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# The budget for education reflects the administration's

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15 Sep 2009, 17:06
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The budget for education reflects the administration's demand that the money is controlled by local school districts, but it can only be spent on teachers, not on books, computers, or other materials or activities.

A. the money is controlled by local school districts, but it can only be spent
B. the money be controlled by local school districts, but it allows them to spend the money only
C. the money is to be controlled by local school districts, but allowing it only to be spent
D. local school districts are in control of the money, but it allows them to spend the money only
E. local school districts are to be in control of the money, but it can only spend it
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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16 Sep 2009, 03:23
could you please enlighten on the subjunctive rule??
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16 Sep 2009, 05:03
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for verbs like request, command, demand, ask etc subjunctive mood has to be used...which is..
demand that Y BE done etc
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16 Sep 2009, 10:00
Economist wrote:
B.
Subjunctive required.

B has serious problems wit REFERRANT
IT(budget or demand) has allowed THEM (whom??? subject can be either BUDGET or ADMIN'S DEMAND)
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13 May 2010, 21:26
Do "only on..." and "not on..." form a parallel structure? If so, A C E can be crossed out in the first place true?
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14 May 2010, 06:09
yes,
what/who does "them" refer to?
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14 May 2010, 06:12
I just got it, "them" refers to "local school districtsЭю

So B is the only choice
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14 May 2010, 07:48
option (B).

it is a case of subjunctive....hence we need 'that'

'them' refers to school districts
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14 May 2010, 08:46
tejal777 wrote:
The budget for education reflects the administration's demand that the money is controlled by local school districts, but it can only be spent on teachers, not on books, computers, or other materials or activities.

A. the money is controlled by local school districts, but it can only be spent
B. the money be controlled by local school districts, but it allows them to spend the money only
C. the money is to be controlled by local school districts, but allowing it only to be spent
D. local school districts are in control of the money, but it allows them to spend the money only
E. local school districts are to be in control of the money, but it can only spend it

The administration is allowing "the local school districts" not the money. And its in Subjunctive mood because of demand. So clearly B.
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22 Aug 2010, 03:48
Yes, it's B. And I chose B.

I ruled out D intuitively, but what to know what is the problem with D.
Please, explain and kudos will come
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22 Aug 2010, 07:14
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Financier wrote:
Yes, it's B. And I chose B.

I ruled out D intuitively, but what to know what is the problem with D.
Please, explain and kudos will come

the seocnd part of the sentence focusses on utilsation of money and money has to be the subjerct in the first part ...

other wise it is a case of subjunctive..and hence use of word be ...
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04 Jan 2011, 06:19
To what does "it" refer in B? Can not be to "the administration" since that noun is not in the sentence...

Thoughts on that?
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05 Apr 2011, 23:29
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+1 B

A. Wrong: Subjunctive mood is required. Passive voice. Misplaced modifier in "only"; it can be ambiguous.
B. Correct. "IT" refers to budget because both clauses are parallel. BUT is a parallel marker.
C. Wrong: Subjunctive mood is required. The comma is not necessary; there are not two clauses.
D. Wrong: subjunctive mood is required.
E. Wrong: subjunctive mood. "but it can only spend it" is ilogical.
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27 Nov 2013, 03:54
tejal777 wrote:
The budget for education reflects the administration's demand that the money is controlled by local school districts, but it can only be spent on teachers, not on books, computers, or other materials or activities.

A. the money is controlled by local school districts, but it can only be spent
B. the money be controlled by local school districts, but it allows them to spend the money only
C. the money is to be controlled by local school districts, but allowing it only to be spent
D. local school districts are in control of the money, but it allows them to spend the money only
E. local school districts are to be in control of the money, but it can only spend it

go by meaning:
1.money is controlled by local school district.
2.school district can only spend this money on teachers, not on books, computers, or other materials or activities

only A (OA)fits the bill.
in option B : "but it allows them to spend the money only" referent of "it" is unclear and also original meaning has distorted!!
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18 Oct 2015, 13:33
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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26 Mar 2017, 20:48
metallicafan wrote:
+1 B

A. Wrong: Subjunctive mood is required. Passive voice. Misplaced modifier in "only"; it can be ambiguous.
B. Correct. "IT" refers to budget because both clauses are parallel. BUT is a parallel marker.
C. Wrong: Subjunctive mood is required. The comma is not necessary; there are not two clauses.
D. Wrong: subjunctive mood is required.
E. Wrong: subjunctive mood. "but it can only spend it" is ilogical.

I disagree with you that "it" refers to budget, because we can see in the second clause that "it allows them to spend MONEY", thus, it must refer to "demand" => there is no parallel here
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16 Apr 2017, 07:29
The budget for education reflects the administration's demand that the money be controlled by local school districts, but it can only be spent on teachers, not on books, computers, or other materials or activities.

- The BUDGET for education REFLECTS the administration's demand
-that the MONEY BE CONTROLLED by local school districts
-but IT CAN only be spent on teachers, not on books, computers, or other materials or activities.

Words such as demand, suggest, etc. require use of subjunctive verb. Subjunctive verbs are plural no matter the subject is singular or plural. (Though this rule is not in line with the "subject verb must agree in number" rule).

'It' have more than one possible antecedents in this sentence but the logical antecedent is 'money' because money can be spent. It doesn't sound right if we say ' budget can be spent.........'.

My doubt here is when we write- the money be controlled, can 'be controlled' be a verb for money as money is not performing the action?

I think there is a gap in my understanding here (in this question).
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16 Apr 2017, 07:32
Hello experts

Little confused here with two things:
1) Can 'be controlled' be a verb for money?
2) In the last clause, what is the verb for 'it'?

Thanks
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16 Apr 2017, 09:58
Shiv2016 wrote:
The budget for education reflects the administration's demand that the money be controlled by local school districts, but it can only be spent on teachers, not on books, computers, or other materials or activities.

- The BUDGET for education REFLECTS the administration's demand
-that the MONEY BE CONTROLLED by local school districts
-but IT CAN only be spent on teachers, not on books, computers, or other materials or activities.

Words such as demand, suggest, etc. require use of subjunctive verb. Subjunctive verbs are plural no matter the subject is singular or plural. (Though this rule is not in line with the "subject verb must agree in number" rule).

'It' have more than one possible antecedents in this sentence but the logical antecedent is 'money' because money can be spent. It doesn't sound right if we say ' budget can be spent.........'.

My doubt here is when we write- the money be controlled, can 'be controlled' be a verb for money as money is not performing the action?

I think there is a gap in my understanding here (in this question).

you are right about "it" in the original sentence, but I am talking about "it" in the option B, or in OA.
Also, you are right about money versus budget.
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16 Apr 2017, 18:03
Shiv2016,

Quote:
Little confused here with two things:
1) Can 'be controlled' be a verb for money?
2) In the last clause, what is the verb for 'it'?

1) Choice B uses the passive voice (ie "...demand that the money be controlled by local school districts...") instead of the active voice (which would be written, for example, as "...demand that local school districts control the money.." In either case, the local school districts are controlling the money, and the money is not the agent of the action.

2) "it allows them to spend the money only on teachers, not on books, computers, or other materials or activities." The subject is "it" (ie "the budget"), and the verb is "allows", where an applicable definition of "allow" (from https://www.merriam-webster.com/) is "to assign as a share or suitable amount (as of time or money), ie 'allow an hour for lunch'"
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Re: The budget for education reflects the administration's   [#permalink] 16 Apr 2017, 18:03

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