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# The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long

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The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2004, 17:19
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The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long been significantly lower than that in neighboring Borodia. Since Borodia dropped all tariffs on Vernlandian televisions three years ago, the number of televisions sold annually in Borodia has not changed. However, recent statistics show a drop in the number of television assemblers in Borodia. Therefore, updated trade statistics will probably indicate that the number of televisions Borodia imports annually from Vernland has increased.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. The number of television assemblers in Vernland has increased by at least as much as the number of television assemblers in Borodia has decreased.
B. Televisions assembled in Vernland have features that televisions assembled in Borodia do not have.
C. The average number of hours it takes a Borodian television assembler to assemble a television has not decreased significantly during the past three years.
D. The number of televisions assembled annually in Vernland has increased significantly during the past three years.
E. The difference between the hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland and the hourly wage of television assemblers in Borodia is likely to decrease in the next few years.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2004, 17:27
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C. The average number of hours it takes a Borodian television assembler to assemble a television has not decreased significantly during the past three years.

This choice is the correct one - the author is assuming the time it takes to assembly one TV in Borodian has not changed. For if it had decreased, the whole argument would collaps > there would be less workers producing the same number of TVsets.
The argument doesn't mention that number of TVs decreased.

Last edited by michalky on 11 Oct 2004, 17:30, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2004, 17:27
If workers from B decreased, in order for B to show increased imports from V, V has to have increased the number of workers by at least as much as the # of workers that left B
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Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2004, 17:51
Both A and C look good.

A talks of propotionate number increase in Vernland, which sounds logical to the argument.
C indicates that total demand of TVs was met by less number of assemblers. logical.

I will take A and move on.

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Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2004, 22:22
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I got A as the answer.
The conclusion is that the imports from Vernland to Borodia have increased. It means that the demand for assemblers is more in Vernland than in Borodia which justifies the recent statistics.

B - 'features' is extraneous

C - 'number of hours' is irrelevant'

D - 'during the past 3 years' is unjustifiable as far as 'recent statistics.

E - 'next few years' does not help up in arriving athe conclusion.

The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long been significantly lower than that in neighboring Borodia. Since Borodia dropped all tariffs on Vernlandian televisions three years ago, the number of televisions sold annually in Borodia has not changed. However, recent statistics show a droip in the number of television assemblers in Borodia. Therefore, updated trade statistics will probably indicate that the number of televisions Borodia imports annually from Vernland has increased.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. The number of television assemblers in Vernland has increased by at least as much as the number of television assemblers in Borodia has decreased.
B. Televisions assembled in Vernland have features that televisions assembled in Borodia do not have.
C. The average number of hours it takes a Borodian television assembler to assemble a television has not decreased significantly during the past three years.
D. The number of televisions assembled annually in Vernland has increased significantly during the past three years.
E. The difference between the hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland and the hourly wage of television assemblers in Borodia is likely to decrease in the next few years.

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Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2004, 14:40
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A.
I think the key is to differentiate between an assumption question and an inference question. Several answers could be infered, but A is the one which logically connects with the conclusion IMO.

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Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long [#permalink]

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18 Oct 2004, 02:51
The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long been significantly lower than that in neighboring Borodia. Since Borodia dropped all tariffs on Vernlandian televisions three years ago, the number of televisions sold annually in Borodia has not changed. However, recent statistics show a droip in the number of television assemblers in Borodia. Therefore, updated trade statistics will probably indicate that the number of televisions Borodia imports annually from Vernland has increased.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. The number of television assemblers in Vernland has increased by at least as much as the number of television assemblers in Borodia has decreased.
B. Televisions assembled in Vernland have features that televisions assembled in Borodia do not have.
C. The average number of hours it takes a Borodian television assembler to assemble a television has not decreased significantly during the past three years.
D. The number of televisions assembled annually in Vernland has increased significantly during the past three years.
E. The difference between the hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland and the hourly wage of television assemblers in Borodia is likely to decrease in the next few years.

Why not "D" ?
Author says :
"Since Borodia dropped all tariffs on Vernlandian televisions three years ago, the number of televisions sold annually in Borodia has not changed."

Conclusion: " the number of televisions Borodia imports annually from Vernland has increased. "

Dharmin
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Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long [#permalink]

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18 Oct 2004, 03:19
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The reason why D is not as strong as A is because it says "significantly". What if Borodia now imports about 100 TVs from Vernland(instead of the usual 50) but yet, Vernland now produce 100,100 instead of 100,050 TVs due to this increased demand. Vernland could be a very large country whereby the increased demand by Borodia could have a very small impact on its overall production. Can we say that Vernland increased its assembling significantly?
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Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2005, 02:24
The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long been significantly lower than that in neighboring Borodia. Since Borodia dropped all tariffs on Vernlandian televisions three years ago, the number of televisions sold annually in Borodia has not changed. However, recent statistics show a droip in the number of television assemblers in Borodia. Therefore, updated trade statistics will probably indicate that the number of televisions Borodia imports annually from Vernland has increased.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. The number of television assemblers in Vernland has increased by at least as much as the number of television assemblers in Borodia has decreased.
B. Televisions assembled in Vernland have features that televisions assembled in Borodia do not have.
C. The average number of hours it takes a Borodian television assembler to assemble a television has not decreased significantly during the past three years.
D. The number of televisions assembled annually in Vernland has increased significantly during the past three years.
E. The difference between the hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland and the hourly wage of television assemblers in Borodia is likely to decrease in the next few years.

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Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2005, 08:19
C. The average number of hours it takes a Borodian television assembler to assemble a television has not decreased significantly during the past three years.

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Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2005, 19:52
Hey mountain , Can you please explain this?

This is from the ETS test...

I don't have an OA for this!

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Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2005, 20:08
i would argue C with D/A with D being my answer..
the drop of the tariff's was the cause of the increase in imports and hence vern** must have increased its production to match the imported goods for Barodians
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Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2005, 21:56
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The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long been significantly lower than that in neighboring Borodia. Since Borodia dropped all tariffs on Vernlandian televisions three years ago, the number of televisions sold annually in Borodia has not changed. However, recent statistics show a droip in the number of television assemblers in Borodia. Therefore, updated trade statistics will probably indicate that the number of televisions Borodia imports annually from Vernland has increased.

I believe this is clearly (C).

It is true that there was a drop in the number of television assemblers in Borodia.

But the total number of television sets assembled in Borodia does not need to be decreased, if the average number of hours taken to assemble one television set has significantly decreased.

Like this:

Before
- Number of TV assemblers = 10
- Average hour needed per one TV set = 2
- Number of TV sets assembled per day = 120

After
- Number of TV assemblers = 5
- Average hour needed per one TV set = 1
- Number of TV sets assembled per day = 120

Therefore, if the average hour needed to assemble one TV set is decreased, Borodia does not need to import more TV sets.

However, (D) doesn't have to be assumed since there also is a possibility that Vernland reduced the local sales of the TV sets and increased export, or that the demand for TV sets in Vernland decreased.
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Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long [#permalink]

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12 Dec 2005, 12:03
gamajatang,
sorry to bother you.. but can you help me a lil bit here.. I am sure your answer is right. I just want to understand this completely..

So, the argument here is ..??

Can you break it.. into premises.. like argument, conclusion and assumption.. thanks..
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Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long [#permalink]

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17 Dec 2005, 10:35
The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long been significantly lower than that in neighboring Borodia. Since Borodia dropped all tariffs on Vernlandian televisions three years ago, the number of televisions sold annually in Borodia has not changed. However, recent statistics show a droip in the number of television assemblers in Borodia. Therefore, updated trade statistics will probably indicate that the number of televisions Borodia imports annually from Vernland has increased.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. The number of television assemblers in Vernland has increased by at least as much as the number of television assemblers in Borodia has decreased.
B. Televisions assembled in Vernland have features that televisions assembled in Borodia do not have.
C. The average number of hours it takes a Borodian television assembler to assemble a television has not decreased significantly during the past three years.
D. The number of televisions assembled annually in Vernland has increased significantly during the past three years.
E. The difference between the hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland and the hourly wage of television assemblers in Borodia is likely to decrease in the next few years.
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Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long [#permalink]

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17 Dec 2005, 13:46
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Wage lower in Vernland
No tarrifs no Vernland imports ==> no change in TV sale in Borodia ==> imports did not increase domestic sales

Number of Borodia assemblers decreased ==> imports from Vernland increased? ==> domestic sales decreased

A. The number of television assemblers in Vernland has increased by at least as much as the number of television assemblers in Borodia has decreased. Correct! Negating this statement, argument would not hold true

B. Televisions assembled in Vernland have features that televisions assembled in Borodia do not have. Out of scope

C. The average number of hours it takes a Borodian television assembler to assemble a television has not decreased significantly during the past three years. Hours are not discussed

D. The number of televisions assembled annually in Vernland has increased significantly during the past three years. Number of TVs assembled is not discussed.

E. The difference between the hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland and the hourly wage of television assemblers in Borodia is likely to decrease in the next few years. Out of scope

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Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long [#permalink]

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17 Dec 2005, 16:11
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Closer look at the options

A. The number of television assemblers in Vernland has increased by at least as much as the number of television assemblers in Borodia has decreased. -- The average wage has decreased in Vernland compared to Borodia ,, so may be true

B. Televisions assembled in Vernland have features that televisions assembled in Borodia do not have. -- Features are not discussed

C. The average number of hours it takes a Borodian television assembler to assemble a television has not decreased significantly during the past three years. -- No of hours are not discussed

D. The number of televisions assembled annually in Vernland has increased significantly during the past three years. -- No of televisions sold may not be the correct assumption for decrease in average wages

E. The difference between the hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland and the hourly wage of television assemblers in Borodia is likely to decrease in the next few years. -- The passage does not conclude anything like this

I vote for A

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Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long [#permalink]

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17 Dec 2005, 18:16
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A it is.

A correctly identifies the key assumption of the argument. Negating this consumption will make a conclusion highly improbable.

For questions like this one, probably the best way to spot and check the correct answer is using Kaplan's denial test.
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Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long [#permalink]

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17 Dec 2005, 20:23

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Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long [#permalink]

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29 Sep 2007, 10:18
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The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long been significantly lower than that in neighboring Borodia. Since Borodia dropped all tariffs on Vernlandian televisions three years ago, the number of televisions sold annually in Borodia has not changed. However, recent statistics show a droip in the number of television assemblers in Borodia. Therefore, updated trade statistics will probably indicate that the number of televisions Borodia imports annually from Vernland has increased.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. The number of television assemblers in Vernland has increased by at least as much as the number of television assemblers in Borodia has decreased.
B. Televisions assembled in Vernland have features that televisions assembled in Borodia do not have.
C. The average number of hours it takes a Borodian television assembler to assemble a television has not decreased significantly during the past three years.
D. The number of televisions assembled annually in Vernland has increased significantly during the past three years.
E. The difference between the hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland and the hourly wage of television assemblers in Borodia is likely to decrease in the next few years.

Debated over A & D....finally I picked D....views with explanations are invited!

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Re: The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long   [#permalink] 29 Sep 2007, 10:18

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# The average hourly wage of television assemblers in Vernland has long

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