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The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long

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Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long [#permalink]

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New post 06 Mar 2013, 12:15
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If the number of televisions sold in Borodia has not changed, and the number television assemblers in Borodia has gone down, this can mean only two things.

1. The reduced number of assemblers in Borodia means lesser TVs produced in Borodia. The difference is then made up by importing TVs from Vernland
2. The reduced number of assemblers in Borodia are more productive now than they used to be - and they are able to produce the same number of televisions as earlier.

1 is stated explicitly in the stimulus. Lets look at the options to see if we can find 2, or a better assumption, somewhere.

(A): This is not an assumption. It is possible that the assemblers in Vernland are more productive, and for example one assembler in Vernland can produce twice the number of TVs produced by one assembler in Borodia. In that case even if the TVs are being imported from Vernland, the decrease in assemblers in Borodia need not confirm exactly to the increase in the number of assemblers in Vernland
(B): TV features are irrelevant to the argument here.
(C): This is exactly assumption 2 that we mapped out earlier. Correct.
(D): This does not help to reach the conclusion of the stimulus. For instance, it is possible that the local market in Vernland expanded in this period, and in that case the additional TVs would be needed to just satisfy local demand, not import demand for Borodia.
(E): The difference in wage rates is not a factor here.

C is therefore correct.
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Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long [#permalink]

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New post 06 Mar 2013, 12:25
@gyanone....any tips for pre thinking for such assumptions...I really waste lot of time evaluating the choices...

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Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long [#permalink]

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ratinarace wrote:
@gyanone....any tips for pre thinking for such assumptions...I really waste lot of time evaluating the choices...


Hi Ratinarace:

If you want to increase your critical thinking speed, I highly recommend you read "Critical Reasoning - Bible".
For assumption questions, we have 2 types: supporter assumption, and defender assumption. I won't talk in detail here. This question is asking you about supporter assumption.

The question wants you to explain the link: why a drop in the number of television assemblers in Borodia leads to an increase of TV import from Vernland. Clearly, there's a gap between "number of assemblers" and "TV import". The logic is: the number of Borodia TV assemblers decreases --> the number of TVs assembled in Borodia decreases --> Borodia has to import more TV from Vernland.

Name Q = the number of TV assemblers in Borodia
Name T = average hour/day to assemble a TV
Name K = the number of working hours/day for each assembler = constant.
Name P = total TV assembled/day = (K/T) x Q

The stimulus says Q decreased --> P only decrease if T stays the same of just decreases a little bit. Otherwise, if T decreases significantly --> P maybe increase --> so logic would be failed.

For instance:

Q= 100 people; T= 10 hours/TV; K = 10 hours --> the number of TV per a assembler per day = K/T = 10/10 = 1 TV/day --> total TV assembled/day = (K/T)xQ = 1 x 100 = 100 TVs

if Q changes to 50 people, T also decreases to 2.5 hours; K = 10 --> each person will assemble 4 TVs/day --> Total TV = 4 x 50 = 200 TVs --> P increases --> the logic is failed
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Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long [#permalink]

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New post 22 Apr 2013, 20:39
All duplicate threads on this topic have been merged.

Please check and follow the Guidelines for Posting in Verbal GMAT forum before posting anything.

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Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long [#permalink]

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Answer is (C). I'll try to explain via a hypothetical dialogue.

First identify the conclusion, which in my own words, translates to

"Borodia must have imported more TVs"

A skeptic would then ask, "what makes you come to that conclusion?"

I reply -- "well, because of a few reasons, which are stated in my premises":

1) Borodia sold the same # of TVs for the past 3 years
2) Borodia lost some of its own TV assemblers

1+2 Combined) Borodia sold the same number of TVs while employing fewer assemblers.

1+2+Conclusion) Borodia sold the same number of TVs while employing fewer assemblers. Therefore, they must have imported more TVs

Skeptic, still skeptical, then asks: "well...what if somehow, just SOMEHOW, there was another way Borodia supplied its TVs while employing fewer employees?"

I then reply, "well...I assume there wasn't any other way."

--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Now look at choice (C): The average number of hours it takes a Borodian television assembler to assemble a television has not decreased significantly during the past three years.


This is telling me the few remaining TV assemblers in Borodia might have become more efficient and produced more TVs per hour.
Tying it back to my hypothetical dialogue:

"Like I said, I assume there is no other way Borodia produced the same # of TVs as last year, including this scenario"

Therefore, answer is (C).

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Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long [#permalink]

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Hi,

The passage in the question is one of those arguments, which, at e-GMAT, we classify as QPA arguments or Quantitative Predictive Arguments. We had written an article on the same some time back. It might help.

a-framework-to-prethink-in-quantitative-predictive-arguments-146436.html

Thanks,
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Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2013, 22:28
I think most people had mistaked hours to make one tv vs number of tv/workder.
I was thinking that hours/tv had not decreased.
This is the keyword.

gamjatang wrote:
The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long been significantly lower than that in neighboring Borodia. Since Borodia dropped all tariffs on Vernlandian televisions three years ago, the number of televisions sold annually in Borodia has not changed. However, recent statistics show a droip in the number of television assemblers in Borodia. Therefore, updated trade statistics will probably indicate that the number of televisions Borodia imports annually from Vernland has increased.

I believe this is clearly (C).

It is true that there was a drop in the number of television assemblers in Borodia.

But the total number of television sets assembled in Borodia does not need to be decreased, if the average number of hours taken to assemble one television set has significantly decreased.

Like this:

Before
- Number of TV assemblers = 10
- Average hour needed per one TV set = 2
- Number of TV sets assembled per day = 120

After
- Number of TV assemblers = 5
- Average hour needed per one TV set = 1
- Number of TV sets assembled per day = 120

Therefore, if the average hour needed to assemble one TV set is decreased, Borodia does not need to import more TV sets.



However, (D) doesn't have to be assumed since there also is a possibility that Vernland reduced the local sales of the TV sets and increased export, or that the demand for TV sets in Vernland decreased.

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The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink]

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The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long been significantly lower than that in neighboring Borodia. Since Borodia dropped all tariffs on Vernlandian televisions three years ago, the number of televisions sold annually in Borodia has not changed. However, recent statistics show a droip in the number of television assemblers in Borodia. Therefore, updated trade statistics will probably indicate that the number of televisions Borodia imports annually from Vernland has increased.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. The number of television assemblers in Vernland has increased by at least as much as the number of television assemblers in Borodia has decreased.
B. Televisions assembled in Vernland have features that televisions assembled in Borodia do not have.
C. The average number of hours it takes a Borodian television assembler to assemble a television has not decreased significantly during the past three years.
D. The number of televisions assembled annually in Vernland has increased significantly during the past three years.
E. The difference between the hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland and the hourly wage of television assemblers in Borodia is likely to decrease in the next few year

I found this OG question difficult to understand. Please, First let me understand the argument. Does the hourly wages affect the number of computers sold in Barodia? Can Barodia importing PCs from anywhere other than Verniland? It will be better if anyone can guide it with numbers.

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Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers [#permalink]

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Sure my friend. This is a rate problem if you're interested in Quant.

Let analyze an example:

Before:
Barodia has 100 workers.
It took 4 hours per worker to assembly 1 TV.
Each worker works 8 hour a day
==> 100 worker will assemble (8/4)*100 = 200 TV/day.

After:
the number of workers decreases to 80 workers
it takes 2 hours per worker to assembly 1 TV.
Each worker still works 8 hour a day
==> 80 workers will assemble (8/2)*80 = 240 TV/day

You see even the number of workers decreases, but the amount of time to assemble a TV also decreases significantly, the total TV assembled may increase.

Hope it helps.
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Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers [#permalink]

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Hi Umesh,
No need to look at the numbers in detail here.
Just break down the information so that it becomes easier for you to relate the facts with each other.

Borodia will be referred as B and Vernlandian as V
For Telivision assemblers:
1. hourly wage in V << hourly wage in B
2. Borodia dropped all tariffs on V televisions three years ago.

3. No of televisions sold in B =constant

Which can be written as
In Borodia :
3(a) No of TV (assembled in B) + No of TV (assembled in V) = No Change

4. number of television assemblers in B went down.

Now point 4 sates that number of television assemblers in B went down.
This will imply that if productivity of assemblers in B has not gone up then number of telivision assembled at B will go down.

But for equaltion 3(a) to hold means the import from V will have to go up.
So productiivty of assemblers in B going up is the assumption.
More the proudcitivity lesser will be the time taken to assemble the TV.
Hence Choice C is the correct answer.
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Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers [#permalink]

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ssbisht wrote:

Borodia will be referred as B and Vernlandian as V
For Telivision assemblers:
1. hourly wage in V << hourly wage in B
2. Borodia dropped all tariffs on V televisions three years ago.

3. No of televisions sold in B =constant

Which can be written as
In Borodia :
3(a) No of TV (assembled in B) + No of TV (assembled in V) = No Change

4. number of television assemblers in B went down.

Now point 4 sates that number of television assemblers in B went down.
This will imply that if productivity of assemblers in B has not gone up then number of telivision assembled at B will go down.

But for equaltion 3(a) to hold means the import from V will have to go up.
So productiivty of assemblers in B going up is the assumption.
More the proudcitivity lesser will be the time taken to assemble the TV.
Hence Choice C is the correct answer.


+1 kudo Ssbisht,
I tried to understood your analysis. I only couldn't get the red marked line of yours(above).

Can you read what I understood? I will go by the argument serially.

1. hourly wage(V)<< hourly wage(B)
2. Barodia dropped all tariff on V TV, 3 years ago
It means V can export TVs to B in much higher volume. Barodia started importing TVs from V in higher amount after effect of no-tariff rule.
3. No of television sold (B) =constant.
Any TV sold in B can be [imported from V] OR [assembled in B itself] assuming there are no other countries exporting TVs to B.
constant= TV assembled (B) + TV assembled in (V)
C= B + V
4. Television assembled in B has gone down, it
In eq(3) if, B has gone down, V must have increased as C is fixed value.
i.e. knowing, Assemblers in B has gone down, I can say the number of TVs exported from V should have gone up.

Questions:
1. I am unable to conclude that productivity of B has gone down. ( which is assumption in choice C)
2. Does statement(1) help anywhere for the conclusion? or its just shell game to distract?

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Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers [#permalink]

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umeshpatil wrote:
ssbisht wrote:

Borodia will be referred as B and Vernlandian as V
For Telivision assemblers:
1. hourly wage in V << hourly wage in B
2. Borodia dropped all tariffs on V televisions three years ago.

3. No of televisions sold in B =constant

Which can be written as
In Borodia :
3(a) No of TV (assembled in B) + No of TV (assembled in V) = No Change

4. number of television assemblers in B went down.

Now point 4 sates that number of television assemblers in B went down.
This will imply that if productivity of assemblers in B has not gone up then number of telivision assembled at B will go down.

But for equaltion 3(a) to hold means the import from V will have to go up.
So productiivty of assemblers in B going up is the assumption.
More the proudcitivity lesser will be the time taken to assemble the TV.
Hence Choice C is the correct answer.


+1 kudo Ssbisht,
I tried to understood your analysis. I only couldn't get the red marked line of yours(above).

Can you read what I understood? I will go by the argument serially.

1. hourly wage(V)<< hourly wage(B)
2. Barodia dropped all tariff on V TV, 3 years ago
It means V can export TVs to B in much higher volume. Barodia started importing TVs from V in higher amount after effect of no-tariff rule.
3. No of television sold (B) =constant.
Any TV sold in B can be [imported from V] OR [assembled in B itself] assuming there are no other countries exporting TVs to B.
constant= TV assembled (B) + TV assembled in (V)
C= B + V
4. Television assembled in B has gone down, it
In eq(3) if, B has gone down, V must have increased as C is fixed value.
i.e. knowing, Assemblers in B has gone down, I can say the number of TVs exported from V should have gone up.

Questions:
1. I am unable to conclude that productivity of B has gone down. ( which is assumption in choice C)
2. Does statement(1) help anywhere for the conclusion? or its just shell game to distract?



Hi Umesh,
Following are my comments on your argument

1. hourly wage(V)<< hourly wage(B)

2. Barodia dropped all tariff on V TV, 3 years ago

It means V can export TVs to B in much higher volume. Barodia started importing TVs from V in higher amount after effect of no-tariff rule.
Don’t assume this right away else you will make a different conclusion from the argument.

3. No of television sold (B) =constant.
Any TV sold in B can be [imported from V] OR [assembled in B itself] assuming there are no other countries exporting TVs to B.
constant= TV assembled (B) + TV assembled in (V)
C= B + V
You are correct here.

4. Television assembled in B has gone down.-This is the conclusion we need to strengthen
In eq(3) if, B has gone down, V must have increased as C is fixed value.
i.e. knowing, Assemblers in B has gone down, I can say the number of TVs exported from V should have gone up.

Questions:
1. I am unable to conclude that productivity of B has gone down. (which is assumption in choice C)
I think you misread choice C here .It says the number of hours to assemble television has not gone down significantly which implies that Productivity has not gone up significantly.
Remember that lesser the hours required to assemble a television the more the productivity.
So choice C is saying that Productivity of B has not gone up significantly. If productivity has gone up then B will produce more TV and will not require import from V.


2. Does statement (1) help anywhere for the conclusion? Or its just shell game to distract?
Yes this and statement 2 is not required. Remember don’t assume anything like you did for statement 2 as that will take on an alternate understanding of argument.
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Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers [#permalink]

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New post 01 May 2013, 22:09
Hi Ssbisht,

+1 kudo.

Perfect ! Thanks for the right guidance to my query.

Regards,
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Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long [#permalink]

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New post 21 Oct 2013, 23:08
egmat wrote:
Hi,

The passage in the question is one of those arguments, which, at e-GMAT, we classify as QPA arguments or Quantitative Predictive Arguments. We had written an article on the same some time back. It might help.

a-framework-to-prethink-in-quantitative-predictive-arguments-146436.html

Thanks,
Chiranjeev


Hi Chiranjeev,
Can you please come up with your analysis?
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Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long [#permalink]

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New post 23 Oct 2013, 10:54
C it is,

The argument here concludes that as the number of manufacturers in Barodia has decreased, It implies that the imports from Vernland have increased.

The missing piece of information is that in addition to the specified premise, we also need to be told that the remaining manufacturers left in Barodia have not increased their output, if they have, then the conclusion is destroyed.

Option C, provides us with this missing information and therefore serves as the assumption for the argument.
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Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2014, 14:45
The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long been significantly lower than that in neighboring Borodia. Since Borodia dropped all tariffs on Vernlandian televisions three years ago, the number of televisions sold annually in Borodia has not changed. However, recent statistics show a drop in the number of television assemblers in Borodia. Therefore, updated trade statistics will probably indicate that the number of televisions Borodia imports annually from Vernland has increased.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?
1) Assumption question: Find the core of the passage first
-> Conclusion: The number of TVs Borodia (B) imports from Vernland (V) has increased
-> Key premises: 1) Market demand of TV in B is the same for last 3 years, 2) B's TV are more expensive to make due to wage difference, 3) No. of TV workers in B has reduced

2) Identify the missing link (pre-thinking)
-> B's TV may not be more costly afterall, since increase in wages can be offset by the decrease of # TV assemblers. So cost is unlikely to be the issue. Demand for TVs is however the same. There must be a link between Demand for TV vs the TVs that B makes that necessitates the import of V (i.e. not making enough to meet demand perhaps)


3) Evaluate answer choices

A. The number of television assemblers in Vernland has increased by at least as much as the number of television assemblers in Borodia has decreased.
No link to r/s of demand vs import. Alternatively, if V has more TV workers than B, what effect does it make to increasing import? None. Eliminate this.

B. Televisions assembled in Vernland have features that televisions assembled in Borodia do not have.
This is a good suggestion to the r/s of demand vs import. However, passage did not include this information so this is OOS. Eliminate this.

C. The average number of hours it takes a Borodian television assembler to assemble a television has not decreased significantly during the past three years.
This means that B's TV takes longer to make, now that there are lesser workers. This does gives a reason why B has to import from V... because demand outstrips supply within B and have to depend on V instead. Keep this in for now.

D. The number of televisions assembled annually in Vernland has increased significantly during the past three years.
V makes lots of TV now. Will B import them? Who knows (as in does any premises in the passage support this?) No. Eliminate.

E. The difference between the hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland and the hourly wage of television assemblers in Borodia is likely to decrease in the next few years.
This suggest a change in the cost of making TVs. Both B and V will have narrowing cost differences. Does this have any r/s to demand and import? No - cost is not the topic here.


4) Consolidate
We are left only with 1 candidate through POE. Answer therefore is C. i.e. demand outstrips supply in B, therefore B has to import TVs

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Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink]

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Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink]

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umeshpatil wrote:
The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long been significantly lower than that in neighboring Borodia. Since Borodia dropped all tariffs on Vernlandian televisions three years ago, the number of televisions sold annually in Borodia has not changed. However, recent statistics show a droip in the number of television assemblers in Borodia. Therefore, updated trade statistics will probably indicate that the number of televisions Borodia imports annually from Vernland has increased.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. The number of television assemblers in Vernland has increased by at least as much as the number of television assemblers in Borodia has decreased.
B. Televisions assembled in Vernland have features that televisions assembled in Borodia do not have.
C. The average number of hours it takes a Borodian television assembler to assemble a television has not decreased significantly during the past three years.
D. The number of televisions assembled annually in Vernland has increased significantly during the past three years.
E. The difference between the hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland and the hourly wage of television assemblers in Borodia is likely to decrease in the next few year

I found this OG question difficult to understand. Please, First let me understand the argument. Does the hourly wages affect the number of computers sold in Barodia? Can Barodia importing PCs from anywhere other than Verniland? It will be better if anyone can guide it with numbers.



CHOICE C here indirectly implies that Since productivity of Borodia has not gone up, it will require imports from Vernland. Negating this will destroy the conclusion. But since its mentioned that Sales in Borodia has not changed (implies that it is constant not less inspite of decrease in Assemblers ) why are we assuming and selecting option that productivity/hours spent has not decreased as the basis for Borodia to require more imports??

AND, Going by the process of elimination, Negating Option D can also destroy the Conclusion.
Conclusion: the number of televisions Borodia imports annually from Vernland has increased.
Since the number of televisions assembled annually in Vernland has NOT increased (Vernland is in itself in an internal crisis) significantly then importing TVs to borodia could be a concern.

Kindly Explain.

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Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long [#permalink]

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New post 31 Oct 2014, 20:08
OG:
C
What assumption does the argument depend on? The fact that fewer individuals in Borodia are working as TV assemblers is offered as evidence that TV imports from Vernland into Borodia have likely increased. That piece of evidence is relevant only as an indication that the number of TVs being produced within Borodia has decreased. But a drop in the number of TV assemblers does not indicate a drop in the number of TVs being assembled if the number of TVs an average assembler puts together has increased. Thus, the argument must be assuming that the average time it takes an assembler to put together a TV has not significantly decreased.
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Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2015, 06:08
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Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland   [#permalink] 25 Oct 2015, 06:08

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