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The director of programming at NNN, the National News

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The director of programming at NNN, the National News  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2011, 20:14
2
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Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

62% (01:48) correct 38% (02:14) wrong based on 689 sessions

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The director of programming at NNN, the National News Network, proclaimed that, despite charges to the contrary, the Network does not have a conservative bias. The director acknowledged that, when a liberal news personality was recently added to the Network, an additional conservative news program was also established. However, the director argued that far from demonstrating any bias, these actions reflect a commitment to presenting a balanced perspective in interpreting current events.

Which of the following pieces of information would be most useful in evaluating the validity of the programming director’s argument?
1) The Network has established an additional liberal news program whenever an additional conservative news personality has been added.
2) The Network airs a program focused largely on the opinions of its viewers on contemporary issues.
3) The newly added liberal news personality came from a rival network with an acknowledged liberal bias.
4) The newly added liberal news personality has indicated that he has not felt any editorial pressure in his new environment.
5) The viewer ratings of the Network have been lower this past year than in previous years.

Can someone explain that about what director is arguing in the passage?
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Re: The director of programming at NNN, the National News  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2011, 20:47
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The director is refuting the charge that NNN has a bias towards being conservative. Recently, the channel hired a liberal news personality, which should have made the channel more liberal (as it has one more person who has liberal views, as opposed to conservative). However, in response, the channel added an additional conservative news program.

To an outsider, this would seem that the channel tried to maintain its bias for being conservative by trying to neutralize the effect of one additional liberal news anchor through an additional conservative news program. This is the charge that is made against the news network.

However, the director refutes the charge by saying that the conservative news program helped to balance the effect of added liberalism in the news network through the liberal anchor - it was an attempt on the part of the news channel to help maintained a balanced perspective, not to 'make up' for the presence of more liberalism (through the new anchor) by introducing more conservatism (through the news program). In summation, the director is saying that the news network strives to provide a balanced perspective to its viewers, not to maintain a bias towards conservatism.

So in this question, the correct answer choice is (1).

1) If the news network has always established an additional liberal news program whenever a new conservative personality has joined, it shows the commitment of the network to balance out liberalism and conservatism IN THE SAME WAY as it has in the question stem. Therefore this is the right choice.
2) Even if the network airs one program focused on the opinions of its viewers, that does not make it committed to showing the balanced perspective as a whole (there could be many more program not focused on viewer opinion).
3) This is irrelevant to the argument
4) Even if the new personality has not felt any editorial pressure, we cannot comment on the situation in general.
5) Viewer rating has no relation to the new network showing a balanced perspective.
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Re: The director of programming at NNN, the National News  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Oct 2014, 10:28
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IMO it's A. We need to know that every time a liberal show is established each time a conservative presenter comes in. If this is the case, then the channel is indeed unbiased and is not conservative. In such a way they try to keep the balance, so A is the answer.
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Re: The director of programming at NNN, the National News  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Mar 2016, 02:45
How is D not the correct answer?
If we look at A, it says a balance is maintained but what if they keep liberal people but pressurize them.
Isnt it more valuable to keep a few(or equal) liberal people but atleast there is no pressure from the editorial board.
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Re: The director of programming at NNN, the National News  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Nov 2016, 04:11
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sa18 wrote:
How is D not the correct answer?
If we look at A, it says a balance is maintained but what if they keep liberal people but pressurize them.
Isnt it more valuable to keep a few(or equal) liberal people but atleast there is no pressure from the editorial board.



For option D)

D)Whether the new liberal news personality has indicated that he has felt any editorial
pressure is not relevant; he might not want to admit to such pressure even if it did exist.
Moreover, the experience of one employee does not address the overall programming of the
Network.


Overall explanation :-


The director of programming argues that the addition of a conservative news program in
response to the hiring of a liberal news personality represents an institutional attempt at
balancing different perspectives, rather than any conservative bias. The evidence provided by
the director is outside of the context of any past actions on the part of the Network; it would be
useful to have more information about actions the Network has taken in response to the hiring
of conservative or liberal news personalities in the past to determine a pattern of behavior.


(A) CORRECT. If the Network responds to the addition of a liberal news personality in the same
way that it does the addition of a conservative news personality, then the argument presented
by the director is valid. An identical response to the hiring of a personality from either side of
the political spectrum suggests that the Network does act in a fair and balanced manner, at
least in this regard.

(B) Whether the Network presents a program airing the opinions of its viewers on contemporary
issues does not indicate either a balanced approach or a conservative bias. This statement is
irrelevant.

(C) The nature of the former employer of the newly-hired liberal news personality is not
relevant in determining whether or not there is a systematic conservative bias regarding the
overall programming of the Network.

(D) Whether the new liberal news personality has indicated that he has felt any editorial
pressure is not relevant; he might not want to admit to such pressure even if it did exist.
Moreover, the experience of one employee does not address the overall programming of the
Network.

(E) That the Network has suffered from lower ratings in the past year is not relevant to
determining the bias or lack thereof of the Network, though it may explain why new
personalities and programming are being added.
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The director of programming at NNN, the National News  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jan 2017, 08:12
Option A is correct. The director claimed that the reason for establishing a conservative news program when a liberal personality is added is to balance the liberal and conservative outlook of the channel. It is important to know whether the reverse is also done,i.e. when a conservative personality is added, whether a liberal news program is established (option A).

Option D does not state anything about this balance.

Hence A is better than D.

OA has been added.
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Re: The director of programming at NNN, the National News  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Apr 2017, 10:13
1
This argument exhibits a CHANGE IN SCOPE.
The premise is about ONE CASE: When a liberal news personality was recently added to the Network, an additional conservative news program was also established.
The conclusion is a GENERALIZATION: Far from demonstrating any bias, these actions reflects COMMITMENT TO PRESENTING A BALANCED PERSPECTIVE in interpreting current events.

The correct answer must help us determine whether this ONE CASE of apparent non-bias truly reflects a COMMITMENT TO PRESENTING A BALANCED PERSPECTIVE.

A: The Network has established an additional liberal news program whenever an additional conservative news personality has been added.
This answer choice shows that the ONE CASE presented in the passage was NOT AN EXCEPTION and supports the GENERALIZATION that the network has a COMMITMENT TO PRESENTING A BALANCED PERSPECTIVE: When a liberal news personality was recently added to the Network, an additional CONSERVATIVE news program was also established, and whenever an additional conservative news personality has been added, the Network has established an additional LIBERAL news program. Hence, no bias.

The correct answer is A.
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Re: The director of programming at NNN, the National News  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Sep 2018, 13:46
Could anyone please explain why option C is incorrect using the variance test? I am not able to see why option C is incorrect
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Re: The director of programming at NNN, the National News &nbs [#permalink] 05 Sep 2018, 13:46
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