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# The city government should invest surplus funds in improving

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The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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Updated on: 08 Feb 2017, 11:29
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The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city's transportation network. Most of the network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population. The subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient. If the city does not make changes soon to the network, it will see many of its prized industries relocate to more convenient cities and, as a result, the city's financial health will be jeopardized.

In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A. The first is an explanation of a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs
B. The first is a statement of fact in opposition to the author's conclusion; the second is that conclusion.
C. The first emphasizes an existing problem; the second offers a proposal to solve that problem.
D. The first is information the author suggests has been overlooked in the situation at hand; the second describes that situation.
E. The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem.

Originally posted by nsp007 on 11 Apr 2010, 02:02.
Last edited by Skywalker18 on 08 Feb 2017, 11:29, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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12 Apr 2010, 00:06
3
1
A
A. The first provides context for a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs.[correct. The statement provides a set of facts (read context) for the current state of affairs. and then predicts what could happen)
B. The first is a statement of fact in opposition to the author's conclusion; the second is that conclusion. (Wrong. the two statements are not opposing)
C. The first emphasizes an existing problem; the second offers a proposal to solve that problem. (Wrong. There is no proposal)
D. The first is information the author suggests has been overlooked in the situation at hand; the second describes that situation. (Wrong. I dont see author suggesting any "overlook"ing happening here)
E. The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem. (Wrong. the first statement is not justifying anything, It is simply stating a fact.)
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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12 Apr 2010, 05:42
It shld be A
I cant see any justification done in the argument.E is ruled out
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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12 Apr 2010, 12:33
Thanks for the explanation, ankithakhu !
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2010, 02:21
Its close between A & E.
E: The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem. Justification of an impending problem is "The subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient" not the first bold faced CR.
It only provides a fact or context of current affairs.
Thus A is better option than E.
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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06 Jul 2010, 10:44
I am with E.

I cannot understand how "Most of the network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population." provides context for a current state of affairs as A says.

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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2010, 05:25
A and E are the only ones that remained after elimination........but don't think 1st is a justification .......A which states 1st as a context is more correct ...

good question .......
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2010, 11:01
I picked A.
I didn't like because the word "impending" because the author states that stuff is already messed up (like DC)
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2010, 11:01
vudsri000 wrote:
A and E are the only ones that remained after elimination........but don't think 1st is a justification .......A which states 1st as a context is more correct ...

good question .......

Yea "justification" didn't quite fit for me also.
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2010, 15:01
1
Started with POE.

A. The first provides context for a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs.

B. The first is a statement of fact in opposition to the author's conclusion; the second is that conclusion.
Irrelevant. Nothing is been opposed here.

C. The first emphasizes an existing problem; the second offers a proposal to solve that problem.
Second is not a proposal. Second is the result, if nothing is done.

D. The first is information the author suggests has been overlooked in the situation at hand; the second describes that situation.
Nothing was overlooked. Irrelevant.

E. The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem.
First is not an impending problem. Irrelevant.

Only A is left, and makes the best sense - First part is stating how/why things were done initially and this has resulted in the current situation. Second, is a warning, if nothing is done, we will end up in this situation (prediction)
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2010, 21:27
E is best ans...."first is a justification of an impending problem" is ok...
the current (impending ) problem is ---The subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient..

and the first bold is truely its justification...
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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13 Oct 2010, 12:35
Had to decide between A & E.

B. I didn't see any opposition
C. No proposal.
D. Nothing stated that would lead me to think that the problem was overlooked.

A fits better for me because it does describe the current state of affairs as the system was put in place before and "If the city does not make changes soon" is a prediction.

I have to go with A.
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The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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Updated on: 14 Oct 2012, 08:06
1
1
The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city’s transportation network. Most of the
network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population.
The
subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient.
If the city does not make changes soon to the network, it will see many of its prized industries
relocate to more convenient cities and, as a result, the city’s financial health will be jeopardized.
In
the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?
• The first is an explanation of a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs.
• The first is a statement of fact in opposition to the author’s conclusion; the second is that conclusion.
• The first emphasizes an existing problem; the second offers a proposal to solve that problem.
• The first is information the author suggests has been overlooked in the situation at hand; the second describes
that situation.
• The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem.

Originally posted by aditi1903 on 10 Oct 2012, 00:21.
Last edited by aditi1903 on 14 Oct 2012, 08:06, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2012, 08:24
2
IMO A, though E also seems to be a good option.

I think the problem with E is that it uses the word "consequence" for the second bold part while option A uses the word "prediction". I think the second bold part is more of a prediction as consequence is something which is certain (given the stated conditions are met) while prediction is something which is likely but not certain

Please let me know in case I am missing something.
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2012, 08:30
I guess choice B is the correct one. The 1st bold is is, in fact, the plan of action the city are doing. And if without the first, there will be have consequence as the 2nd bold sentence said. All of these are said in choice B.
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2012, 02:38
+1 E

BF1 – It gives justification for the problem

Problem – The subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient.

BF2 – It gives consequences of the problem

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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2012, 08:45
1
i would go with A
because E states the second bold face as the consequence which is incorrect..
its just prediction the author is making about future consequences...
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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13 Oct 2012, 05:41
The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city’s transportation network. Most of the
network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population.
The
subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient.
If the city does not make changes soon to the network, it will see many of its prized industries
relocate to more convenient cities and, as a result, the city’s financial health will be jeopardized.
In
the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?
• The first is an explanation of a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs.
• The first is a statement of fact in opposition to the author’s conclusion; the second is that conclusion.
• The first emphasizes an existing problem; the second offers a proposal to solve that problem.
• The first is information the author suggests has been overlooked in the situation at hand; the second describes
that situation.
• The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem.

Stmt 1: The city govt should invest in transportation network-------Why------------Reason or justification is------------Most of the
network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population

Stmt 2: If the problem is not solved-----------consequences are----Many of its prized industries
relocate to more convenient cities and, as a result, the city’s financial health will be jeopardized.

+1 E

hth
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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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13 Oct 2012, 21:59
4
The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city’s transportation network. Most of the
network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population.
The
subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient.
If the city does not make changes soon to the network, it will see many of its prized industries
relocate to more convenient cities and, as a result, the city’s financial health will be jeopardized.
In
the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?
• The first is an explanation of a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs.
• The first is a statement of fact in opposition to the author’s conclusion; the second is that conclusion.
• The first emphasizes an existing problem; the second offers a proposal to solve that problem.
• The first is information the author suggests has been overlooked in the situation at hand; the second describes
that situation.
• The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem.

I'll go with A.

WHY NOT E?
1st part is not impending problem (impending problem means a problem yet to occur and soon to occur, but the problem is already there (Most of the
network was put in place at a time), expressed correctly in Answer A
2nd is not consequences of that problem, it is a caution that is If u don't do X then Y will happen ( expressed correctly in Answer A)

WHY NOT B?
2nd bold face is not the conclusion. the conclusion is "The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city’s transportation network."

I guess other answer choices can be eliminated too for the aforementioned reasons.

Wordup!

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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2012, 00:24
Jp27 wrote:
The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city’s transportation network. Most of the
network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population.
The subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient. If the city does not make changes soon to the network, it will see many of its prized industries relocate to more convenient cities and, as a result, the city’s financial health will be jeopardized.
In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?
A) The first is an explanation of a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs.

E) The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem.

I'll go with A.

WHY NOT E?
1st part is not impending problem (impending problem means a problem yet to occur and soon to occur, but the problem is already there (Most of the network was put in place at a time), expressed correctly in Answer A
2nd is not consequences of that problem, it is a caution that is If u don't do X then Y will happen ( expressed correctly in Answer A)

Good Point Jp27

Problem/Current State of Affairs is - The subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient.
BF2 - If the city does not make changes soon to the network, it will see many of its prized industries relocate to more convenient cities and, as a result, the city’s financial health will be jeopardized. (Consequence and prediction are both right. Although Prediction is better, I have no reason to believe that consequence is wrong. Any thoughts?)

Bone of contention should therefore be BF1

BF1 - Most of the network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population (This is not the problem, but a reason as to why the aforementioned problem/current state of affair exists. Your reasoning to prove BF1 wrong in E is flawed as you have considered BF1 to be the problem whereas in option it takes BF1 to be the justification/reason for the problem. But yes, you are right in pointing out the “impending” situation (+1 to you))

Why I think A is wrong is because BF1 is not an explanation OF the problem but explanation FOR the problem. Anyways nice point Jp. Keep it up.

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Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving   [#permalink] 14 Oct 2012, 00:24

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