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# The city government should invest surplus funds in improving

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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving  [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2012, 11:53
Ans is A.

First statement is a fact/evidence.
Second statement is a prediction.
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving  [#permalink]

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20 Oct 2012, 04:05
I agree with JP, though I still think second BF is the easiest and quickest way to solve this.
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving  [#permalink]

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20 Oct 2012, 07:13
i also chose E..

Jp27 wrote:
The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city’s transportation network. Most of the
network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population.
The
subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient.
If the city does not make changes soon to the network, it will see many of its prized industries
relocate to more convenient cities and, as a result, the city’s financial health will be jeopardized.
In
the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?
• The first is an explanation of a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs.
• The first is a statement of fact in opposition to the author’s conclusion; the second is that conclusion.
• The first emphasizes an existing problem; the second offers a proposal to solve that problem.
• The first is information the author suggests has been overlooked in the situation at hand; the second describes
that situation.
• The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem.

I'll go with A.

WHY NOT E?
1st part is not impending problem (impending problem means a problem yet to occur and soon to occur, but the problem is already there (Most of the
network was put in place at a time), expressed correctly in Answer A
2nd is not consequences of that problem, it is a caution that is If u don't do X then Y will happen ( expressed correctly in Answer A)

WHY NOT B?
2nd bold face is not the conclusion. the conclusion is "The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city’s transportation network."

I guess other answer choices can be eliminated too for the aforementioned reasons.

Wordup!

HTH

after above quoted post.. i l go with A..impending mean..problem will occur..so agree with A..
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Boldface Revision: The city government should invest surplus funds  [#permalink]

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20 Mar 2015, 23:45
2
2
This question is part of the GMAT Club Critical Reasoning: Boldface Revision Project.

The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city’s transportation network. Most of the network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population. The subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient. If the city does not make changes soon to the network, it will see many of its prized industries relocate to more convenient cities and, as a result, the city’s financial health will be jeopardized. In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A. The first is an explanation of a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs.

B. The first is a statement of fact in opposition to the author’s conclusion; the second is that conclusion.

C. The first emphasizes an existing problem; the second offers a proposal to solve that problem.

D. The first is information the author suggests has been overlooked in the situation at hand; the second describes that situation.

E. The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem.
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Re: Boldface Revision: The city government should invest surplus funds  [#permalink]

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21 Mar 2015, 12:26
I think the right answer is A. Wait for OA.
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Re: Boldface Revision: The city government should invest surplus funds  [#permalink]

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29 Mar 2015, 20:01
1
The conclusion of the argument is that the city will see many of its prized
industries relocate to more convenient cities and the city's financial health will be
jeopardized if the city does not make changes soon to the transportation network.
This is also the second bolded sentence. The first bolded sentence states that
most of the network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in
both area and population. We need to find a choice that correctly describes both
of these bolded statements.

(A) CORRECT. This choice states that the first statement is an explanation of a
current state of affairs. This explanation is consistent with the passage. The
answer choice goes on to describe the second bolded statement as a prediction
based on that state of affairs. This is also consistent with the passage: the
second bolded statement predicts what will happen as a result of the inadequacy
of the current transportation network.

(B) The first statement is indeed a statement of fact, but the author cites it in
order to bolster his or her claim; thus the statement is not in opposition to the
conclusion. The second statement is the conclusion of the argument.

(C) The first statement does not "emphasize an existing problem" but rather
explains that existing problem (of an overtaxed subway). Moreover, the second
statement does not "offer a proposal to solve that problem" but rather warns of
what will happen if the problem is not solved.

(D) The first statement arguably presents information that "the author suggests
has been overlooked in the situation at hand"; however, the second statement
does not describe that situation, but rather proposes a hypothetical outcome in
the future.

(E) The first statement is not really "justification" (a term that implies approval on
the part of the author) but rather an "explanation"; nor does it refer to an
"impending problem" but rather an existing problem. Also, the second statement
does not describe "consequences" exactly but rather "potential consequences" if
the problem is left unchecked.
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Boldface Revision: The city government should invest surplus funds  [#permalink]

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07 Dec 2015, 19:36
oh, wow... applying @e-gmat strategy for bold-faced questions has improved my accuracy on such questions up to 90-100% This is incredible.

the first portion is an explanation why the city's infrastructure is bad. The second, arranged to look like a conclusion, is nothing more than a prediction of what might happen.
A. The first is an explanation of a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs.
looks good.
B. The first is a statement of fact in opposition to the author’s conclusion; the second is that conclusion.
the first statement is definitely not in opposition of the author's conclusion. It rather points out a fact that the author believes can lead to negative consequences. B is out.

C. The first emphasizes an existing problem; the second offers a proposal to solve that problem.
while the first part looks tempting, although the first portion is more of a explanation, the second part definitely does not offer a proposal to solve the problem. C is out.

D. The first is information the author suggests has been overlooked in the situation at hand; the second describes that situation.
first portion - no. it is not something that has been overlooked. It is something that is known to be true. A fact that the author uses to make the prediction. Furthermore, the second one does not describe the "situation overlooked" in the first portion. D is out.

E. The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem.
well well well..this is a really tempting one...The second one describes negative consequences of the problem, so it is good. Nevertheless, the first one is not a justification, instead, it is an explanation of why the problem exists. E is out.

Thus, A is the best option.
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Re: Boldface Revision: The city government should invest surplus funds  [#permalink]

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08 Dec 2015, 10:53
One question. Isn't the first statement actually a conclusion?

Perhaps irrelevant, but just for the benefit of all that picked E: if there was an answer choice like "The first is a conclusion; the second is a prediction based on the state of affairs," what would be a better answer?
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Re: Boldface Revision: The city government should invest surplus funds  [#permalink]

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08 Dec 2015, 11:20
MrSobe17 wrote:
One question. Isn't the first statement actually a conclusion?

Perhaps irrelevant, but just for the benefit of all that picked E: if there was an answer choice like "The first is a conclusion; the second is a prediction based on the state of affairs," what would be a better answer?

No, it is not. The first statment is a fact. A conclusion is something deducted from the premise/fact. The second statement looks like a conclusion, written in such a way to look like a prediction
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Re: Boldface Revision: The city government should invest surplus funds  [#permalink]

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08 Dec 2015, 15:02
In this case I really find it her to see that the first statement is only a fact as it could well be placed at the end of the argument, starting with something like "therefore, the city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city’s transportation network."

Since it is in general very beneficial for CR to be able to recognise immediately the conclusion, I would appreciate if you had any other explanation for why is this a statement or in other words, not a conclusion.

Thanks a lot!
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Boldface Revision: The city government should invest surplus funds  [#permalink]

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08 Dec 2015, 15:16
MrSobe17 wrote:
In this case I really find it her to see that the first statement is only a fact as it could well be placed at the end of the argument, starting with something like "therefore, the city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city’s transportation network."

Since it is in general very beneficial for CR to be able to recognise immediately the conclusion, I would appreciate if you had any other explanation for why is this a statement or in other words, not a conclusion.

Thanks a lot!

Indeed, finding the conclusion is crucial in bold faced type of questions.
As you might see, the author states that smth must be done. All other information that comes after the first sentence is nothing but supporting it. The first bold faced statement explains why the problem appeared. then we have a bunch of other facts. In the end, we have a prediction of what might happen if what is proposed is not implemented.

Furthermore, note that bold faced statements might have 6 roles:
1. conclusion;
2. premise/fact;
3. counter premise, or statement that goes against the conclusion;
4. prediction;
5. belief;
6. alternate explanation.

first thing to do is to identify what role the bold faced statement plays.
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving  [#permalink]

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09 Mar 2017, 21:38
(A) This choice states that the first statement is an explanation of a current state of affairs. This explanation is consistent with the passage. The answer choice goes on to describe the second bolded statement as a prediction based on that state of affairs. This is also consistent with the passage: the second bolded statement predicts what will happen as a result of the inadequacy of the current transportation network.
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving  [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2017, 23:23
The conclusion of the argument is that the city will see many of its prized
industries relocate to more convenient cities and the city's financial health will be
jeopardized if the city does not make changes soon to the transportation network.
This is also the second bolded sentence. The first bolded sentence states that
most of the network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in
both area and population. We need to find a choice that correctly describes both
of these bolded statements.
Overview of problem :-
1) gov't should invest funds in transport network
2) network is really old, when city was smaller
3) subway outdated
5) if no changes are made, then companies will move away, and the city will go downhill

I think you could argue that statements 1 and 5 are both conclusions: one's about what we "should" do and the other is about what will happen if we don't do what we "should" do. You'll notice that the answer doesn't change either way.

Most of the network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population
This doesn't oppose or support the author's conclusion
This doesn't tell you that it is a problem
This just describe the curent situation

The use of the words if and will in the second boldface suggest a prediction.

Based on this analysis, the answer = A

(A) CORRECT. This choice states that the first statement is an explanation of a
current state of affairs. This explanation is consistent with the passage. The
answer choice goes on to describe the second bolded statement as a prediction
based on that state of affairs. This is also consistent with the passage: the
second bolded statement predicts what will happen as a result of the inadequacy
of the current transportation network.
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving  [#permalink]

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19 Apr 2017, 04:12
The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city’s transportation network. Most of the
network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population. The
subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient.
If the city does not make changes soon to the network, it will see many of its prized industries
relocate to more convenient cities and, as a result, the city’s financial health will be jeopardized. In
the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?
• The first is an explanation of a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs.
• The first is a statement of fact in opposition to the author’s conclusion; the second is that conclusion.
• The first emphasizes an existing problem; the second offers a proposal to solve that problem.
• The first is information the author suggests has been overlooked in the situation at hand; the second describes
that situation.
• The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem.

B C and D are instant elimination

In E we have consequence ,which means it will sure shot occurs
In A we have prediction which is correct
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving  [#permalink]

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08 Jun 2017, 14:48
anairamitch1804 wrote:
The conclusion of the argument is that the city will see many of its prized
industries relocate to more convenient cities and the city's financial health will be
jeopardized if the city does not make changes soon to the transportation network.
This is also the second bolded sentence. The first bolded sentence states that
most of the network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in
both area and population. We need to find a choice that correctly describes both
of these bolded statements.
Overview of problem :-
1) gov't should invest funds in transport network
2) network is really old, when city was smaller
3) subway outdated
5) if no changes are made, then companies will move away, and the city will go downhill

I think you could argue that statements 1 and 5 are both conclusions: one's about what we "should" do and the other is about what will happen if we don't do what we "should" do. You'll notice that the answer doesn't change either way.

Most of the network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population
This doesn't oppose or support the author's conclusion
This doesn't tell you that it is a problem
This just describe the curent situation

The use of the words if and will in the second boldface suggest a prediction.

Based on this analysis, the answer = A

(A) CORRECT. This choice states that the first statement is an explanation of a
current state of affairs. This explanation is consistent with the passage. The
answer choice goes on to describe the second bolded statement as a prediction
based on that state of affairs. This is also consistent with the passage: the
second bolded statement predicts what will happen as a result of the inadequacy
of the current transportation network.

Can you explain Why not D as the answer choice
My Analysis for D
The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city’s transportation network. (This statement is authors Opinion and supports authors conclusion)

Most of the network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population. Facts
The subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient. Facts

If the city does not make changes soon to the network, it will see many of its prized industries relocate to more convenient cities and ( Author makes Some Predictions based on Facts presented )
as a result, the city’s financial health will be jeopardized ( Authors conclusion based on his predictions)

Now clearly the author is concluding that city's financial health will be jeopardized is the situation, is being described in BF-2 ,and BF-1 is information on which the prediction is based. Now since this information is not being taken into consideration this might lead to BF-2

Need some help in understanding why D is incorrect.
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving  [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2017, 02:27
A vs C vs E
I was really confused. Could just boil it down to C and E.
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving &nbs [#permalink] 16 Aug 2017, 02:27

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