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The Daisygen Company genetically engineers flowers which are

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The Daisygen Company genetically engineers flowers which are [#permalink]

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The Daisygen Company genetically engineers flowers which are then sent to retailers in locations around the world. By splicing a rose with a species of onion they managed to create a flower that looks like the classic, and still very popular, red rose, but that takes much longer to wilt. A longer expiration period presents an important advantage to international flower importers and to individual consumers. Clearly, sales of the Daisygen rose will outnumber those of the original rose species.

Which of the following is an assumption underlying the conclusion?

A. The genes which were spliced into the rose are not also responsible for the onion's tearing effect.
B. Consumers are interested in a flower that will last longer.
C. Plastic flowers have not affected the import and export of natural flowers.
D. Although extremely popular, the original rose was not the highest selling flower species of all.
E. A longer expiration period will allow importers more time for delivery of the Daisygen roses.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by blueseas on 18 Aug 2013, 10:45, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: The Daisygen Company genetically engineers flowers which are [#permalink]

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This question uses a common fallacy "appeal to novelty"

The form is:
X is newer than Y
--OR--
X has new characteristics that are better than those of Y.
Therefore, X is correct, better, or preferable.


The conclusion is true only if:
(1) X is at least as good as Y (retain original advantages)
--OR--
(2) X does not create new weaknesses that Y does not have.


ANALYZE THE STIMULUS:


Fact: By splicing a rose with a species of onion they managed to create a flower that looks like the classic, and still very popular, red rose, but that takes much longer to wilt.
Fact: A longer expiration period presents an important advantage to international flower importers and to individual consumers.
Conclusion: Sales of the Daisygen rose will outnumber those of the original rose species.

Apply the logic above: the new rose is preferable only if:
(1) it remains advantages of the original rose
--OR--
(2) the new rose does not “create” new weaknesses that the original rose does not have.

ANALYZE EACH ANSWER:

a)The genes which were spliced into the rose are not also responsible for the onion's tearing effect.
Correct. To conclude sales of new roses will outnumber those of the original roses, the new roses MUST NOT create disadvantages that the original roses do not have.

b)Consumers are interested in a flower that will last longer.
Wrong. TEMPTING. You will see this kind of trap over and over again in real GMAT test. B is wrong because B is incomplete assumption. The complete B is: Consumers are interested in a flower that does not have new weaknesses and will last longer (new advantage). Thus, B exposes weakness for criticism and is incorrect assumption.

c)Plastic flowers have not affected the import and export of natural flowers.
Wrong. Out of scope. Nothing about “plastic flowers”.

d)Although extremely popular, the original rose was not the highest selling flower species of all.
Wrong. “highest selling” is out of scope.

e)A longer expiration period will allow importers more time for delivery of the Daisygen roses.
Wrong. “more time for delivery” is the fact, not the assumption.

Hope it helps.
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Re: The Daisygen Company genetically engineers flowers which are [#permalink]

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blueseas wrote:
The Daisygen Company genetically engineers flowers which are then sent to retailers in locations around the world. By splicing a rose with a species of onion they managed to create a flower that looks like the classic, and still very popular, red rose, but that takes much longer to wilt. A longer expiration period presents an important advantage to international flower importers and to individual consumers. Clearly, sales of the Daisygen rose will outnumber those of the original rose species.

Which of the following is an assumption underlying the conclusion?

b)Consumers are interested in a flower that will last longer.


option B is wrong because this information is already present in the passage(see highlited portion).

ASSUMPTION is always AN UNSTATED premise.
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Re: The Daisygen Company genetically engineers flowers which are [#permalink]

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theGame001 wrote:
The genes which were spliced into the rose are not also responsible for the onion's tearing effect.

The words not also is confusing me. Why is he using not also here?


Hi theGame

"also" means "too" --> A means: The genes which were spliced into the rose are not responsible for the onion's tearing effect TOO.
It means the tearing is the negative effect of onion itself. When the genes were spliced, the company has to make sure the rose will not inherit that negative effect.

Hope it helps.
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Re: The Daisygen Company genetically engineers flowers which are [#permalink]

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pqhai wrote:
This question uses a common fallacy "appeal to novelty"

The form is:
X is newer than Y
--OR--
X has new characteristics that are better than those of Y.
Therefore, X is correct, better, or preferable.


The conclusion is true only if:
(1) X is at least as good as Y (retain original advantages)
--OR--
(2) X does not create new weaknesses that Y does not have.


ANALYZE THE STIMULUS:


Fact: By splicing a rose with a species of onion they managed to create a flower that looks like the classic, and still very popular, red rose, but that takes much longer to wilt.
Fact: A longer expiration period presents an important advantage to international flower importers and to individual consumers.
Conclusion: Sales of the Daisygen rose will outnumber those of the original rose species.

Apply the logic above: the new rose is preferable only if:
(1) it remains advantages of the original rose
--OR--
(2) the new rose does not “create” new weaknesses that the original rose does not have.

ANALYZE EACH ANSWER:

a)The genes which were spliced into the rose are not also responsible for the onion's tearing effect.
Correct. To conclude sales of new roses will outnumber those of the original roses, the new roses MUST NOT create disadvantages that the original roses do not have.

b)Consumers are interested in a flower that will last longer.
Wrong. TEMPTING. You will see this kind of trap over and over again in real GMAT test. B is wrong because B is incomplete assumption. The complete B is: Consumers are interested in a flower that does not have new weaknesses and will last longer (new advantage). Thus, B exposes weakness for criticism and is incorrect assumption.

c)Plastic flowers have not affected the import and export of natural flowers.
Wrong. Out of scope. Nothing about “plastic flowers”.

d)Although extremely popular, the original rose was not the highest selling flower species of all.
Wrong. “highest selling” is out of scope.

e)A longer expiration period will allow importers more time for delivery of the Daisygen roses.
Wrong. “more time for delivery” is the fact, not the assumption.

Hope it helps.


This was really an eye-opener for me. (+1 Already).
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Re: The Daisygen Company genetically engineers flowers which are [#permalink]

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SmokedRing wrote:
pqhai wrote:
This question uses a common fallacy "appeal to novelty"

The form is:
X is newer than Y
--OR--
X has new characteristics that are better than those of Y.
Therefore, X is correct, better, or preferable.


The conclusion is true only if:
(1) X is at least as good as Y (retain original advantages)
--OR--
(2) X does not create new weaknesses that Y does not have.


ANALYZE THE STIMULUS:


Fact: By splicing a rose with a species of onion they managed to create a flower that looks like the classic, and still very popular, red rose, but that takes much longer to wilt.
Fact: A longer expiration period presents an important advantage to international flower importers and to individual consumers.
Conclusion: Sales of the Daisygen rose will outnumber those of the original rose species.

Apply the logic above: the new rose is preferable only if:
(1) it remains advantages of the original rose
--OR--
(2) the new rose does not “create” new weaknesses that the original rose does not have.

ANALYZE EACH ANSWER:

a)The genes which were spliced into the rose are not also responsible for the onion's tearing effect.
Correct. To conclude sales of new roses will outnumber those of the original roses, the new roses MUST NOT create disadvantages that the original roses do not have.

b)Consumers are interested in a flower that will last longer.
Wrong. TEMPTING. You will see this kind of trap over and over again in real GMAT test. B is wrong because B is incomplete assumption. The complete B is: Consumers are interested in a flower that does not have new weaknesses and will last longer (new advantage). Thus, B exposes weakness for criticism and is incorrect assumption.

c)Plastic flowers have not affected the import and export of natural flowers.
Wrong. Out of scope. Nothing about “plastic flowers”.

d)Although extremely popular, the original rose was not the highest selling flower species of all.
Wrong. “highest selling” is out of scope.

e)A longer expiration period will allow importers more time for delivery of the Daisygen roses.
Wrong. “more time for delivery” is the fact, not the assumption.

Hope it helps.


This was really an eye-opener for me. (+1 Already).


Hi SmokedRing
Welcome to gmatclub. Hope you find good materials for your Gmat journey. :)
Cheer!
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#Top150 CR: The Daisygen Company genetically engineers flowers [#permalink]

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Source: EconomistGMAT

OE
Which of the following is an assumption underlying the conclusion?
A.The genes which were spliced into the rose are not also responsible for the onion's tearing effect.
Exactly right!


This answer choice seems to come out of the blue, but it follows the general prediction of what the right answer should do: If the onion's tearing effect transferred to the new rose, then smelling the new rose wouldn't be very pleasant, and it would be incorrect to conclude that the sales of the new flower will outnumber those of the original rose. Thus, in order to reach the conclusion that the roses will be a hit, the author must assume that this difficulty will not manifest.

B. Consumers are interested in a flower that will last longer.
Incorrect.


To solve this Assumption question, first break down the argument. Sentences 1, 2, and 3 present factual information, so they are the premises. Sentence 4 begins with the conclusion word Clearly so we can be sure that it's the conclusion.

Now ask yourself: the author believes that the Daisygen flower will outsell the original rose because it lasts longer. This seems reasonable, but what has the author overlooked? In reaching the conclusion that the new rose will be a success, the author must assume that there is nothing stopping it from being a success. Thus, look for an answer choice that presents a possible difficulty with the plan, but claims that such a difficulty will not manifest - this is something the author must assume if he is to reach his conclusion.

This answer choice repeats information that is presented by the premise in sentence 3: an important advantage to international flower importers and to individual consumers. If this data is a given, the author does not need to assume it.
The Daisygen Company genetically engineers flowers which are then sent to retailers in locations around the world. By splicing a rose with a species of onion they managed to create a flower that looks like the classic, and still very popular, red rose, but that takes much longer to wilt. A longer expiration period presents an important advantage to international flower importers and to individual consumers. Clearly, sales of the Daisygen rose will outnumber those of the original rose species.

C. Plastic flowers have not affected the import and export of natural flowers.
Incorrect.


This answer choice presents a new premise about an unrelated topic - plastic flowers. The comparisons being made by the author are between a genetically engineered rose and a natural one. Any other form of flower is beyond the scope of the argument.

What you are looking for is the assumption, which should explain how the author drew the conclusion based on the existing premise.
The Daisygen Company genetically engineers flowers which are then sent to retailers in locations around the world. By splicing a rose with a species of onion they managed to create a flower that looks like the classic, and still very popular, red rose, but that takes much longer to wilt. A longer expiration period presents an important advantage to international flower importers and to individual consumers. Clearly, sales of the Daisygen rose will outnumber those of the original rose species.

D. Although extremely popular, the original rose was not the highest selling flower species of all.
Incorrect.


This answer choice presents a new premise because it introduces all flower species into the discussion. The comparisons being made by the author are between a genetically engineered rose and a natural one. It is irrelevant whether any other species of flower sells better than the rose.

What you are looking for is the assumption, which should explain how the author drew the conclusion based on the existing premise.
The Daisygen Company genetically engineers flowers which are then sent to retailers in locations around the world. By splicing a rose with a species of onion they managed to create a flower that looks like the classic, and still very popular, red rose, but that takes much longer to wilt. A longer expiration period presents an important advantage to international flower importers and to individual consumers. Clearly, sales of the Daisygen rose will outnumber those of the original rose species.

E. A longer expiration period will allow importers more time for delivery of the Daisygen roses.
Incorrect.


This answer choice presents a new premise about the advantages of the new flower to importers. The fact that this new data may support the conclusion is irrelevant; what you are looking for is the assumption, which should explain how the author drew the conclusion based on the existing premise.
The Daisygen Company genetically engineers flowers which are then sent to retailers in locations around the world. By splicing a rose with a species of onion they managed to create a flower that looks like the classic, and still very popular, red rose, but that takes much longer to wilt. A longer expiration period presents an important advantage to international flower importers and to individual consumers. Clearly, sales of the Daisygen rose will outnumber those of the original rose species.
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The Daisygen Company genetically engineers flowers which are [#permalink]

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manhasnoname wrote:
Could some experts please shed some light on this?

Thanks!


Option A is not an assumption. At most it could be a strengthening statement, though it would be better, if it said:

The genes that were spliced into the rose are not also responsible for causing the roses to have tearing effect, similar to that of onions.

(The genes that cause the onions to have tearing effect may not be carrying the same effect to roses.)

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Re: The Daisygen Company genetically engineers flowers which are [#permalink]

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@ TirthankarP
First of all may i kindly point a small mistake in the request you made, without sounding rude? it should be "similar question such as this" .
Yes there are lot many question similar to this. In OG 12 , in the diagnostic section there is a question , which talks about a bee/wasp that runs to hunt its prey and pauses to take rest bla bla ... that is quite similar to this 1.
Hope that helps. and once again excuse me for pointing out the typo
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Re: The Daisygen Company genetically engineers flowers which are [#permalink]

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I don't agree to the OA. Let us say the new rose has the genes of the onion which are responsible for the tearing effect of onion. The newrose would not have any disadvantages until someone cuts the rose, right?

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Re: The Daisygen Company genetically engineers flowers which are [#permalink]

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anujag24 wrote:
pqhai wrote:

b)Consumers are interested in a flower that will last longer.
Wrong. TEMPTING. You will see this kind of trap over and over again in real GMAT test. B is wrong because B is incomplete assumption. The complete B is: Consumers are interested in a flower that does not have new weaknesses and will last longer (new advantage). Thus, B exposes weakness for criticism and is incorrect assumption.


Hi pghai,

I am still confused between option A and option B. It says that the consumer are interested in a flower that will last longer. If we negate the statement - Consumers are not interested in a flower that will last longer. This breaks the conclusion. However, option A seems more convincing to me. I am looking for a reason to eliminate Choice B. Can you please explain?


Thanks for your help!!!

-Anuj

Hii Anuj,
let me try to exlpain..
Although people are interested in flowers that last long,we are more interested in whether the sale will be greater than natural flowers..even if people are interested,we have no idea whether they will go ahead and purchase them..what if the conversion process was costly and it cost 10 times more than natural flowers,and what if the rose smells like an onion,or what if tearing effect persists in new flower ?So,though people are interested in long lasting flowers,the factors such as cost,smell,tearing effect will keep them away from purchasing the new flower and this will affect our CONCLUSION...



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Re: #Top150 CR: The Daisygen Company genetically engineers flowers [#permalink]

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souvik101990 wrote:
The Daisygen Company genetically engineers flowers which are then sent to retailers in locations around the world. By splicing a rose with a species of onion they managed to create a flower that looks like the classic, and still very popular, red rose, but that takes much longer to wilt. A longer expiration period presents an important advantage to international flower importers and to individual consumers. Clearly, sales of the Daisygen rose will outnumber those of the original rose species.

Which of the following is an assumption underlying the conclusion?

A. The genes which were spliced into the rose are not also responsible for the onion's tearing effect.

B. Consumers are interested in a flower that will last longer.

C. Plastic flowers have not affected the import and export of natural flowers.

D. Although extremely popular, the original rose was not the highest selling flower species of all.

E. A longer expiration period will allow importers more time for delivery of the Daisygen roses.


I choose B. By negating
A. If the gene is also responsible for the onion's tearing effect, whether it will harm the rose's tearing effect or not. We don't know. So, it's wrong.
B. Consumer are not interest in a flower that will last longer. They are more interest in a flower last shorter. So, the current rose will push more sale than genetic rose, weakening the argument. This choice is correct answer
C. Plastic flower is irrelevant.
D. Compare with other rose is irrelevant
E. Longer expiration will allow importer more time for delivery or not is not sure and irrelevant to the sales.
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Re: The Daisygen Company genetically engineers flowers which are [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2013, 07:11
b ?

Not e, because longer to wilt does not mean that importers would not have to honor the agreement.
Not d, It is not the highest selling flower, we do not care about this as we are concerned whether the new flower will sell more.
Not c, as irrelevant
Not a, we do not care about the splicing process; we care about the outcome: the flower takes longer to wilt and if the consumers are interested in such a feature.
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Re: The Daisygen Company genetically engineers flowers which are [#permalink]

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New post 21 Aug 2013, 02:19
The genes which were spliced into the rose are not also responsible for the onion's tearing effect.

The words not also is confusing me. Why is he using not also here?

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Re: The Daisygen Company genetically engineers flowers which are [#permalink]

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New post 22 Aug 2013, 12:25
pqhai wrote:
SmokedRing wrote:
pqhai wrote:
This question uses a common fallacy "appeal to novelty"

The form is:
X is newer than Y
--OR--
X has new characteristics that are better than those of Y.
Therefore, X is correct, better, or preferable.


The conclusion is true only if:
(1) X is at least as good as Y (retain original advantages)
--OR--
(2) X does not create new weaknesses that Y does not have.


ANALYZE THE STIMULUS:


Fact: By splicing a rose with a species of onion they managed to create a flower that looks like the classic, and still very popular, red rose, but that takes much longer to wilt.
Fact: A longer expiration period presents an important advantage to international flower importers and to individual consumers.
Conclusion: Sales of the Daisygen rose will outnumber those of the original rose species.

Apply the logic above: the new rose is preferable only if:
(1) it remains advantages of the original rose
--OR--
(2) the new rose does not “create” new weaknesses that the original rose does not have.

ANALYZE EACH ANSWER:

a)The genes which were spliced into the rose are not also responsible for the onion's tearing effect.
Correct. To conclude sales of new roses will outnumber those of the original roses, the new roses MUST NOT create disadvantages that the original roses do not have.

b)Consumers are interested in a flower that will last longer.
Wrong. TEMPTING. You will see this kind of trap over and over again in real GMAT test. B is wrong because B is incomplete assumption. The complete B is: Consumers are interested in a flower that does not have new weaknesses and will last longer (new advantage). Thus, B exposes weakness for criticism and is incorrect assumption.

c)Plastic flowers have not affected the import and export of natural flowers.
Wrong. Out of scope. Nothing about “plastic flowers”.

d)Although extremely popular, the original rose was not the highest selling flower species of all.
Wrong. “highest selling” is out of scope.

e)A longer expiration period will allow importers more time for delivery of the Daisygen roses.
Wrong. “more time for delivery” is the fact, not the assumption.

Hope it helps.


This was really an eye-opener for me. (+1 Already).


Hi SmokedRing
Welcome to gmatclub. Hope you find good materials for your Gmat journey. :)
Cheer!



Thanks pqhai.... Em havin a gud time here.
Though em a little ...but its better late den never.
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Re: The Daisygen Company genetically engineers flowers which are [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2013, 01:51
Solved it in 1.17 secs. I am so happy : ). Hope I can perform similarly on the day of the exam. #relentlesshardworker

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Re: The Daisygen Company genetically engineers flowers which are [#permalink]

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New post 28 Oct 2013, 08:29
pqhai wrote:
This question uses a common fallacy "appeal to novelty"

The form is:
X is newer than Y
--OR--
X has new characteristics that are better than those of Y.
Therefore, X is correct, better, or preferable.


The conclusion is true only if:
(1) X is at least as good as Y (retain original advantages)
--OR--
(2) X does not create new weaknesses that Y does not have.


ANALYZE THE STIMULUS:


Fact: By splicing a rose with a species of onion they managed to create a flower that looks like the classic, and still very popular, red rose, but that takes much longer to wilt.
Fact: A longer expiration period presents an important advantage to international flower importers and to individual consumers.
Conclusion: Sales of the Daisygen rose will outnumber those of the original rose species.

Apply the logic above: the new rose is preferable only if:
(1) it remains advantages of the original rose
--OR--
(2) the new rose does not “create” new weaknesses that the original rose does not have.

ANALYZE EACH ANSWER:

a)The genes which were spliced into the rose are not also responsible for the onion's tearing effect.
Correct. To conclude sales of new roses will outnumber those of the original roses, the new roses MUST NOT create disadvantages that the original roses do not have.

b)Consumers are interested in a flower that will last longer.
Wrong. TEMPTING. You will see this kind of trap over and over again in real GMAT test. B is wrong because B is incomplete assumption. The complete B is: Consumers are interested in a flower that does not have new weaknesses and will last longer (new advantage). Thus, B exposes weakness for criticism and is incorrect assumption.

c)Plastic flowers have not affected the import and export of natural flowers.
Wrong. Out of scope. Nothing about “plastic flowers”.

d)Although extremely popular, the original rose was not the highest selling flower species of all.
Wrong. “highest selling” is out of scope.

e)A longer expiration period will allow importers more time for delivery of the Daisygen roses.
Wrong. “more time for delivery” is the fact, not the assumption.

Hope it helps.


Do you have any similar questions like this, so that we can test how this concept works for other questions as well?
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Re: The Daisygen Company genetically engineers flowers which are [#permalink]

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New post 28 Oct 2013, 11:49
Hey WaterFlowsUp !

Thanks for pointing out my mistake. I really appreciate :)
Many of us usually make such mistakes in "spoken English". But this "like v/s such as" is one of those things that I always take care of while solving SC questions :P
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Re: The Daisygen Company genetically engineers flowers which are [#permalink]

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New post 26 Dec 2013, 16:25
Clear A.. Defender assumption question...

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Re: The Daisygen Company genetically engineers flowers which are [#permalink]

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New post 05 Aug 2014, 07:38
pqhai wrote:
This question uses a common fallacy "appeal to novelty"

The form is:
X is newer than Y
--OR--
X has new characteristics that are better than those of Y.
Therefore, X is correct, better, or preferable.


The conclusion is true only if:
(1) X is at least as good as Y (retain original advantages)
--OR--
(2) X does not create new weaknesses that Y does not have.


ANALYZE THE STIMULUS:


Fact: By splicing a rose with a species of onion they managed to create a flower that looks like the classic, and still very popular, red rose, but that takes much longer to wilt.
Fact: A longer expiration period presents an important advantage to international flower importers and to individual consumers.
Conclusion: Sales of the Daisygen rose will outnumber those of the original rose species.

Apply the logic above: the new rose is preferable only if:
(1) it remains advantages of the original rose
--OR--
(2) the new rose does not “create” new weaknesses that the original rose does not have.

ANALYZE EACH ANSWER:

a)The genes which were spliced into the rose are not also responsible for the onion's tearing effect.
Correct. To conclude sales of new roses will outnumber those of the original roses, the new roses MUST NOT create disadvantages that the original roses do not have.

b)Consumers are interested in a flower that will last longer.
Wrong. TEMPTING. You will see this kind of trap over and over again in real GMAT test. B is wrong because B is incomplete assumption. The complete B is: Consumers are interested in a flower that does not have new weaknesses and will last longer (new advantage). Thus, B exposes weakness for criticism and is incorrect assumption.

c)Plastic flowers have not affected the import and export of natural flowers.
Wrong. Out of scope. Nothing about “plastic flowers”.

d)Although extremely popular, the original rose was not the highest selling flower species of all.
Wrong. “highest selling” is out of scope.

e)A longer expiration period will allow importers more time for delivery of the Daisygen roses.
Wrong. “more time for delivery” is the fact, not the assumption.

Hope it helps.

Hi,
As I agree with the concept of : "X does not create new weaknesses that Y does not have." , it's not stated anywhere in the stem....
What if the new roses had longer stems or less seeds or something like that?
It would not affect the end consumer but might present a problem for growers... But would that change the question?
I chose B and still don't know why it's wrong, and don't see why A is right....
Can someone elaborate a little more?

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Re: The Daisygen Company genetically engineers flowers which are   [#permalink] 05 Aug 2014, 07:38

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