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# The city government should invest surplus funds in improving

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Intern
Joined: 27 Sep 2010
Posts: 31
Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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13 Oct 2010, 12:35
Had to decide between A & E.

B. I didn't see any opposition
C. No proposal.
D. Nothing stated that would lead me to think that the problem was overlooked.

A fits better for me because it does describe the current state of affairs as the system was put in place before and "If the city does not make changes soon" is a prediction.

I have to go with A.
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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12 Sep 2011, 22:46
A..
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The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2012, 00:21
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The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city’s transportation network. Most of the
network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population.
The
subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient.
If the city does not make changes soon to the network, it will see many of its prized industries
relocate to more convenient cities and, as a result, the city’s financial health will be jeopardized.
In
the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?
• The first is an explanation of a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs.
• The first is a statement of fact in opposition to the author’s conclusion; the second is that conclusion.
• The first emphasizes an existing problem; the second offers a proposal to solve that problem.
• The first is information the author suggests has been overlooked in the situation at hand; the second describes
that situation.
• The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
A

Last edited by aditi1903 on 14 Oct 2012, 08:06, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2012, 08:24
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IMO A, though E also seems to be a good option.

I think the problem with E is that it uses the word "consequence" for the second bold part while option A uses the word "prediction". I think the second bold part is more of a prediction as consequence is something which is certain (given the stated conditions are met) while prediction is something which is likely but not certain

Please let me know in case I am missing something.
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2012, 08:30
I guess choice B is the correct one. The 1st bold is is, in fact, the plan of action the city are doing. And if without the first, there will be have consequence as the 2nd bold sentence said. All of these are said in choice B.
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2012, 02:38
+1 E

BF1 – It gives justification for the problem

Problem – The subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient.

BF2 – It gives consequences of the problem

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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2012, 08:45
i would go with A
because E states the second bold face as the consequence which is incorrect..
its just prediction the author is making about future consequences...
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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13 Oct 2012, 05:41
The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city’s transportation network. Most of the
network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population.
The
subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient.
If the city does not make changes soon to the network, it will see many of its prized industries
relocate to more convenient cities and, as a result, the city’s financial health will be jeopardized.
In
the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?
• The first is an explanation of a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs.
• The first is a statement of fact in opposition to the author’s conclusion; the second is that conclusion.
• The first emphasizes an existing problem; the second offers a proposal to solve that problem.
• The first is information the author suggests has been overlooked in the situation at hand; the second describes
that situation.
• The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem.

Stmt 1: The city govt should invest in transportation network-------Why------------Reason or justification is------------Most of the
network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population

Stmt 2: If the problem is not solved-----------consequences are----Many of its prized industries
relocate to more convenient cities and, as a result, the city’s financial health will be jeopardized.

+1 E

hth
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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13 Oct 2012, 21:59
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The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city’s transportation network. Most of the
network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population.
The
subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient.
If the city does not make changes soon to the network, it will see many of its prized industries
relocate to more convenient cities and, as a result, the city’s financial health will be jeopardized.
In
the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?
• The first is an explanation of a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs.
• The first is a statement of fact in opposition to the author’s conclusion; the second is that conclusion.
• The first emphasizes an existing problem; the second offers a proposal to solve that problem.
• The first is information the author suggests has been overlooked in the situation at hand; the second describes
that situation.
• The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem.

I'll go with A.

WHY NOT E?
1st part is not impending problem (impending problem means a problem yet to occur and soon to occur, but the problem is already there (Most of the
network was put in place at a time), expressed correctly in Answer A
2nd is not consequences of that problem, it is a caution that is If u don't do X then Y will happen ( expressed correctly in Answer A)

WHY NOT B?
2nd bold face is not the conclusion. the conclusion is "The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city’s transportation network."

I guess other answer choices can be eliminated too for the aforementioned reasons.

Wordup!

HTH
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2012, 00:24
Jp27 wrote:
The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city’s transportation network. Most of the
network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population.
The subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient. If the city does not make changes soon to the network, it will see many of its prized industries relocate to more convenient cities and, as a result, the city’s financial health will be jeopardized.
In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?
A) The first is an explanation of a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs.

E) The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem.

I'll go with A.

WHY NOT E?
1st part is not impending problem (impending problem means a problem yet to occur and soon to occur, but the problem is already there (Most of the network was put in place at a time), expressed correctly in Answer A
2nd is not consequences of that problem, it is a caution that is If u don't do X then Y will happen ( expressed correctly in Answer A)

Good Point Jp27

Problem/Current State of Affairs is - The subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient.
BF2 - If the city does not make changes soon to the network, it will see many of its prized industries relocate to more convenient cities and, as a result, the city’s financial health will be jeopardized. (Consequence and prediction are both right. Although Prediction is better, I have no reason to believe that consequence is wrong. Any thoughts?)

Bone of contention should therefore be BF1

BF1 - Most of the network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population (This is not the problem, but a reason as to why the aforementioned problem/current state of affair exists. Your reasoning to prove BF1 wrong in E is flawed as you have considered BF1 to be the problem whereas in option it takes BF1 to be the justification/reason for the problem. But yes, you are right in pointing out the “impending” situation (+1 to you))

Why I think A is wrong is because BF1 is not an explanation OF the problem but explanation FOR the problem. Anyways nice point Jp. Keep it up.

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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2012, 11:53
Ans is A.

First statement is a fact/evidence.
Second statement is a prediction.
Intern
Joined: 20 Oct 2012
Posts: 7
Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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20 Oct 2012, 04:05
I agree with JP, though I still think second BF is the easiest and quickest way to solve this.
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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20 Oct 2012, 07:13
i also chose E..

Jp27 wrote:
The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city’s transportation network. Most of the
network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population.
The
subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient.
If the city does not make changes soon to the network, it will see many of its prized industries
relocate to more convenient cities and, as a result, the city’s financial health will be jeopardized.
In
the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?
• The first is an explanation of a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs.
• The first is a statement of fact in opposition to the author’s conclusion; the second is that conclusion.
• The first emphasizes an existing problem; the second offers a proposal to solve that problem.
• The first is information the author suggests has been overlooked in the situation at hand; the second describes
that situation.
• The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem.

I'll go with A.

WHY NOT E?
1st part is not impending problem (impending problem means a problem yet to occur and soon to occur, but the problem is already there (Most of the
network was put in place at a time), expressed correctly in Answer A
2nd is not consequences of that problem, it is a caution that is If u don't do X then Y will happen ( expressed correctly in Answer A)

WHY NOT B?
2nd bold face is not the conclusion. the conclusion is "The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city’s transportation network."

I guess other answer choices can be eliminated too for the aforementioned reasons.

Wordup!

HTH

after above quoted post.. i l go with A..impending mean..problem will occur..so agree with A..
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2014, 13:43
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Boldface Revision: The city government should invest surplus funds [#permalink]

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20 Mar 2015, 23:45
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This question is part of the GMAT Club Critical Reasoning: Boldface Revision Project.

The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city’s transportation network. Most of the network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population. The subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient. If the city does not make changes soon to the network, it will see many of its prized industries relocate to more convenient cities and, as a result, the city’s financial health will be jeopardized. In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A. The first is an explanation of a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs.

B. The first is a statement of fact in opposition to the author’s conclusion; the second is that conclusion.

C. The first emphasizes an existing problem; the second offers a proposal to solve that problem.

D. The first is information the author suggests has been overlooked in the situation at hand; the second describes that situation.

E. The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem.
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Re: Boldface Revision: The city government should invest surplus funds [#permalink]

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21 Mar 2015, 12:26
I think the right answer is A. Wait for OA.
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Re: Boldface Revision: The city government should invest surplus funds [#permalink]

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29 Mar 2015, 20:01
The conclusion of the argument is that the city will see many of its prized
industries relocate to more convenient cities and the city's financial health will be
jeopardized if the city does not make changes soon to the transportation network.
This is also the second bolded sentence. The first bolded sentence states that
most of the network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in
both area and population. We need to find a choice that correctly describes both
of these bolded statements.

(A) CORRECT. This choice states that the first statement is an explanation of a
current state of affairs. This explanation is consistent with the passage. The
answer choice goes on to describe the second bolded statement as a prediction
based on that state of affairs. This is also consistent with the passage: the
second bolded statement predicts what will happen as a result of the inadequacy
of the current transportation network.

(B) The first statement is indeed a statement of fact, but the author cites it in
order to bolster his or her claim; thus the statement is not in opposition to the
conclusion. The second statement is the conclusion of the argument.

(C) The first statement does not "emphasize an existing problem" but rather
explains that existing problem (of an overtaxed subway). Moreover, the second
statement does not "offer a proposal to solve that problem" but rather warns of
what will happen if the problem is not solved.

(D) The first statement arguably presents information that "the author suggests
has been overlooked in the situation at hand"; however, the second statement
does not describe that situation, but rather proposes a hypothetical outcome in
the future.

(E) The first statement is not really "justification" (a term that implies approval on
the part of the author) but rather an "explanation"; nor does it refer to an
"impending problem" but rather an existing problem. Also, the second statement
does not describe "consequences" exactly but rather "potential consequences" if
the problem is left unchecked.
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2015, 04:35
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Boldface Revision: The city government should invest surplus funds [#permalink]

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07 Dec 2015, 19:36
oh, wow... applying @e-gmat strategy for bold-faced questions has improved my accuracy on such questions up to 90-100% This is incredible.

the first portion is an explanation why the city's infrastructure is bad. The second, arranged to look like a conclusion, is nothing more than a prediction of what might happen.
A. The first is an explanation of a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs.
looks good.
B. The first is a statement of fact in opposition to the author’s conclusion; the second is that conclusion.
the first statement is definitely not in opposition of the author's conclusion. It rather points out a fact that the author believes can lead to negative consequences. B is out.

C. The first emphasizes an existing problem; the second offers a proposal to solve that problem.
while the first part looks tempting, although the first portion is more of a explanation, the second part definitely does not offer a proposal to solve the problem. C is out.

D. The first is information the author suggests has been overlooked in the situation at hand; the second describes that situation.
first portion - no. it is not something that has been overlooked. It is something that is known to be true. A fact that the author uses to make the prediction. Furthermore, the second one does not describe the "situation overlooked" in the first portion. D is out.

E. The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem.
well well well..this is a really tempting one...The second one describes negative consequences of the problem, so it is good. Nevertheless, the first one is not a justification, instead, it is an explanation of why the problem exists. E is out.

Thus, A is the best option.
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Re: Boldface Revision: The city government should invest surplus funds [#permalink]

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08 Dec 2015, 10:53
One question. Isn't the first statement actually a conclusion?

Perhaps irrelevant, but just for the benefit of all that picked E: if there was an answer choice like "The first is a conclusion; the second is a prediction based on the state of affairs," what would be a better answer?
Re: Boldface Revision: The city government should invest surplus funds   [#permalink] 08 Dec 2015, 10:53

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