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# The country’s Commerce secretary says that spending on

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The country’s Commerce secretary says that spending on [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2013, 04:34
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The country’s Commerce secretary says that spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, compared to about$20 billion in last year.

A)that spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, compared with about$20 billion in last year
B)that spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, and that is compared to about$20 billion last year
C)spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, compared with about$20 billion last year
D)spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, compared with about$20 billion reached in last year
E)spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, and that is compared to about$20 billion reached last year

My doubt :- How can the option without "that" be correct ?

[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA : C
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Zarrolou on 18 Jul 2013, 04:36, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question, renamed the topic.
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Re: The country’s Commerce secretary says that spending on [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2013, 04:52
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gmat2805 wrote:
My doubt :- How can the option without "that" be correct ?

OA : C

The country’s Commerce secretary says that spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, compared to about$20 billion in last year.

B)that spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, and that is compared to about$20 billion last year
E)spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, and that is compared to about$20 billion reached last year
B and E suggests that the secretary said 1)that spending could reach 40B 2)that is compared to 20B (said these two different things, so they are not "compared" to each other).

D)spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, compared with about$20 billion reached in last year
A)that spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, compared with about$20 billion in last year

You can use "say something" without using "that". Example: "the Act says such behavior is an offense" or "I don’t want to say too much" http://oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/say

Similar Official Question: scientists-say-that-each-of-the-photographs-taken-of-the-64210.html
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Re: The country’s Commerce secretary says that spending on [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2013, 05:46
Zarrolou, any idea when that must follow says/said. I struck off options c,d,e simply because of the missing 'that'!
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Re: The country’s Commerce secretary says that spending on [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2013, 09:39
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gmat2805 wrote:
The country’s Commerce secretary says that spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, compared to about$20 billion in last year.

A)that spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, compared with about$20 billion in last year

A is wrong because it's not using spending as a noun. It's describing the action of spending which is wrong.
B)that spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, and that is compared to about$20 billion last year same reason as in A
C)spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, compared with about$20 billion last year correct
D)spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, compared with about$20 billion reached in last year "reached in last year" is wrong
E)spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, and that is compared to about$20 billion reached last year incorrect

My doubt :- How can the option without "that" be correct ?

[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA : C

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Re: The country’s Commerce secretary says that spending on [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2013, 09:49
Eliminate A, because in last year is not idiomatic. Last year suffices.
Eliminate B, because the second "that" is ambiguous. Besides, seldom do we use the full version of "subject be compared with/to". I think we often use the shorter version of "compared with/to".

So the right option definitely won't contain a "that" as its beginning.

Although GMAT always puts "that" after a verb to introduce an objective clause, there may be one or two times when GMAT choose to omit "that" after the verb "say".

Hopes this helps.

gmat2805 wrote:
The country’s Commerce secretary says that spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, compared to about$20 billion in last year.

A)that spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, compared with about$20 billion in last year
B)that spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, and that is compared to about$20 billion last year
C)spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, compared with about$20 billion last year
D)spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, compared with about$20 billion reached in last year
E)spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, and that is compared to about$20 billion reached last year

My doubt :- How can the option without "that" be correct ?

[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA : C
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Re: The country’s Commerce secretary says that spending on [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2013, 11:29
dhler-
you said GMAT often do not use That to compare but you also said answer is definitly without that...

So i do not follow you what you saying...
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Re: The country’s Commerce secretary says that spending on [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2013, 12:31
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dhler wrote:
So the right option definitely won't contain a "that" as its beginning.

Although GMAT always puts "that" after a verb to introduce an objective clause, there may be one or two times when GMAT choose to omit "that" after the verb "say".

Hopes this helps.

Hi dhler.

Your answer is correct. This question does not require "that". However, I want to elaborate a bit. (It may help those who are still wondering about "that")

(1) "Say + That" vs "Say + That"

* Optional That
The word that is usually optional when it comes after the following verbs: verb, tell, think, believe

Let see examples:
Erica said that she was coming over after work
--OR--
Erica said she was coming over after work
Both are correct. However, the latter is better because it's more concise.

*Obligatory That
The word that is usually obligatory after the following verbs when introducing another clause: mention, declare, report, state (the most common verb we see on GMAT is "report")

(2) Concision in GMAT

If two sentences are correct in terms of grammars, meaning, GMAT chooses the shorter one.
Back to this question. If A were correct, GMAT would have chosen C (say + that) because C is more concise.

Hope it helps.

Source: Gmat Club Ultimate Grammar
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Re: The country’s Commerce secretary says that spending on [#permalink]

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20 Jun 2015, 07:32
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: The country’s Commerce secretary says that spending on [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2015, 23:47
Question that tests the minor exception of reporting verbs...

You dont need that when you are using the reporting verb 'say'....

gmat2805 wrote:
The country’s Commerce secretary says that spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, compared to about$20 billion in last year.

A)that spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, compared with about$20 billion in last year
B)that spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, and that is compared to about$20 billion last year
C)spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, compared with about$20 billion last year
D)spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, compared with about$20 billion reached in last year
E)spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, and that is compared to about$20 billion reached last year

My doubt :- How can the option without "that" be correct ?

[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA : C

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Re: The country’s Commerce secretary says that spending on [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2015, 08:59
B and E are straight out.

Terribly confused between A C E.

Can anyone why "in" used in options is wrong. Some members have highlighted the word "in". Please explain why you find that wrong.

The official explanation is:-

The goal is simply to compare the amount in 2013 with the amount last year. First, you cannot say “$20 billion in last year” in (A) and (D) as that is illogical and should be “$20 billion last year”.

Is it idiom error to say X amount in Y year ?

PS: I wish in difficult questions also, one impart some other error in options apart from idiom, especially when the idiom is not very common.
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Re: The country’s Commerce secretary says that spending on [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2016, 15:14
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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The country’s Commerce secretary says that spending on [#permalink]

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13 Dec 2016, 15:26
Hello Moderators
WaterFlowsUp, Abhishek009, mikemcgarry, carcass, daagh, sayantanc2k, Skywalker18, chetan2u, CrackVerbalGMAT, YangYichen, VeritasPrepKarishma and others...
Can someone please elaborate as to why "in last year" is wrong?
I am terribly confused as like others for the above post. i haven't come across and specific law/rule about not using "in" in situation like this question provides.

Thanks
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Re: The country’s Commerce secretary says that spending on [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2016, 00:36
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manishtank1988 wrote:
Hello Moderators
WaterFlowsUp, Abhishek009, mikemcgarry, carcass, daagh, sayantanc2k, Skywalker18, chetan2u, CrackVerbalGMAT, YangYichen, VeritasPrepKarishma and others...
Can someone please elaborate as to why "in last year" is wrong?
I am terribly confused as like others for the above post. i haven't come across and specific law/rule about not using "in" in situation like this question provides.

Thanks

firstly compare to means metophor compare with means contrast so there left A C and D
secondly last year can be used as adverbial modifier so there's no need to add an preposition "in"here
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Re: The country’s Commerce secretary says that spending on [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2016, 07:41
manishtank1988 wrote:
Hello Moderators
WaterFlowsUp, Abhishek009, mikemcgarry, carcass, daagh, sayantanc2k, Skywalker18, chetan2u, CrackVerbalGMAT, YangYichen, VeritasPrepKarishma and others...
Can someone please elaborate as to why "in last year" is wrong?
I am terribly confused as like others for the above post. i haven't come across and specific law/rule about not using "in" in situation like this question provides.

Thanks

YangYichen has already explained why "in" is not required before "last year". Nonetheless please note that in GMAT it is generally a practice to use "that" for statement in indirect speech - there should have been "that" before "spending" in option C.
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The country’s Commerce secretary says that spending on [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2016, 08:03
Hello Moderators,
First of all thanks a lot from reply - YangYichen & sayantanc2k
WaterFlowsUp, Abhishek009, mikemcgarry, carcass, daagh, Skywalker18, chetan2u, CrackVerbalGMAT, VeritasPrepKarishma and others...

Can you please elaborate more on [C] ...$40 billion dollars in 2013, compared with about$20 billion last year.
I get why compared with is correct here. But i am still not able to understand (even thought i see that without in looks better because of concision...) what is the rule through which A and D were eliminated. Can you guys provide a few examples or point to some?
That would really help...

Is there some not so obvious law that governs this, like the law for "optional that" ?
Thanks a lot in advance.
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Re: The country’s Commerce secretary says that spending on [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2016, 08:24
The country’s Commerce secretary says that spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, compared to about$20 billion in last year.

A)that spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, compared with about$20 billion in last year
The 'in' in '$20 Billion in last year' is superfluous. B)that spending on fuel subsidies could reach$40 billion dollars in 2013, and that is compared to about $20 billion last year 'and that is compared to' is redundant C)spending on fuel subsidies could reach$40 billion dollars in 2013, compared with about $20 billion last year Looks good. Hold it. D)spending on fuel subsidies could reach$40 billion dollars in 2013, compared with about $20 billion reached in last year 'reached in' is superfluous. E)spending on fuel subsidies could reach$40 billion dollars in 2013, and that is compared to about $20 billion reached last year 'that is compared to about' is superfluous. Thus, I chose option C. Manager Joined: 05 Oct 2016 Posts: 152 Location: China Concentration: Healthcare, Entrepreneurship WE: Sales (Health Care) Followers: 2 Kudos [?]: 19 [0], given: 10 Re: The country’s Commerce secretary says that spending on [#permalink] ### Show Tags 14 Dec 2016, 22:00 manishtank1988 wrote: Hello Moderators, First of all thanks a lot from reply - YangYichen & sayantanc2k WaterFlowsUp, Abhishek009, mikemcgarry, carcass, daagh, Skywalker18, chetan2u, CrackVerbalGMAT, VeritasPrepKarishma and others... Can you please elaborate more on [C] ...$40 billion dollars in 2013, compared with about $20 billion last year. I get why compared with is correct here. But i am still not able to understand (even thought i see that without in looks better because of concision...) what is the rule through which A and D were eliminated. Can you guys provide a few examples or point to some? That would really help... Is there some not so obvious law that governs this, like the law for "optional that" ? Thanks a lot in advance. D compare with is a prepositional phrase, followed by a noun, but reach is a verb here, u should use a noun+verb to form a sentence, but u can see that the second part is not a complete sentence because there's a ","before it. A is not right because I've already explained there's no need to add "in" before last year another reason A should be the same as the underlined part in the stimuli, but the stimuli used "compared to" are you sure the whole question is correctly replicated? _________________ LSAT CR is driving me mad Manager Joined: 14 Oct 2012 Posts: 126 Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 24 [0], given: 820 The country’s Commerce secretary says that spending on [#permalink] ### Show Tags 15 Dec 2016, 20:20 YangYichen wrote: manishtank1988 wrote: Hello Moderators, First of all thanks a lot from reply - YangYichen & sayantanc2k WaterFlowsUp, Abhishek009, mikemcgarry, carcass, daagh, Skywalker18, chetan2u, CrackVerbalGMAT, VeritasPrepKarishma and others... Can you please elaborate more on [C] ...$40 billion dollars in 2013, compared with about $20 billion last year. I get why compared with is correct here. But i am still not able to understand (even thought i see that without in looks better because of concision...) what is the rule through which A and D were eliminated. Can you guys provide a few examples or point to some? That would really help... Is there some not so obvious law that governs this, like the law for "optional that" ? Thanks a lot in advance. D compare with is a prepositional phrase, followed by a noun, but reach is a verb here, u should use a noun+verb to form a sentence, but u can see that the second part is not a complete sentence because there's a ","before it. A is not right because I've already explained there's no need to add "in" before last year another reason A should be the same as the underlined part in the stimuli, but the stimuli used "compared to" are you sure the whole question is correctly replicated? Hello YangYichen and sayantanc2k, WaterFlowsUp, Abhishek009, mikemcgarry, carcass, daagh, Skywalker18, chetan2u, CrackVerbalGMAT, VeritasPrepKarishma and others moderators... You are correct YangYichen, the option A is messed up. The correct question is: The country’s Commerce secretary says that spending on fuel subsidies could reach$40 billion dollars in 2013, compared to about $20 billion in last year. that spending on fuel subsidies could reach$40 billion dollars in 2013, compared to about $20 billion in last year that spending on fuel subsidies could reach$40 billion dollars in 2013, and that is compared to about $20 billion last year spending on fuel subsidies could reach$40 billion dollars in 2013, compared with about $20 billion last year <- CORRECT spending on fuel subsidies could reach$40 billion dollars in 2013, compared with about $20 billion reached in last year spending on fuel subsidies could reach$40 billion dollars in 2013, and that is compared to about $20 billion reached last year I do see your point YangYichen that "$20 billion in last year" creates illogical meaning as $20B cannot be inside a year. However, if the option would have been "$20B in 2012" ie we used 2012 instead of last year, would it be correct ? Just this phrase not the complete option or question.
Would this be correct: "$20B in 2012" vs "$20B in last year" ?

Finally YangYichen, thanks for responding. I really appreciate your help to clarify my difficulty. Thanks a lot.
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Re: The country’s Commerce secretary says that spending on [#permalink]

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16 Dec 2016, 19:08
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manishtank1988 wrote:
YangYichen wrote:
manishtank1988 wrote:
Hello Moderators,
First of all thanks a lot from reply - YangYichen & sayantanc2k
WaterFlowsUp, Abhishek009, mikemcgarry, carcass, daagh, Skywalker18, chetan2u, CrackVerbalGMAT, VeritasPrepKarishma and others...

Can you please elaborate more on [C] ...$40 billion dollars in 2013, compared with about$20 billion last year.
I get why compared with is correct here. But i am still not able to understand (even thought i see that without in looks better because of concision...) what is the rule through which A and D were eliminated. Can you guys provide a few examples or point to some?
That would really help...
Is there some not so obvious law that governs this, like the law for "optional that" ?
Thanks a lot in advance.

D compare with is a prepositional phrase, followed by a noun, but reach is a verb here, u should use a noun+verb to form a sentence, but u can see that the second part is not a complete sentence because there's a ","before it.
A is not right because I've already explained there's no need to add "in" before last year
another reason A should be the same as the underlined part in the stimuli, but the stimuli used "compared to" are you sure the whole question is correctly replicated?

Hello YangYichen
and sayantanc2k, WaterFlowsUp, Abhishek009, mikemcgarry, carcass, daagh, Skywalker18, chetan2u, CrackVerbalGMAT, VeritasPrepKarishma and others moderators...

You are correct YangYichen, the option A is messed up. The correct question is:
The country’s Commerce secretary says that spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, compared to about$20 billion in last year.
that spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, compared to about$20 billion in last year
that spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, and that is compared to about$20 billion last year
spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, compared with about$20 billion last year <- CORRECT
spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, compared with about$20 billion reached in last year
spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, and that is compared to about$20 billion reached last year

I do see your point YangYichen that "$20 billion in last year" creates illogical meaning as$20B cannot be inside a year. However, if the option would have been "$20B in 2012" ie we used 2012 instead of last year, would it be correct ? Just this phrase not the complete option or question. Would this be correct: "$20B in 2012" vs "\$20B in last year" ?

Finally YangYichen, thanks for responding. I really appreciate your help to clarify my difficulty. Thanks a lot.

we should add an "in" before 2012, it's just a custom expression
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Re: The country’s Commerce secretary says that spending on [#permalink]

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16 Dec 2016, 20:17
YangYichen
Thanks for responding. I appreciate your help to clarify my difficulty. Thanks a lot.
Re: The country’s Commerce secretary says that spending on   [#permalink] 16 Dec 2016, 20:17

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