GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 15 Dec 2018, 11:01

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

## Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in December
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
2526272829301
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
303112345
Open Detailed Calendar
• ### \$450 Tuition Credit & Official CAT Packs FREE

December 15, 2018

December 15, 2018

10:00 PM PST

11:00 PM PST

Get the complete Official GMAT Exam Pack collection worth \$100 with the 3 Month Pack (\$299)
• ### FREE Quant Workshop by e-GMAT!

December 16, 2018

December 16, 2018

07:00 AM PST

09:00 AM PST

Get personalized insights on how to achieve your Target Quant Score.

# The beginning of what was to become the United States

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 22 Jun 2016
Posts: 245
The beginning of what was to become the United States  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Apr 2017, 10:06
10
5
Question 1
00:00

based on 526 sessions

56% (03:15) correct 44% (03:33) wrong

### HideShow timer Statistics

Question 2
00:00

based on 520 sessions

29% (01:05) correct 71% (01:08) wrong

### HideShow timer Statistics

Question 3
00:00

based on 519 sessions

20% (00:53) correct 80% (00:35) wrong

### HideShow timer Statistics

Question 4
00:00

based on 500 sessions

64% (01:12) correct 36% (01:04) wrong

### HideShow timer Statistics

The beginning of what was to become the United States was characterised by inconsistencies in the values and behaviour of its population. These inconsistencies were reflected by its spokesmen who took conflicting stances in many areas; but on the subject of race, the conflicts were particularly vivid. The idea that the Caucasian race and the European civilisation were superior was well ingrained in the culture of the colonists at the very time that the “egalitarian” republic was founded. Voluminous historical evidence suggests that, the average colonist thought the African as a heathen, he was black, and he was different in crucial philosophical ways. As time progressed, he was also increasingly taken captive, adding to the conception of deviance. The African, therefore, could be justifiably, even philanthropically treated as property according to the reasoning of slave traders and slaveholders.

Although slaves were treated as objects, abundant evidence suggests that they themselves didn’t subscribe to this view. There are many published autobiographies of slaves; African- American scholars are beginning to know enough about West African culture, to appreciate the existential climate in which the early captives were raised and which thus could not be totally destroyed by the enslavement experience. The climate was one that defined the individual in collective terms. Individuals were members of a tribe, within which they had predetermined roles to play depending on the history of their family within the tribe. Individuals were intrinsically a part of the natural elements on which they depended, and they were actively related to those tribal members who once lived and to those not yet born.

The colonial plantation system that was established and forced upon the Africans virtually eliminated tribal affiliations. Individuals were separated from kin; interrelationships among kin kept together were often transient because of sales. A new identification with the slaves working and living together in a given place would satisfy what was undoubtedly a natural tendency to be a member of a group. New family units became the most important attachments of individual slaves. Thus, as the system of slavery was gradually institutionalised, West African affiliation tendencies adapted to it.

This highly complex dual influence is still reflected in black community life, and the double consciousness of black Americans is the major characteristic of African-American mentality. Dubois articulated this divided consciousness as follows: The history of the American Negro is the history of this strife – this yearning to attain self-conscious manhood, to merge his double-self into a better and truer self. In this amalgamation, he wishes neither of the older selves to be the best.

Several black political movements have looked upon this duality as destructively conflicted and have vigorously urged its reconciliation. Thus, the integrationists and the black nationalists, to be crudely general, have both been concerned with the resolution of this conflict, though in opposite directions.

1. Which of the following would be the most appropriate title for the passage?

A. Slavery: A Democratic Anomaly
B. The History of Black People in the United States
C. The Origin of Modern African-American Consciousness
D. The Legacy of Slavery: A Modern Nation Divided
E. The rise of the Africans

2. In the context of the passage ‘heathen’ means:

A. Indifferent
B. Godless
C. Religious
D. Destitute
E. Neophyte

3. The tone of the passage could be best described as:

A. caustic and humorous
B. critical and argumentative
C. analytical and neutral
D. impassioned and angry
E. cynical and didactic

4. The author puts the word egalitarian (in the first paragraph) in quotation marks to:

A. emphasize his admiration for the early Americans.
B. ridicule the idea of democracy.
C. remind the reader of the principles of the new nation.
D. underscore the fact that equality did not extend to everyone.
E. prove that equality was the need of the hour

_________________

P.S. Don't forget to give Kudos

Manager
Joined: 24 Jan 2017
Posts: 146
GMAT 1: 640 Q50 V25
GMAT 2: 710 Q50 V35
GPA: 3.48
Re: The beginning of what was to become the United States  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 May 2017, 20:52
2
Manager
Joined: 22 Mar 2014
Posts: 131
Location: United States
Concentration: Finance, Operations
GMAT 1: 530 Q45 V20
GPA: 3.91
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: The beginning of what was to become the United States  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 May 2017, 07:48
I did not understand the ans of question 2 and 3... Can anybody please explain? Moreover, the passage does not seem to be modern GMAT like passage.... The questions seem less analytical and more abstract.
Senior Manager
Joined: 19 Oct 2012
Posts: 323
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Operations
GMAT 1: 660 Q47 V35
GMAT 2: 710 Q50 V38
GPA: 3.81
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: The beginning of what was to become the United States  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 May 2017, 19:01
Question 2 is a vocabulary based question. I doubt one would see this exact kinda question on GMAT. The question expects some one to know close-enough meaning of the word "Heathen". Vocab based questions are meant for words that are generally well known [this is relative and differs from person to person's vocabulary knowledge ] and answer can be deduced reading the context around the word. Here, the same is not apparent. One can use POE but that's a little far-fetched.

Question 3: I still think answer to this should be C and not B. Could some one please reconfirm this ?
_________________

Citius, Altius, Fortius

GMAT Club Verbal Expert
Joined: 20 Nov 2016
Posts: 265
Re: The beginning of what was to become the United States  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 May 2017, 12:08
1
_________________
Intern
Joined: 28 Mar 2017
Posts: 24
GMAT 1: 750 Q50 V40
Re: The beginning of what was to become the United States  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 May 2017, 23:19
1
TheMechanic wrote:
Question 2 is a vocabulary based question. I doubt one would see this exact kinda question on GMAT. The question expects some one to know close-enough meaning of the word "Heathen". Vocab based questions are meant for words that are generally well known [this is relative and differs from person to person's vocabulary knowledge ] and answer can be deduced reading the context around the word. Here, the same is not apparent. One can use POE but that's a little far-fetched.

Question 3: I still think answer to this should be C and not B. Could some one please reconfirm this ?

Ditto on question 3. The passage does not come across as critical or argumentative in any way. The introduction and conclusion make no attempt to support a particular view or criticize an alternative view. Seems to be more of a discussion rather than a critique. Can someone please verify?
Intern
Joined: 18 Feb 2017
Posts: 1
Re: The beginning of what was to become the United States  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 May 2017, 22:46
Question 3: I think answer C sounds more reasonable than B. The passage is likely to be written from more of a neutral view rather than from a critique view .Could some one please explain this:?
ISB, NUS, NTU Moderator
Joined: 11 Aug 2016
Posts: 350
Re: The beginning of what was to become the United States  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Aug 2018, 20:15
14101992 wrote:
The beginning of what was to become the United States was characterised by inconsistencies in the values and behaviour of its population. These inconsistencies were reflected by its spokesmen who took conflicting stances in many areas; but on the subject of race, the conflicts were particularly vivid. The idea that the Caucasian race and the European civilisation were superior was well ingrained in the culture of the colonists at the very time that the “egalitarian” republic was founded. Voluminous historical evidence suggests that, the average colonist thought the African as a heathen, he was black, and he was different in crucial philosophical ways. As time progressed, he was also increasingly taken captive, adding to the conception of deviance. The African, therefore, could be justifiably, even philanthropically treated as property according to the reasoning of slave traders and slaveholders.

Although slaves were treated as objects, abundant evidence suggests that they themselves didn’t subscribe to this view. There are many published autobiographies of slaves; African- American scholars are beginning to know enough about West African culture, to appreciate the existential climate in which the early captives were raised and which thus could not be totally destroyed by the enslavement experience. The climate was one that defined the individual in collective terms. Individuals were members of a tribe, within which they had predetermined roles to play depending on the history of their family within the tribe. Individuals were intrinsically a part of the natural elements on which they depended, and they were actively related to those tribal members who once lived and to those not yet born.

The colonial plantation system that was established and forced upon the Africans virtually eliminated tribal affiliations. Individuals were separated from kin; interrelationships among kin kept together were often transient because of sales. A new identification with the slaves working and living together in a given place would satisfy what was undoubtedly a natural tendency to be a member of a group. New family units became the most important attachments of individual slaves. Thus, as the system of slavery was gradually institutionalised, West African affiliation tendencies adapted to it.

This highly complex dual influence is still reflected in black community life, and the double consciousness of black Americans is the major characteristic of African-American mentality. Dubois articulated this divided consciousness as follows: The history of the American Negro is the history of this strife – this yearning to attain self-conscious manhood, to merge his double-self into a better and truer self. In this amalgamation, he wishes neither of the older selves to be the best.

Several black political movements have looked upon this duality as destructively conflicted and have vigorously urged its reconciliation. Thus, the integrationists and the black nationalists, to be crudely general, have both been concerned with the resolution of this conflict, though in opposite directions.

1. Which of the following would be the most appropriate title for the passage?

A. Slavery: A Democratic Anomaly
B. The History of Black People in the United States
C. The Origin of Modern African-American Consciousness
D. The Legacy of Slavery: A Modern Nation Divided
E. The rise of the Africans

2. In the context of the passage ‘heathen’ means:

A. Indifferent
B. Godless
C. Religious
D. Destitute
E. Neophyte

3. The tone of the passage could be best described as:

A. caustic and humorous
B. critical and argumentative
C. analytical and neutral
D. impassioned and angry
E. cynical and didactic

4. The author puts the word egalitarian (in the first paragraph) in quotation marks to:

A. emphasize his admiration for the early Americans.
B. ridicule the idea of democracy.
C. remind the reader of the principles of the new nation.
D. underscore the fact that equality did not extend to everyone.
E. prove that equality was the need of the hour

workout Can you please format the question.
_________________

~R.
If my post was of any help to you, You can thank me in the form of Kudos!!
Applying to ISB ? Check out the ISB Application Kit.

Intern
Joined: 20 May 2017
Posts: 20
Re: The beginning of what was to become the United States  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Aug 2018, 06:05
Can someone please explain questions 1 2 and 3

Posted from my mobile device
Re: The beginning of what was to become the United States &nbs [#permalink] 11 Aug 2018, 06:05
Display posts from previous: Sort by