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# The budget for education reflects the administration's

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Senior Manager
Joined: 25 Oct 2008
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15 Sep 2009, 17:06
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The budget for education reflects the administration's demand that the money is controlled by local school districts, but it can only be spent on teachers, not on books, computers, or other materials or activities.

A. the money is controlled by local school districts, but it can only be spent
B. the money be controlled by local school districts, but it allows them to spend the money only
C. the money is to be controlled by local school districts, but allowing it only to be spent
D. local school districts are in control of the money, but it allows them to spend the money only
E. local school districts are to be in control of the money, but it can only spend it
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16 Sep 2009, 05:03
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for verbs like request, command, demand, ask etc subjunctive mood has to be used...which is..
demand that Y BE done etc
##### General Discussion
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Re: SC - GMAT Prep  [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2010, 11:31
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I agree with all the above posters. As soon as you see "demand that" (or any other of the words in a similar category..."require," "propose," "request," etc.), sirens should be wailing up the street telling you to make sure that the demand is expressed correctly in the subjunctive mood. To do so, take the infinitive form of the verb...here "to be" and nix the "to."

I demand that he [strike]to[/strike] be arrested.
He obeyed the queen's order that he [strike]to[/strike] remove himself from her presence.
She proposed that you [strike]to[/strike] call after 9 a.m.

Ideally, you read the question, the appropriate alarm bells set off, and you go right to the answer-- here, only 1 choice uses the subjunctive correctly..

BUT...what if you don't see that error, or don't see it right away? What can you eliminate via other methods?

In this sentence there is also a split *after* the comma--the usages of pronoun "it."

Choice E uses "it" twice, to refer to both money and budget, so E is definitely out. Choices A and C intend for "it" to refer to "the money." Choices B and D use "it" to refer back to "the budget." There are several singular nouns in the sentence preceding "it"--"budget," "demand," and "education." Some students think that a pronoun must ALWAYS refer back to the closest noun, and would therefore lose B and D, but if we look at the structure of the sentence, we can see that the first part is in a fairly straightforward SUBJECT-VERB form.

The budget reflects (Subject Verb) ......, BUT ..... [the budget] allows [the districts] to spend the money...

The power of the subject position in the structure of this sentence is so strong that B and D are OK on that front.

What else could we look at to eliminate answers? Choice C uses a different form of "allow" after the comma than the other answers do-- "allowing." This is, in fact, a modifier rather than a verb, and is not parallel to either of the previous clauses ("The budget demands" or "the money is"). C is also out.

That leaves us with A, B, and D. There are few nuances that might nudge us toward the correct answer....you could make an argument that in choice B the pronoun "them," which is in the object case, is structurally in the same position as its antecedent ("local school districts"), which is an object because it follows a preposition (the money is controlled BY the districts). In choice D, "local school districts" is the subject of the subordinate clause, so all things being equal I'd probably prefer B to D, even in a world where I knew nothing about the subjunctive. That would leave us with A and B-- a 50/50 shot knowing NOTHING about the subjunctive.

I'm certainly not suggesting that you do all this unnecessary work while taking your CAT-- hopefully you see the subjunctive trigger right away and answer this question in 6 seconds flat. BUT if you don't see it, keep breaking down the sentence piece by piece according to what you DO know. This can be a good exercise when reviewing a question too-- even one that you've gotten right-- to see if you can identify other issues with the incorrect choices. The more tools you have in your bag, and the more flexible you are using them, the better shot you'll have at a killer score.
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29 Oct 2011, 10:27
The budget for education reflects the administration's demand that the money is controlled by local school districts, but it can only be spent on teachers, not on books, computers, or other materials or activities.

A. the money is controlled by local school districts, but it can only be spent
B. the money be controlled by local school districts, but it allows them to spend the money only
C. the money is to be controlled by local school districts, but allowing it only to be spent
D. local school districts are in control of the money, but it allows them to spend the money only
E. local school districts are to be in control of the money, but it can only spend it

I have a problem with this one...

see below

I am perfectly aware of the command subjective...but in this case I chose A because it seemd to me that "demand" is a noun here not a verb (as common subjective) Can anyone explain this to me please

thanks
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Re: Problem with justifying the Command Subjunctive here  [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2011, 10:50
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Why should we think that only a verb and not a noun could carry the mandatoriness or command factor? It is the necessity to comply with the said factor that decides use of the command word.

Look at this following sentence ‘Spoke’ by itself is not command word; It is the condition, a noun that implies the command and thereby justifies the subjunctive.

Several financial officers of the company spoke on condition that they not be named in the press reports.

A. that they not be named
B. that their names will not be used
C. that their names are not used
D. of not having their names
E. of not naming them

Here is another example from Urch.com’s Erin

While many politicians have been able to abuse recent changes in the law, the original spirit of the bill was that it was equally applied to all residents, no matter their socio-economic status.

O that it was equally applied to all residents, no matter their socio-economic status
O that it was equally applied to all residents, and their socio-economic status did not matter
O that it was to be applied equally to all residents, no matter their socio-economic status
O that it be applied equally to every resident, no matter their socio-economic status
O that it be equally applied to all residents, no matter their socio-economic status

Here the command factor is derived from the word ‘spirit’ of the bill, which citizens are supposed to obey.

Here are some tips for you from 800Bob

Quote:
“When a verb, noun, or adjective of recommendation, requirement, or request is followed by a "that" clause, the verb in the "that" clause will be in the subjunctive mood. But a verb, noun, or adjective of recommendation, requirement, or request does not have to be followed by a "that" clause.”

HTH
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21 Jul 2012, 04:21
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Although i choosed the right option. I am still not very sure whats the POE in the question.
It seems like it is infinitive and subjunctive way of reporting, but how does the right option corrects this //sm error?
Some help on this.
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23 Jul 2012, 22:02
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The POE involves only one factor that the subjunctive has to come into play since there is a bossy word –demand-; the second part is an IC that need not be subjunctive since the verb– allows- is simply an indicative verb. There is no formality that two consecutive clauses should both be subjunctive.

As per this scheme, you can instantly kick all but B, which is the only subjunctive form using the base form – be controlled-.
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16 Apr 2017, 07:32
Hello experts

Little confused here with two things:
1) Can 'be controlled' be a verb for money?
2) In the last clause, what is the verb for 'it'?

Thanks
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16 Apr 2017, 18:03
Shiv2016,

Quote:
Little confused here with two things:
1) Can 'be controlled' be a verb for money?
2) In the last clause, what is the verb for 'it'?

1) Choice B uses the passive voice (ie "...demand that the money be controlled by local school districts...") instead of the active voice (which would be written, for example, as "...demand that local school districts control the money.." In either case, the local school districts are controlling the money, and the money is not the agent of the action.

2) "it allows them to spend the money only on teachers, not on books, computers, or other materials or activities." The subject is "it" (ie "the budget"), and the verb is "allows", where an applicable definition of "allow" (from https://www.merriam-webster.com/) is "to assign as a share or suitable amount (as of time or money), ie 'allow an hour for lunch'"
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17 Apr 2017, 07:21
Quote:
One more thing: in the original sentence, "it can only be spent...".
What is the verb for 'it' ? can or be spent?

Here we have the passive voice again, and the verb is "can be spent" (modal + auxiliary verb + past participle). The subject (it) is being acted upon, and the agent of the action is implied rather than explicitly stated (spent by whom? by local school districts).

I hope that helps!
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23 Apr 2017, 04:41
tejal777 wrote:
The budget for education reflects the administration's demand that the money is controlled by local school districts, but it can only be spent on teachers, not on books, computers, or other materials or activities.

A. the money is controlled by local school districts, but it can only be spent
B. the money be controlled by local school districts, but it allows them to spend the money only
C. the money is to be controlled by local school districts, but allowing it only to be spent
D. local school districts are in control of the money, but it allows them to spend the money only
E. local school districts are to be in control of the money, but it can only spend it

I understand that due to subjunctive rule, we ought to select B but the 'it' in the second part of the sentence is bothering me.
'but it allows them to spend..'

I get that the 'it' is referring to the budget but aren't we being made to assume that here? Generally such a sentence with both 'it' and 'them' in the same line and far away from their antecedents would have been eliminated for being confusing and not clear.

Explanation needed!
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24 Jun 2017, 11:11
eddy8700 wrote:
The budget for education reflects the administration's demand that the money is controlled by local school districts, but it can only be spent on teachers, not on books, computers, or other materials or activities.

A. the money is controlled by local school districts, but it can only be spent
B. the money be controlled by local school districts, but it allows them to spend the money only
C. the money is to be controlled by local school districts, but allowing it only to be spent
D. local school districts are in control of the money, but it allows them to spend the money only
E. local school districts are to be in control of the money, but it can only spend it

subjunctive mood only B is correct

Apart from considering subjunctive mode, Can D be the possible answer if not B ?
Also as mentioned D is in active voice which is preferred in GMAT.
Can someone suggest the difference btw D and B not in terms of subjunctive ?
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29 Jun 2017, 12:21
ashikaverma13 wrote:
I understand that due to subjunctive rule, we ought to select B but the 'it' in the second part of the sentence is bothering me.
'but it allows them to spend..'

I get that the 'it' is referring to the budget but aren't we being made to assume that here? Generally such a sentence with both 'it' and 'them' in the same line and far away from their antecedents would have been eliminated for being confusing and not clear.

Explanation needed!

The pronoun "them" is definitely okay because there is only one possible antecedent ("districts" is the only plural noun before the pronoun).

At first glance, the use of the pronoun "it" seems ambiguous because there are multiple singular nouns before the pronoun. However, in this case, we have two subject-verb pairs in two clauses linked by the conjunction "but". In such cases, the subject pronoun ("it") always refers unambiguously to the subject of the first independent clause. Check out this GMAT Club YouTube video for more on this particular pronoun issue.

But don't worry too much if that rule isn't clear for now; just make sure you understand why the other four choices are wrong!

sumanainampudi wrote:
Apart from considering subjunctive mode, Can D be the possible answer if not B ?
Also as mentioned D is in active voice which is preferred in GMAT.
Can someone suggest the difference btw D and B not in terms of subjunctive ?

The GMAT might prefer the active voice to the passive voice, but in this sentence there is no way around the subjunctive. Choice (D) has to be eliminated because it does not use the subjunctive. If choice (D) were changed to "local school districts be in control of the money, but it allows them to spend the money only" (replace "are" with the subjunctive form "be"), then it would be acceptable.
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03 Sep 2018, 08:01
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tejal777 wrote:
The budget for education reflects the administration's demand that the money is controlled by local school districts, but it can only be spent on teachers, not on books, computers, or other materials or activities.

A. the money is controlled by local school districts, but it can only be spent
B. the money be controlled by local school districts, but it allows them to spend the money only
C. the money is to be controlled by local school districts, but allowing it only to be spent
D. local school districts are in control of the money, but it allows them to spend the money only
E. local school districts are to be in control of the money, but it can only spend it

The budget for education reflects the administration's demand that .......................................on teachers, not on books, computers, or other materials or activities.

B. the money be controlled by local school districts, but it allows them to spend the money only

In 2nd main clause starting with but - subject pronoun "it" refers to subject "budget" in previous clause. "Them" object pronoun refers to "school district" object of relative clause starting with the "that the ....."

pronoun and the antecedent agree in case and number.

Also note that possessive pronoun may refer to non-possesive nouns.
The budget for education reflects the administrationÂ´s demand for the money which is controlled by local school distrits and that can only be spent on.......

I chose D because it is not clear what the pronoun "It" in the second part of the sentence is referring to. So the options were B and D. I didn't understand the first part of the sentence, so I guess that my mistakes were there. I chose D and the correct answer was B.
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04 Sep 2019, 22:08
In B option, can it refers to administration?
Can a non-possessive pronoun refer to possessive noun?
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06 Sep 2019, 05:12
Kanika3agg wrote:
In B option, can it refers to administration?
Can a non-possessive pronoun refer to possessive noun?
Hi Kanika3agg,

The "rule" that a possessive noun and a subject/object pronoun cannot be used together is not followed universally, and there is no reason to believe that the GMAT follows it.

In this official question, Elizabeth Barrett Browning's and she are used together in the correct option.
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