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# The controversy has divided the Senate, caused strains in

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The controversy has divided the Senate, caused strains in [#permalink]

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02 Jun 2013, 01:53
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40% (02:42) correct 60% (01:38) wrong based on 2000 sessions

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The controversy has divided the Senate, caused strains in the commission, and provoked public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority and private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

causing strains in the commission, provoking public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority, and private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

causing strains in the commission and provoking public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority, with private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

caused strains in the commission, and provoked public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority and that private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

caused strains in the commission, provoked public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority and private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

caused strains in the commission, and provoked public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority and private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”
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Re: The controversy has divided the Senate, caused strains in th [#permalink]

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02 Jun 2013, 02:47
manugmat123 wrote:
The controversy has divided the Senate, caused strains in the commission, and provoked public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority and private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

causing strains in the commission, provoking public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority, and private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

causing strains in the commission and provoking public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority, with private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

caused strains in the commission, and provoked public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority and that private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

caused strains in the commission, provoked public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority and private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

caused strains in the commission, and provoked public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority and private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

I like B better. Cause and Effect. Divide in senate --> causing strain and provoking
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Re: The controversy has divided the Senate, caused strains in th [#permalink]

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02 Jun 2013, 05:21
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manugmat123 wrote:
The controversy has divided the Senate, caused strains in the commission, and provoked public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority and private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

causing strains in the commission, provoking public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority, and private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

causing strains in the commission and provoking public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority, with private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

caused strains in the commission, and provoked public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority and that private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

caused strains in the commission, provoked public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority and private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

caused strains in the commission, and provoked public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority and private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

cutting fluff is best way to make the sentence easier.....

The controversy has divided the Senate, caused strains in the commission, and provoked public chargesby industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority and private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

Hit KUDOS if it helps......
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Re: The controversy has divided the Senate, caused strains in th [#permalink]

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02 Jun 2013, 11:13
why not D? do we need 'and' before proposed?
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Re: The controversy has divided the Senate, caused strains in th [#permalink]

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02 Jun 2013, 11:46
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BangOn wrote:
Any reason why not B?

B is a change in meaning. The controversy has caused the strain and not the division of senate.

grandmaster wrote:
why not D? do we need 'and' before proposed?

In the original sentence there are actually 2 parallelisms:
1. divided the Senate, caused strains in the commission, and provoked public charges
2. provoked public charges bla bla bla and private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

Option D is creating parallelism among all these 4 items mentioned above which is incorrect
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Re: The controversy has divided the Senate, caused strains in th [#permalink]

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03 Jun 2013, 18:19
manugmat123 wrote:
The controversy has divided the Senate, caused strains in the commission, and provoked public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority and private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

causing strains in the commission, provoking public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority, and private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

causing strains in the commission and provoking public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority, with private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

caused strains in the commission, and provoked public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority and that private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

caused strains in the commission, provoked public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority and private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

caused strains in the commission, and provoked public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority and private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

A very good question indeed. Here we have the famous -ing modifier in a couple of answer choices. Remember that -ing modifier reflect the results of the action in the previous clause or modifies the clause before it.

Here :
The controversy has divided the Senate, causing blah blah -> is incorrect. The senate is not strained as a result of the controversy rather the controversy itself did 3 things : has divided the Senate, caused strains in the commission and provoked public charges. This leaves out C and E as the contenders. Now , between C and E, E has the parallel structure. by industry officials that .....and private complaints that ....Whereas C violates parallelism. by industry officials that the banking chief..... and that private complaints that he....

C wins.
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Re: The controversy has divided the Senate, caused strains in th [#permalink]

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03 Jun 2013, 19:04
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Correct Parallelism
Caused X, and provoked x and y.

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Re: The controversy has divided the Senate, caused strains in [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2013, 00:06
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manugmat123 wrote:
The controversy has divided the Senate, caused strains in the commission, and provoked public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority and private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

causing strains in the commission, provoking public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority, and private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

causing strains in the commission and provoking public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority, with private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

caused strains in the commission, and provoked public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority and that private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

caused strains in the commission, provoked public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority and private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

caused strains in the commission, and provoked public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority and private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

Think of choice E as a list of items with sublists. Something like this:

The controversy has:
1. divided the Senate
2. caused strains in the commission (and)
3. provoked:
3a. public charges... that the banking chief is overreaching his authority (and)
3b. private complaints that he is reckless and stubborn
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Re: The controversy has divided the Senate, caused strains in [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2013, 16:52
causing strains in the commission, provoking public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority, and private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”
Incorrect - becausing causing changes the meaning. It is the controversy which caused this not division over contoversy.
Verb-ed should be used.

causing strains in the commission and provoking public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority, with private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”
Same as A

caused strains in the commission, and provoked public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority and that private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”
that before private complaints does not have any antecendent.

caused strains in the commission, provoked public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority and private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”
and before provoked is missing for parallelism.

caused strains in the commission, and provoked public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority and private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”
This is correct.
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Re: The controversy has divided the Senate, caused strains in [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2014, 02:33
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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The controversy has divided the Senate, caused strains in [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2014, 02:43
The controversy has divided the Senate, caused strains in the commission, and provoked public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority and private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

a)causing strains in the commission, provoking public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority, and private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

b)causing strains in the commission and provoking public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority, with private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

c)caused strains in the commission, and provoked public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority and that private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

d)caused strains in the commission, provoked public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority and private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

e)caused strains in the commission, and provoked public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority and private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

First the controversy did x & y
so Controversy has divided---- and Provoked so divided & provoked should be Parallel
Eliminate A & B
In D provoked, after "," specifies action of Senate hence wrong. eliminate
left with C & E
Eliminate C that private complaints that he is wordy
Option E Correct
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Re: The controversy has divided the Senate, caused strains in [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2014, 02:41
This sentence has two different lists:
The controversy has
1.divided
2.caused strains
3.and provoked
1.public charges
2. private complaints
Only E obeys this parallelism..
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Re: The controversy has divided the Senate, caused strains in [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2014, 14:25
The controversy has divided the Senate, caused strains in the commission, and provoked public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority and private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

causing strains in the commission, provoking public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority, and private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”
Not parallel to "divided"

causing strains in the commission and provoking public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority, with private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”
Same as of A.

caused strains in the commission, and provoked public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority and that private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”
"That" separates this list of actions. To make it easier to understand this portion of the sentence you can remove some of it.

and provoked public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authorityand that private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

As you can see "that" does not belong here.

caused strains in the commission, provoked public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority and private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”
There must be an "and" before "provoked"

caused strains in the commission, and provoked public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority and private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”
Perfect
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Re: The controversy has divided the Senate, caused strains in [#permalink]

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25 Dec 2014, 16:18
Here :
The controversy has divided the Senate, causing blah blah -> is incorrect. The senate is not strained as a result of the controversy rather the controversy itself did 3 things : has divided the Senate, caused strains in the commission and provoked public charges. This leaves out C and E as the contenders. Now , between C and E, E has the parallel structure. by industry officials that .....and private complaints that ....Whereas C violates parallelism. by industry officials that the banking chief..... and that private complaints that he....

C wins
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Re: The controversy has divided the Senate, caused strains in [#permalink]

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19 May 2015, 23:19
Enbee11 wrote:
The controversy has divided the Senate, caused strains in the commission, and provoked public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority and private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

a)causing strains in the commission, provoking public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority, and private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

b)causing strains in the commission and provoking public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority, with private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

c)caused strains in the commission, and provoked public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority and that private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

d)caused strains in the commission, provoked public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority and private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

e)caused strains in the commission, and provoked public charges by industry officials that the banking chief is overreaching his authority and private complaints that he is “reckless” and “stubborn.”

First the controversy did x & y
so Controversy has divided---- and Provoked so divided & provoked should be Parallel
Eliminate A & B
In D provoked, after "," specifies action of Senate hence wrong. eliminate
left with C & E
Eliminate C that private complaints that he is wordy
Option E Correct

Just one query...Shouldnt it be : charges that manager was using authority and was reckless "
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Re: The controversy has divided the Senate, caused strains in [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2016, 10:11
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Just one curious question to the poster. Why is choice A substantially different from the underlined part in the stimulus? Only choice D transcribes the text faithfully but isn’t this a violation of SC norm?
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Re: The controversy has divided the Senate, caused strains in [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2016, 14:38
Can anyone explain me why a present participle form is incorrect and why past participle is? I do not see concrete verb sequencing between verbs divided, caused and provoked. As such the use present perfect for the verb of the main clause is indicating that the senate is divided in the present.
Re: The controversy has divided the Senate, caused strains in   [#permalink] 09 Aug 2016, 14:38
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