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03 Nov 2004, 22:16
5
KUDOS
61
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

65% (hard)

Question Stats:

49% (02:07) correct 51% (01:14) wrong based on 2415 sessions

The European Economic Community exported just under $400 billion in goods in 1988, sixty percent more than the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports. A) the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports B) the United States and nearly double what the Japanese exports were C) the United States exported and nearly twice as much as the Japanese did D) what the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports E) what the United States exported and nearly double the Japanese exports Can someone explain the errors in the 4 wrong answers ..... OA: C [Reveal] Spoiler: OA If you have any questions you can ask an expert New! Director Joined: 16 Jun 2004 Posts: 892 Followers: 3 Kudos [?]: 63 [6] , given: 0 ### Show Tags 03 Nov 2004, 23:42 6 This post received KUDOS 6 This post was BOOKMARKED quick notes.. 1. We are talking European Economic community, United States and yes it should be Japan or Japanese. NOT Japan's - the possesive form. With this we have b, c and e in our first pass 2. do we need 'what' - I dont think so. 'what' is intrusive and does not add value. We now have b and c in our second pass 3. look at C. 'as much as' - right idiom, OK. Next 'DID'. Yes we need 'DID' - its a keyword, when comparing actions. Does b have it. NO. Also, b sounds very awkward - read it..'....sixty percent more than the United States...'. The sentence is dying for a logical completion 60% more than US - US What. Is it US imports or exports or what is it? Thus, "DID" becomes a keyword. Hence C. Manager Joined: 10 Jan 2009 Posts: 109 Followers: 14 Kudos [?]: 193 [5] , given: 0 Re: SC-EEC [#permalink] ### Show Tags 25 Mar 2009, 22:14 5 This post received KUDOS 1 This post was BOOKMARKED The European Economic Community exported just under$400 billion in goods in 1988, sixty percent more than the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports.

Explanation:
When we say that,
Japan's exports saw a record plunge in February OR
Japanese exports saw a record plunge in February
we are referring to the goods and not to the amount (in figures).

The original sentence tries to compare the amount of total exports, which is correctly stated in option C.
-------------------------------
(A) the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports ---> Usage of the words Japan's exports is wrong. Changes the original meaning of the sentence.

(B) the United States' and nearly double what the Japanese exports were ---> Usage of the words Japanese exports is wrong. Changes the original meaning of the sentence.

(C) the United States exported and nearly twice as much as the Japanese did ---> Correct

(D) what the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports ---> Same explanation as that stated in option A.

(E) what the United States exported and nearly double the Japanese exports ---> Same explanation as that stated in option B.
-------------------------------

Hope that helps.

Regards,
Technext
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18 Jan 2005, 12:36
3
KUDOS
C it is

tests parallelism of the phrases
in c we have

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30 Apr 2013, 10:07
3
KUDOS
Expert's post
Hi ishaniscrazee,
This is in response to your PM.

The European Economic Community exported just under $400 billion in goods in 1988, sixty percent more than the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports. Meaning Analysis: The ECC exported goods in 1988. So did the US and Japan. But the ECC’s exports were 60% more than those of the US and twice as much as those of Japan. Error Analysis: So here action of exporting of three political entities has been compared. The action of ECC and US export has been correctly compared. But this is not the case with the action of Japan because there is no action mentioned here. This is not a parallel comparison. PoE: A) the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports: Incorrect for the reason stated above. B) the United States and nearly double what the Japanese exports were: Incorrect. i. Action of export of the ECC has been compared to the US. This is illogical. ii. Use of “double” is not idiomatic here. C) the United States exported and nearly twice as much as the Japanese did: Correct. All the actions are correctly compared. D) what the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports: Incorrect. Repeats the same error as in choice A. E) what the United States exported and nearly double the Japanese exports: Incorrect. Repeats the comparison error of choice A and the “double” idiom error of choice B. Hope this helps. Thanks. Shraddha _________________ | '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com SVP Joined: 07 Nov 2007 Posts: 1806 Location: New York Followers: 37 Kudos [?]: 931 [2] , given: 5 Re: SC-EEC [#permalink] ### Show Tags 20 Mar 2009, 03:51 2 This post received KUDOS nitya34 wrote: Posted earlier in Oct 2008 Lets discuss Source : GMAT Paper test 42 The European Economic Community exported just under$400 billion in goods in 1988, sixty percent more than the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports.

(A) the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports
(B) the United States' and nearly double what the Japanese exports were
(C) the United States exported and nearly twice as much as the Japanese did
(D) what the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports
(E) what the United States exported and nearly double the Japanese exports

good one.

Will go with C for parallelsim.

X exported.., 60% more than Y exported and nearlytwice as much as the Z did <exported>
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13 May 2011, 14:25
2
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+1 C

Logical comparison:
EU exported vs. US exported vs. Japan did

In E, you are comparing countries vs. Japan's exports; it is not parallel.
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Re: The European Economic Community exported just under $400 [#permalink] ### Show Tags 13 Apr 2012, 11:04 2 This post received KUDOS Expert's post Hi, The European Economic Community exported just under$400 billion in goods in 1988, sixty percent more than the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports.

It is very important to identify the parallel list in the sentence (if it has any) and then to ascertain the nature if the entities in the parallel list. In this sentence, parallelism has been introduced as a way of comparison. The entities compared here are the “verb” entities EEC “exported”… more than the US “did”. Till here the parallelism is fine because these two entities are parallel. But, the third entity “Japan’s exports” violates this rule because this entity is a noun phrase.
Since the first entity is that is in “verb” lies in the non-underlined portion of the sentence, we need all the three entities in the “verb” form.

With this understanding, when we perform the PoE, choices A, D, and E are eliminated. In choice B, the second and the third entities are now the noun phrases and hence choice B is incorrect. This leaves us with choice C which is the correct answer because it maintains the parallelism as all the three entities in the list are verb now.

Hope this helps.
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Re: SC from ETS tests [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2008, 09:10
1
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The European Economic Community exported just under $400 billion in goods in 1988, sixty percent more than the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports. (A) the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports (B) the United States' and nearly double what the Japanese exports were (C) the United States exported and nearly twice as much as the Japanese did --- Parallel and correct (exported and did) (D) what the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports (E) what the United States exported and nearly double the Japanese exports I know the answer, but I am not clear why it is so. Can someone answer & give the exp. Thanks. My choice is (C). C has parallel construction. the United States exported and nearly twice as much as the Japanese did is parallel with European Economic Community exported Intern Joined: 22 Apr 2012 Posts: 33 GPA: 3.98 Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 37 [1] , given: 19 Re: The European Economic Community exported just under$400 [#permalink]

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17 May 2012, 21:15
1
KUDOS
Eliminate the options that have "double" as much as, the right form is "twice as much as"

We are left with 3 options.

Of these the split is "Japanese did/Japan's exports"

To maintain parallel structure you need a verb after Japan and after United States

Clearly only one option describes this.

Pick this option

Option C

Kudos anyone?
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Re: The European Economic Community exported just under $400 [#permalink] ### Show Tags 09 Jun 2012, 14:56 1 This post received KUDOS 3/2 split right in the beginning. Yes! Eliminate D&E. A - Eliminate. Not parallel. B - Eliminate from United States' C - Well this is all we're left with so let's go with it if we are rushed for time or review it if not. After a review, it seems to work fine. Answer is C. Senior Manager Joined: 21 Jun 2004 Posts: 337 Followers: 1 Kudos [?]: 11 [0], given: 0 ### Show Tags 04 Nov 2004, 11:56 Also, Double should be used as verb whereas twice/thrice, etc shud be used as nouns. _________________ 510 on my first GMAT. 610 on second GMAT.! The struggle continues. SVP Joined: 16 Oct 2003 Posts: 1805 Followers: 5 Kudos [?]: 154 [0], given: 0 Re: SC - EU, US and Japan [#permalink] ### Show Tags 04 Nov 2004, 15:47 crackgmat04 wrote: The European Economic Community exported just under$400 billion in goods in 1988, sixty percent more than the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports
a. the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports
b. the United States and nearly double what the Japanese exports were
c. the United States exported and nearly twice as much as the Japanese did
d. what the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports
e. what the United States exported and nearly double the Japanese exports

Can someone explain the errors in the 4 wrong answers .....

OA: C

crackgmat04,

Please so not post the answer with the question. Take some time, hang around in the club and get few responses and then post the answer. C should be it and welcome to the Club.
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The European Economic Community exported just under $400 [#permalink] ### Show Tags 17 Jan 2005, 21:06 The European Economic Community exported just under$400 billion in goods in 1988, sixty percent more than the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports.

a. the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports
b. the United States and nearly double what the Japanese exports were
c. the United States exported and nearly twice as much as the Japanese did
d. what the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports
e. what the United States exported and nearly double the Japanese exports
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17 Jan 2005, 22:12
One more for D.

more than what the united states is correct.
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18 Jan 2005, 06:27
OA is C.

bsarora, can you explain your choice? Thanks!
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18 Jan 2005, 12:17
I had a difficult decision between B or E but I choose B. But I don't feel comfortable with my choice.

I just don't like "did" in any of the sentence. "...twice as much as the Japanese did" or "...what the United States did..." B and E both refrain from that so that is why I selected those....but I could be dead wrong I'm confused on this one...OA?
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18 Jan 2005, 12:20
Iam confused by the OA.

In C , we are comparing european union, united states and japanese?

Gayathri,
Can you double check the source? I did a quick google search and found this post on the test magic forum where the person claims OA is D

Thanks!
Sunder
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18 Jan 2005, 12:25
talk2sunder@gmail.com wrote:
Iam confused by the OA.

In C , we are comparing european union, united states and japanese?

Gayathri,
Can you double check the source? I did a quick google search and found this post on the test magic forum where the person claims OA is D

Thanks!
Sunder

Sunder, I saw that too. I checked the OA given, it is C.

I found this question also discussed here
http://www.gmatclub.com/phpbb/viewtopic.php?t=11272

I would definitely welcome some more discussion on this tough
18 Jan 2005, 12:25

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