The city government should invest surplus funds in improving : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases https://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 23 Feb 2017, 13:56

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# The city government should invest surplus funds in improving

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 07 May 2007
Posts: 178
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 50 [0], given: 0

The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 Jul 2007, 18:04
00:00

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

0% (00:00) correct 0% (00:00) wrong based on 0 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city's transportation network. Most of the network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population. The subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient. If the city does not make changes soon to the network, it will see many of its prized industries relocate to more convenient cities and, as a result, the city's financial health will be jeopardized.
In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?
a) The first is an explanation of a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs.
b) The first is a statement of fact in opposition to the author's conclusion; the second is that conclusion.
c) The first emphasizes an existing problem; the second offers a proposal to solve that problem.
d) The first is information the author suggests has been overlooked in the situation at hand; the second describes that situation.
e) The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem.
If you have any questions
New!
VP
Joined: 10 Jun 2007
Posts: 1459
Followers: 7

Kudos [?]: 263 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

16 Jul 2007, 18:18
iamba wrote:
The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city's transportation network. Most of the network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population. The subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient. If the city does not make changes soon to the network, it will see many of its prized industries relocate to more convenient cities and, as a result, the city's financial health will be jeopardized.
In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?
a) The first is an explanation of a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs.
b) The first is a statement of fact in opposition to the author's conclusion; the second is that conclusion.
c) The first emphasizes an existing problem; the second offers a proposal to solve that problem.
d) The first is information the author suggests has been overlooked in the situation at hand; the second describes that situation.
e) The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem.

Either A or E for me.
I picked A because it said "prediction".
Intern
Joined: 15 Jul 2007
Posts: 15
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

16 Jul 2007, 18:23
I go with A, too.
Manager
Joined: 05 Jul 2007
Posts: 55
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

16 Jul 2007, 21:05
I had initially struggled between A and E.
I really like A bc of prediction (re: iamba), but is the first part really describing the present state of affairs? IMO, this seems like more of the justification of the problem, as E states.
I like E here, because the first part sounds like the justification of why the city has a small network, and the relocation of the main industries coupled with the "city's health [being] jeopardized" sounds like a consequence of the problem to me.
I say E!
OA, anyone?
Manager
Joined: 26 Apr 2007
Posts: 54
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 71 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

16 Jul 2007, 21:14
iamba wrote:
The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city's transportation network. Most of the network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population. The subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient. If the city does not make changes soon to the network, it will see many of its prized industries relocate to more convenient cities and, as a result, the city's financial health will be jeopardized.
In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?
a) The first is an explanation of a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs.
b) The first is a statement of fact in opposition to the author's conclusion; the second is that conclusion.
c) The first emphasizes an existing problem; the second offers a proposal to solve that problem.
d) The first is information the author suggests has been overlooked in the situation at hand; the second describes that situation.
e) The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem.

I go with A
The first one is an explanation of the current state of affairs and the second one is actually a prediction and not a proven consenquence.
Manager
Joined: 05 Mar 2007
Posts: 112
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

16 Jul 2007, 22:40
Quote:
I go with A
The first one is an explanation of the current state of affairs and the second one is actually a prediction and not a proven consenquence.

Definately.

Quote:
The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city's transportation network. Most of the network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population. The subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient. If the city does not make changes soon to the network, it will see many of its prized industries relocate to more convenient cities and, as a result, the city's financial health will be jeopardized.
In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?
a) The first is an explanation of a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs.
b) The first is a statement of fact in opposition to the author's conclusion; the second is that conclusion.
c) The first emphasizes an existing problem; the second offers a proposal to solve that problem.
d) The first is information the author suggests has been overlooked in the situation at hand; the second describes that situation.
e) The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem.

For E, it is not a justification of the problem. It just provides an explanation, of the current state. Nowhere are the key words that author justifies this as a problem, the city cant deal with! So definately not E.
Manager
Joined: 23 May 2007
Posts: 108
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 12 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

16 Jul 2007, 22:54
Would go for A .
Note the 'IMPENDING' in E ,the first boldface is for an existing problem not impending.
VP
Joined: 15 Jul 2004
Posts: 1473
Schools: Wharton (R2 - submitted); HBS (R2 - submitted); IIMA (admitted for 1 year PGPX)
Followers: 22

Kudos [?]: 178 [0], given: 13

### Show Tags

17 Jul 2007, 09:08
iamba wrote:
The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city's transportation network. Most of the network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population. The subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient. If the city does not make changes soon to the network, it will see many of its prized industries relocate to more convenient cities and, as a result, the city's financial health will be jeopardized.
In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?
a) The first is an explanation of a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs.
b) The first is a statement of fact in opposition to the author's conclusion; the second is that conclusion.
c) The first emphasizes an existing problem; the second offers a proposal to solve that problem.
d) The first is information the author suggests has been overlooked in the situation at hand; the second describes that situation.
e) The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem.

I'll go with E. The first underlined part to me doesn't give the current state of affairs - the author no where says the problem is existing today - but the author says what exists today was based on an old infrastructure requirement - which can no longer hold up - and then the next bold face describes what would happen if the problem is not remedied.
Manager
Joined: 17 Apr 2007
Posts: 93
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

17 Jul 2007, 09:25
dreamgmat1 wrote:
Would go for A .
Note the 'IMPENDING' in E ,the first boldface is for an existing problem not impending.

I was leaning towards E, but now i change my mind. good catch! So A it is.
VP
Joined: 15 Jul 2004
Posts: 1473
Schools: Wharton (R2 - submitted); HBS (R2 - submitted); IIMA (admitted for 1 year PGPX)
Followers: 22

Kudos [?]: 178 [0], given: 13

### Show Tags

17 Jul 2007, 09:31
dreamgmat1 wrote:
Would go for A .
Note the 'IMPENDING' in E ,the first boldface is for an existing problem not impending.

The first bold face goes back in past to highlight something that's likely to happen because it's inconsistent with the foreseeable demand...
Senior Manager
Joined: 22 Jun 2006
Posts: 286
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 29 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

17 Jul 2007, 10:05
A for me too
Senior Manager
Joined: 06 Jul 2004
Posts: 473
Location: united states
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 106 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

17 Jul 2007, 16:05
what's the OA?
_________________

for every person who doesn't try because he is
afraid of loosing , there is another person who
keeps making mistakes and succeeds..

Senior Manager
Joined: 03 Jun 2007
Posts: 384
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 13 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

17 Jul 2007, 16:16
One more A
Director
Joined: 29 Jul 2006
Posts: 874
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 118 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

17 Jul 2007, 17:09
dreamgmat1 wrote:
Would go for A .
Note the 'IMPENDING' in E ,the first boldface is for an existing problem not impending.

Agree dreamgmat1...A it is.

Hi iamba...please post the OAs within 24 hrs...Thanks
Manager
Joined: 07 May 2007
Posts: 178
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 50 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

18 Jul 2007, 16:53
OA is A

E is ruled out because of the term IMPENDING. The first bold part describes an existing problem, not an impending problem
18 Jul 2007, 16:53
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
3 Boldface Revision: The city government should invest surplus funds 7 20 Mar 2015, 22:45
4 The city government should invest surplus funds in improving 11 09 Oct 2012, 23:21
11 The city government should invest surplus funds in improving 22 11 Apr 2010, 01:02
1 The city government should invest surplus funds in improving 16 08 Jul 2008, 04:20
Funding opponent: Some people favor city funding for the 6 03 Jun 2007, 15:41
Display posts from previous: Sort by