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# The city government should invest surplus funds in improving

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Senior Manager
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The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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11 Apr 2010, 02:02
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Question Stats:

53% (02:05) correct 47% (01:21) wrong based on 203 sessions

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The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city's transportation network. Most of the network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population. The subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient. If the city does not make changes soon to the network, it will see many of its prized industries relocate to more convenient cities and, as a result, the city's financial health will be jeopardized.

In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A. The first is an explanation of a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs
B. The first is a statement of fact in opposition to the author's conclusion; the second is that conclusion.
C. The first emphasizes an existing problem; the second offers a proposal to solve that problem.
D. The first is information the author suggests has been overlooked in the situation at hand; the second describes that situation.
E. The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Skywalker18 on 08 Feb 2017, 11:29, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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11 Apr 2010, 02:55
nsp007 wrote:
The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city's transportation network. Most of the network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population. The subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient. If the city does not make changes soon to the network, it will see many of its prized industries relocate to more convenient cities and, as a result, the city's financial health will be jeopardized.

In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A. The first provides context for a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs. >>> first statement is not the current state of affairs, its the reason for current state of affairs.
B. The first is a statement of fact in opposition to the author's conclusion; the second is that conclusion. >> the first statement is not an opposition to the author's conclusion.
C. The first emphasizes an existing problem; the second offers a proposal to solve that problem. >>> The second statement is the not the solution, but the consequence.
D. The first is information the author suggests has been overlooked in the situation at hand; the second describes that situation.>>> The second statement is the conclusion on the basis of premise supported by first statement.
E. The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem.>>> Correct

Will post OA later.
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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11 Apr 2010, 19:54
IMO E. what's the OA?
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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12 Apr 2010, 00:06
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A
A. The first provides context for a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs.[correct. The statement provides a set of facts (read context) for the current state of affairs. and then predicts what could happen)
B. The first is a statement of fact in opposition to the author's conclusion; the second is that conclusion. (Wrong. the two statements are not opposing)
C. The first emphasizes an existing problem; the second offers a proposal to solve that problem. (Wrong. There is no proposal)
D. The first is information the author suggests has been overlooked in the situation at hand; the second describes that situation. (Wrong. I dont see author suggesting any "overlook"ing happening here)
E. The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem. (Wrong. the first statement is not justifying anything, It is simply stating a fact.)
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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12 Apr 2010, 05:42
It shld be A
I cant see any justification done in the argument.E is ruled out
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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12 Apr 2010, 12:32
OA is A !
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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12 Apr 2010, 12:33
Thanks for the explanation, ankithakhu !
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2010, 02:21
Its close between A & E.
E: The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem. Justification of an impending problem is "The subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient" not the first bold faced CR.
It only provides a fact or context of current affairs.
Thus A is better option than E.
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2010, 16:02
A is right
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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06 Jul 2010, 10:44
I am with E.

I cannot understand how "Most of the network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population." provides context for a current state of affairs as A says.

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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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06 Jul 2010, 11:22
i'm with A too
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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06 Jul 2010, 19:33
A
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2010, 05:25
A and E are the only ones that remained after elimination........but don't think 1st is a justification .......A which states 1st as a context is more correct ...

good question .......
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2010, 11:01
I picked A.
I didn't like because the word "impending" because the author states that stuff is already messed up (like DC)
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2010, 11:01
vudsri000 wrote:
A and E are the only ones that remained after elimination........but don't think 1st is a justification .......A which states 1st as a context is more correct ...

good question .......

Yea "justification" didn't quite fit for me also.
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2010, 04:05
Nice and easy A
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2010, 15:01
1
KUDOS
Started with POE.

A. The first provides context for a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs.

B. The first is a statement of fact in opposition to the author's conclusion; the second is that conclusion.
Irrelevant. Nothing is been opposed here.

C. The first emphasizes an existing problem; the second offers a proposal to solve that problem.
Second is not a proposal. Second is the result, if nothing is done.

D. The first is information the author suggests has been overlooked in the situation at hand; the second describes that situation.
Nothing was overlooked. Irrelevant.

E. The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem.
First is not an impending problem. Irrelevant.

Only A is left, and makes the best sense - First part is stating how/why things were done initially and this has resulted in the current situation. Second, is a warning, if nothing is done, we will end up in this situation (prediction)
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2010, 21:27
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E is best ans...."first is a justification of an impending problem" is ok...
the current (impending ) problem is ---The subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient..

and the first bold is truely its justification...
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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13 Oct 2010, 04:28
A
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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13 Oct 2010, 08:44
+1 A
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving   [#permalink] 13 Oct 2010, 08:44

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