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# The average salary of the legally employed population

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The average salary of the legally employed population  [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2017, 00:43
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65% (hard)

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60% (01:25) correct 40% (01:34) wrong based on 445 sessions

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The average salary of the legally employed population in the country has gone up from USD 30,000 per annum to USD 43,000 per annum in the last five years. Even after accounting for inflation over these years, this rise is substantial. This increase is, at least in part, because of the manufacturing industry which employs an increasing share of the employable population.

Which one of the following can be properly inferred from the passage above?

A. The manufacturing industry is the biggest employer in the country.
B. The legally employable population has increased in the last five years.
C. Industries other than manufacturing have not increased their employees’ salaries in the last five years.
D. The average salary rise in industries other than manufacturing is lower than that in manufacturing.
E. If it were not for the growth in the salaries in the manufacturing industry, the average salary would have been less than 43,000 per annum today.

Source: Experts Global

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Re: The average salary of the legally employed population  [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2017, 04:33
Will go with E ..as last statement says that the growth is atleast some part depends on manufacturering industry

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Re: The average salary of the legally employed population  [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2017, 07:29
E for me as well. Manufacturing industry employs majority of the employable population. Average salary will go up if the salary of the population employed by manufacturing industry goes up.

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Re: The average salary of the legally employed population  [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2017, 08:04
2
habdo wrote:
Why not A

Sent from my iPhone using GMAT Club Forum

IMO

last line of the argument state that : M. Industry employs an increasing share of the employable population.may be 1st year 5% , 2nd year 10%, 3rd 15%.but this may or may not make MI as top employer . In inference , one answer choice will be 100% true , without any ambiguity ...but here we are not sure ...
But at least we are sure that , some increase is because of MI .
That what E is saying ....the Avg salary would have been less without the growth of MI ...
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Re: The average salary of the legally employed population  [#permalink]

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29 Sep 2017, 15:14
1
very confusing question...at least for me:) is it completely clear for everybody? Cuz to me, none of those can be properly inferred from the passage, it says:
legally employed population in the country has gone up from USD 30,000 per annum to USD 43,000
This increase is, at least in part, because of the manufacturing industry which employs an increasing share of the employable population.

So how the hell from the above the following is inferred If it were not for the growth in the salaries in the manufacturing industry, the average salary would have been less than 43,000 per annum today.

As to me, the only logical assumption can be made is that average salary in the manufacturing industry is above the average of the country and as the manufacturing industry became hiring more people, so the ratio of working in manufacturing industry to total employed in the country is increased, as well as increased the country average salary.

How do you thing is that a normal GMAT question?
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Re: The average salary of the legally employed population  [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2017, 22:07
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cbh wrote:
very confusing question...at least for me:) is it completely clear for everybody? Cuz to me, none of those can be properly inferred from the passage, it says:

legally employed population in the country has gone up from USD 30,000 per annum to USD 43,000

This increase is, at least in part, because of the manufacturing industry which employs an increasing share of the employable population.

So how the hell from the above the following is inferred If it were not for the growth in the salaries in the manufacturing industry, the average salary would have been less than 43,000 per annum today.

As to me, the only logical assumption can be made is that average salary in the manufacturing industry is above the average of the country and as the manufacturing industry became hiring more people, so the ratio of working in manufacturing industry to total employed in the country is increased, as well as increased the country average salary.

How do you thing is that a normal GMAT question?

Firstly,
Above highlighted part in green is wrong. It's not the population that has increased its the average salary that has increased.

Now, let's deconstruct the argument.
1. Average salary has increased.
2. The increase is substantial.
3. There is some input of manufacturing industry in this increase.

Try all the options again. If you are still unable to answer check out the below spoiler.
A. The manufacturing industry is the biggest employer in the country.
No mention about the size of the industry. Wrong

B. The legally employable population has increased in the last five years.
We don't know if the population is increased. Maybe population is stable and only salary has increased. Wrong

C. Industries other than manufacturing have not increased their employees’ salaries in the last five years.
We don't know this. Maybe all industries have increased the salary. Wrong

D. The average salary rise in industries other than manufacturing is lower than that in manufacturing.
We don't know this either. Wrong

E. If it were not for the growth in the salaries in the manufacturing industry, the average salary would have been less than 43,000 per annum today.
We know this for sure from the stimuli.
Stimuli says: This increase is, at least in part, because of the manufacturing industry which employs an increasing share of the employable population.

Correct option

E

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Re: The average salary of the legally employed population  [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2017, 08:17
atomicmass wrote:
cbh wrote:
very confusing question...at least for me:) is it completely clear for everybody? Cuz to me, none of those can be properly inferred from the passage, it says:

legally employed population in the country has gone up from USD 30,000 per annum to USD 43,000

This increase is, at least in part, because of the manufacturing industry which employs an increasing share of the employable population.

So how the hell from the above the following is inferred If it were not for the growth in the salaries in the manufacturing industry, the average salary would have been less than 43,000 per annum today.

As to me, the only logical assumption can be made is that average salary in the manufacturing industry is above the average of the country and as the manufacturing industry became hiring more people, so the ratio of working in manufacturing industry to total employed in the country is increased, as well as increased the country average salary.

How do you thing is that a normal GMAT question?

Firstly,
Above highlighted part in green is wrong. It's not the population that has increased its the average salary that has increased.

Now, let's deconstruct the argument.
1. Average salary has increased.
2. The increase is substantial.
3. There is some input of manufacturing industry in this increase.

Try all the options again. If you are still unable to answer check out the below spoiler.
A. The manufacturing industry is the biggest employer in the country.
No mention about the size of the industry. Wrong

B. The legally employable population has increased in the last five years.
We don't know if the population is increased. Maybe population is stable and only salary has increased. Wrong

C. Industries other than manufacturing have not increased their employees’ salaries in the last five years.
We don't know this. Maybe all industries have increased the salary. Wrong

D. The average salary rise in industries other than manufacturing is lower than that in manufacturing.
We don't know this either. Wrong

E. If it were not for the growth in the salaries in the manufacturing industry, the average salary would have been less than 43,000 per annum today.
We know this for sure from the stimuli.
Stimuli says: This increase is, at least in part, because of the manufacturing industry which employs an increasing share of the employable population.

Correct option

E

How can we say that it is because of the increase in salaries in the manufacturing industry?

Consider a case where the salaried given by manufacturing industries were already higher. Now, because more people started getting employed in this industry, the average salary of the overall employed population increased.
So the average can be increased without actual increase in the salary given by manufacturing industry.

Please clarify.
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Re: The average salary of the legally employed population  [#permalink]

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07 Apr 2018, 08:27
Answer E

The question is sheer test of weighted average concept. It is mentioned in the argument, increase in average salary is because of increase share of manufacturing in employable population. Because of manufacturing's heavy weightage, average salary is pulled towards it. Were it not for manufacturing, weighted average would have been pulled down below 43000 USD, which is what E says
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Re: The average salary of the legally employed population  [#permalink]

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07 Apr 2018, 12:17
IMO clearly E, manufacturing share is definitely not highest but, it increased. E is written on similar lines.
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Re: The average salary of the legally employed population  [#permalink]

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07 Apr 2018, 22:11
IMO clearly E, manufacturing share is definitely not highest but, it increased. E is written on similar lines.
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The average salary of the legally employed population  [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2018, 02:34
Confusing question. daagh sir your review?
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Re: The average salary of the legally employed population  [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2018, 20:06
In my opinion, no Answer choice is correct

let take Option E: If it were not for the growth in the salaries in the manufacturing industry, the average salary would have been less than 43,000 per annum today.

it might be the case that there would be no increase in salaries in the manufacturing industry; it already has the high salaries and larger proportion of people got employed buy it increasing the avg sal of overall population
Thanks and regards
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Re: The average salary of the legally employed population  [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2018, 21:19
AshutoshB - Here are my thoughts on E and question analysis.

Fact analysis:
1. The average salary USD 30,000 to USD 43,000. this rise is substantial - greater than inflation.
2. This increase is because of the manufacturing industry.
3. manufacturing industry - increasing share of the employable population.

Last fact is very important - in last five yrs manufacturing industry share of employee is increasing.

Option E - If it were not for the growth in the salaries in the manufacturing industry, the average salary would have been less than 43,000 per annum today. ---- let see situation backwards. Old math stuff - assume something and try to prove if something else can be true. Let say this is true.

So 43K is cause of the substantial number of manufacturing jobs with substantial salaries. Now you agree 43k current avg salary is a fact. at this time top manufacturing guys would have let say 100K while lowest one would have let say 30K. some how the avg of overall (all industries) is 43K.

Lets analyze 5 yr back situation, two things are possible as per your comment top guys- 100k and bottom guys -30K. Or salaries were a bit less(Consider inflation and any other.) If your statement is true then you are saying that "this rise is substantial" - This statement is false. because 0 increase can not be substantial. This increase has to be substantial. So we agreed there was a rise.

Now come to the main point - let say everyone would have got 1K less increment over the span of 5 yrs to the amount one has got. Now are we certain then if we calculate avg now it will be less than 43k(even if it is 42999.99). I think i have proved my point. Let me know if you are still finding some gaps.
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Re: The average salary of the legally employed population  [#permalink]

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28 Sep 2018, 16:34
The average salary of the legally employed population in the country has gone up from USD 30,000 per annum to USD 43,000 per annum in the last five years. Even after accounting for inflation over these years, this rise is substantial. This increase is, at least in part, because of the manufacturing industry which employs an increasing share of the employable population.

Which one of the following can be properly inferred from the passage above?

A. The manufacturing industry is the biggest employer in the country.
We can not infer it. Maybe it is true and maybe not
B. The legally employable population has increased in the last five years.
Irrelevant to us
C. Industries other than manufacturing have not increased their employees’ salaries in the last five years.
We can not infer it. And actually probably it is not true. some of them increased salary for sure
D. The average salary rise in industries other than manufacturing is lower than that in manufacturing.
A liitle tempting. But we can not know it
E. If it were not for the growth in the salaries in the manufacturing industry, the average salary would have been less than 43,000 per annum today.
"The increase is at least in part because of manufacturing industry" ---> so yes, it raised the average salary

Source: Experts Global
Re: The average salary of the legally employed population &nbs [#permalink] 28 Sep 2018, 16:34
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# The average salary of the legally employed population

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