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# The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County,

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The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, [#permalink]

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17 May 2008, 03:06
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68. The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has increased unchecked in recent years as a result of the removal of the native fox population and the clearing of surrounding woodlands.

A. years as a result of the removal of
B. years as a result of removing
C. years, resulting from the removing of
D. years, which is result of removing
E. years, which is a result of the removal of
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by Zarrolou on 30 Jul 2013, 04:03, edited 1 time in total.
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17 May 2008, 04:21
A would do fine in this case....i think this question is more about the meaning than about any grammar rule...please confirm...

cheers!
bepositive
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17 May 2008, 04:22
Looks B to me.
makes 'removing' parallel to clearing.
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17 May 2008, 08:54
A would be my choice as well. And I agree with what bepositive had to say.
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17 May 2008, 10:48
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nothing wrong with A..

with the removal of... with the clearing.. is || and clear
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17 May 2008, 22:34
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Analysis for option C:

years, resulting from the removing of-----ok---look at this---resulting from the removing of----just speak this two three times in your mind and you will find it is highly awkward....i mean "from the removing of"

Dude as i said before this question is more of understanding of language than any grammar rule....you have to develop the knack of understanding such things which can be developed by reading lot of english stuff may be online like mckinsey reports NY times....i hope it helps...please do revert in case you need more light on this one...i would be more than glad to assist....

Good Luck!
cheers!
bepositive
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17 May 2008, 22:44

bepositive
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18 May 2008, 02:42
OA is A

I prefer C to A only because "the removing of....and the clearing of...". I am a VICTIM of parallelism!
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18 May 2008, 06:43
Dude, dont overdo with parallelism...i mean use wherever it is required...i was in your situation but with practice i learnt this technique....

cheers!
bepositive
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18 May 2008, 09:22
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sondenso wrote:
68. The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has increased unchecked in recent years as a result of the removal of the native fox population and the clearing of surrounding woodlands.

A. years as a result of the removal of
B. years as a result of removing
C. years, resulting from the removing of
D. years, which is result of removing
E. years, which is a result of the removal of

Yea, this is A for me too.

While "clearing" can be a verb or a noun, "removing" can only be a verb.
"the clearing" indicates that "clearing" is acting as a noun. You need the noun form - removal - to make the sentence parallel.

GMAT likes to hallucinate you in parallelism...try this problem from the OG:

The decision by one of the nation's largest banks to admit to 3 billion dollars in potential losses on foreign loans could mean less lending by commercial banks to developing countries and increasing the pressure on multi government lenders to supply the funds.
A. increasing the pressure
B. the increasing pressure
C. increased pressure
D. the pressure increased
E. the pressure increasing
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18 May 2008, 09:44
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bkk145 wrote:
sondenso wrote:

The decision by one of the nation's largest banks to admit to 3 billion dollars in potential losses on foreign loans could mean less lending by commercial banks to developing countries and increasing the pressure on multi government lenders to supply the funds.
A. increasing the pressure
B. the increasing pressure
C. increased pressure
D. the pressure increased
E. the pressure increasing

well this is also a ||ism question???..here LESS is parallel with increased

C would be correct in this case..
SVP
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18 May 2008, 18:49
bkk145 wrote:
sondenso wrote:
68. The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has increased unchecked in recent years as a result of the removal of the native fox population and the clearing of surrounding woodlands.

A. years as a result of the removal of
B. years as a result of removing
C. years, resulting from the removing of
D. years, which is result of removing
E. years, which is a result of the removal of

Yea, this is A for me too.

While "clearing" can be a verb or a noun, "removing" can only be a verb.
"the clearing" indicates that "clearing" is acting as a noun. You need the noun form - removal - to make the sentence parallel.

GMAT likes to hallucinate you in parallelism...try this problem from the OG:

The decision by one of the nation's largest banks to admit to 3 billion dollars in potential losses on foreign loans could mean less lending by commercial banks to developing countries and increasing the pressure on multi government lenders to supply the funds.
A. increasing the pressure
B. the increasing pressure
C. increased pressure
D. the pressure increased
E. the pressure increasing

Thanks bkk, bepositive, fretinha12! Confusal is nature of Gmat!
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Re: The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, [#permalink]

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31 Mar 2012, 01:23
Options D and E are eliminated because of which.
Which is used to modify a noun. It modifies years.
So they are incorrect.
In Option c, Resulting a participle (a verbal that function as a adjective). It should modify a noun. It modifies Years.
Between option A and B. A is chosen because of parallelism
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Re: The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2013, 02:26
D and E are str8 out... Can someone explain A,B and C

I picked A but want to know why the other options are incorrect. Thanks!
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Re: The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2013, 04:07
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fozzzy wrote:
D and E are str8 out... Can someone explain A,B and C

I picked A but want to know why the other options are incorrect. Thanks!

The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has increased unchecked in recent years as a result of the removal of the native fox population and the clearing of surrounding woodlands.

A. years as a result of the removal of
B. years as a result of removing
C. years, resulting from the removing of

First I would talk about C. You can eliminate it because the ING verb after the comma must make sense with the subject of the preceding clause.
"The cottontail rabbit population" "resulting from the removing" does not make sense. So C is out.

Between A and B, A is better simply because is parallel to the next part:
"years as a result of the removal of" and "clearing of".
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Re: The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2013, 10:19
A because of parallelism b/w removal and the clearing here the clearing is a complex gerund and removal an action noun.

-- In general only a action noun or a complex gerund can be parallel to an action noun.
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Re: The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2013, 22:10
Zarrolou wrote:
fozzzy wrote:
D and E are str8 out... Can someone explain A,B and C

I picked A but want to know why the other options are incorrect. Thanks!

The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has increased unchecked in recent years as a result of the removal of the native fox population and the clearing of surrounding woodlands.

A. years as a result of the removal of
B. years as a result of removing
C. years, resulting from the removing of

First I would talk about C. You can eliminate it because the ING verb after the comma must make sense with the subject of the preceding clause.
"The cottontail rabbit population" "resulting from the removing" does not make sense. So C is out.

Between A and B, A is better simply because is parallel to the next part:
"years as a result of the removal of" and "clearing of".

In C,

Verb-ing can also refer to the entire clause, stating additional info about the rabbit population increase, i.e how rabbit population was increased, by the removing and clearing...

Thanks,
Jai
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Re: The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2013, 13:17
When I read the full sentence through I felt it simply MUST have a comma in the answer. It just seemed like a run-on sentence that was awkward. Did any other native speakers 'hear' this? How it is others were able to quickly rule out answers C, D, E?
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Re: The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2014, 08:00
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The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has increased unchecked in recent years as a result of the removal of the native fox population and the clearing of surrounding woodlands.

A. years as a result of the removal of -- parallel with the clearing. (correct)

B. years as a result of removing -- removing (gerund noun) -||- the clearing

C. years, resulting from the removing of -- if it had been resulting into then I would have at least given a thought to check its validity
Its is violating the rules of usage of ing modifier (event cause ---> resulting into something) in C causality is reversed. we cant use it to define reverse flow.

D. years, which is result of removing -- which modifying years
E. years, which is a result of the removal of -- same as D.
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The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, [#permalink]

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07 Oct 2014, 08:53
Hi,
I have got a few questions here. Request someone to help me on this.

The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has increased unchecked in recent years as a result of the removal of the native fox population and the clearing of surrounding woodlands.

Intended meaning:
1:The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has increased unchecked in recent years.
2:The increased population is a result of
a) the removal of the native fox population and
b)the clearing of surrounding woodlands.

A. years as a result of the removal of
>> The removal is noun phrase and || to noun phrase "the clearing".OK

B. years as a result of removing
>> What is "removing" here.Is it a NP? What shall be the reason to cross it off the list?

C. years, resulting from the removing of
>>
comma + -ing modifier r used for two purposes:
1: To Show the result of main clause.
2: Provide extra information abt the main clause.
+ modifier should make sense with Sub "The rabbit population"
Here none of the above fits in option C.

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The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County,   [#permalink] 07 Oct 2014, 08:53

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