

A certainly wins.

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The availability of television reduces the amount  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2017, 11:05
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aurobindomahanty wrote:
The availability of television reduces the amount of reading children do. When television is made unavailable, a nearly universal increase in reading, both by parents and by children, is reported. When television is available again, the level of reading by both parents and children relapses to its previous level.
The reasoning in which one of the following is most similar to the reasoning above?

(A) Whenever the money supply in an economy fluctuates, interest rates tend to fluctuate. When the money supply remains constant, interest rates tend to remain stable. Thus, the money supply's remaining constant stabilizes interest rates.
(B) The consumption of candy between meals disrupts a child's appetite at mealtimes. When candy is not consumed, blood sugar declines until mealtime, so the child feels hungry. A child who eats healthy meals feels less desire for candy.
(C) Global warming is caused by increased carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Furthermore, industrial pollution causes increased carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. So industrial pollution causes global warming.
(D) Voting behavior is affected by factors other than political candidates' records of political achievement. For example, a candidate who projects confidence will gain votes as a result, whereas a candidate with a supercilious facial expression will lose votes.
(E) Adults read less than they once did because there are so many other activities to divert them. This can be seen from the fact that the more time they spend on such other activities, the less they read. Conversely, the less they read, the more time they spend on such other activities


Premise: When TV is made unavailable, parents and children read more.
Premise: When TV is made available again, parents and children read less.

Conclusion: TV reduces the amount of reading children do:

TV watching (cause) -> Reduce reading (effect)

(A)
Premise: when money supply fluctuates, so interest rates fluctuate;
Premise: when one money supply is kept constant, the interest rate remains constant.
Conclusion: constant money supply stabilizes interest rates:

Money supply (cause) -> Interest rates (effect). Correct

(B) Premises describe causal relationship, but there is no conclusion. The last sentence looks more like a recommendation.

(E)
Premise: more time people spend on activities -> the less they read. (A -> B)
Premise: Conversely, the less people read -> the more time they spend on other activities (B->A)

Conclusion:
So, Reading less <-> Doing other stuff (A<-> B)
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Re: The availability of television reduces the amount  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Mar 2019, 18:47
aurobindomahanty wrote:
The availability of television reduces the amount of reading children do. When television is made unavailable, a nearly universal increase in reading, both by parents and by children, is reported. When television is available again, the level of reading by both parents and children relapses to its previous level.
The reasoning in which one of the following is most similar to the reasoning above?

(A) Whenever the money supply in an economy fluctuates, interest rates tend to fluctuate. When the money supply remains constant, interest rates tend to remain stable. Thus, the money supply's remaining constant stabilizes interest rates.
(B) The consumption of candy between meals disrupts a child's appetite at mealtimes. When candy is not consumed, blood sugar declines until mealtime, so the child feels hungry. A child who eats healthy meals feels less desire for candy.
(C) Global warming is caused by increased carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Furthermore, industrial pollution causes increased carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. So industrial pollution causes global warming.
(D) Voting behavior is affected by factors other than political candidates' records of political achievement. For example, a candidate who projects confidence will gain votes as a result, whereas a candidate with a supercilious facial expression will lose votes.
(E) Adults read less than they once did because there are so many other activities to divert them. This can be seen from the fact that the more time they spend on such other activities, the less they read. Conversely, the less they read, the more time they spend on such other activities


Why not E?
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Re: The availability of television reduces the amount   [#permalink] 02 Mar 2019, 18:47
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