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# The discovery of alligator bones in the ruins of Haojing,

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The discovery of alligator bones in the ruins of Haojing,  [#permalink]

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03 Feb 2020, 08:43
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35% (medium)

Question Stats:

57% (01:10) correct 43% (01:23) wrong based on 87 sessions

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The discovery of alligator bones in the ruins of Haojing, part of the capital of ancient China's Western Zhou dynasty (1046-771 BCE), helped archaeologists visualize an era in which large lakes had existed in now currently more arid regions.

A. in which large lakes had existed in a now currently more arid region

B. in which large lakes existed in what is now an arid region

C. when large lakes existed where there is a region now arid

D. when large lakes had existed in a current arid region

E. when large lakes existed in a region now that is arid

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Re: The discovery of alligator bones in the ruins of Haojing,  [#permalink]

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03 Feb 2020, 08:57
The discovery of alligator bones in the ruins of Haojing, part of the capital of ancient China's Western Zhou dynasty (1046-771 BCE), helped archaeologists visualize an era in which large lakes had existed in now currently more arid regions.

A. in which large lakes had existed in a now currently more arid region -> now and currently are redundant

B. in which large lakes existed in what is now an arid region - Correct

C. when large lakes existed where there is a region now arid -> seems to suggest discovery helped archeologists exactly when large lake existed

D. when large lakes had existed in a current arid region -> seems to suggest discovery helped archeologists exactly when large lake existed

E. when large lakes existed in a region now that is arid -> seems to suggest discovery helped archeologists exactly when large lake existed
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Joined: 25 Sep 2018
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GPA: 3.97
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Re: The discovery of alligator bones in the ruins of Haojing,  [#permalink]

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05 Feb 2020, 21:14
1
OFFICIAL EXPLANATION

When we read this sentence, we should notice that "now currently more arid" sounds awkward; on closer inspection, we see that "now currently" is redundant. All of our answer choices phrase this description differently. Choice (B) sounds good;
(C) sounds like Yoda, which is not what we're going for on the test, so it's out.
Choice (D) uses the adjective "current" where it should have an adverb, "currently," to describe another adjective.
(E) misplaces the word "now"; it should go before "arid."

The correct answer is Choice (B).

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Re: The discovery of alligator bones in the ruins of Haojing,  [#permalink]

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06 Feb 2020, 07:12
Dear Friends,

Here is a detailed explanation to this question-

Abhi077 wrote:
The discovery of alligator bones in the ruins of Haojing, part of the capital of ancient China's Western Zhou dynasty (1046-771 BCE), helped archaeologists visualize an era in which large lakes had existed in now currently more arid regions.

A. in which large lakes had existed in a now currently more arid region

B. in which large lakes existed in what is now an arid region

C. when large lakes existed where there is a region now arid

D. when large lakes had existed in a current arid region

E. when large lakes existed in a region now that is arid

Choice A: This answer choice features a redundancy in its use of the phrase "now currently"; both "now" and "currently" convey the exact same information. Thus, this answer choice is not a very good one.

Choice B: This answer choice is the most concise one and conveys the intended meaning of the sentence. Thus, this answer choice is correct.

Choice C: This answer choice is highly awkward due to the use of the phrase "a region now arid". Thus, this answer choice is not a very good one.

Choice D: This answer choice incorrectly uses the adjective "current" to describe another adjective; the appropriate term to use in this context is the adverb "currently". Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Choice E: This answer choice is awkward due to the use of the poorly constructed phrase "now that is arid". Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Hence, B is the best answer choice.

All the best!
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Re: The discovery of alligator bones in the ruins of Haojing,  [#permalink]

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06 Feb 2020, 07:41
MODIFIERS

A. in which large lakes had existed in a now currently more arid region ---------- "now" and "currently" are redundant.

B. in which large lakes existed in what is now an arid region ---------- CORRECT

C. when large lakes existed where there is a region now arid ---------- We need a present verb to establish that the region is NOW arid. The correct form would be "where there is a region THAT IS now arid."

D. when large lakes had existed in a current arid region ---------- It confuses the past with the present. Besides, past perfect tense is used incorrectly.

E. when large lakes existed in a region now that is arid ---------- "now" should modify "is". In order to do that it should be placed INSIDE the relative clause. The correct way would be "a region THAT IS NOW arid. "
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Re: The discovery of alligator bones in the ruins of Haojing,   [#permalink] 06 Feb 2020, 07:41