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The city of Littleville wishes to institute a congestion charge, in wh

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The city of Littleville wishes to institute a congestion charge, in wh [#permalink]

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The city of Littleville wishes to institute a congestion charge, in which cars driving through the most crowded streets of Littleville, in the downtown area, would pay a fee when they did so. Proponents argue that, in these circumstances, most of the drivers in the city would choose to use outlying roads. This reduction in the traffic in downtown Littleville would help reduce the number of car accidents in the area.

The conclusion drawn in the above argument depends on which of the following assumptions?

A. The outlying roads in Littleville would not present a prohibitive inconvenience for most of the drivers in Littleville who normally use the downtown roads.

B. Most of Littleville's outlying roads are equipped only to handle cars and not the kind of commercial trucks that often have to make downtown deliveries.

C. Drivers in Littleville who can afford the congestion charge are less likely to be involved in a car accident than those who cannot.

D. Cars driving through downtown Littleville are at greater risk of being involved in a car accident than those that use outlying roads.

E. Implementing a congestion charge in Littleville would eventually create such traffic on the outlying roads that the number of car accidents would increase.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: The city of Littleville wishes to institute a congestion charge, in wh [#permalink]

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New post 20 Nov 2016, 23:14
Couldn't choose between C and D. Can someone explain why D is correct?
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Re: The city of Littleville wishes to institute a congestion charge, in wh [#permalink]

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New post 21 Nov 2016, 02:48
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OreoShake wrote:
The city of Littleville wishes to institute a congestion charge, in which cars driving through the most crowded streets of Littleville, in the downtown area, would pay a fee when they did so. Proponents argue that, in these circumstances, most of the drivers in the city would choose to use outlying roads. This reduction in the traffic in downtown Littleville would help reduce the number of car accidents in the area.

The conclusion drawn in the above argument depends on which of the following assumptions?

A. The outlying roads in Littleville would not present a prohibitive inconvenience for most of the drivers in Littleville who normally use the downtown roads.

B. Most of Littleville's outlying roads are equipped only to handle cars and not the kind of commercial trucks that often have to make downtown deliveries.

C. Drivers in Littleville who can afford the congestion charge are less likely to be involved in a car accident than those who cannot.

D. Cars driving through downtown Littleville are at greater risk of being involved in a car accident than those that use outlying roads.

E. Implementing a congestion charge in Littleville would eventually create such traffic on the outlying roads that the number of car accidents would increase.


Premise: most of the drivers in the city would choose to use outlying roads
Conclusion: reduction in the traffic in downtown Littleville => reduce the number of car accidents in the area.

A. The outlying roads in Littleville would not present a prohibitive inconvenience for most of the drivers in Littleville who normally use the downtown roads.
If choice A is true, most of the drivers would choose to use outlying reads. However, this choice doesn't help explain why the number of car accidents could be reduced.

B. Most of Littleville's outlying roads are equipped only to handle cars and not the kind of commercial trucks that often have to make downtown deliveries.
Same as choice A

C. Drivers in Littleville who can afford the congestion charge are less likely to be involved in a car accident than those who cannot.
This choice tries to explain the difference between who can afford the charge and who can't. However, this choice is irrelevent to the argument that traffic reduction in downtown could lead to the reduction in the number of car accidents in this area. Eliminated

D. Cars driving through downtown Littleville are at greater risk of being involved in a car accident than those that use outlying roads.
Correct. Reduction in cars driving through downtown could clearly reduce the number of car accidents because switching from downtown to outlying roads could reduce the risk of accident.

E. Implementing a congestion charge in Littleville would eventually create such traffic on the outlying roads that the number of car accidents would increase.
This choice seems to weaken the aregument.

The answer is D
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Re: The city of Littleville wishes to institute a congestion charge, in wh [#permalink]

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felixhamburg wrote:
Couldn't choose between C and D. Can someone explain why D is correct?


Premise: Traffic is diverted from A to be B
Conclusion: Accidents will reduce.

The people who CAN afford a fee, MAY or MAY NOT choose to pay the fee. Hence the people who are less prone to accidents (i.e. people who CAN afford) MAY or MAY NOT be the majority drivers in the downtown area. Since an assumption must satisfy a "must be true" condition, option C is incorrect. Option C can be a strengthening statement, but not a mandatory assumption.
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Re: The city of Littleville wishes to institute a congestion charge, in wh [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jan 2017, 18:33
D for me :
C is trap answer which states the drivers likelyhood instead of discussing about number of car accidents. Only D states it .
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Re: The city of Littleville wishes to institute a congestion charge, in wh [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jan 2017, 05:54
The conclusion is stated as "This reduction in the traffic in downtown Littleville would help reduce the number of car accidents in the area."

Thus we are necessarily talking about reduction in traffic in downtown area of Littleville. Whether it reduces accidents in outlying roads is of no relation with the conclusion. So how can 'D' be the correct answer.

Choice D is within the scope and talks about the reduction in traffic in Littleville downtown itself.

Experts please help in solving my query.
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Re: The city of Littleville wishes to institute a congestion charge, in wh [#permalink]

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Can somebody explain Why A is wrong , keeping in mind that we are only concerned with decreasing accidents in the downtown area and not the whole city?

My Reason for A : (Using Negation technique) : If outlying road does provide prohibitive inconvenience nobody is gonna reroute despite of the fees . Hence no decrease is congestion in downtown and thus still more accidents . Conclusion falls apart

My reasons against D : Cars at outlying area are at more risk of accident , still applying fees would decrease accidents in downtown area (As per conclusion we are only concerned about decreasing accidents in downtown area). Conclusion still holds
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Re: The city of Littleville wishes to institute a congestion charge, in wh [#permalink]

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New post 22 Feb 2017, 10:38
I have the same doubt.

Can somebody explain Why A is wrong , keeping in mind that we are only concerned with decreasing accidents in the downtown area and not the whole city?

My Reason for A : (Using Negation technique) : If outlying road does provide prohibitive inconvenience nobody is gonna reroute despite of the fees . Hence no decrease is congestion in downtown and thus still more accidents . Conclusion falls apart

My reasons against D : Cars at outlying area are at more risk of accident , still applying fees would decrease accidents in downtown area (As per conclusion we are only concerned about decreasing accidents in downtown area). Conclusion still holds
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Re: The city of Littleville wishes to institute a congestion charge, in wh [#permalink]

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New post 22 Feb 2017, 11:18
The conclusion drawn in the above argument depends on which of the following assumptions?

A. The outlying roads in Littleville would not present a prohibitive inconvenience for most of the drivers in Littleville who normally use the downtown roads.

B. Most of Littleville's outlying roads are equipped only to handle cars and not the kind of commercial trucks that often have to make downtown deliveries.

C. Drivers in Littleville who can afford the congestion charge are less likely to be involved in a car accident than those who cannot.

D. Cars driving through downtown Littleville are at greater risk of being involved in a car accident than those that use outlying roads.

E. Implementing a congestion charge in Littleville would eventually create such traffic on the outlying roads that the number of car accidents would increase.

The assumption question the answer choice must always be true and can pass the negation test.ie if the choice is negated then the conclusion will not stand true.

Option C and Option D are the most appropriate choices to discuss as the rest are clearly out of scope.

Option c mentiones that the drivers who are able to afford are less likely to be involved in accident, but that does not mean that those drivers will always be going through the paid path and not through the outer way,also they dont make the majority drivers to be using the ways.therfore option C is incorrect.we are left with option D.
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Re: The city of Littleville wishes to institute a congestion charge, in wh [#permalink]

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New post 23 Feb 2017, 09:50
sakshamgmat wrote:
I have the same doubt.

Can somebody explain Why A is wrong , keeping in mind that we are only concerned with decreasing accidents in the downtown area and not the whole city?

My Reason for A : (Using Negation technique) : If outlying road does provide prohibitive inconvenience nobody is gonna reroute despite of the fees . Hence no decrease is congestion in downtown and thus still more accidents . Conclusion falls apart

My reasons against D : Cars at outlying area are at more risk of accident , still applying fees would decrease accidents in downtown area (As per conclusion we are only concerned about decreasing accidents in downtown area). Conclusion still holds


In my opinion, your reasoning is very much valid - this question may not be a typical Magoosh question, which are generally of high quality.
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Re: The city of Littleville wishes to institute a congestion charge, in wh [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jan 2018, 10:56
D sounds like a strengthener, and C sounds as if it does not directly connect with the argument. This is not quite true.
Even if we negate C; in other words, even if people who can afford the fines are likely to cause the accident; fewer people are now able to drive through the downtown area, then the conclusion still holds.
Re: The city of Littleville wishes to institute a congestion charge, in wh   [#permalink] 11 Jan 2018, 10:56
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