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# The Department of Homeland Security has proposed new federal

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Senior Manager
Joined: 08 Jun 2006
Posts: 326
Location: Washington DC
The Department of Homeland Security has proposed new federal  [#permalink]

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23 Dec 2006, 19:08
7
39
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Difficulty:

65% (hard)

Question Stats:

57% (01:27) correct 43% (01:43) wrong based on 2836 sessions

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The Department of Homeland Security has proposed new federal requirements for driver’s licenses that would allow them to be used as part of a national identification system. Using licenses for purposes not directly related to operating a motor vehicle is un-American because it would require U.S. citizens to carry the equivalent of “papers.” Such a requirement would allow the government to restrict their movements and activities in the manner of totalitarian regimes. In time, this could make other limits on freedom acceptable.

The author assumes which of the following?

(A) The next presidential election will be dishonest, as has happened in eastern European countries.
(B) The government will soon start curtailing the activities of those it considers “dissidents.”
(C) Blanket restrictions on law-abiding individuals are contrary to the traditions of American culture and law.
(D) The majority of Americans are not willing to give up their right to travel and move about without identification.
(E) Americans should resist all government regulation of their lives.
Manager
Joined: 22 Oct 2006
Posts: 64
Location: India

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01 Jan 2007, 06:13
1
2
My take is C... byPOE

A. Not a Choice as OUt of scope.
B is ruled out!
C. SO SO...Doesn't appear to be a clearcut assumption
D.Argument doesn't talk abt the right to travel although there is a reference of driver's license. rule it out!
E. Rule it out straight away...as it is generalization against all the govt regs.

As A,B,D,E are not the choices, C is the answer by POE. c appears to be an inference rather than an assumption...
Manager
Joined: 03 Dec 2006
Posts: 69
Location: London

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01 Jan 2007, 07:53
appuvar wrote:
Quote:
D.Argument doesn't talk abt the right to travel although there is a reference of driver's license. rule it out!

but D includes movements other than travel
D) The majority of Americans are not willing to give up their right to travel and move about without identification.

and the argument talks about movements:
would allow the government to restrict their movements and activities

Therefore, even if the answer is C, your reasoning is not clear to me.
VP
Joined: 21 Mar 2006
Posts: 1071
Location: Bangalore

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10 Jan 2007, 20:59
Give me D!
Conclusion:Using licenses for purposes not directly related to operating a motor vehicle is a restriction of freedom.

Why?

Because majority of Americans are not willing to give up their right to travel and move about without identification.

If they WERE willing to give up this right, it wouldn't be a restriction of freedom would it?

C talks about law-abiding citizens. The argument does not say anything about law-abiding citizens. All it mentions is 'American citizens'.
Manager
Joined: 08 Jan 2007
Posts: 63
Location: D.C.

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11 Jan 2007, 04:25
1
khaos wrote:
appuvar wrote:
Quote:
D.Argument doesn't talk abt the right to travel although there is a reference of driver's license. rule it out!

but D includes movements other than travel
D) The majority of Americans are not willing to give up their right to travel and move about without identification.

and the argument talks about movements:
would allow the government to restrict their movements and activities

Therefore, even if the answer is C, your reasoning is not clear to me.

It's between C and D for me. I thought about this... when we negate this assumption it feels like D is the better answer.

Negate D - "The majority of Americans ARE willing to give up the right to travel without identification."

This proves false the whole argument the author is trying to makes,

I pick D.
Manager
Joined: 18 Aug 2007
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18 Aug 2007, 03:37
I would go with C.

C. Blanket restrictions on law-abiding individuals are contrary to the
traditions of American culture and law.

Though i am not totally confident on the essence of the passage, the other choices seems to be vague.
Manager
Joined: 21 Aug 2006
Posts: 240
Location: Singapore
Re: CR - Homeland Security  [#permalink]

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18 Aug 2007, 05:45
vineetgupta wrote:
The Department of Homeland Security has proposed new federal requirements for driver’s licenses that would allow them to be used as part of a national identification system. Using licenses for purposes not directly related to operating a motor vehicle is un-American because it would require U.S. citizens to carry the equivalent of “papers.” Such a requirement would allow the government to restrict their movements and activities in the manner of totalitarian regimes. In time, this could make other limits on freedom acceptable.

The author assumes which of the following?

A. The next presidential election will be dishonest, as has happened in
eastern European countries.
B. The government will soon start curtailing the activities of those it
considers “dissidents.”
C. Blanket restrictions on law-abiding individuals are contrary to the
traditions of American culture and law.
D. The majority of Americans are not willing to give up their right to
travel and move about without identification.
E. Americans should resist all government regulation of their lives.

My question is which of these sentences is the main conclusion??

A, B is out because it is out of context.

D contradicts the passage."In time, this could make other limits on freedom acceptable".

E is too extreme.

That leaves us with C.
Manager
Joined: 20 Dec 2004
Posts: 171

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18 Aug 2007, 08:24
I would go with C. The conclusions is

Using licenses for purposes not directly related to operating a motor vehicle is un-American because it would require U.S. citizens to carry the equivalent of “papers.”
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19 Aug 2007, 17:58
OK i came down to C and D..

assumption tend to be more general..somehow reading the passage, it appears the assumption is that blanket restrictions on law-abiding individuals are contrary to the
traditions of American culture and law

C it is..
Director
Joined: 29 Jul 2006
Posts: 808

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20 Aug 2007, 12:13
The OA is C...but my question is :
Which of the italicized sentences is the main conclusion??
Senior Manager
Joined: 03 Jun 2007
Posts: 358

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20 Aug 2007, 13:20
The main conclusion is In time, this could make other limits on freedom acceptable. I feel the OA is wrong and it has to be D. C does not even fit into an inference leave alone being an assumption
Director
Joined: 09 Aug 2006
Posts: 513
Re: CR - Homeland Security  [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2007, 08:48
vineetgupta wrote:
The Department of Homeland Security has proposed new federal requirements for driver’s licenses that would allow them to be used as part of a national identification system. Using licenses for purposes not directly related to operating a motor vehicle is un-American because it would require U.S. citizens to carry the equivalent of “papers.” Such a requirement would allow the government to restrict their movements and activities in the manner of totalitarian regimes. In time, this could make other limits on freedom acceptable.

The author assumes which of the following?

A. The next presidential election will be dishonest, as has happened in
eastern European countries.
B. The government will soon start curtailing the activities of those it
considers “dissidents.”
C. Blanket restrictions on law-abiding individuals are contrary to the
traditions of American culture and law.
D. The majority of Americans are not willing to give up their right to
travel and move about without identification.
E. Americans should resist all government regulation of their lives.

My question is which of these sentences is the main conclusion??

The conclusion is that given the new travel requirement, Govt wants to act in totalitarian way by first restricting movements which eventually will lead to more limits on freedom.

As per the question asked ,
A - No talk of president election in the stem - Eliminate.
B- No mention of any dissidents in the stem - Eliminate.
C- No sign of blanket restriction. On the contrary it seems the restrictions are phased - Eliminate.
D- Yes..
E - This is a suggestion for further action not an assumption.
Director
Joined: 14 Oct 2007
Posts: 732
Location: Oxford
Schools: Oxford'10
Re: CR - National ID System  [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2008, 03:27
1
1
walker wrote:
My question is how it is close to real GMAT

It comes close, but again, no one exactly replicates GMAT CR in my opinion.

The answe to this I believe is C, becuase the argument says that a blanket restriction is "un-american" like "totalitarian regimes"
Senior Manager
Joined: 29 Aug 2005
Posts: 258
Re: CR - National ID System  [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2008, 09:14
Oh finnaly i got this correct
C is the answer to this

to be honest i also think that nothing compares to the actual thing, but nonetheless it does provide some very good simulation

walker keep posting these questions
and hey guys i wonder is someone can post RC 's as questions
i hardly see anyone posting RC 's here any particular reasons for the same
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Joined: 24 Jun 2010
Posts: 375
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02 Oct 2010, 12:01
Orange08 wrote:
The Department of Homeland Security has proposed new federal requirements for driver’s licenses that would allow them to be used as part of a national identification system. Using licenses for purposes not directly related to operating a motor vehicle is un-American because it would require U.S. citizens to carry the equivalent of “papers.” Such a requirement would allow the government to restrict their movements and activities in the manner of totalitarian regimes. In time, this could make other limits on freedom acceptable.

The author assumes which of the following?

a) The next presidential election will be dishonest, as has happened in eastern European countries.
Out of scope.
b) The government will soon start curtailing the activities of those it considers “dissidents.”
No where in the stimulus there is a talk of "dissidents". Hence out of scope.
c) Blanket restrictions on law-abiding individuals are contrary to the traditions of American culture and law.
This statement is a extremely extrapolating the argument in the stimulus.
d) The majority of Americans are not willing to give up their right to travel and move about without identification.
Good candidate.
e) Americans should resist all government regulation of their lives.
Again this option is extremely worded -- "all" , "of their lives". Hence eliminated.

Option D wins. If we apply the negation rule the argument should break.

Argument is -- "Using licenses for purposes not directly related to operating a motor vehicle is un-American". And negation of option D -- majority of Americans are willing to give up their right to travel without id will make it sound like it is okay with Americans and the argument breaks. Hence this option is correct.
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Intern
Joined: 21 Aug 2009
Posts: 46

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05 Oct 2010, 23:02
The Department of Homeland Security has proposed new federal requirements for driver’s licenses that would allow them to be used as part of a national identification system. Using licenses for purposes not directly related to operating a motor vehicle is un-American because it would require U.S. citizens to carry the equivalent of “papers.” Such a requirement would allow the government to restrict their movements and activities in the manner of totalitarian regimes. In time, this could make other limits on freedom acceptable.

The author assumes which of the following?

a) The next presidential election will be dishonest, as has happened in eastern European countries.
b) The government will soon start curtailing the activities of those it considers “dissidents.”
c) Blanket restrictions on law-abiding individuals are contrary to the traditions of American culture and law.
d) The majority of Americans are not willing to give up their right to travel and move about without identification.
e) Americans should resist all government regulation of their lives.

A- Totally irrelevant
B- Irrelevant. We are not bothered about what the consequences are.
C- C Wins. The argument says that carrying documents is not American and doing so restricts movement. Statement C speaks about the same.
D- The argument is not assuming what the majority of americans are doing. In fact no where in the passage does it talk about the americans feel. It talks about what the author is saying.
E- Irrelevant. Its not about what the americans are supposed to do. It is about what the argument is assuming.
Manager
Joined: 07 Jan 2010
Posts: 125
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WE 2: 4 Software Analyst

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10 Oct 2010, 11:13
1
mgmat cr's are a bit frustrating, here is some more discussion regarding this question --
http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/pos ... ity#p14965
Manager
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Posts: 131
Location: India
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GMAT Date: 07-23-2012
WE: Programming (Telecommunications)
Re: The Department of Homeland Security has proposed new federal  [#permalink]

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22 May 2012, 12:12
Orange08 wrote:
The Department of Homeland Security has proposed new federal requirements for driver’s licenses that would allow them to be used as part of a national identification system. Using licenses for purposes not directly related to operating a motor vehicle is un-American because it would require U.S. citizens to carry the equivalent of “papers.” Such a requirement would allow the government to restrict their movements and activities in the manner of totalitarian regimes. In time, this could make other limits on freedom acceptable.

The author assumes which of the following?

a) The next presidential election will be dishonest, as has happened in eastern European countries.
b) The government will soon start curtailing the activities of those it considers “dissidents.”
c) Blanket restrictions on law-abiding individuals are contrary to the traditions of American culture and law.
d) The majority of Americans are not willing to give up their right to travel and move about without identification.
e) Americans should resist all government regulation of their lives.

I picked up the C because it is mentioned that there are few things which are un-American so C makes sense as it explains that the step is contrary to the traditions of American culture and law.
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Manager
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Posts: 69
Re: The Department of Homeland Security has proposed new federal  [#permalink]

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19 Feb 2013, 11:29
OA is C.

OE: The conclusion of this argument is that the national identification system (“using licenses for purposes not directly related to operating a motor vehicle”) is un-American. The basis for this claim is that such a system would allow the government to restrict the liberty of its people. The necessary assumption is one that connects restrictions on liberties to the concept of “un-American” policies.

Though I too went with D...
But OE says Whether Americans are willing to give up their right to travel freely is irrelevant to this argument: that the national identification system is un-American simply because it restricts the liberties of U.S. citizens. Even if Americans were willing to give up their right to move about without identification, the system could still be considered un-American.
VP
Joined: 24 Jul 2011
Posts: 1485
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V48
GRE 1: Q800 V740
Re: The Department of Homeland Security has proposed new federal  [#permalink]

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01 Mar 2013, 21:03
[A]: There is no information at all here about the Presidential election. Incorrect.
[B]: There is no reference to "dissidents", either directly or indirectly in the stimulus. Incorrect.
[C]: If using licenses as identification is un-American and could lead to restriction on movement, then the restrictions are also un-American, and therefore contrary to American culture and law. CORRECT.
[D]: The stimulus says nothing about what the majority of Americans feel. Incorrect.
[E]: This is an over-generalization. If Americans ought to oppose some restriction on their freedom, it does not mean that they should oppose all government regulation of their lives. Incorrect.

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Re: The Department of Homeland Security has proposed new federal &nbs [#permalink] 01 Mar 2013, 21:03

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