The bylaws of a corporation specify how the directors of the : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC) - Page 2
Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases https://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 21 Feb 2017, 07:52

# LIVE NOW:

Chat with Vanderbilt (Owen) Admission Director in Chat Room1 | Expecting Interview Invites from MIT Sloan Shortly - Join Chat Room3 for LIVE Updates

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# The bylaws of a corporation specify how the directors of the

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 04 Oct 2011
Posts: 224
Location: India
GMAT 1: 440 Q33 V13
GMAT 2: 0 Q0 V0
GPA: 3
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 50 [0], given: 44

Re: According to the Bylaws [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Nov 2012, 21:20
Marcab wrote:
For #5)
I can give you numerous examples here, because this is the topic I gave most of time.

i)Sound can travel through water for enormous distances, its acoustic energy prevented from dissipating by boundaries in the ocean created by water layers of different temperatures and densities.

ii) More than 300 rivers drain into Siberia's Lake Baikal, which holds 20 percent of the world's fresh water, more than all the North American Great Lakes combined.

@Marcab

I'm not able to get one thing...

i ) Sound can travel through water for enormous distances modifies "its" possessive pronoun which in-turn refers to "sound"?
ii) More than 300 rivers drain into Siberia's Lake Baikal modifies "which" relative pronoun refers back to "Siberia's Lake Baikal " ?

My queries :
1) Actually here modifiers are Independent clause right? modifiers express only partial idea right?
2) Here these pronouns refer back to modifiers right?

I know i'm missing something in this... but i couldn't figure it out....

messed up with these sentence sorry
_________________

GMAT - Practice, Patience, Persistence
Kudos if u like

VP
Status: Been a long time guys...
Joined: 03 Feb 2011
Posts: 1420
Location: United States (NY)
Concentration: Finance, Marketing
GPA: 3.75
Followers: 177

Kudos [?]: 1364 [0], given: 62

Re: According to the Bylaws [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Nov 2012, 22:29
shanmugamgsn wrote:
Marcab wrote:
For #5)
I can give you numerous examples here, because this is the topic I gave most of time.

i)Sound can travel through water for enormous distances, its acoustic energy prevented from dissipating by boundaries in the ocean created by water layers of different temperatures and densities.

ii) More than 300 rivers drain into Siberia's Lake Baikal, which holds 20 percent of the world's fresh water, more than all the North American Great Lakes combined.

@Marcab

I'm not able to get one thing...

i ) Sound can travel through water for enormous distances modifies "its" possessive pronoun which in-turn refers to "sound"? YES
ii) More than 300 rivers drain into Siberia's Lake Baikal modifies "which" relative pronoun refers back to "Siberia's Lake Baikal " ? YES

My queries :
1) Actually here modifiers are Independent clause right? modifiers express only partial idea right?
2) Here these pronouns refer back to modifiers right?

I know i'm missing something in this... but i couldn't figure it out....

messed up with these sentence sorry

Hii Shan.
Query #1-) Independent clauses can co-exist with the help of conjunction words. If there is no conjunction word, they entire sentence is flawed.
Sound can travel through water for enormous distances, its acoustic energy prevented from dissipating by boundaries in the ocean created by water layers of different temperatures and densities.. The green shaded is the NOT the independent clause.

Consider the sentence: Mahatma Gandhi is regarded as the Father of Nation, he was shot dead.
Here the two clauses are independent and since there is no conjunction word, so these two clauses can't be put together.

Same for the second sentence.

These are Absolute Phrases and these refer back to the ENTIRE IDEA, not just the Subject of the main clause.
For these phrases, I developed a technique to identify whether its an Absolute phrase or not.
Consider the example:
"Sound can travel through water for enormous distances, its acoustic energy prevented from dissipating by boundaries in the ocean created by water layers of different temperatures and densities.".
Break the sentence into two parts.
i) Sound can travel through water for enormous distances,
ii) its acoustic energy prevented from dissipating by boundaries in the ocean created by water layers of different temperatures and densities.".

After the first part is over, RAISE A QUESTION $$HOW?$$ If the just next clause answers your question, then the just next clause is the Absolute Phrase.
try this technique in the two sentences, which I gave in #5.
If you find difficulty in understanding it, let me know. I will try my best.
_________________
Manager
Joined: 04 Oct 2011
Posts: 224
Location: India
GMAT 1: 440 Q33 V13
GMAT 2: 0 Q0 V0
GPA: 3
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 50 [0], given: 44

Re: According to the Bylaws [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Nov 2012, 23:42
Marcab wrote:
i)Sound can travel through water for enormous distances, its acoustic energy prevented from dissipating by boundaries in the ocean created by water layers of different temperatures and densities.

ii) More than 300 rivers drain into Siberia's Lake Baikal, which holds 20 percent of the world's fresh water, more than all the North American Great Lakes combined.

Thanks Marcab.
Really hand tool...

But I'm afraid still i didnt get the point...

I'm got first sentence
Sound can travel through water for enormous distances HOW? (by its acoustic energy preventing from dissipating blah blah....)
its acoustic energy prevented from dissipating by boundaries in the ocean created by water layers of different temperatures and densities.
Here this HOW explains action of sound (preventing)

For second sentence i couldn't make it up
More than 300 rivers drain into Siberia's Lake Baikal, HOW??
Here this how doesn't explain an action of Siberia Lake Baikal

Also can a Independent clause act as modifier?
Sound can travel through water for enormous distances, its acoustic energy prevented from dissipating by boundaries in the ocean created by water layers of different temperatures and densities.

Red is Independent Clause modifies Green Subordinate clause.
(i was thinking in reverse)

I know this
Types of Modifier :
Words, Phrase, Clauses

But i thot modifier clauses are dependent clauses only....
_________________

GMAT - Practice, Patience, Persistence
Kudos if u like

VP
Status: Been a long time guys...
Joined: 03 Feb 2011
Posts: 1420
Location: United States (NY)
Concentration: Finance, Marketing
GPA: 3.75
Followers: 177

Kudos [?]: 1364 [0], given: 62

Re: According to the Bylaws [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Nov 2012, 00:06
Visit: the-technique-to-nail-the-absolute-phrase-questions-143219.html

This will clear all your doubts.
_________________
Retired Moderator
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 3702
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Followers: 731

Kudos [?]: 5727 [0], given: 322

Re: The bylaws of a corporation specify how the directors of the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Dec 2012, 01:25
One aspect that I would like add to this tposic is that, this topic is essentially a test of structural parallelism, which has been sidelined in the discussions. The text wants to present three factors of a specification in indirect interrogative manner with three interrogatives such as how, whether and what. Obviously when they are part of a list parallelism, the last one has to be coordinated with a fanboy such as ‘and’. Thus you will find the use of the additive phrase ‘as well as breaks the //ism and leads to the implication that the first is just an addendum of the con d and essentially only two factors remain. Due to this altered intent A and B are out. C also misses the //ism by missing the what. In D, the third factor is modifier than a factor. E, finally, reflects the true intention and is the chocie.

Of course, all roads lead to Rome and this is yet another route apart from the others mentioned in the discussion.
_________________

“Better than a thousand days of diligent study is one day with a great teacher” – a Japanese proverb.
9884544509

GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10617
Followers: 940

Kudos [?]: 207 [0], given: 0

Re: The bylaws of a corporation specify how the directors of the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Jan 2015, 05:51
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Re: The bylaws of a corporation specify how the directors of the   [#permalink] 27 Jan 2015, 05:51

Go to page   Previous    1   2   [ 26 posts ]

Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
10 While the United States Constitution specifies 2 23 Sep 2016, 12:59
14 The research reports submitted to the board of directors 15 08 Jan 2014, 02:05
2 The Bylaws... 1 04 Oct 2013, 23:49
The chairman of the board of directors have decided that 0 23 Apr 2013, 15:32
38 The treaty specifies that the economy of the member nations 33 28 Sep 2009, 06:04
Display posts from previous: Sort by

# The bylaws of a corporation specify how the directors of the

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.