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The consumption of tobacco in the country has fallen drastically in th

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The consumption of tobacco in the country has fallen drastically in th  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Oct 2018, 13:37
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The consumption of tobacco in the country has fallen drastically in the past one year. During the same period of time, the government has been running a sustained advertising campaign to educate citizens about the ill effects of chewing tobacco. Thus, the government’s advertising campaign has proved to be a resounding success.

Which of the following options most weakens the argument above?

(A) The government has had to spend a huge amount of money on this advertising campaign, an amount that it will eventually recover from the general public in the form of new taxes.
(B) More and more tobacco consumers in the past one year have now shifted to consuming relatively harmless substances such as chewing gum.
(C) The consumption of alcoholic drinks has increased in the country in the past one year.
(D) Tobacco prices have more than tripled in the country in the past one year.
(E) All the major tobacco companies are still in business in the country.

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Re: The consumption of tobacco in the country has fallen drastically in th  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Oct 2018, 13:46
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carcass wrote:
The consumption of tobacco in the country has fallen drastically in the past one year. During the same period of time, the government has been running a sustained advertising campaign to educate citizens about the ill effects of chewing tobacco. Thus, the government’s advertising campaign has proved to be a resounding success.

Which of the following options most weakens the argument above?

(A) The government has had to spend a huge amount of money on this advertising campaign, an amount that it will eventually recover from the general public in the form of new taxes.
(B) More and more tobacco consumers in the past one year have now shifted to consuming relatively harmless substances such as chewing gum.
(C) The consumption of alcoholic drinks has increased in the country in the past one year.
(D) Tobacco prices have more than tripled in the country in the past one year.
(E) All the major tobacco companies are still in business in the country.


If we analayze the question

The conclusion: Thus, the government’s advertising campaign has proved to be a resounding success.

Reason to support the conclusion: the government has been running a sustained advertising campaign to educate citizens about the ill effects of chewing tobacco

The goal is to weaken the conclusion: Is it true that the campaign did the desired effect? Or are there other causes?

If we look into the answer choices only option D fits this pre-thinking.

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Re: The consumption of tobacco in the country has fallen drastically in th  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Oct 2018, 13:57
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The argument talks about the success of govt's advt campaign. The reduction of tobacco has fallen drastically in the past one year during the same time when the govt has been running a sustained advt campaign about ill effects of chewing tobacco.

We have to weaken the reason [ govt's advt campaign] behind fall in tobacco consumption by ideally finding an alternative explanation for the same.

Let us look at the options.

(A) The government has had to spend a huge amount of money on this advertising campaign, an amount that it will eventually recover from the general public in the form of new taxes. WRONG - Out of scope. Expenditure has nothing to do with success attributed to govt campaign
(B) More and more tobacco consumers in the past one year have now shifted to consuming relatively harmless substances such as chewing gum. WRONG - does not weaken. Maybe they shifted due to the govt's campaign
(C) The consumption of alcoholic drinks has increased in the country in the past one year. WRONG - Out of scope as we are dealing with tobacco here.
(D) Tobacco prices have more than tripled in the country in the past one year. BINGO! An alternative explanation to reduction in tobacco consumption. The people can't simply afford it anymore and govt's advt. campaign has got nothing to do with it.
(E) All the major tobacco companies are still in business in the country. WRONG - does not weaken

Hence Option (D) is our choice.

Best,
Gladi

carcass wrote:
The consumption of tobacco in the country has fallen drastically in the past one year. During the same period of time, the government has been running a sustained advertising campaign to educate citizens about the ill effects of chewing tobacco. Thus, the government’s advertising campaign has proved to be a resounding success.

Which of the following options most weakens the argument above?

(A) The government has had to spend a huge amount of money on this advertising campaign, an amount that it will eventually recover from the general public in the form of new taxes.
(B) More and more tobacco consumers in the past one year have now shifted to consuming relatively harmless substances such as chewing gum.
(C) The consumption of alcoholic drinks has increased in the country in the past one year.
(D) Tobacco prices have more than tripled in the country in the past one year.
(E) All the major tobacco companies are still in business in the country.

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Re: The consumption of tobacco in the country has fallen drastically in th  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Oct 2018, 14:02
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What we're looking for is an answer that shows it is not the government's doing that reduced consumption of tobacco in the past year.

A) The government has had to spend a huge amount of money on this advertising campaign, an amount that it will eventually recover from the general public in the form of new taxes. - Does not weaken the argument

(B) More and more tobacco consumers in the past one year have now shifted to consuming relatively harmless substances such as chewing gum. - This does not weaken the argument

(C) The consumption of alcoholic drinks has increased in the country in the past one year. - Does not weaken the argument

(D) Tobacco prices have more than tripled in the country in the past one year. - CORRECT. This gives a plausible reason as to why tobacco consumption has decreased without the help of the government's advertisements

(E) All the major tobacco companies are still in business in the country. - Does not weaken the argument
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Re: The consumption of tobacco in the country has fallen drastically in th   [#permalink] 02 Oct 2018, 14:02
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