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The current economic downturn has significantly reduced

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The current economic downturn has significantly reduced [#permalink]

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New post 23 May 2007, 20:33
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

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The current economic downturn has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals as well as general consumer magazines, especially if focusing on technology.

A .has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals as well as general consumer magazines, especially if focusing
B. has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals and for general consumer magazines, especially those focusing
C. significantly reduced advertising income for both business journals and for general consumer magazines, especially when focused
D. reduced both business journals’ and general consumer magazines’ advertising income significantly, especially if focused
E. reduced advertising income significantly for both business journals, as well as for general consumer magazines, especially those focusing
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by hazelnut on 23 Apr 2017, 05:41, edited 2 times in total.
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New post 24 May 2007, 02:57
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The current economic downturn has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals as well as general consumer magazines, especially if focusing on technology.

A.has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals as well as general consumer magazines, especially if focusing => unidiomatic ( both for X and Y )

B.has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals and for general consumer magazines, especially those focusing

C.significantly reduced advertising income for both business journals and for general consumer magazines, especially when focused => "when" dicy / "for both" should be "both for"

D.reduced both business journals’ and general consumer magazines’ advertising income significantly, especially if focused => awkward construction

E.reduced advertising income significantly for both business journals, as well as for general consumer magazines, especially those focusing => gives the impression that reduction was for 2 business journals and for a consumer mag - wrong

My Answer : B
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Re: The current economic downturn has significantly reduced [#permalink]

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New post 23 May 2007, 21:28
A - incorrect use of if
B - Correct answer
C - has is required
D - has is required
E - has is required
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Re: The current economic downturn has significantly reduced [#permalink]

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New post 24 May 2007, 03:13
mao wrote:
The current economic downturn has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals as well as general consumer magazines, especially if focusing on technology.
A.has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals as well as general consumer magazines, especially if focusing
B.has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals and for general consumer magazines, especially those focusing
C.significantly reduced advertising income for both business journals and for general consumer magazines, especially when focused
D.reduced both business journals’ and general consumer magazines’ advertising income significantly, especially if focused
E.reduced advertising income significantly for both business journals, as well as for general consumer magazines, especially those focusing

please explain. tks! :?



i figured when it says 'current' the verb tense shouldn't be the past tense. so C D and E are out. A is unidiomatic so I think B is the answer
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Re: The current economic downturn has significantly reduced [#permalink]

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New post 24 May 2007, 03:28
@tigerwh

i figured when it says 'current' the verb tense shouldn't be the past tense. so C D and E are out. A is unidiomatic so I think B is the answer

can you please elaborate on your line of reasoning ??
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Re: The current economic downturn has significantly reduced [#permalink]

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New post 24 May 2007, 04:31
I think there is no perfect answer, but the best is B
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Re: The current economic downturn has significantly reduced [#permalink]

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New post 24 May 2007, 06:09
A.has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals as well as general consumer magazines, especially if focusing - Incorrect idiom

B.has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals and for general consumer magazines, especially those focusing

C.significantly reduced advertising income for both business journals and for general consumer magazines, especially when focused - The context seems to be wrong. It seems to be saying there are two business journals and many general consumer magazines.

D. reduced both business journals’ and general consumer magazines’ advertising income significantly, especially if focused both X and Y - Correct idiom BUT apostrophe usage

E.reduced advertising income significantly for both business journals, as well as for general consumer magazines, especially those focusing - Incorrect idiom. Same mistake as A.


This is how I thought

A, E - Same idiom error.

Left with B, C , D

C - Wrong context

Left with B & D

B is better than D due to apostrophe usage

Hence "B" is the answer.
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Re: The current economic downturn has significantly reduced [#permalink]

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New post 24 May 2007, 10:17
Vict0R wrote:
@tigerwh

i figured when it says 'current' the verb tense shouldn't be the past tense. so C D and E are out. A is unidiomatic so I think B is the answer

can you please elaborate on your line of reasoning ??


I thought I saw something like this in the OG or maybe in this forum. Please correct me if i'm wrong but when it says 'current,'
the situation is on-going in the present.
Since C,D,and E start with the verb 'reduced' the choices didn't make much sense so I counted them out.

[both x and y] is the idiom so B is the answer
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Re: The current economic downturn has significantly reduced [#permalink]

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New post 24 May 2007, 11:50
mao wrote:
The current economic downturn has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals as well as general consumer magazines, especially if focusing on technology.
A.has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals as well as general consumer magazines, especially if focusing
B.has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals and for general consumer magazines, especially those focusing
C.significantly reduced advertising income for both business journals and for general consumer magazines, especially when focused
D.reduced both business journals’ and general consumer magazines’ advertising income significantly, especially if focused
E.reduced advertising income significantly for both business journals, as well as for general consumer magazines, especially those focusing

please explain. tks! :?


B maintains the perfect tense uses the correct idiom "Both...and".
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The current economic downturn has significantly reduced [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2009, 21:27
The current economic downturn has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals as well as general consumer magazines, especially if focusing on technology.

A. has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals as well as general consumer magazines, especially if focusing
B. has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals and for general consumer magazines, especially those focusing
C. significantly reduced advertising income for both business journals and for general consumer magazines, especially when focused
D. reduced both business journals’ and general consumer magazines’ advertising income significantly, especially if focused
E. reduced advertising income significantly for both business journals, as well as for general consumer magazines, especially those focusing
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Re: The current economic downturn has significantly reduced [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2009, 23:54
with this Polling how do we know the Correct OA?
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Re: The current economic downturn has significantly reduced [#permalink]

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New post 22 Sep 2009, 12:09
I'm going with B in this one.

A and E don't use the correct idiom Both X and Y, so out.

In C the idiom is not parallel "for both business journals and for general consumer magazines"

In D especially if focused modifies the current economic downturn. I'd say that this is not correct.

Although I think option B is correct, What does those refer to? Both business journals and consumer magazines? Also shouldn't be more correct to write "for both business journals and general consumer magazines"?
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Re: The current economic downturn has significantly reduced [#permalink]

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New post 23 Sep 2009, 12:58
chandru42 wrote:
with this Polling how do we know the Correct OA?


Polling is for people who want to give an answer without an explanation. The purpose of the forums is to discuss the answers, not to fill up the topics with one-letter responses....
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Re: The current economic downturn has significantly reduced [#permalink]

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New post 23 Sep 2009, 13:04
OA is B.

It's clear that "those" is crucial. My only confusion is between "for both" and "both for". Does it make a difference? In any case, B has less words than D, so I guess it wins on that account.
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Re: The current economic downturn has significantly reduced [#permalink]

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New post 23 Sep 2009, 20:53
mendelay wrote:
OA is B.

It's clear that "those" is crucial. My only confusion is between "for both" and "both for". Does it make a difference? In any case, B has less words than D, so I guess it wins on that account.


Yeap it makes a difference. in both X and Y, X and Y must be parallel.

For instance,

Both for business journals and for consumer magazines. Correct
for both business journals and consumer magazines. Correct and I'd say better than the previous one.
forth both business journals and for consumer magazines. Incorrect X and Y are not parallel
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Re: The current economic downturn has significantly reduced [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2012, 10:46
mendelay wrote:
The current economic downturn has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals as well as general consumer magazines, especially if focusing on technology.

A. has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals as well as general consumer magazines, especially if focusing
B. has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals and for general consumer magazines, especially those focusing
C. significantly reduced advertising income for both business journals and for general consumer magazines, especially when focused
D. reduced both business journals’ and general consumer magazines’ advertising income significantly, especially if focused
E. reduced advertising income significantly for both business journals, as well as for general consumer magazines, especially those focusing


i am going with B for this question. parallelism is not maintained in A, D and E. when is not correctly used in C. so B wins
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Re: The current economic downturn has significantly reduced [#permalink]

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New post 24 Aug 2013, 02:46
Vict0R wrote:
@tigerwh

i figured when it says 'current' the verb tense shouldn't be the past tense. so C D and E are out. A is unidiomatic so I think B is the answer

can you please elaborate on your line of reasoning ??


He is right. Current indicates it is happening now, so it cannot be in the simple past "reduced" but only in the present perfect, "has reduced". That is one point of elimination. The other would be "especially if" , when it should be "especially those".

Either way, you can eliminate three of them, you are left with two.
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Re: The current economic downturn has significantly reduced [#permalink]

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New post 30 Aug 2014, 22:16
Could someone please explain the usage of pronoun 'those' in the correct answer choice B.
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Re: The current economic downturn has significantly reduced [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2016, 02:15
There is just one prominent decision point to arrive a correct answer.
Economic downtown has reduced income for journals and magazines ... what kind of journals and magazines ??- "Those" focused on technology.
Option A,C, D are out.

Option B and E remaining.

Now it boils down to idiom. The correct idiom is "both X and Y". Option B uses it correctly.
E is wrong because it uses an incorrect idiom- both X as well as Y. WRONG

Therefore B is the correct answer.

A.has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals as well as general consumer magazines,especially if focusing
B.has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals and for general consumer magazines, especially those focusing
C.significantly reduced advertising income for both business journals and for general consumer magazines, especially when focused
D.reduced both business journals’ and general consumer magazines’ advertising income significantly, especially if focused
E.reduced advertising income significantly for both business journals, as well as for general consumer magazines, especially those focusing

mao wrote:
The current economic downturn has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals as well as general consumer magazines, especially if focusing on technology.
A.has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals as well as general consumer magazines, especially if focusing
B.has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals and for general consumer magazines, especially those focusing
C.significantly reduced advertising income for both business journals and for general consumer magazines, especially when focused
D.reduced both business journals’ and general consumer magazines’ advertising income significantly, especially if focused
E.reduced advertising income significantly for both business journals, as well as for general consumer magazines, especially those focusing

please explain. tks! :?

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Re: The current economic downturn has significantly reduced [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2016, 02:17
There is just one prominent decision point to arrive a correct answer.
Economic downtown has reduced income for journals and magazines ... what kind of journals and magazines ??- "Those" focused on technology.
Option A,C, D are out.

Option B and E remaining.

Now it boils down to idiom. The correct idiom is "both X and Y". Option B uses it correctly.
E is wrong because it uses an incorrect idiom- both X as well as Y. WRONG

Therefore B is the correct answer.

A.has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals as well as general consumer magazines,especially if focusing
B.has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals and for general consumer magazines, especially those focusing
C.significantly reduced advertising income for both business journals and for general consumer magazines, especially when focused
D.reduced both business journals’ and general consumer magazines’ advertising income significantly, especially if focused
E.reduced advertising income significantly for both business journals, as well as for general consumer magazines, especially those focusing


mendelay wrote:
The current economic downturn has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals as well as general consumer magazines, especially if focusing on technology.

A. has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals as well as general consumer magazines, especially if focusing
B. has significantly reduced advertising income both for business journals and for general consumer magazines, especially those focusing
C. significantly reduced advertising income for both business journals and for general consumer magazines, especially when focused
D. reduced both business journals’ and general consumer magazines’ advertising income significantly, especially if focused
E. reduced advertising income significantly for both business journals, as well as for general consumer magazines, especially those focusing

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FINAL GOODBYE :- 17th SEPTEMBER 2016. .. 16 March 2017 - I am back but for all purposes please consider me semi-retired.

Re: The current economic downturn has significantly reduced   [#permalink] 27 Jul 2016, 02:17
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