Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases https://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 28 May 2017, 17:46

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Director
Joined: 23 Sep 2007
Posts: 787
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 192 [0], given: 0

Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink]

Show Tags

29 Sep 2007, 19:39
00:00

Difficulty:

65% (hard)

Question Stats:

60% (02:56) correct 40% (02:39) wrong based on 3725 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

IMO C

Because, if the efficiency of Borodia's workers has not increased, then with less workers, less TVs will be made by Borodia. Therefore, if people in borodia continue to buy TVs at the same rate as previous years, they will have to buy more imported TVs.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
If you have any questions
you can ask an expert
New!
Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 16 Jun 2012
Posts: 1132
Location: United States
Followers: 278

Kudos [?]: 3115 [4] , given: 123

Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink]

Show Tags

17 Mar 2013, 02:00
4
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
ratinarace wrote:
@gyanone....any tips for pre thinking for such assumptions...I really waste lot of time evaluating the choices...

Hi Ratinarace:

If you want to increase your critical thinking speed, I highly recommend you read "Critical Reasoning - Bible".
For assumption questions, we have 2 types: supporter assumption, and defender assumption. I won't talk in detail here. This question is asking you about supporter assumption.

The question wants you to explain the link: why a drop in the number of television assemblers in Borodia leads to an increase of TV import from Vernland. Clearly, there's a gap between "number of assemblers" and "TV import". The logic is: the number of Borodia TV assemblers decreases --> the number of TVs assembled in Borodia decreases --> Borodia has to import more TV from Vernland.

Name Q = the number of TV assemblers in Borodia
Name T = average hour/day to assemble a TV
Name K = the number of working hours/day for each assembler = constant.
Name P = total TV assembled/day = (K/T) x Q

The stimulus says Q decreased --> P only decrease if T stays the same of just decreases a little bit. Otherwise, if T decreases significantly --> P maybe increase --> so logic would be failed.

For instance:

Q= 100 people; T= 10 hours/TV; K = 10 hours --> the number of TV per a assembler per day = K/T = 10/10 = 1 TV/day --> total TV assembled/day = (K/T)xQ = 1 x 100 = 100 TVs

if Q changes to 50 people, T also decreases to 2.5 hours; K = 10 --> each person will assemble 4 TVs/day --> Total TV = 4 x 50 = 200 TVs --> P increases --> the logic is failed
_________________

Please +1 KUDO if my post helps. Thank you.

"Designing cars consumes you; it has a hold on your spirit which is incredibly powerful. It's not something you can do part time, you have do it with all your heart and soul or you're going to get it wrong."

Chris Bangle - Former BMW Chief of Design.

Senior Manager
Joined: 19 Apr 2008
Posts: 318
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 84 [2] , given: 0

Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink]

Show Tags

20 Jun 2008, 11:04
2
KUDOS
I need help with this CR , I don't get the reason behind correct answer . I know the answer already , so some explanation with your replies will be helpful

The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long been significantly
lower than that in neighboring Borodia. Since Borodia dropped all tariffs on Vernlandian
televisions three years ago, the number of televisions sold annually in Borodia has not
changed. However, recent statistics show a droip in the number of television assemblers
in Borodia. Therefore, updated trade statistics will probably indicate that the number of
televisions Borodia imports annually from Vernland has increased.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?
A. The number of television assemblers in Vernland has increased by at least as
much as the number of television assemblers in Borodia has decreased.
B. Televisions assembled in Vernland have features that televisions assembled in
Borodia do not have.
C. The average number of hours it takes a Borodian television assembler to assemble
a television has not decreased significantly during the past three years.
D. The number of televisions assembled annually in Vernland has increased
significantly during the past three years.
E. The difference between the hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland and
the hourly wage of television assemblers in Borodia is likely to decrease in the
next few years.
Manager
Joined: 06 Sep 2010
Posts: 117
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 5 [2] , given: 6

Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink]

Show Tags

29 Aug 2011, 06:06
2
KUDOS
Good question.. C is correct..

The number of television sets sold in Borodia remains the same for three years.
Major difference between the three years as the stimulus states is that there is a decrease in the number of tv assemblers.

So in spite of the reduction in tv assemblers, the city still manages to sell the same number of tv sets. And the stimulus attributes the maintenance of the same number of tv sets sold in Borodia to the imports of tv sets from Vernland to fulfill the deficit created by loss of tv assemblers.

This conclusion can be arrived at provided the reduced tv assemblers do not speed up their work in assembling more tv sets than they generally do. Exactly this is what option C conveys. Hope this clarifies...

This is a defender type of assumption question!
VP
Status: Top MBA Admissions Consultant
Joined: 24 Jul 2011
Posts: 1231
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V48
GRE 1: 1540 Q800 V740
Followers: 133

Kudos [?]: 588 [2] , given: 19

Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink]

Show Tags

06 Mar 2013, 12:15
2
KUDOS
If the number of televisions sold in Borodia has not changed, and the number television assemblers in Borodia has gone down, this can mean only two things.

1. The reduced number of assemblers in Borodia means lesser TVs produced in Borodia. The difference is then made up by importing TVs from Vernland
2. The reduced number of assemblers in Borodia are more productive now than they used to be - and they are able to produce the same number of televisions as earlier.

1 is stated explicitly in the stimulus. Lets look at the options to see if we can find 2, or a better assumption, somewhere.

(A): This is not an assumption. It is possible that the assemblers in Vernland are more productive, and for example one assembler in Vernland can produce twice the number of TVs produced by one assembler in Borodia. In that case even if the TVs are being imported from Vernland, the decrease in assemblers in Borodia need not confirm exactly to the increase in the number of assemblers in Vernland
(B): TV features are irrelevant to the argument here.
(C): This is exactly assumption 2 that we mapped out earlier. Correct.
(D): This does not help to reach the conclusion of the stimulus. For instance, it is possible that the local market in Vernland expanded in this period, and in that case the additional TVs would be needed to just satisfy local demand, not import demand for Borodia.
(E): The difference in wage rates is not a factor here.

C is therefore correct.
_________________

GyanOne | Top MBA Rankings and MBA Admissions Blog

Top MBA Admissions Consulting | Top MiM Admissions Consulting

Premium MBA Essay Review|Best MBA Interview Preparation|Exclusive GMAT coaching

Get a FREE Detailed MBA Profile Evaluation | Call us now +91 98998 31738

Intern
Joined: 25 Nov 2012
Posts: 7
Schools: Darden '16 (A)
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V35
GPA: 3.29
WE: Corporate Finance (Consulting)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 2 [2] , given: 1

Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink]

Show Tags

23 Apr 2013, 12:24
2
KUDOS
Answer is (C). I'll try to explain via a hypothetical dialogue.

First identify the conclusion, which in my own words, translates to

"Borodia must have imported more TVs"

A skeptic would then ask, "what makes you come to that conclusion?"

I reply -- "well, because of a few reasons, which are stated in my premises":

1) Borodia sold the same # of TVs for the past 3 years
2) Borodia lost some of its own TV assemblers

1+2 Combined) Borodia sold the same number of TVs while employing fewer assemblers.

1+2+Conclusion) Borodia sold the same number of TVs while employing fewer assemblers. Therefore, they must have imported more TVs

Skeptic, still skeptical, then asks: "well...what if somehow, just SOMEHOW, there was another way Borodia supplied its TVs while employing fewer employees?"

I then reply, "well...I assume there wasn't any other way."

--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Now look at choice (C): The average number of hours it takes a Borodian television assembler to assemble a television has not decreased significantly during the past three years.

This is telling me the few remaining TV assemblers in Borodia might have become more efficient and produced more TVs per hour.
Tying it back to my hypothetical dialogue:

"Like I said, I assume there is no other way Borodia produced the same # of TVs as last year, including this scenario"

Therefore, answer is (C).
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 7380
Location: Pune, India
Followers: 2291

Kudos [?]: 15148 [2] , given: 224

Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink]

Show Tags

04 Apr 2016, 23:06
2
KUDOS
Expert's post
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long been significantly lower than that in neighboring Borodia. Since Borodia dropped all tariffs on Vernlandian televisions three years ago, the number of televisions sold annually in Borodia has not changed. However, recent statistics show a drop in the number of television assemblers in Borodia. Therefore, updated trade statistics will probably indicate that the number of televisions Borodia imports annually from Vernland has increased.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. The number of television assemblers in Vernland has increased by at least as much as the number of television assemblers in Borodia has decreased.
B. Televisions assembled in Vernland have features that televisions assembled in Borodia do not have.
C. The average number of hours it takes a Borodian television assembler to assemble a television has not decreased significantly during the past three years.
D. The number of televisions assembled annually in Vernland has increased significantly during the past three years.
E. The difference between the hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland and the hourly wage of television assemblers in Borodia is likely to decrease in the next few years.

The question seems to be giving a lot of pain but actually, it is absolutely fine. As expected, OG does not falter here too.
Forget everything you have read about this question before and look at it with fresh eyes:

Premises:
- The hourly wage of assemblers in V is much lower than that in B.
- 3 yrs ago, B dropped all tariffs on TVs imported from V.
- Number of TVs sold annually in B is same.
- But number of assemblers in B has decreased.

Conclusion: Trade statistics will probably indicate that the number of televisions B imports annually from V has increased.

The conclusion might look logical but is full of assumptions.
Why logical? Wages in V are lower (so seems like TVs are cheaper in V). B dropped all tariffs on import (so no artificial inflation of TV prices ofV) . Number of TVs sold in B has not dropped but number of assemblers in B has dropped (looks like fewer TVs are getting made in B).
An onlooker might conclude that B is importing more TVs from V because they are cheaper.

But here are some assumptions:
- The cost of a TV in V is lower because assembler's wage is lower. What if the raw material cost is higher in V? Or other costs are higher? The cost of a V TV could actually be higher than the cost of a B TV.
- Fewer TVs are getting made in B. Assemblers in B have not become more productive. What if fewer assemblers are needed because they can complete assembly process much faster? The number of TVs sold is the same. If each assembler is doing more work, fewer assemblers will be needed. In that case, the number of TVs getting made in B might have stayed the same.

Look at the options:

A. The number of television assemblers in Vernland has increased by at least as much as the number of television assemblers in Borodia has decreased.
Not required by the conclusion. Perhaps number of TVs being sold in V has actually reduced and more are getting exported to B. SO overall number of TVs being made is the same.

B. Televisions assembled in Vernland have features that televisions assembled in Borodia do not have.
Not required by the conclusion. The TVs could be exactly the same. They could be cheaper because of which they could be getting imported from V.

C. The average number of hours it takes a Borodian television assembler to assemble a television has not decreased significantly during the past three years.
This is an assumption. We are assuming that the reduction in the number of assemblers is not because of an increase in the productivity of the assemblers. If the assemblers have got more productive, the number of TVs produced could be the same and hence the import would not have increased.

D. The number of televisions assembled annually in Vernland has increased significantly during the past three years.
Not required by the conclusion. Perhaps number of TVs being sold in V has actually reduced and more are getting exported to B. So overall number of TVs being made is the same.

E. The difference between the hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland and the hourly wage of television assemblers in Borodia is likely to decrease in the next few years.
Not required by the conclusion. What happens to the hourly wages of assemblers in V and B in future is not a concern for this in this argument. We are only concerned about what has been happening in the last 3 yrs.

_________________

Karishma
Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor
My Blog

Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for $199 Veritas Prep Reviews Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor Joined: 16 Oct 2010 Posts: 7380 Location: Pune, India Followers: 2291 Kudos [?]: 15148 [2] , given: 224 Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink] Show Tags 05 Apr 2016, 05:39 2 This post received KUDOS Expert's post Nez wrote: ASSUMPTION FLUX Thanks VeritasPrepKarishma. Your explanation isn't very dissimilar from HKD1710's. Just that yours lacked debilitating theories. Thanks. I get this message from what both of you said. C is based on multilayered reasoning kind of.. which is common in the other og-700 level questions. In this unique one you essentially assess the options by asking WHAT led to the fact in the option? Then the WHAT has an answer that provides alternative cause to somthing in the premise... EVEN THOUGH what led to reduced hour, efficient process, might not necessarily offset the reduced output but the fact that it might is enough of a good assumption. am I right? cos if it MUST then it wouldn't be an assumption but an inference. And also, EVEN THOUGH this particular alternative cause didn't totally disprove the other cause(it didn't suggest slightly that both didn't play. it didn't show/suggest that the improved process totally offset output reduction such that no need for V import. We just assumed it). I get it. What I didn't get is folks telling me negating C made the conclusion to crumble. Where did they get that from? it didn't work like that. HKD1710 your question stamp thing. is it for real? I'll check it. You are over-thinking this. Why do you assume that there is reduced output? We know that number of hours and quality of effort are two different parameters. It is certainly possible that in 1 hour, you do the same work that I do in 3 hrs. So if I worked for 3 hrs while you did for 1 hr, can I say that your output MUST BE lower than mine? Will I wonder whether your increased productivity was able to completely offset the fewer hrs you took? No. For all I know, you could have done twice the work I did. When I say "fewer hrs but better productivity", you have no idea how to compare the output. So you can't really conclude anything. You have certain premises. On the basis of those you arrive at a conclusion. Sometimes, to arrive at a conclusion, you assume a few things. You just have to identify one of the assumptions. How do these premises lead to the conclusion? - The hourly wage of assemblers in V is much lower than that in B. - 3 yrs ago, B dropped all tariffs on TVs imported from V. (here I assumed that the price of V tv is now comparable to the price of a B tv) - Number of TVs sold annually in B is same. - But number of assemblers in B has decreased. (here I assumed that fewer tvs are getting made in B because fewer assemblers are working) Conclusion: Trade statistics will probably indicate that the number of televisions B imports annually from V has increased. If I negate the assumption, this is what I get: - The hourly wage of assemblers in V is much lower than that in B. - 3 yrs ago, B dropped all tariffs on TVs imported from V. - Number of TVs sold annually in B is same. - Number of assemblers in B has decreased. The assemblers of B have become much more productive. Now, is there anything I would like to conclude from the given premises? Can I say that it indicates that B is importing tvs from V? No. We don't have any indication for the same. That is how negation of an assumption breaks down the conclusion. _________________ Karishma Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor My Blog Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for$199

Veritas Prep Reviews

VP
Joined: 03 Apr 2007
Posts: 1349
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 679 [1] , given: 10

Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink]

Show Tags

23 Jun 2008, 18:42
1
KUDOS
The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long been significantly
lower than that in neighboring Borodia. Since Borodia dropped all tariffs on Vernlandian
televisions three years ago, the number of televisions sold annually in Borodia has not
changed. However, recent statistics show a droip in the number of television assemblers
in Borodia. Therefore, updated trade statistics will probably indicate that the number of
televisions Borodia imports annually from Vernland has increased.

Given:
1.wages V < wages B
2.Borodia dropped all tariffs on Vernlandian
televisions -> cheaper to import
3.the number of televisions sold annually in Borodia has not
changed
4.droip in the number of television assemblers
in Borodia
5.statistics will probably indicate that the number of
televisions Borodia imports annually from Vernland has increased

From the above 5 points we can deduce that - there is still a market for televisions in B, but the manufacturing has dropped and imports have increased.Its profitable to import TVs from V than manufacture in B. This is possible only 1.Wage/hr have not increased in V 2. Time taken to assembl ehas not increased

C fits teh bill
Director
Joined: 25 Oct 2006
Posts: 640
Followers: 14

Kudos [?]: 556 [1] , given: 6

Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink]

Show Tags

09 Mar 2009, 21:43
1
KUDOS
First of all please do not post OA immediately. Give us a chance to try, mate.

Facts are:
1) Wage is lower in Vernland than Borodia
2) NO tax on imported TV from Vernland
3) Number of assemblers has decreased @ Borodia
Outcome is: STILL TV sales at Borodia are not hampered.

Conclusion: Only way it can happen if import has increased significantly.

Assumption: But what if average number to assemble a TV has decreased drastically? So less assembler could still assemble same number of TV.

A. The number of television assemblers in Vernland has increased by at least as much as the number of television assemblers in Borodia has decreased.
– Not required essentially
B. Televisions assembled in Vernland have features that televisions assembled in Borodia do not have.
– Out of scope
C. The average number of hours it takes a Borodian television assembler to assemble a television has not decreased significantly during the past three years.
- True
D. The number of televisions assembled annually in Vernland has increased significantly during the past three years.
-- Same kind of statement like A’s.
E. The difference between the hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland and the hourly wage of television assemblers in Borodia is likely to decrease in the next few years
-- Future aspect is OOS
_________________

If You're Not Living On The Edge, You're Taking Up Too Much Space

Last edited by priyankur_saha@ml.com on 09 Mar 2009, 21:46, edited 1 time in total.
Senior Manager
Joined: 16 Jul 2009
Posts: 256
Followers: 6

Kudos [?]: 372 [1] , given: 3

Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink]

Show Tags

11 Oct 2009, 13:28
1
KUDOS
The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long been significantly lower than that in neighboring Borodia. Since Borodia dropped all tariffs on Vernlandian televisions three years ago, the number of televisions sold annually in Borodia has not changed. However, recent statistics show a droip in the number of television assemblers in Borodia. Therefore, updated trade statistics will probably indicate that the number of
televisions Borodia imports annually from Vernland has increased.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?
A. The number of television assemblers in Vernland has increased by at least as much as the number of television assemblers in Borodia has decreased.
B. Televisions assembled in Vernland have features that televisions assembled in Borodia do not have.
C. The average number of hours it takes a Borodian television assembler to assemble a television has not decreased significantly during the past three years.
D. The number of televisions assembled annually in Vernland has increased significantly during the past three years.
E. The difference between the hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland and the hourly wage of television assemblers in Borodia is likely to decrease in the next few years.
Manager
Joined: 08 Oct 2009
Posts: 62
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 23 [1] , given: 5

Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink]

Show Tags

11 Oct 2009, 20:00
1
KUDOS
Is it [C] because if the # of hours it takes assemblers in Borodia has decreased, then fewer assemblers would be needed to assemble the same # of TV's as 3 years prior. Hence it must be assumed that this is not the case.
Manager
Joined: 26 Aug 2005
Posts: 61
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 7 [1] , given: 0

Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink]

Show Tags

12 Oct 2009, 01:21
1
KUDOS
i think it's (C). If number of televisions sold in Borodia has not changed, and the number of assemblers decreased in Boradia, it could mean that the number of hours assemblers spend to make a television decreased, not necessarily the import from Vernland increased. But since the author is saying that the it's the increase of import, it's assumed that the number of hours assemblers spend to make a television in Borodia has not decreased.
e-GMAT Representative
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2022
Followers: 2219

Kudos [?]: 7764 [1] , given: 291

Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink]

Show Tags

23 Apr 2013, 18:18
1
KUDOS
Expert's post
Hi,

The passage in the question is one of those arguments, which, at e-GMAT, we classify as QPA arguments or Quantitative Predictive Arguments. We had written an article on the same some time back. It might help.

a-framework-to-prethink-in-quantitative-predictive-arguments-146436.html

Thanks,
Chiranjeev
_________________

| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Director
Joined: 22 Jun 2014
Posts: 750
Location: United States
Concentration: General Management, Technology
Schools: IIMA , IIMB, ISB
GMAT 1: 540 Q45 V20
GPA: 2.49
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 14

Kudos [?]: 317 [1] , given: 103

Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink]

Show Tags

04 Apr 2016, 09:21
1
KUDOS
Nez wrote:
Nevernevergiveup wrote:
Nez wrote:
Nevernevergiveup
This is clear from the word go.
My prethink assumption was MORE TVs were imported from vernland to make the sales remain same.
That's obvious.
How does that relate to C (average hour used to assembly TV...) I.e. how long it takes to assembly a TV in Borod. folks here must think I'm an idiot or something. but believe me I'm struggling to establish the logical link.

Posted from my mobile device

Please understand the causual argument hidden here.
Go through this article for the same.
http://www.beatthegmat.com/mba/2011/01/ ... -arguments

If you still have a doubt, best weapon to test the assumption is to negate it.
Try to negate C and then observe the conclusion to collapse.

Nevernevergiveup
I tried negating it and the conclusion became more powerful and inevitable.
If it takes them more time to make a telly then they would produce less TV and that's more reason Vernland has to come in so that sales remains same.

Am I missing something?

Hi Nez,

I have tried to cover it with my understanding. hope it helps:

This is defender assumption question. Definition (in my own words)

Defender assumption : it means when you conclude something from the information (premises) given, then any information that a critique/lay-man may use to attack/break that conclusion is what you have to defend the conclusion with by saying NO "this is not the case".

So defender assumption is that unstated premise, which the critque may use to attack and you would negate that infor to defend the conclusion.

V=Vernland, B=Borodia

FACT(Premise-1) : Avg hourly wage of V is less than B.

FACT(Premise-2) : Since B dropped Tariffs (charges levied on import of goods) on V's TVs, the #ofTVs sold has not changed.

FACT(premise-3) : Number of assemblers is dropped in B.

Conclusion : Number of TVs imports annualy has increased from V.

Explanation:
I am critique who is good at stats and just by looking at this argument i come and attack this conclusion by saying --->"The technology has increased and has been helping the assemblers so well that they can now assemble a TV in 10 hours which used to take 20 hours 3 years before. So companies in B has dropped the number of assemblers by half who can assemble as many number of TVs as previously assembled. It means that the reason for "the #ofTVs sold has not changed." is the new technology in B not that B has increased import from V.

So this is the information on which argument DEPENDS. Because its not stated as a premise hence it is ASSUMPTION. So if you as the writer tell this/add this in argument then your conclusion is just safe from THIS one particular attack.

Now how to apply this:
Whenever you try to pre-think or paraphrase, just try to think of the key things/points that may attack the conclusion. These points are related to main parameters of argument. In this questions these parameters are hourly wages, number assembler, number of television and average. Of course MOST of the times (at least me) cannot come up with anything on pre-thinking BUT i get know what parameters are there and how are they related.
Now this is very important atleast for someone who is preparing for the GMAT that s/he knows what can impact average, what can imapct number or what can impact hours or what can impact wages when all of these are related.

So when i was doing this question I could not paraphrase anything but the moment i saw hours in the choice i kept it safe and read other choices. took a little long but this was the real attacker.

For defender assumption most of the you will see that a answer choice using negative word is correct. so pick such choices first.WHY? "because you are saying this my conclusion and yeah this is NOT the case if u attack me with it." (general understanding).

Hope it helps
_________________

---------------------------------------------------------------
Target - 720-740
http://gmatclub.com/forum/information-on-new-gmat-esr-report-beta-221111.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/list-of-one-year-full-time-mba-programs-222103.html

VP
Joined: 18 Sep 2014
Posts: 1207
Location: India
Followers: 43

Kudos [?]: 716 [1] , given: 75

The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink]

Show Tags

04 Apr 2016, 10:10
1
KUDOS
chetan2u wrote:

hi,
This might be the first time I have come across a OG Q which is not very convincing..
Yes, in the given choices C may be the best ..
So let me take C..
C. The average number of hours it takes a Borodian television assembler to assemble a television has not decreased significantly during the past three years.
If the Borodian television assembler have started taking lesser time, why should it translate into fewer assembler?
Yes it would mean lesser hour spent on assembling ..

there is a point mentioned above that assembler will not shift to V because hourly wages are lesser as compared to B..
but if B was getting paid $7 per hour and was assembling 1 TV, whereas in V, they were getting$4 and were also assembling 1 tv in one hour..
But B has become more efficient and is now assembling 2 tv..
B is getting paid $3.5 per TV whereas C is getting$4 per TV..
Now yes the assembler in B could move to C
..

Hi chetan2u

I got your point.
But even in this case, how can that job immigration help our conclusion explaining the increase in imported TVs from vernland?
The concept that assembler in B could not move to C is my assumption which is proved false by you. But again how do we know whether they moved to somewhere else or only vernland. We have no info regarding the decrease in number of assemblers right?
_________________

The only time you can lose is when you give up. Try hard and you will suceed.
Thanks = Kudos. Kudos are appreciated

http://gmatclub.com/forum/rules-for-posting-in-verbal-gmat-forum-134642.html
When you post a question Pls. Provide its source & TAG your questions
Avoid posting from unreliable sources.

My posts
http://gmatclub.com/forum/beauty-of-coordinate-geometry-213760.html#p1649924
http://gmatclub.com/forum/calling-all-march-april-gmat-takers-who-want-to-cross-213154.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/possessive-pronouns-200496.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/double-negatives-206717.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/the-greatest-integer-function-223595.html#p1721773

Director
Joined: 22 Jun 2014
Posts: 750
Location: United States
Concentration: General Management, Technology
Schools: IIMA , IIMB, ISB
GMAT 1: 540 Q45 V20
GPA: 2.49
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 14

Kudos [?]: 317 [1] , given: 103

Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink]

Show Tags

04 Apr 2016, 23:27
1
KUDOS
Hi Nez
Quote:
new dimension though vulnerable
Mention of ‘vulnerability’ is good, It’s expression would be Better. Please share, I am sure it will help me bring unstated facts

Quote:
The tip you mentioned about a negated option. Is it for real? Isn't GMAC smarter than that?

Of course GMAT is way smarter. But as well know it’s all about PATTERNS in questions. So what I said is likely to be the case. I also said MOST (51%) of the times you will see this.

Having said that I think I have more data to give you clear picture of why assumptions are there and how many kinds of assumptions are relevant in GMAT and how would you recognize them and how would it help you answer them.

ASSUMPTIONS: There are two kind of assumptions.
1. Supporter Assumptions
2. Defender Assumptions

See, How convenient are these names that they themselves suggest the real meaning.

Supporter assumption is required for weak arguments and Defender assumption is required for strong arguments and NO assumption for just FACT based arguments (arguments that has no conclusion).

For Weak argument, you need some information to fill the GAP i.e. missing link between the premise and conclusion. Whereas, for Strong argument, you need some information that helps maintain the strong bond between the premise and conclusion. (This is the key reason negative words or any word that helps writing an unstated promise TO DEFEND the conclusion from attack is generally found in the correct answer choice).

If you identify whether it is a supporter assumption or defender assumption real fast then you can make your mind up while reading whether you need to find out the missing link OR think of the possible attacks.

So, How do we identify whether its supporter or defender assumption? Following keywords in Question stamp would help:

Enables, supports, allows, helps, accounts are the key words for SUPPORTER ASSUMOPTION.

Depends on, required, relies, assumes, necessary, based are some keywords for DEFENDER ASSUMPTION.

_________________

---------------------------------------------------------------
Target - 720-740
http://gmatclub.com/forum/information-on-new-gmat-esr-report-beta-221111.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/list-of-one-year-full-time-mba-programs-222103.html

Director
Joined: 22 Jun 2014
Posts: 750
Location: United States
Concentration: General Management, Technology
Schools: IIMA , IIMB, ISB
GMAT 1: 540 Q45 V20
GPA: 2.49
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 14

Kudos [?]: 317 [1] , given: 103

The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink]

Show Tags

05 Apr 2016, 02:50
1
KUDOS
Nez wrote:
ASSUMPTION FLUX
Thanks VeritasPrepKarishma. Your explanation isn't very dissimilar from HKD1710's.
Just that yours lacked debilitating theories. Thanks.
I get this message from what both of you said. C is based on multilayered reasoning kind of.. which is common in the other og-700 level questions. In this unique one you essentially assess the options by asking WHAT led to the fact in the option? Then the WHAT has an answer that provides alternative cause to somthing in the premise... EVEN THOUGH what led to reduced hour, efficient process, might not necessarily offset the reduced output but the fact that it might is enough of a good assumption. am I right? cos if it MUST then it wouldn't be an assumption but an inference. And also, EVEN THOUGH this particular alternative cause didn't totally disprove the other cause(it didn't suggest slightly that both didn't play. it didn't show/suggest that the improved process totally offset output reduction such that no need for V import. We just assumed it). I get it.
What I didn't get is folks telling me negating C made the conclusion to crumble. Where did they get that from? it didn't work like that.

HKD1710 your question stamp thing. is it for real? I'll check it.

Quote:
HKD1710 your question stamp thing. is it for real? I'll check it.

Yes this is 100% correct. No assumption in this at least. :D, Well this from my notes that i made after reading reading reading. BUT i have zero percent doubt on its validity. Apply in all the assumption based question and apply the thinking process which i have suggested. After 10-15 question you will see that at least 30 sec is saved.

Now let me come to your doubt:
Quote:
What I didn't get is folks telling me negating C made the conclusion to crumble. Where did they get that from? it didn't work like that.

Doesn't the following which i mentioned in the first explanation help answering the above?
Quote:
Of course MOST of the times (at least me) cannot come up with anything on pre-thinking BUT i get know what parameters are there and how are they related.

See after practice we are able to find the assumption. but for tough questions, coming up with almost exact assumption is really crucial.

The point to note here is YOU DO NOT HAVE TO COME UP (most of the times) with a fact that would attack the conclusion and the same would present in answer choices, BUT you have to think about PARAMETERS SO THAT YOU CAN EASILY RECOGNIZE THE CORRECT CHOICE.

Best way to tackle an assumption question is following the below points in order:

1. Keep the concepts in mind.
2. Use them to bring out the crux of the argument.
3. Note down (in mind) all the parameters, which argument is based on.
4. Now probably if you have not come up with any assumption then just look at the choices.
5. Glance over the choices for POE. Pick up those choices first that involve "negative words or any word that helps writing an unstated promise TO DEFEND the conclusion (as i said earlier)".
6. when you are not too firm and are stuck b/w two choices (of course if you have time to spare another 15-20 sec) then do NEGATION test. Negation test is REMEDY for assumptions. i wont say you can do without it but it brings surety and firmness about the right choice being right.

Hope this brings more clarity and conceptual understanding
_________________

---------------------------------------------------------------
Target - 720-740
http://gmatclub.com/forum/information-on-new-gmat-esr-report-beta-221111.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/list-of-one-year-full-time-mba-programs-222103.html

Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 4514
Followers: 394

Kudos [?]: 4211 [1] , given: 109

Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink]

Show Tags

05 Apr 2016, 03:59
1
KUDOS
Expert's post
Nevernevergiveup wrote:
chetan2u wrote:

hi,
This might be the first time I have come across a OG Q which is not very convincing..
Yes, in the given choices C may be the best ..
So let me take C..
C. The average number of hours it takes a Borodian television assembler to assemble a television has not decreased significantly during the past three years.
If the Borodian television assembler have started taking lesser time, why should it translate into fewer assembler?
Yes it would mean lesser hour spent on assembling ..

there is a point mentioned above that assembler will not shift to V because hourly wages are lesser as compared to B..
but if B was getting paid $7 per hour and was assembling 1 TV, whereas in V, they were getting$4 and were also assembling 1 tv in one hour..
But B has become more efficient and is now assembling 2 tv..
B is getting paid $3.5 per TV whereas C is getting$4 per TV..
Now yes the assembler in B could move to C
..

Hi chetan2u

I got your point.
But even in this case, how can that job immigration help our conclusion explaining the increase in imported TVs from vernland?
The concept that assembler in B could not move to C is my assumption which is proved false by you. But again how do we know whether they moved to somewhere else or only vernland. We have no info regarding the decrease in number of assemblers right?

HI Nevernevergiveup,
just few points..
1) I had written earlier post to just show that average hourly can be connected to immigration of the assembler..
2) Secondly I did write that that C is not very convincing but still the best.
3) Now if I had to answer this my logic is-

Everything till the CONCLUSION is a FACT..
so we require an assumption to connect these FACTS with the conclusion..

FACTS-

1)The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long been significantly lower than that in neighboring Borodia.
2) Since Borodia dropped all tariffs on Vernlandian televisions three years ago, the number of televisions sold annually in Borodia has not changed.
3)However, recent statistics show a drop in the number of television assemblers in Borodia.

CAN we doubt any --NO

CONCLUSION-

Therefore, updated trade statistics will probably indicate that the number of televisions Borodia imports annually from Vernland has increased.

Now my concern is not WHY and HOW and WHEN they were dropped , BUT how does it connect with the concusion?
It is if the speed of the remaining person has increased such that they are making up for the lesser number of asssemblers, then surely number of TV being assembled will become LOWER and again ASSUMPTION that they are being made up from Vernland..

Again as I said best possible but Q that can be raised..
1) we know the number of TV being produced has become LESS, But does "dropping of taxes" MEANS it cannot be from anywhere other than Vernland. How does this CHOICE connect the SHORTAGE to Vernland..
_________________

Absolute modulus :http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372
Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html

Director
Joined: 22 Jun 2014
Posts: 750
Location: United States
Concentration: General Management, Technology
Schools: IIMA , IIMB, ISB
GMAT 1: 540 Q45 V20
GPA: 2.49
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 14

Kudos [?]: 317 [1] , given: 103

Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink]

Show Tags

05 Apr 2016, 09:49
1
KUDOS
Nez wrote:
HKD1710 wrote:
Nez wrote:
ASSUMPTION FLUX
Thanks VeritasPrepKarishma. Your explanation isn't very dissimilar from HKD1710's.
Just that yours lacked debilitating theories. Thanks.
I get this message from what both of you said. C is based on multilayered reasoning kind of.. which is common in the other og-700 level questions. In this unique one you essentially assess the options by asking WHAT led to the fact in the option? Then the WHAT has an answer that provides alternative cause to somthing in the premise... EVEN THOUGH what led to reduced hour, efficient process, might not necessarily offset the reduced output but the fact that it might is enough of a good assumption. am I right? cos if it MUST then it wouldn't be an assumption but an inference. And also, EVEN THOUGH this particular alternative cause didn't totally disprove the other cause(it didn't suggest slightly that both didn't play. it didn't show/suggest that the improved process totally offset output reduction such that no need for V import. We just assumed it). I get it.
What I didn't get is folks telling me negating C made the conclusion to crumble. Where did they get that from? it didn't work like that.

HKD1710 your question stamp thing. is it for real? I'll check it.

Quote:
HKD1710 your question stamp thing. is it for real? I'll check it.

Yes this is 100% correct. No assumption in this at least. :D, Well this from my notes that i made after reading reading reading. BUT i have zero percent doubt on its validity. Apply in all the assumption based question and apply the thinking process which i have suggested. After 10-15 question you will see that at least 30 sec is saved.

Now let me come to your doubt:
Quote:
What I didn't get is folks telling me negating C made the conclusion to crumble. Where did they get that from? it didn't work like that.

Doesn't the following which i mentioned in the first explanation help answering the above?
Quote:
Of course MOST of the times (at least me) cannot come up with anything on pre-thinking BUT i get know what parameters are there and how are they related.

See after practice we are able to find the assumption. but for tough questions, coming up with almost exact assumption is really crucial.

The point to note here is YOU DO NOT HAVE TO COME UP (most of the times) with a fact that would attack the conclusion and the same would present in answer choices, BUT you have to think about PARAMETERS SO THAT YOU CAN EASILY RECOGNIZE THE CORRECT CHOICE.

Best way to tackle an assumption question is following the below points in order:

1. Keep the concepts in mind.
2. Use them to bring out the crux of the argument.
3. Note down (in mind) all the parameters, which argument is based on.
4. Now probably if you have not come up with any assumption then just look at the choices.
5. Glance over the choices for POE. Pick up those choices first that involve "negative words or any word that helps writing an unstated promise TO DEFEND the conclusion (as i said earlier)".
6. when you are not too firm and are stuck b/w two choices (of course if you have time to spare another 15-20 sec) then do NEGATION test. Negation test is REMEDY for assumptions. i wont say you can do without it but it brings surety and firmness about the right choice being right.

Hope this brings more clarity and conceptual understanding

HKD1710 I'm checking it right now. So far yours seem like a live gmat hack. I think i do get the almost inevitable logic behind the defender and supporter assumption key words. Please accept doxologies! hitting follow button. But i'll hit your inbox if this fails soon. So far you did a great detailed job. Few tough questions I marked in my OG seems almost childish questions right now. But i'll keep checking. I'll log in to my Manhattan student centre and excavate the CR test questions. That's the Acid test i'll give your hack tonight.

Exactly!!! After you do those many questions you would not need to remember these key words to differentiate b/w the two kind of assumptions. It feels wonderfl to hear that it is helping. Bring me any thing you come up with. keep going
_________________

---------------------------------------------------------------
Target - 720-740
http://gmatclub.com/forum/information-on-new-gmat-esr-report-beta-221111.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/list-of-one-year-full-time-mba-programs-222103.html

Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland   [#permalink] 05 Apr 2016, 09:49

Go to page    1   2   3   4   5    Next  [ 86 posts ]

Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
The average hourly wage of shoe factory workers in Manoda ar 0 07 May 2014, 02:04
The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland 0 17 Mar 2013, 02:00
The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland 0 26 Mar 2012, 23:17
The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland 0 29 Aug 2012, 20:30
Display posts from previous: Sort by

The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.