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The candidate spent a significant time in the South

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The candidate spent a significant time in the South  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Sep 2014, 16:08
5
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A
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The candidate spent a significant time in the South, preaching a strong message of family values, lest he lose the vote in those states.

preaching a strong message of family values, lest he lose
preached a strong message about family values, lest he loses
preaching a strong message for family values, instead of losing
preached a strong message of family values, unless he loses
preaching a strong message about family values, and he won't lose

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Re: The candidate spent a significant time in the South  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2014, 10:25
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I picked option A because the term "lest" is always followed by a subjunctive mood (Present tense, mostly).
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Re: The candidate spent a significant time in the South  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2014, 07:34
honchos wrote:
The candidate spent a significant time in the South, preaching a strong message of family values, lest he lose the vote in those states.

preaching a strong message of family values, lest he lose
preached a strong message about family values, lest he loses
preaching a strong message for family values, instead of losing
preached a strong message of family values, unless he loses
preaching a strong message about family values, and he won't lose


Hi Anyone to explain this one ? How come he lose is correct ?
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Re: The candidate spent a significant time in the South  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2014, 08:50
I got this question right but did not understand what role the verbing is playing in this sentence.
From what i understand verb-ing when placed after a comma modifies the previous phrase.

The candidate spent a significant time in the South, preaching a strong message of family values, lest he lose the vote in those states.
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Re: The candidate spent a significant time in the South  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2014, 18:45
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I think it should be "a strong message about family values".
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Re: The candidate spent a significant time in the South  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Oct 2014, 20:45
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honchos wrote:
The candidate spent a significant time in the South, preaching a strong message of family values, lest he lose the vote in those states.

preaching a strong message of family values, lest he lose
preached a strong message about family values, lest he loses
preaching a strong message for family values, instead of losing
preached a strong message of family values, unless he loses
preaching a strong message about family values, and he won't lose


A !!

Split between preaching & preached ,

Preaching is correct as preached does not make sense here because the candidate spent time in soth --> Verb ing modifier correctly explain what he did during there.

so A / C / E left , Now Its easy C & E does not make sense with later half of the sentence A stands tall

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Re: The candidate spent a significant time in the South  [#permalink]

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New post 31 May 2015, 21:04
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The candidate spent a significant time in the South, preaching a strong message of family values, lest he lose the vote in those states.

Meaning of the sentence: The candidate spent significant time in South. He spent the time preaching a string message of family values in case he lost the votes in those votes.

preaching a strong message of family values, lest he lose
preached a strong message about family values, lest he loses -> We need two action parallel spend and preached, so we require a conjunction - and
preaching a strong message for family values, instead of losing -> Instead of -> Talks about replacement. The meaning changes as as per the original choice the candidate preached family values because he had a fear of loosing. But this option says he preached instead of loosing the elections.
preached a strong message of family values, unless he loses -> Unless -> Meaning of the option is the candidate is preaching family values till he or she looses the election.
preaching a strong message about family values, and he won't lose -> This option talks about if he does X, he won't loose the election.
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The candidate spent a significant time in the South  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2015, 22:52
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3
Meaning of lest = for the fear of
Meaning as per this sentence = Candidate spent a lot of time in South, because [b]he feared he would lose
in that region
Helpful tip = "lest" requires subjunctive tense mood[/b]


A) preaching a strong message of family values, lest he lose - "preaching" (verb+ing modifier) correctly explains how the action in previous clause "spent" was executed. "lose" is plural, and hence obeys the subjunctive mood too.
B) preached a strong message about family values, lest he loses -
1) "preached" (verb+ed modifier) incorrectly modifies the closest noun, "South"
2) "loses" should be plural "lose"

C) preaching a strong message for family values, instead of losing
"instead of" is correctly accompanied by a noun phrase "losing", however, the meaning is now distorted. As per this choice, the meaning is that candidate spent a lot of time in South instead of losing in those states!! NO.
D) preached a strong message of family values, unless he loses
Same verb+ed error as in B)
Similar meaning error as in C)

E) preaching a strong message about family values, and he won't lose
Similar meaning error as in C)

Answer: A
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Re: The candidate spent a significant time in the South  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2015, 00:29
A
Split bw preaching and preached
Preaching is better as ....-ing modifies whole of the first clause which is intended in the sentence
bw A/C/E only lest makes sense here as the third clause is a an effect which have clause 1 and 2 as the reasons
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The candidate spent a significant time in the South  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 25 Aug 2018, 00:20

MAGOOSH Official Explanation:



Split #1: preaching/preached. The main subject is "candidate", and everything before the comma, before the underlined part, forms an independent clause. If we followed an independent clause with another verb, we would need a conjunction either right there making the two verbs parallel (e.g. [noun][verb] "and" [verb]) or later in the sentence making three verbs parallel (e.g. [noun][verb], [verb], and [verb]). In none of the choices does what follows the second comma provide evidence for the parallelism of three verbs. Therefore, instead of a verb, we need a participle. The verb "preached" is incorrect, and the participle "preaching" (modifying the subject) is correct. (A) & (C) & (E) have this correct.

Split #2: the clause following the second comma. In the sentence, the subject is performing an action with the specific purpose of preventing an unwanted result. Options (C) and (E) both lose that sense of purpose given by the word "lest." Grammatically, a clause beginning with "lest" must be in the subjunctive mood. The construction "lest he loses" is grammatically incorrect, because the verb is in the indicative mood (i.e. ordinary factual statement, the form we use over 95% of the time). Here, we need the subjunctive, "lest he lose"—only answer choice (A) has this correct construction, so (A) is the only possible answer.

FAQ: Is there a difference in usage for "message of" versus "message about" family values?

A "message of family values" means that the message is intended to promote family values, whereas "a message about family values" means that the message is concerning or related to family values, but may not necessarily be in promotion of family values.
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Originally posted by aragonn on 23 May 2018, 06:48.
Last edited by aragonn on 25 Aug 2018, 00:20, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The candidate spent a significant time in the South  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jun 2018, 02:59
Hmm, very rule based question. Lest has to be followed by a subjunctive verb form. New thing to learn.

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Re: The candidate spent a significant time in the South  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2018, 01:18
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"lest" needs a subjuntive mood. Subjunctive mood requires base form of verb so A is right.
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Re: The candidate spent a significant time in the South &nbs [#permalink] 27 Jun 2018, 01:18
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The candidate spent a significant time in the South

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