The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton

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The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2008, 06:30
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The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which created a professional corps of administrators, was passed after a disappointed office-seeker assassinated President James A. Garfield. For a hundred years, this system has anchored American government service to competence rather than corruption. The best way to preserve this state in the new millennium is to maintain the Pendleton Act as it is.

Which of the following would be most useful to evaluate the argument’s conclusion?
a) The methods that the Swiss and British governments have used to prevent corruption in government service for the past one hundred years
b) The current level of job satisfaction among government office-seekers and office-holders
c) The levels of competence and corruption in American government service between 1950 and the present
d) The number of Presidents assassinated since the passage of the Pendleton Act
e) The percentage of office-holders fired or convicted on charges stemming from corruption during the first hundred years of the Pendleton Act
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Skywalker18 on 05 Feb 2017, 01:09, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2008, 07:07
I'd say E because it evaluates the effectiveness of the act by measuring exactly what it was designed to do.
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Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2008, 07:47
I'd go with C. We need to include the new millenium in our discussion to see whether it still holds now. Who cares what happened up until 1983!
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Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton [#permalink]

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20 Apr 2008, 11:17
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yeah C for me as well, I hate such CR questions where you have to do Math .
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Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton [#permalink]

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20 Apr 2008, 15:12
moni77 wrote:
The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which created a professional corps of administrators, was passed after a disappointed office-seeker assassinated President James A. Garfield. For a hundred years, this system has anchored American government service to competence rather than corruption. The best way to preserve this state in the new millennium is to maintain the Pendleton Act as it is.

Which of the following would be most useful to evaluate the argument’s conclusion?
a) The methods that the Swiss and British governments have used to prevent corruption in government service for the past one hundred years
b) The current level of job satisfaction among government office-seekers and office-holders
c) The levels of competence and corruption in American government service between 1950 and the present
d) The number of Presidents assassinated since the passage of the Pendleton Act
e) The percentage of office-holders fired or convicted on charges stemming from corruption during the first hundred years of the Pendleton Act

C, the system has worked up until now, but we dont know if it will be effective in the new millennium. Since this system was created based on a disappointed office seeker (aka the level of job satisfaction), the same condition must be evaluated for the new millennium.
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Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton [#permalink]

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20 Apr 2008, 15:28
E for me.
'this state" is a corruption free state. This needs to be preserved.

To get a better idea of the state only E helps.

moni77 wrote:
The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which created a professional corps of administrators, was passed after a disappointed office-seeker assassinated President James A. Garfield. For a hundred years, this system has anchored American government service to competence rather than corruption. The best way to preserve this state in the new millennium is to maintain the Pendleton Act as it is.

Which of the following would be most useful to evaluate the argument’s conclusion?
a) The methods that the Swiss and British governments have used to prevent corruption in government service for the past one hundred years [maybe, but we can't assume that swiss and brits are less corrupt (Australians - maybe;) )]
b) The current level of job satisfaction among government office-seekers and office-holders [Yes but how does it help ?]
c) The levels of competence and corruption in American government service between 1950 and the present [ how does this past help the future ? ]
d) The number of Presidents assassinated since the passage of the Pendleton Act [LOL]
e) The percentage of office-holders fired or convicted on charges stemming from corruption during the first hundred years of the Pendleton Act [This works since this will help us gauge "this state" more accurately.]
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20 Apr 2008, 23:39
One more E.

Perception today is Pendelton law has worked.....E helps to evaluate that perception...exactly what question asks.

OA and OE.?
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Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton [#permalink]

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20 Apr 2008, 23:56
moni77 wrote:
The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which created a professional corps of administrators, was passed after a disappointed office-seeker assassinated President James A. Garfield. For a hundred years, this system has anchored American government service to competence rather than corruption. The best way to preserve this state in the new millennium is to maintain the Pendleton Act as it is.

Which of the following would be most useful to evaluate the argument’s conclusion?
a) The methods that the Swiss and British governments have used to prevent corruption in government service for the past one hundred years
b) The current level of job satisfaction among government office-seekers and office-holders
c) The levels of competence and corruption in American government service between 1950 and the present
d) The number of Presidents assassinated since the passage of the Pendleton Act
e) The percentage of office-holders fired or convicted on charges stemming from corruption during the first hundred years of the Pendleton Act

E is the correct answer because the stem says
For a hundred years, this system has anchored American government service to competence rather than corruption.
and the question asks
Which of the following would be most useful to evaluate the argument’s conclusion?

obviously we would want to know that what has the act done to anchor the American government service to competence rather than corruption.

C is feel is incorrect (and is a shell game answer) because it just talks abt 50 years whereas the stem talks abt 100 years.

What is the OA to the question
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Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton [#permalink]

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21 Apr 2008, 01:06
Answer option C, as last 100 years might not be a valid time period (the question stem refers to "new millenium").
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21 Apr 2008, 06:37
OA is C
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21 Apr 2008, 06:41
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And here is the explanation:

This argument concludes that the best way to have good governance in the future is to preserve the Pendleton Act. It bases that claim on the record of the first hundred years under that Act. The argument assumes that American government service is still uncorrupted and that no better way exists to preserve that state.

(A) The methods used by other governments in other countries are irrelevant to this argument, which only concerns America. Furthermore, one cannot assume that the Swiss and British governments are free of corruption.

(B) The opinions, wishes, and satisfaction levels of government applicants and employees are irrelevant to the level of corruption.

(C) CORRECT. This would confirm or deny the assumption that American government service is currently not corrupt. The argument only claims that this was so for the first hundred years after the passage of the Pendleton Act. There is no information about the level of corruption for the past twenty-some years.

(D) The number of Presidents assassinated is utterly irrelevant to an argument about corruption in government service.

(E) This percentage of corrupt office-holders in the first hundred years of the Pendleton Act would provide no information about the level of corruption in government service for the past twenty years, which is the gap in the evidence. Thus, investigating this percentage would not be that useful for the evaluation of a conclusion that involves the immediate present and the future.
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21 Apr 2008, 07:24
dang.

this was a good one. +1
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21 Apr 2008, 15:30
Good but very subjective.
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13 Jan 2013, 15:02
Can someone explain how I am supposed to determine what year I am currently in when reading this question? who says I can't be reading this as of 1983 (instead of 2013)? Is it because it says new millenium?
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Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton [#permalink]

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03 Oct 2015, 22:06
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton   [#permalink] 03 Oct 2015, 22:06
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# The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton

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