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The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is

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Re: The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2016, 23:24
4500 _--------------------------3000

We thought Mayan settlement were established 3000 years back, but now we found stone piece of 4500 years back. This stone is not like anything other other produced. And it resembled Mayan settlement equipment.

Mayan Culture
Other culture

So only option is that it should be of Mayan. And then another conclusion, ok mayan settlement is not 3000 years back but they are 4500 years old.

(D) Successor cultures at a given site often adopt the style of agricultural implements used by earlier inhabitants of the same site. :-

By this we can say that they are not of Mayan but of their "Ancestor" so they are 4500 years old and not "Mayan" is 4500 years old.


But the question stem : we have already removed the possibility of other cultures known to have inhabited the area in prehistoric times. And the previous culture will also be considered as other cultures. and they are already off the list.

But another angle is : If mayan had borrowed the style from their previous ancestors, then although 4500 years old stone resembles the Mayan, that it would be of their ancestors. so the resemblance doesn't matter. They could be of Mayanor pervious ancestor, we are in doubt.

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Re: The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is [#permalink]

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New post 26 Dec 2016, 07:06
Given - the implements’ designs are strikingly different from the designs of stone implements produced by other cultures known to have inhabited the area in prehistoric times.

(D) Successor cultures at a given site often adopt the style of agricultural implements used by earlier inhabitants of the same site.

Unable to understand how D is the correct choice if it is given that the designs were different than ones produced by other cultures that lived in the area before mayans. What am i interpreting incorrectly.

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The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jan 2017, 22:20
ankur2710 wrote:
Given - the implements’ designs are strikingly different from the designs of stone implements produced by other cultures known to have inhabited the area in prehistoric times.

(D) Successor cultures at a given site often adopt the style of agricultural implements used by earlier inhabitants of the same site.

Unable to understand how D is the correct choice if it is given that the designs were different than ones produced by other cultures that lived in the area before mayans. What am i interpreting incorrectly.


The part you missed is: "KNOWN to have inhabited the area". There could possibly be some other culture NOT KNOWN, from which the Mayans adopted the stone implements. Therefore option D is correct.

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The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is [#permalink]

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New post 09 Oct 2017, 18:12
The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is about 3,000 years old. Recently, however, 4,500-year-old stone agricultural implements were unearthed at Colha. These implements resemble Mayan stone implements of a much later period, also found at Colha. Moreover, the implements’ designs are strikingly different from the designs of stone implements produced by other cultures known to have inhabited the area in prehistoric times. Therefore, there were surely Mayan settlements in Colha 4,500 years ago.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

(A) Ceramic ware is not known to have been used by the Mayan people to make agricultural implements.
(B) Carbon-dating of corn pollen in Colha indicates that agriculture began there around 4,500 years ago.
(C) Archaeological evidence indicates that some of the oldest stone implements found at Colha were used to cut away vegetation after controlled burning of trees to open areas of swampland for cultivation.
(D) Successor cultures at a given site often adopt the style of agricultural implements used by earlier inhabitants of the same site.
(E) Many religious and social institutions of the Mayan people who inhabited Colha 3,000 years ago relied on a highly developed system of agricultural symbols.


The first highlighted part is the conclusion. The second highlighted part is the question stem....so we need an answer choice which basically says that the implements unearthed are not Mayans.

Option D talks about successor cultures adopting the style of previous inhabitants. This hints at the settlement unearthed(the one presumed to be 4500 years ago) copied the style from their successor(their identity we do not know) and down the line the style got passed to the Mayans, but not for once it establishes that 4500 years ago the settlement was of Mayans. Hence the correct choice. Frankly the other choices just made the job simpler, apart from D all of them seemed out of context.

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Re: The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is [#permalink]

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New post 11 Nov 2017, 19:17
The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is about 3,000 years old. Recently, however, 4,500-year-old stone agricultural implements were unearthed at Colha. These implements resemble Mayan stone implements of a much later period, also found at Colha. Moreover, the implements’ designs are strikingly different from the designs of stone implements produced by other cultures known to have inhabited the area in prehistoric times. Therefore, there were surely Mayan settlements in Colha 4,500 years ago.

Type - weaken
Boil it down - there were surely Mayan settlements in Colha 4,500 years ago .
4,500-year-old stone agricultural implements were unearthed at Colha were from Mayans because no co-existing culture created the same design .Thus there were surely Mayan settlements in Colha 4,500 years ago
-If we can break this causality we can weaken the conclusion

(A) Ceramic ware is not known to have been used by the Mayan people to make agricultural implements. - irrelevant
(B) Carbon-dating of corn pollen in Colha indicates that agriculture began there around 4,500 years ago. - Irrelevant - it says that some settlement was present in Colha around 4500 years ago
(C) Archaeological evidence indicates that some of the oldest stone implements found at Colha were used to cut away vegetation after controlled burning of trees to open areas of swampland for cultivation. - Irrelevant
(D) Successor cultures at a given site often adopt the style of agricultural implements used by earlier inhabitants of the same site. - Correct - Mayan civilization was inspired by some other culture/civilization that existed prior to it
(E) Many religious and social institutions of the Mayan people who inhabited Colha 3,000 years ago relied on a highly developed system of agricultural symbols. - Irrelevant

Answer D
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Re: The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is   [#permalink] 11 Nov 2017, 19:17

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The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is

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