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The ecosystems of barrier islands are extremely vulnerable -

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The ecosystems of barrier islands are extremely vulnerable - [#permalink]

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New post 04 Mar 2007, 12:14
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The ecosystems of barrier islands are extremely vulnerable - whether from natural processes like shoreline recession, rising sea levels, and destructive hurricanes, or the ever-increasing pressures of development

A. whether from natural processes like shoreline recession, rising sea levels, and destructive
hurricanes, or
B. whether from natural processes such as shoreline recession, rising sea levels, and destructive
hurricanes, or also
C. to processes that are natural like shoreline recession, rising sea levels, and destructive
hurricanes, and also
D. to processes that are natural ones like shoreline recession, rising sea levels, and destructive
hurricanes, as well as to
E. to natural processes such as shoreline recession, rising sea levels, and destructive hurricanes,
as well as to
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by WaterFlowsUp on 04 Jan 2015, 02:22, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The ecosystems of barrier islands are extremely vulnerable - [#permalink]

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New post 04 Mar 2007, 18:00
I would go for 'E', idiomatic and parellel.


b. three errors - whether...or is unidomatic, vulnerable to should be used instead of vulnerable from, like should not be used
c. Such as should be used instead of Like.
d. same as in 'C'
e. Best Answer, correct use of 'vulnerable to',
such as is used correctly
parrellelism is followed.

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Re: The ecosystems of barrier islands are extremely vulnerable - [#permalink]

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New post 04 Mar 2007, 18:09
(E)

1) We can not use 'like' here because the sentence maintions specific natural processes. It has to be 'such as'.
2) 'vulnerable to' is correct idiom.

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Re: The ecosystems of barrier islands are extremely vulnerable - [#permalink]

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New post 04 Mar 2007, 20:40
1. Need 'such as' instead of 'like': A, C and D out
2. B is incomplete and unidiomatic.

E is it!

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Re: The ecosystems of barrier islands are extremely vulnerable - [#permalink]

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New post 07 Mar 2007, 07:43
E for parallelism

to natural processes.......to the ever-increasing pressures

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Re: The ecosystems of barrier islands are extremely vulnerable - [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2016, 04:32
The ecosystems of barrier islands are extremely vulnerable - whether from natural processes like shoreline recession, rising sea levels, and destructive hurricanes, or the ever-increasing pressures of development

A. whether from natural processes like shoreline recession, rising sea levels, and destructive
hurricanes, or
B. whether from natural processes such as shoreline recession, rising sea levels, and destructive
hurricanes, or also
C. to processes that are natural like shoreline recession, rising sea levels, and destructive
hurricanes, and also
D. to processes that are natural ones like shoreline recession, rising sea levels, and destructive
hurricanes, as well as to
E. to natural processes such as shoreline recession, rising sea levels, and destructive hurricanes,
as well as to

Vulnerable to is correct idiom

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Re: The ecosystems of barrier islands are extremely vulnerable - [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2017, 08:10
I want to Know Is - part is also underlined, which looks like not , if not can any one explain Vulnerable - to is correct ?

I think after - there should be some additional information not that it continue the same sentence before hyphen, can anybody show me the rule of this hyphen

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Re: The ecosystems of barrier islands are extremely vulnerable - [#permalink]

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ukunal wrote:
I want to Know Is - part is also underlined, which looks like not , if not can any one explain Vulnerable - to is correct ?

I think after - there should be some additional information not that it continue the same sentence before hyphen, can anybody show me the rule of this hyphen



Hello ukunal,

You ask a very good question here. I will be glad to help you with this one. :-)

What follows the hyphen is the entity that the ecosystems of barrier islands are vulnerable to - natural processes.

Please note that natural processes is a noun entity that is preceded by the preposition to. This prepositional phrase modifies the action are vulnerable.

So the modifier is just precede d by this hyphen to show that what follows is a description.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
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The ecosystems of barrier islands are extremely vulnerable - [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2017, 09:17
Hi Experts GMATNinja GMATNinjaTwo sayantanc2k

Can any one please help between B/ E?
Remaining choices are eliminated since such as is used for showing examples.

WR,Arpit
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Re: The ecosystems of barrier islands are extremely vulnerable - [#permalink]

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adkikani wrote:
Hi Experts GMATNinja GMATNinjaTwo sayantanc2k

Can any one please help between B/ E?
Remaining choices are eliminated since such as is used for showing examples.

WR,Arpit



Hello Arpit, adkikani,

I will be glad to help you with this one. :-)

B. whether from natural processes such as shoreline recession, rising sea levels, and destructive hurricanes, or also

Choice B is incorrect for a couple of reasons.

1. Use of whether is incorrect in the context of this sentence because whether is used to present choices or alternatives. But there is no question of any alternative in this sentence as the sentence intends to say that the ecosystems of barrier islands are extremely vulnerable to either natural processes or the ever-increasing pressures of development - one of the two reasons.

Also, the expression whether from is idiomatic. The correct expression is vulnerable or vulnerable to.

2. Use of also with or is incorrect. There is no question of also in the statement either this or that because in any given situation, only one factor will be applicable.

E. to natural processes such as shoreline recession, rising sea levels, and destructive hurricanes,
as well as to

Choice E is the correct answer because it uses the correct expression vulnerable to and maintains perfect parallelism. Pay attention to the specific use of to at the end of the choice. Present of this preposition leaves no ambiguity that what entities are meant to be parallel.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: The ecosystems of barrier islands are extremely vulnerable - [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2017, 02:34
The ecosystems of barrier islands are extremely vulnerable - whether from natural processes like shoreline recession, rising sea levels, and destructive hurricanes, or the ever-increasing pressures of development

A. whether from natural processes like shoreline recession, rising sea levels, and destructive
hurricanes, or
B. whether from natural processes such as shoreline recession, rising sea levels, and destructive
hurricanes, or also
C. to processes that are natural like shoreline recession, rising sea levels, and destructive
hurricanes, and also
D. to processes that are natural ones like shoreline recession, rising sea levels, and destructive
hurricanes, as well as to
E. to natural processes such as shoreline recession, rising sea levels, and destructive hurricanes,
as well as to

Vulnerable to -> is correct idiom.
so A,B ruled out. Also whether is not correct in this context.

Like is wrong. so E

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Re: The ecosystems of barrier islands are extremely vulnerable - [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2017, 17:43
we can eliminate A and B because something cannot be vulnerable from

That leaves C D and E. "natural processes" is more idiomatic than "processes that are natural" so eliminate C and D.

Answer E
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Re: The ecosystems of barrier islands are extremely vulnerable - [#permalink]

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New post 02 Sep 2017, 05:16
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A Quick Fix
Remove A, C, and D for using 'like' to denote examples. Between B and E, one is always vulnerable to and not vulnerable from. E is correct
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Re: The ecosystems of barrier islands are extremely vulnerable -   [#permalink] 02 Sep 2017, 05:16
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