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The data being collected in the current geological survey are providin

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Re: The data being collected in the current geological survey are providin [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2017, 09:59
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The data being collected in the current geological survey are providing a strong warning for engineers as they consider the new dam project, but their greatest importance might lie in how they influence the upcoming decision by those same engineers on whether to retrofit 75 bridges in the survey zone.

a) The data being collected in the current geological survey are providing a strong warning for engineers as they consider the new dam project, but their greatest importance
b) The data being collected in the current geological survey provide a strong warning for engineers as they consider the new dam project, but its greatest importance
c)The data collected in the current geological survey is providing a strong warning for engineers as they consider the new dam project, but their greatest importance
d)The data collected in the current geological survey provides a strong warning for engineers in consideration of the new dam project, but its greatest importance
e) The data collected in the current geological survey provide a strong warning for engineers in consideration for the new dam project, but the greatest importance

Can some one help me why A) is not wrong? Because I can see pronoun ambiguity in option A) They is referring to data as well as engineers.

Last edited by broall on 11 Sep 2017, 01:29, edited 1 time in total.
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New post 10 Sep 2017, 10:13
dhardubey wrote:
The data being collected in the current geological survey are providing a strong warning for engineers as they consider the new dam project, but their greatest importance might lie in how they influence the upcoming decision by those same engineers on whether to retrofit 75 bridges in the survey zone.

a) The data being collected in the current geological survey are providing a strong warning for engineers as they consider the new dam project, but their greatest importance
b) The data being collected in the current geological survey provide a strong warning for engineers as they consider the new dam project, but its greatest importance
c)The data collected in the current geological survey is providing a strong warning for engineers as they consider the new dam project, but their greatest importance
d)The data collected in the current geological survey provides a strong warning for engineers in consideration of the new dam project, but its greatest importance
e) The data collected in the current geological survey provide a strong warning for engineers in consideration for the new dam project, but the greatest importance

Can some one help me why A) is not wrong? Because I can see pronoun ambiguity in option A) They is referring to data as well as engineers.


Hi dhardubey

"data" can be plural or singular depending upon the intended meaning of the sentence and its usage. In this question you need to identify from the non-underlined portion of the sentence whether "data" is used as a singular or a plural noun

if you read carefully the non-underlined portion of the sentence mentions "how they influence the upcoming decision by those same engineers"

Here "they" is used for "data". hence "data" is plural in this sentence

Option C & D uses singular verb hence incorrect. Option B & E removes the helping verb "are" which is required, hence incorrect

Correct Option A

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The data being collected in the current geological survey are providing a strong warning for engineers as "they" consider the new dam project, but their greatest importance might lie in how "they" influence the upcoming decision by those same engineers on whether to retrofit 75 bridges in the survey zone.

Here the two they are referring to engineers and data respectively. isnt it creating pronoun ambiguity?

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New post 10 Sep 2017, 11:16
dhardubey wrote:
The data being collected in the current geological survey are providing a strong warning for engineers as "they" consider the new dam project, but their greatest importance might lie in how "they" influence the upcoming decision by those same engineers on whether to retrofit 75 bridges in the survey zone.

Here the two they are referring to engineers and data respectively. isnt it creating pronoun ambiguity?


Hi dhardubey

To clearly understand pronoun antecedents, it is helpful to break the sentences into its clauses. here we have two clauses -

Clause 1: "The data being collected in the current geological survey are providing a strong warning for engineers as they consider the new dam project" ----in this clause, antecedent of "they" is engineers

Clause 2: "but their greatest importance might lie in how they influence the upcoming decision by those same engineers on whether to retrofit 75 bridges in the survey zone"-----here we have two relative pronouns "their" and "they". as is clear "their" refers to "data" and if you replace "they" with engineers, it will read as "engineers influence the upcoming......" which does not make sense. Hence in the second clause "their" and "they "both refer to "data "only.

Hence no pronoun ambiguity :-)

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New post 16 Sep 2017, 02:42
Hello GMATNinja GMATNinjatwo souvik101990 sayantanc2k,

Although I do know that this is not an official question, I am wondering whether the usage of 'being' is correct in option A.

Just want to check whether the concepts I learned are correct. I would appreciate your help here

Quote:
The data being collected in the current geological survey are providing a strong warning for engineers as they consider the new dam project, but their greatest importance


1. being collected - It is definitely used a modifier here modifying the noun "The Data"
2. It is neither a "Noun" nor a "verb (progressive tense)"
3. GMAT allows only the above two usage forms to be correct

Please correct me if I am wrong

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New post 20 Oct 2017, 06:05
The data is used as plural in sentence since following sentence uses they for data... Hence option A is right

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Re: The data being collected in the current geological survey are providin [#permalink]

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New post 17 Nov 2017, 10:59
thelosthippie wrote:
The data being collected in the current geological survey are providing a strong warning for engineers as they consider the new dam project, but their greatest importance might lie in how they influence the upcoming decision by those same engineers on whether to retrofit 75 bridges in the survey zone.

(A) The data being collected in the current geological survey are providing a strong warning for engineers as they consider the new dam project, but their greatest importance

(B) The data being collected in the current geological survey provide a strong warning for engineers as they consider the new dam project, but its greatest importance

(C) The data collected in the current geological survey is providing a strong warning for engineers as they consider the new dam project, but their greatest importance

(D) The data collected in the current geological survey provides a strong warning for engineers in consideration of the new dam project, but its greatest importance

(E) The data collected in the current geological survey provide a strong warning for engineers in consideration for the new dam project, but the greatest importance


Bumping this question up as I think this is a good example of how 'data' can be used as both, plural as well as singular.
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New post 17 Nov 2017, 17:34
I am working in IT industry for many years now. And we have always used 'data' as a singular term. Eg - Data your team has given is raw. I do not understand why the answer is not 'D'. Can anyone pls explain

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New post 17 Nov 2017, 23:01
twister68 wrote:
I am working in IT industry for many years now. And we have always used 'data' as a singular term. Eg - Data your team has given is raw. I do not understand why the answer is not 'D'. Can anyone pls explain


Let me try to address your question :-)

Data, as it comes from Latin, is the plural form of 'datum'. Traditionally the form of verb depended on the sentence these words were used in but today, esp. in non-scientific communications, 'data is used a mass noun. The usage of data has become similar to that of words like information, news, and others. Information - no plural form. news - no plural form (e.g., news - you get one story or multiple - it still is news).

Going back to your query, Data your team has given is raw - used in a strictly non-scientific way and as a mass noun (same way as 'team is here' but it is not just one person). Also, we do have a habit of referring to one or two entries as data points, which kind of allows us to go around without creating a lot of confusion. Needless to say, that is quite colloquial.

Hope this helps :thumbup:
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