It is currently 24 Feb 2018, 02:25

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Intern
Joined: 21 Jun 2014
Posts: 17
GPA: 3.9
Re: The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Aug 2015, 20:46
The word 'are' and 'calls' shows that the sentence is in present tense. Therefore option (B) & (C) are straight away ruled out for having the word 'constituted' in the end.
Option (D) "unrealistic enough so that the constitute" has the wrong idiom (correct idiom is (Adjective) enough that)
Option (E) "unrealistic enough so as to constitute" has the wrong idiom (correct idiom is (Adjective) enough that)

I hope the above clarification helps!
Intern
Joined: 21 Jun 2014
Posts: 17
GPA: 3.9
Re: The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Aug 2015, 20:49
The word 'are' and 'calls' shows that the sentence is in present tense. Therefore option (B) & (C) are straight away ruled out for having the word 'constituted' in the end.
Option (D) "unrealistic enough so that the constitute" has the wrong idiom (correct idiom is (Adjective) enough that)
Option (E) "unrealistic enough so as to constitute" has the wrong idiom (correct idiom is (Adjective) enough that)

I hope the above clarification helps!
Non-Human User
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10333
Re: The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Aug 2015, 08:22
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Current Student
Joined: 28 Nov 2014
Posts: 916
Concentration: Strategy
Schools: Fisher '19 (M)
GPA: 3.71
Re: The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Sep 2015, 08:02
egmat
carcass

Can anyone explain what is the problem with choice C here. Why is Present Perfect incorrect ?
Retired Moderator
Joined: 18 Sep 2014
Posts: 1199
Location: India
Re: The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Sep 2015, 10:50
Steinbeck wrote:
Can anyone explain what is the problem with choice C here. Why is Present Perfect incorrect ?

The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized sculpture portrait, the features of which are
so unrealistic as to constitute what one scholar calls an "artificial face."

(A) so unrealistic as to constitute
(B) so unrealistic they constituted
(C) so unrealistic that they have constituted
(D) unrealistic enough so that they constitute
(E) unrealistic enough so as to constitute

A uses the idiom So X as to Y

In option C, idiom so that which indicates purpose.

He spoke slowly so that the assistant could write everything down.

here, the features of which are not purposely unrealistic to constitute an artificial face.

Correct me if I'm wrong
_________________

The only time you can lose is when you give up. Try hard and you will suceed.
Thanks = Kudos. Kudos are appreciated

http://gmatclub.com/forum/rules-for-posting-in-verbal-gmat-forum-134642.html
When you post a question Pls. Provide its source & TAG your questions
Avoid posting from unreliable sources.

My posts
http://gmatclub.com/forum/beauty-of-coordinate-geometry-213760.html#p1649924
http://gmatclub.com/forum/calling-all-march-april-gmat-takers-who-want-to-cross-213154.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/possessive-pronouns-200496.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/double-negatives-206717.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/the-greatest-integer-function-223595.html#p1721773

Current Student
Joined: 28 Nov 2014
Posts: 916
Concentration: Strategy
Schools: Fisher '19 (M)
GPA: 3.71
Re: The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Sep 2015, 12:01
Mechmeera wrote:
Steinbeck wrote:
Can anyone explain what is the problem with choice C here. Why is Present Perfect incorrect ?

The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized sculpture portrait, the features of which are
so unrealistic as to constitute what one scholar calls an "artificial face."

(A) so unrealistic as to constitute
(B) so unrealistic they constituted
(C) so unrealistic that they have constituted
(D) unrealistic enough so that they constitute
(E) unrealistic enough so as to constitute

A uses the idiom So X as to Y

In option C, idiom so that which indicates purpose.

He spoke slowly so that the assistant could write everything down.

here, the features of which are not purposely unrealistic to constitute an artificial face.

Correct me if I'm wrong

Yes, it's written hypothetically. So you cannot use Present Perfect here. You are right.
VP
Joined: 08 Jun 2010
Posts: 1377
Re: The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Sep 2015, 07:01
sudeep wrote:
present perfect is not required in C.
A is correct.

rest are unidiomatic.

perfect in c show that this happen before "are unrealistic". NO LOGIC
_________________

visit my facebook to help me.
on facebook, my name is: thang thang thang

Non-Human User
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10333
Re: The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Sep 2016, 04:47
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Board of Directors
Joined: 01 Sep 2010
Posts: 3483
Re: The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Nov 2016, 03:33
1
KUDOS
Top Contributor
Keats wrote:
egmat
carcass

Can anyone explain what is the problem with choice C here. Why is Present Perfect incorrect ?

OE

Quote:
The verbs are and calls indicate that the sculpture is being viewed and judged in the present. Thus, neither the
past tense verb constituted (in B) nor the present perfect verb have constituted (in C) is correct; both suggest
that the statue's features once constituted an artificial face but no longer do so. Also, B would be better if that
were inserted after so unrealistic, although the omission of that is not ungrammatical. Choices D and E use
unidiomatic constructions with enough: unrealistic enough to constitute would be idiomatic, but the use of
enough is imprecise and awkward in this context. Choice A, which uses the clear, concise, and idiomatic
construction so unrealistic as to constitute, is best
.

_________________
VP
Joined: 08 Jun 2010
Posts: 1377
Re: The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Dec 2016, 02:44
rohansherry wrote:
88. The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized sculpture portrait, the features of which are
so unrealistic as to constitute what one scholar calls an "artificial face."
(A) so unrealistic as to constitute
(B) so unrealistic they constituted
(C) so unrealistic that they have constituted
(D) unrealistic enough so that they constitute
(E) unrealistic enough so as to constitute

this is tense problem
the main clause is in the past "commissioned" and the dependent clause is in prsesent : "which are". the main clause is in the past but the dependent clause talk about fact which exist indefinitely, so, is in present time. the features now exist indefinitely. the constitution must take the time of "are" . we do not have reason to change time of the action "constitution"

in many questions of og books. the main clause is in the past tense and the dependent clause is in the present time. this is possible because meaning/logic permit. most of the time in our world, verb in main clause is in the past, verb in dependent clause is also in the past.

i know 4 uses of present time,which i learn from grammar books, and which are

- to say about situation which exist now and will exist indefinitely. our case in this problem "are" and "contrbute"
- to say about timeless fact
- to say about a condition.

in this problem , gmat test us the use of present tense, a basic knowledge but not easy at all.
_________________

visit my facebook to help me.
on facebook, my name is: thang thang thang

Senior Manager
Status: You have to have the darkness for the dawn to come
Joined: 09 Nov 2012
Posts: 323
Daboo: Sonu
GMAT 1: 590 Q49 V20
GMAT 2: 730 Q50 V38
Re: The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Jan 2017, 00:21
Ayrish wrote:
SensibleGuy wrote:
Rule 1 - "So as" together is almost always never correct. The correct form is "So + adjective + as to + verb".
Rule 2 - If nothing seems wrong with the question, don't even bother for a better sentence among the answer options. Only if there seems like a mistake, go ahead and consider a better way of saying that part of the sentence.

My answer should be A. What is the OA?

Hi Barni, do you want to give five?
I totally agree with you according your 1st rule, however, 2nd one is weak.
Ok Let do the following,

The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized sculptured portrait, the features of which are so unrealistic that they have constituted what one scholar calls an “artificial face.”

(A) so unrealistic that they have constituted
(B) so unrealistic they constituted
(C) so unrealistic as to constitute
(D) unrealistic enough so that they constitute
(E) unrealistic enough so as to constitute

Which one is right? and whatis wrong with A?

Thanx

Then i option A is wrong. the only incident of "they" in option A is features and iswrong.
_________________

You have to have the darkness for the dawn to come.

Give Kudos if you like my post

Manager
Joined: 01 Jun 2015
Posts: 220
Location: India
GMAT 1: 620 Q48 V26
Re: The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Feb 2017, 22:22
I am very much confused about option E being wrong.In fact option A and E both seem correct to me."so as to" can be used even if the actors in the main caluse and subordinate clauses are different.
may be this blog my Mike M???Garry could help.
Manager
Joined: 04 Aug 2015
Posts: 88
Location: India
GMAT 1: 700 Q50 V35
GPA: 3.39
Re: The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Feb 2017, 23:43
The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized sculptured portrait, the features of which are so unrealistic as to constitute what one scholar calls an “artificial face.”

Logical meaning: The features of the portrait are so unrealistic that they appear to constitute an "artificial face" as per one scholar.

(A) so unrealistic as to constitute

(B) so unrealistic they constituted If the verb used for the scholar is 'calls' then the appropriate verb form in the underlined portion should be 'constitute'. The parts also are disconnected without a 'that'

(C) so unrealistic that they have constituted The use of present perfect is unnecessary.

(D) unrealistic enough so that they constitute The option suggests a purpose. The features were intentionally made unrealistic so that they constitute an artificial face. The option instills a sense of purpose and that goes against the logical meaning.

(E) unrealistic enough so as to constitute This option brings in the idea that there's some criterion to be met for the features to be unrealistic and once they do they qualify to constitute an artificial face. This is not what the logical meaning of the sentence is.

Thus, option A.
Manager
Joined: 16 Oct 2015
Posts: 74
Location: India
Concentration: Technology, General Management
GMAT 1: 520 Q44 V17
GMAT 2: 530 Q44 V20
GMAT 3: 710 Q48 V40
GPA: 3.45
WE: Research (Energy and Utilities)
Re: The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Feb 2017, 02:39
C uses present perfect tense. this makes the choice incorrect.
Verbal Expert
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3315
Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
Re: The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Feb 2017, 06:21
techiesam wrote:
I am very much confused about option E being wrong.In fact option A and E both seem correct to me."so as to" can be used even if the actors in the main caluse and subordinate clauses are different.
may be this blog my Mike M???Garry could help.

Your query has been well explained by subrataroy0210 in the above post - closing this request.
Manager
Joined: 03 Jan 2016
Posts: 60
Location: India
WE: Engineering (Energy and Utilities)
Re: The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Feb 2017, 23:32
A

So Adjective as to verb : Idiomatic usage.
Senior SC Moderator
Joined: 14 Nov 2016
Posts: 1277
Location: Malaysia
The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 May 2017, 23:16
rohansherry wrote:
The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized sculpture portrait, the features of which are so unrealistic as to constitute what one scholar calls an "artificial face."

(A) so unrealistic as to constitute
(B) so unrealistic they constituted
(C) so unrealistic that they have constituted
(D) unrealistic enough so that they constitute
(E) unrealistic enough so as to constitute

Nevernevergiveup You CAN use "so X as to Y" if X is an adjective or adverb. "X enough to Y" is also idiomatic. You should, however, avoid "so X as to Y" if X is NOT an adjective or adverb.

The perfectly correct sentences:
- Would you be so kind as to tell me the time? (Swan, "Practical English Usage," Oxford University Press 2005, p. 539)
- Its smell was so foul as to make a lady faint.
Attachments

Untitled.png [ 23.98 KiB | Viewed 388 times ]

_________________

"Be challenged at EVERY MOMENT."

“Strength doesn’t come from what you can do. It comes from overcoming the things you once thought you couldn’t.”

"Each stage of the journey is crucial to attaining new heights of knowledge."

VP
Joined: 08 Jun 2010
Posts: 1377
Re: The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 May 2017, 02:49
rohansherry wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review 10th Edition

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 88

The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized sculpture portrait, the features of which are so unrealistic as to constitute what one scholar calls an "artificial face."

(A) so unrealistic as to constitute
(B) so unrealistic they constituted
(C) so unrealistic that they have constituted
(D) unrealistic enough so that they constitute
(E) unrealistic enough so as to constitute

there are only two cases, in which present perfect is used
1. an action which continue to to present time. in this case, "since" is required. this sentence have no "since".
C can not be right.
2. an action which finished in the past but has no past point of time or an action which finished in the past, but has no past point of time and is relevant to present situation.

both above actions are not fit to "features of which are so unrealistic that". "are so unrealistic that" show a timeless fact which is alway correct . the situation in result clause can not be finished in the past or can not be begun in the past while the main clause is a timeless situation.

so, C is wrong.

a very hard but basic question about difference between present simple tense and present perfect.
_________________

visit my facebook to help me.
on facebook, my name is: thang thang thang

VP
Joined: 08 Jun 2010
Posts: 1377
Re: The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 May 2017, 02:55
gmat tests tense problem a lot because tense of english is basic and to solve tense problem requires us to understand meanings clearly. this topic is hard and basic. we do need good understanding of tense to convey our idea in writen english.
_________________

visit my facebook to help me.
on facebook, my name is: thang thang thang

Manager
Joined: 19 Aug 2015
Posts: 119
Location: India
GMAT 1: 650 Q49 V30
Re: The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 May 2017, 10:07
(A) so unrealistic as to constitute -correct idiom so X as to Y
(B) so unrealistic they constituted -constituted is wrong
(C) so unrealistic that they have constituted - have constituted is wrong
(D) unrealistic enough so that they constitute - so that is wrong
(E) unrealistic enough so as to constitute - wrong idiom
Re: The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized   [#permalink] 25 May 2017, 10:07

Go to page   Previous    1   2   3   [ 60 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by