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The Ergonomic Society conducted a study that indicated that many peopl

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Re: The Ergonomic Society conducted a study that indicated that many peopl [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jun 2016, 07:59
adhithya wrote:
The Ergonomic Society conducted a study that indicated that many people develop severe back problems during adulthood, and that virtually all such people who received chiropractic treatment showed great improvement. Therefore, in order to minimize the proportion of the population that suffers from back pain, the Ergonomic Society recommended that chiropractic treatment be directed toward those adults who suffer from severe back problems.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

a)Any person who receives chiropractic treatment for back pain may also benefit from other forms of treatment.

b)Large insurance carriers cover chiropractic care for back problems to a lesser degree than they do other medical treatments.

c)Individuals who receive chiropractic or other treatment prior to developing severe back problems are not less likely to develop back pain than those who do not.

d)Chiropractic treatment is more effective in treating severe back problems when utilized over a long period of time, as opposed to sporadically.

e)Severe back pain and other problems often cause individuals to miss workdays.

Spoiler: :: Author's comments
although i was able to get answer using poe ,iam not exactly sure why oa is correct


Virtually all people who are treated with chiropractic treatment for back problem showed great improvements. Hence, it is recommended to institute this treatment to reduce the proportion of back pain.

We have to look for assumptions:-
1) The effects will be no different from earlier seen effects
2) proportion can not be reduced if the treatment is instituted in people who are not suffering from back ache
3) It is possible to reduce the proportion

a)Any person who receives chiropractic treatment for back pain may also benefit from other forms of treatment. We are not concerned about other treatments

b)Large insurance carriers cover chiropractic care for back problems to a lesser degree than they do other medical treatments. We are not concerned about other treatments

c)Individuals who receive chiropractic or other treatment prior to developing severe back problems are not less likely to develop back pain than those who do not. this is one of the assumption that we made

d)Chiropractic treatment is more effective in treating severe back problems when utilized over a long period of time, as opposed to sporadically. Period of instituting the treatment is not required

e)Severe back pain and other problems often cause individuals to miss workdays. effect of back pain is not discussed
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Re: The Ergonomic Society conducted a study that indicated that many peopl [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jun 2016, 01:54
above u are wring. what the argument is trying to say is that chiropractic care does not lead to the back pain
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Re: The Ergonomic Society conducted a study that indicated that many peopl [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2016, 22:08
3
Not less likely is the key.
Answer is C.

Explanation for C

Bruce Wayne: Chiropractor helps reduce pain. So in order to reduce the proportion of population suffering from back pain, send people who have EXISTING back pains to chiropractors.

Alfred: Can we not send people who don't have pain? We can prevent before things go wrong. We always do.

Bruce: no Alfred. Back pain is destiny. Chiropractors are the saviors. We cannot prevent but we can save.
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Re: The Ergonomic Society conducted a study that indicated that many peopl [#permalink]

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New post 02 Sep 2016, 05:04
agourav wrote:
The argument proposes that directing chiropractic treatment toward adults with
severe back problems is the best way to minimize the proportion of the
population that suffers from back pain. The argument assumes a high degree of
overlap between those adults who suffer from severe back problems and all
people who suffer from back pain, where the former group may comprise only a
subset of the latter group. It also assumes that there is not another
recommendation that could better accomplish the goal of minimizing back pain
for a larger segment of the population than treating just those adults with severe
back problems.
(A) The argument does not depend upon whether or not chiropractic treatment
can or cannot be used in conjunction with other medical treatments. The fact that
people could benefit from other forms of treatment aside from chiropractic care
weakens the argument to a slight degree, and does not act as a supportive
assumption.
(B) The relative degree of insurance coverage of chiropractic care compared with
other medical treatments is not vital to the argument. Also, that insurance carriers
cover chiropractic care to a lesser degree weakens the argument marginally, and
does not act as a supportive assumption.
(C) CORRECT. This statement rules out the possibility that chiropractic care or
other medical treatments could effectively prevent or lessen back pain among
those people who have not yet developed severe back problems.
(D) That chiropractic treatment is more effective over time is irrelevant to the
argument.
(E) The economic impact of severe back pain and other problems is not
addressed in the argument. Instead, addressing back pain is treated as an
intrinsic goal, with no mention of economic externalities.


Hi ! this is a very nice explanation. I found this question rather tricky and took almost 5mins to work this out. Which strategy would you recommend for such detail type questions in order to perform in this question in time ?
thanks .
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Re: The Ergonomic Society conducted a study that indicated that many peopl [#permalink]

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New post 07 Oct 2016, 04:37
P: many people develop severe back problems during adulthood, and that virtually all such people who received chiropractic treatment showed great improvement.

C: recommended that chiropractic treatment be directed toward those adults who suffer from severe back problems.

PoE eliminates all other choices but C.

c)Individuals who receive chiropractic or other treatment prior to developing severe back problems are not less likely to develop back pain than those who do not.


Conclusion states that the treatment is recommended for adults who suffer from severe back problems. Choice C states that treatment is used as a relief from back pain and not to avoid back pain since Individuals who receive chiropractic or other treatment prior to developing severe back problems are not less likely to develop back pain than those who do not. So even if you are using the treatment without any back ailment; you would still have a chance to develop serious back problem.
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Re: The Ergonomic Society conducted a study that indicated that many peopl [#permalink]

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New post 09 Mar 2018, 23:33
ykaiim wrote:
The Ergonomic Society conducted a study that indicated that many people develop severe back problems during adulthood, and that virtually all such people who received chiropractic treatment showed great improvement. Therefore, in order to minimize the proportion of the population that suffers from back pain, the Ergonomic Society recommended that chiropractic treatment be directed toward those adults who suffer from severe back problems.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

(A) Any person who receives chiropractic treatment for back pain may also benefit from other forms of treatment.

(B) Large insurance carriers cover chiropractic care for back problems to a lesser degree than they do other medical treatments.

(C) Individuals who receive chiropractic or other treatment prior to developing severe back problems are not less likely to develop back pain than those who do not.

(D) Chiropractic treatment is more effective in treating severe back problems when utilized over a long period of time, as opposed to sporadically.

(E) Severe back pain and other problems often cause individuals to miss workdays.


Use of POE will help here:

Conclusion : Therefore, chiropractic treatment be directed toward those adults who suffer from severe back problems.

(A) Any person who receives chiropractic treatment for back pain may also benefit from other forms of treatment. Other treatments (Irrelevant)

(B) Large insurance carriers cover chiropractic care for back problems to a lesser degree than they do other medical treatments. Irrelevant.

(C) Individuals who receive chiropractic or other treatment prior to developing severe back problems are not less likely to develop back pain than those who do not.

(D) Chiropractic treatment is more effective in treating severe back problems when utilized over a long period of time, as opposed to sporadically. Not mentioned anywhere. Irrelevant

(E) Severe back pain and other problems often cause individuals to miss workdays.[/quote] Out of scope.

Only (C) left.
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Re: The Ergonomic Society conducted a study that indicated that many peopl [#permalink]

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New post 12 Mar 2018, 21:36
erignomic society problem....in this how can option C ..why will someone will take a treatment of the problem beforehand when problem is not there....if i dont have any lung disease...i will not start taking the medicine today ..that perhabs i might got the disease
Re: The Ergonomic Society conducted a study that indicated that many peopl   [#permalink] 12 Mar 2018, 21:36

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