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# The city has proposed a number of water treatment and

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The city has proposed a number of water treatment and [#permalink]

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03 Aug 2008, 22:00
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The city has proposed a number of water treatment and conservation projects the cost of which raises water bills high enough so that even environmentalists are beginning to raise alarms.
A. the cost of which raises water bills high enough so that
B. at a cost raising water bills so high that
C. at a cost which raises water bills high enough so
D. whose cost will raise water bills so high that
E. whose cost will raise water bills high enough so that

[Reveal] Spoiler: Query
I am not clear as to why "whose" can be used as a pronoun for projects.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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03 Aug 2008, 22:30
x97agarwal wrote:
The city has proposed a number of water treatment and conservation projects the cost of which raises water bills high enough so that even environmentalists are beginning to raise alarms.

A. the cost of which raises water bills high enough so that
B. at a cost raising water bills so high that
C. at a cost which raises water bills high enough so
D. whose cost will raise water bills so high that
E. whose cost will raise water bills high enough so that

D is the OA, I got it correct via POE but still I am not clear as to why "whose" can be used as a pronoun for projects.

D. without "whose", the senence becomes run-on.

"also so high that" is correct form of idiom.
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03 Aug 2008, 22:40
x97agarwal wrote:
The city has proposed a number of water treatment and conservation projects the cost of which raises water bills high enough so that even environmentalists are beginning to raise alarms.
A. the cost of which raises water bills high enough so that
B. at a cost raising water bills so high that
C. at a cost which raises water bills high enough so
D. whose cost will raise water bills so high that
E. whose cost will raise water bills high enough so that

D is the OA, I got it correct via POE but still I am not clear as to why "whose" can be used as a pronoun for projects.

I would go with D) as well. Can you think of any other pronoun other than "whose" ?

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04 Aug 2008, 00:28
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As “projects” are not human, we cannot use whose. So D, E are out.

D. whose cost will raise water bills so high that
= OUT

E. whose cost will raise water bills high enough so that
= OUT

A. the cost of which raises water bills high enough so that
= OUT – “high enough so that” is wrong, the correct idiom is “high enough to/that”

C. at a cost which raises water bills high enough so
= OUT – “high enough so” is wrong. The correct idiom is “high enough to/that” or “ so high that”. Also, “raises water bills high enough” is restrictive clause, so we should use “that” instead of “which”.

B. at a cost raising water bills so high that
= CORRECT

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07 Aug 2008, 10:10
x97agarwal wrote:
The city has proposed a number of water treatment and conservation projects the cost of which raises water bills high enough so that even environmentalists are beginning to raise alarms.
A. the cost of which raises water bills high enough so that
B. at a cost raising water bills so high that
C. at a cost which raises water bills high enough so
D. whose cost will raise water bills so high that
E. whose cost will raise water bills high enough so that

D is the OA, I got it correct via POE but still I am not clear as to why "whose" can be used as a pronoun for projects.

There more than one water treatment and conservation projects here.
"whose" is used to refer to costs of all those projects.

here "number of water treatment and conservation" is an object . and we want to start another statement with cost as the subject so it needs a relative pronoun (in this case whose)to refer to those projects.

Got it..?

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07 Aug 2008, 11:45
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judokan wrote:
As “projects” are not human, we cannot use whose. So D, E are out.

D. whose cost will raise water bills so high that
= OUT

E. whose cost will raise water bills high enough so that
= OUT

A. the cost of which raises water bills high enough so that
= OUT – “high enough so that” is wrong, the correct idiom is “high enough to/that”

C. at a cost which raises water bills high enough so
= OUT – “high enough so” is wrong. The correct idiom is “high enough to/that” or “ so high that”. Also, “raises water bills high enough” is restrictive clause, so we should use “that” instead of “which”.

B. at a cost raising water bills so high that
= CORRECT

B is not correct.
city proposed projects.. at cost of raising water bills..
--> menas.. they propsing projects to raise the water bills..
distorts the original meaning.
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29 Aug 2011, 19:51
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Grammar Point: Only ‘Who’ can be used for humans. ‘Who’ cannot be used anyone or any people other than humans. However, ‘whose’ can be used for humans as well as for other lower animates such as cattle, birds, or so on. ‘Whose’ can also be used for inanimate ones like tables and projects. This is because there is no other word than ‘whose’ that can replace it, while still carrying the possessive meaning. Can you think of any such word?

Some body said costs is the real subject. Nay; it is the projects which is actually the object of the main cluse that becomes the subject of the subordinate clause and gets represented by a relative possessive pronoun ‘whose’, in order to avoid the repetition of saying “projects’”.
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30 Aug 2011, 03:47
daagh wrote:
Grammar Point: Only ‘Who’ can be used for humans. ‘Who’ cannot be used anyone or any people other than humans. However, ‘whose’ can be used for humans as well as for other lower animates such as cattle, birds, or so on. ‘Whose’ can also be used for inanimate ones like tables and projects. This is because there is no other word than ‘whose’ that can replace it, while still carrying the possessive meaning. Can you think of any such word?

Some body said costs is the real subject. Nay; it is the projects which is actually the object of the main cluse that becomes the subject of the subordinate clause and gets represented by a relative possessive pronoun ‘whose’, in order to avoid the repetition of saying “projects’”.

Thanks for the explanation as I also thought that B is correct!
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30 Aug 2011, 04:37
Why is it "cost" and not "costs"?

Cost(s) refers to projects and not number, doesn't it?

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The city has proposed a number of water treatment and [#permalink]

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01 Apr 2014, 05:20
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The city has proposed a number of water treatment and conservation projects the cost of which raises water bills high enough so that even environmentalists are beginning to raise alarms.

A) the cost of which raises water bills high enough so that
B) at a cost raising water bills so high that
C) at a cost which raises water bills high enough so
D) whose cost will raise water bills so high that
E) whose cost will raise water bills high enough so that

Last edited by broall on 05 Jul 2017, 20:52, edited 1 time in total.
Merged post. Please search before posting

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Re: The city has proposed a number of water treatment and [#permalink]

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01 Apr 2014, 10:24
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Simply because is the right answer

Well even though this is not a super tough question, you can learn a lot from this one: how to attack a question (easy or difficult), how to disentagle a possible pitfall, and so forth

Remember : the best strategy is as soos as you read along the way the entire question (is important to read the WHOLE question as it is) to spot the error already from the forst underlined words. So let go and analize the single answer choices:

A) the cost of which raises water bills high enough so that

the cost of which raises.........even though you do not see an error , is easy to figure out thet is awkward and sound weird. moreover, which you know that 99% of the time is used to refer to its antecedent in the form: X,which......favourite gmat construction

B) at a cost raising water bills so high that

make a lonmg story short: similar to the previous one

C) at a cost which raises water bills high enough so

ditto

E) whose cost will raise water bills high enough so that

whose cost (the cost itself) raise water bills ?? a cost raise the bill ?? well this is fine until now: the cost of both things mentioned earlier in the first part of the sentence. good.

high enough : is weird, wordy really bad as construction....this is main issue with E. It seems that that refers to enough,and this to the bills and this is nonsensical, eventually

D) whose cost will raise water bills so high that

first part as in E but the second part is fine: there is that and that is used for restrictive clause

Quote:
What Is a Restrictive Clause?
A restrictive clause is a clause which functions as an adjective to identify the word it modifies. A restrictive clause is essential for the intended meaning. A restrictive clause is not offset with commas

In E you have high enough so that: wrong

In D you have so high that: right

Do not esitate to ask if something is unclear
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Re: The city has proposed a number of water treatment and [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2014, 04:56
x97agarwal wrote:
The city has proposed a number of water treatment and conservation projects the cost of which raises water bills high enough so that even environmentalists are beginning to raise alarms.
A. the cost of which raises water bills high enough so that
B. at a cost raising water bills so high that
C. at a cost which raises water bills high enough so
D. whose cost will raise water bills so high that
E. whose cost will raise water bills high enough so that

[Reveal] Spoiler: Query
I am not clear as to why "whose" can be used as a pronoun for projects.

Hello Experts,

I can figure out that D is the answer as it uses the correct Idiom. But I am still not convinced on POE. Can you please help me figure out mistakes in other choices.

Thanks Anuj
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The city has proposed a number of water treatment and conservation [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2014, 09:44
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The city has proposed a number of water treatment and conservation projects the cost of which raises water bills high enough so that even environmentalists are beginning to raise alarms.

A) the cost of which raises water bills high enough so that
B) at a cost raising water bills so high that
C) at a cost which raises water bills high enough so
D) whose cost will raise water bills so high that
E) whose cost will raise water bills high enough so that

Hi, can anyone explain what is wrong with B & C, please.

Last edited by broall on 05 Jul 2017, 20:52, edited 1 time in total.
Merged post. Please search before posting

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Re: The city has proposed a number of water treatment and conservation [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2014, 10:02
the answer is D: whose cost will raise water bills so high that

Quote:
Hi, can anyone explain what is wrong with B & C, please.

faults in bold:

B says: at a cost raising water bills so high that

C says: at a cost which raises water bills high enough so

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Re: The city has proposed a number of water treatment and conservation [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2014, 14:04
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goodyear2013 wrote:
The city has proposed a number of water treatment and conservation projects the cost of which raises water bills high enough so that even environmentalists are beginning to raise alarms.

A) the cost of which raises water bills high enough so that
B) at a cost raising water bills so high that
C) at a cost which raises water bills high enough so
D) whose cost will raise water bills so high that
E) whose cost will raise water bills high enough so that

Hi, can anyone explain what is wrong with B & C, please.

Hello goodyear2013.

Good question. B and C are tempting but they are incorrect because they simply change the intended meaning.

Structure of B/C is: The city has proposed X at cost. B and C convey the idea that the city has paid for some services, i.e., marketing, advertising, printing flyer,... TO PROPOSE its projects. The cost here is the cost of the city's action - proposing, not the true cost of the projects.

It means you pay for Mike's service, not for your bicycle.

The idea is the same in this question. Both D and E use "whose" to modify "projects", but D wins because it uses a correct idiom "so X that Y'.

Hope it helps.
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Re: The city has proposed a number of water treatment and conservation [#permalink]

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15 Sep 2014, 10:11
goodyear2013 wrote:
The city has proposed a number of water treatment and conservation projects the cost of which raises water bills high enough so that even environmentalists are beginning to raise alarms.

A) the cost of which raises water bills high enough so that
B) at a cost raising water bills so high that
C) at a cost which raises water bills high enough so
D) whose cost will raise water bills so high that
E) whose cost will raise water bills high enough so that

Hi, can anyone explain what is wrong with B & C, please.

Hey goodyear2013,
You can even eliminate C on the basis of Subject-Verb error
" A number of water treatment and conservation projects " - Plural
" raises" - singular, should be "raise"- Plural

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Re: The city has proposed a number of water treatment and conservation [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2014, 06:34
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Hey goodyear2013,
You can even eliminate C on the basis of Subject-Verb error
" A number of water treatment and conservation projects " - Plural
" raises" - singular, should be "raise"- Plural:)

Actually in C, which is modifying costs.

Apart from other errors, a reason to quickly eliminate C is that it does not use a comma before which. When which is used as a classical relative pronoun (as is the case here), there must be a comma before which.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses a framework to determine what which modifies, its application and examples in significant detail. If you can PM you email-id, I can send you the corresponding section.
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The city has proposed a number of water treatment and [#permalink]

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07 May 2015, 07:09
x2suresh wrote:
judokan wrote:
As “projects” are not human, we cannot use whose. So D, E are out.

D. whose cost will raise water bills so high that
= OUT

E. whose cost will raise water bills high enough so that
= OUT

A. the cost of which raises water bills high enough so that
= OUT – “high enough so that” is wrong, the correct idiom is “high enough to/that”

C. at a cost which raises water bills high enough so
= OUT – “high enough so” is wrong. The correct idiom is “high enough to/that” or “ so high that”. Also, “raises water bills high enough” is restrictive clause, so we should use “that” instead of “which”.

B. at a cost raising water bills so high that
= CORRECT

B is not correct.
city proposed projects.. at cost of raising water bills..
--> menas.. they propsing projects to raise the water bills..
distorts the original meaning.

I don't think that is the reason for option B. The sentence doesn't use infinitive (intentional), in which case your understanding would be right. IMO, in B, raising means that the action is happening. Here the +ing has taken present form. Had it been, will raise, the sentence would have been correct. Option D actually does that by using future tense. It's a proposal.

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The city has proposed a number of water treatment and [#permalink]

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13 Feb 2016, 02:12
Hi Experts/ chetan2u,

Can we eliminate A,C and E on basis of redundancy (Enough +So)...??
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Last edited by PrakharGMAT on 11 Mar 2016, 02:06, edited 2 times in total.

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Re: The city has proposed a number of water treatment and [#permalink]

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11 Mar 2016, 01:29
x97agarwal wrote:
The city has proposed a number of water treatment and conservation projects the cost of which raises water bills high enough so that even environmentalists are beginning to raise alarms.
A. the cost of which raises water bills high enough so that
B. at a cost raising water bills so high that
C. at a cost which raises water bills high enough so
D. whose cost will raise water bills so high that
E. whose cost will raise water bills high enough so that

[Reveal] Spoiler: Query
I am not clear as to why "whose" can be used as a pronoun for projects.

at a cost modifies the preceding verb, propose at a cost is not logic
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Re: The city has proposed a number of water treatment and   [#permalink] 11 Mar 2016, 01:29

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