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# The ecosystems of barrier islands are extremely vulnerable -

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Intern
Joined: 03 Mar 2007
Posts: 16
The ecosystems of barrier islands are extremely vulnerable -  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 04 Jan 2015, 01:22
2
00:00

Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

85% (01:03) correct 15% (01:02) wrong based on 358 sessions

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The ecosystems of barrier islands are extremely vulnerable - whether from natural processes like shoreline recession, rising sea levels, and destructive hurricanes, or the ever-increasing pressures of development

A. whether from natural processes like shoreline recession, rising sea levels, and destructive
hurricanes, or
B. whether from natural processes such as shoreline recession, rising sea levels, and destructive
hurricanes, or also
C. to processes that are natural like shoreline recession, rising sea levels, and destructive
hurricanes, and also
D. to processes that are natural ones like shoreline recession, rising sea levels, and destructive
hurricanes, as well as to
E. to natural processes such as shoreline recession, rising sea levels, and destructive hurricanes,
as well as to

Originally posted by kxl19 on 04 Mar 2007, 11:14.
Last edited by WaterFlowsUp on 04 Jan 2015, 01:22, edited 1 time in total.
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Posts: 740
Re: The ecosystems of barrier islands are extremely vulnerable -  [#permalink]

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04 Mar 2007, 17:00
I would go for 'E', idiomatic and parellel.

b. three errors - whether...or is unidomatic, vulnerable to should be used instead of vulnerable from, like should not be used
c. Such as should be used instead of Like.
d. same as in 'C'
e. Best Answer, correct use of 'vulnerable to',
such as is used correctly
parrellelism is followed.
Manager
Joined: 09 Jan 2007
Posts: 226
Re: The ecosystems of barrier islands are extremely vulnerable -  [#permalink]

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04 Mar 2007, 17:09
(E)

1) We can not use 'like' here because the sentence maintions specific natural processes. It has to be 'such as'.
2) 'vulnerable to' is correct idiom.
VP
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Posts: 1053
Location: Bangalore
Re: The ecosystems of barrier islands are extremely vulnerable -  [#permalink]

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04 Mar 2007, 19:40
1. Need 'such as' instead of 'like': A, C and D out
2. B is incomplete and unidiomatic.

E is it!
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Re: The ecosystems of barrier islands are extremely vulnerable -  [#permalink]

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07 Mar 2007, 06:43
E for parallelism

to natural processes.......to the ever-increasing pressures
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Re: The ecosystems of barrier islands are extremely vulnerable -  [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2016, 03:32
The ecosystems of barrier islands are extremely vulnerable - whether from natural processes like shoreline recession, rising sea levels, and destructive hurricanes, or the ever-increasing pressures of development

A. whether from natural processes like shoreline recession, rising sea levels, and destructive
hurricanes, or
B. whether from natural processes such as shoreline recession, rising sea levels, and destructive
hurricanes, or also
C. to processes that are natural like shoreline recession, rising sea levels, and destructive
hurricanes, and also
D. to processes that are natural ones like shoreline recession, rising sea levels, and destructive
hurricanes, as well as to
E. to natural processes such as shoreline recession, rising sea levels, and destructive hurricanes,
as well as to

Vulnerable to is correct idiom
Intern
Joined: 23 Jun 2015
Posts: 16
Re: The ecosystems of barrier islands are extremely vulnerable -  [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2017, 07:10
I want to Know Is - part is also underlined, which looks like not , if not can any one explain Vulnerable - to is correct ?

I think after - there should be some additional information not that it continue the same sentence before hyphen, can anybody show me the rule of this hyphen
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Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2743
Re: The ecosystems of barrier islands are extremely vulnerable -  [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2017, 08:10
1
ukunal wrote:
I want to Know Is - part is also underlined, which looks like not , if not can any one explain Vulnerable - to is correct ?

I think after - there should be some additional information not that it continue the same sentence before hyphen, can anybody show me the rule of this hyphen

Hello ukunal,

What follows the hyphen is the entity that the ecosystems of barrier islands are vulnerable to - natural processes.

Please note that natural processes is a noun entity that is preceded by the preposition to. This prepositional phrase modifies the action are vulnerable.

So the modifier is just precede d by this hyphen to show that what follows is a description.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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The ecosystems of barrier islands are extremely vulnerable -  [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2017, 08:17
Hi Experts GMATNinja GMATNinjaTwo sayantanc2k

Remaining choices are eliminated since such as is used for showing examples.

WR,Arpit
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Re: The ecosystems of barrier islands are extremely vulnerable -  [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2017, 08:31
1
Hi Experts GMATNinja GMATNinjaTwo sayantanc2k

Remaining choices are eliminated since such as is used for showing examples.

WR,Arpit

B. whether from natural processes such as shoreline recession, rising sea levels, and destructive hurricanes, or also

Choice B is incorrect for a couple of reasons.

1. Use of whether is incorrect in the context of this sentence because whether is used to present choices or alternatives. But there is no question of any alternative in this sentence as the sentence intends to say that the ecosystems of barrier islands are extremely vulnerable to either natural processes or the ever-increasing pressures of development - one of the two reasons.

Also, the expression whether from is idiomatic. The correct expression is vulnerable or vulnerable to.

2. Use of also with or is incorrect. There is no question of also in the statement either this or that because in any given situation, only one factor will be applicable.

E. to natural processes such as shoreline recession, rising sea levels, and destructive hurricanes,
as well as to

Choice E is the correct answer because it uses the correct expression vulnerable to and maintains perfect parallelism. Pay attention to the specific use of to at the end of the choice. Present of this preposition leaves no ambiguity that what entities are meant to be parallel.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: The ecosystems of barrier islands are extremely vulnerable -  [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2017, 01:34
The ecosystems of barrier islands are extremely vulnerable - whether from natural processes like shoreline recession, rising sea levels, and destructive hurricanes, or the ever-increasing pressures of development

A. whether from natural processes like shoreline recession, rising sea levels, and destructive
hurricanes, or
B. whether from natural processes such as shoreline recession, rising sea levels, and destructive
hurricanes, or also
C. to processes that are natural like shoreline recession, rising sea levels, and destructive
hurricanes, and also
D. to processes that are natural ones like shoreline recession, rising sea levels, and destructive
hurricanes, as well as to
E. to natural processes such as shoreline recession, rising sea levels, and destructive hurricanes,
as well as to

Vulnerable to -> is correct idiom.
so A,B ruled out. Also whether is not correct in this context.

Like is wrong. so E
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Re: The ecosystems of barrier islands are extremely vulnerable -  [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2017, 16:43
we can eliminate A and B because something cannot be vulnerable from

That leaves C D and E. "natural processes" is more idiomatic than "processes that are natural" so eliminate C and D.

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Re: The ecosystems of barrier islands are extremely vulnerable -  [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2017, 04:16
Top Contributor
A Quick Fix
Remove A, C, and D for using 'like' to denote examples. Between B and E, one is always vulnerable to and not vulnerable from. E is correct
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Re: The ecosystems of barrier islands are extremely vulnerable -  [#permalink]

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02 Dec 2017, 07:32
egmat wrote:
Hi Experts GMATNinja GMATNinjaTwo sayantanc2k

Remaining choices are eliminated since such as is used for showing examples.

WR,Arpit

B. whether from natural processes such as shoreline recession, rising sea levels, and destructive hurricanes, or also

Choice B is incorrect for a couple of reasons.

1. Use of whether is incorrect in the context of this sentence because whether is used to present choices or alternatives. But there is no question of any alternative in this sentence as the sentence intends to say that the ecosystems of barrier islands are extremely vulnerable to either natural processes or the ever-increasing pressures of development - one of the two reasons.

Also, the expression whether from is idiomatic. The correct expression is vulnerable or vulnerable to.

2. Use of also with or is incorrect. There is no question of also in the statement either this or that because in any given situation, only one factor will be applicable.

E. to natural processes such as shoreline recession, rising sea levels, and destructive hurricanes,
as well as to

Choice E is the correct answer because it uses the correct expression vulnerable to and maintains perfect parallelism. Pay attention to the specific use of to at the end of the choice. Present of this preposition leaves no ambiguity that what entities are meant to be parallel.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.

Hello EGmat,
as well as is a preposition. So, how can we have 2 prepositions together at a time. as well as to the ever-increasing pressures of development.
normally,As well as is followed by a noun. Example- I like food as well as tea. Please help me to understand that just to maintain parallelism, howcan we have 2 prepositions together at a time.
Re: The ecosystems of barrier islands are extremely vulnerable - &nbs [#permalink] 02 Dec 2017, 07:32
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