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# The experience of British business

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Senior Manager
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The experience of British business  [#permalink]

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17 Jun 2015, 19:47
3
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Question 1
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based on 432 sessions

80% (02:20) correct 20% (02:07) wrong

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Question 2
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based on 484 sessions

87% (00:53) correct 13% (01:33) wrong

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Question 3
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based on 471 sessions

80% (01:09) correct 20% (01:32) wrong

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The experience of British business in Iran between the 1860's and the 1970's is one example of the changing importance of British enterprise in Asia as a whole. Before 1914 British business established and dominated Iran's modern industrial and financial sector; in the 1920's this domination began to wane; by the 1960's British enterprise was of little importance in the Iranian economy. While in Japan and India the decline of British business was primarily a function of the rise of strong indigenous business groups, in Iran, by contrast, the government played a large role in both challenging British commercial interests and stimulating locally owned enterprise. Periodic surges of intense Iranian economic nationalism must be understood partly as a reaction to the close relations between British business in Iran and the British government. In retrospect, it is possible to see the uneasy and ambiguous nature of this relationship. It is true that the British Imperial Bank in Iran was never entirely a tool of the British government, and that the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company did not take its orders from the British government, despite the 51 percent government shareholding. However, the relationship between British business and the British government was sufficiently close that many Iranians understandably viewed the oil company and the bank as symbols of a British imperialist policy.

Q1: The primary purpose of the passage is to
A. evaluate a country's solution to a problem
B. describe differing perceptions of a historical event
C. contrast historical events in two countries
D. provide an explanation for a historical phenomenon
E. challenge an accepted explanation for a historical change

Q2:
The passage suggests which of the following about British business in Japan and India as compared to British business in Iran?
A. British business in Japan and India received less support from the British government than did British business in Iran.
B. During the early twentieth century, British business played less of a role in the Japanese and Indian economy than it did in the Iranian economy.
C. The governments of Japan and India played less of a role in the changing status of British business than did the government of Iran.
D. The types of enterprises conducted by the British in Japan and India were significantly different from the enterprises conducted by the British in Iran.
E. British business in Japan and India declined more gradually than did British business in Iran.

Q3:
The author of the passage mentions the British government's shares in the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company most probably in order to
A. demonstrate the British enterprise in Iran was controlled by the British government
B. contrast British-run businesses in Iran with Iranian-run businesses in Iran
C. show how joint British and Iranian enterprises were encouraged by the British government
D. illustrate a point about the financial difficulties faced by British businesses in Asia
E. suggest a reason for Iranians' perception of the role British government played in British busines

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Source:GMATPREP COMPREHENSIVE RC
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Re: The experience of British business  [#permalink]

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25 Oct 2016, 21:00
6
Top Contributor
3
Let us read the passage -
the first sentence states that experience of British businesses in Asia is an example of changing importance of British enterprise in Asia. The second sentence expands on this by giving a brief timeline. The third sentence talks about how the situation in Iran was different from that in Japan and India. The fourth, fifth and the sixth sentences all explain why the situation in Iran was different.
Note that the entire passage expands on the first sentence - the experience of British businesses in Iran and the reasons for it.

Let us look at the first question -
A - the passage does not talk about any "problem", just the experience of British businesses in Iran.
B - the author only talks about his/her opinion. No other "perceptions" are mentioned.
C - this is not the object of the passage. the purpose is to discuss the experience of British businesses and the reasons for it. Also, note that the passage compares Japan and India to Iran, not two countries.
D - correct answer. the passage talks about the reasons for experience of British businesses in Iran.
E - the author does not challenge any explanation. We do not whether the views mentioned are "accepted" or not.

Q2.
this is talked in this sentence - " While in Japan and India the decline of British business was primarily a function of the rise of strong indigenous business groups, in Iran, by contrast, the government played a large role in both challenging British commercial interests and stimulating locally owned enterprise."
What is the simplest inference that can be drawn from this? Iranian government played a larger role in challenging British commercial interests/the governments of India and Japan played a lesser role in challenging British commercial interests.
Only option C states this.

Q3.
this is talked about in this sentence - "It is true that the British Imperial Bank in Iran was never entirely a tool of the British government, and that the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company did not take its orders from the British government, despite the 51 percent government shareholding. However, the relationship between British business and the British government was sufficiently close that many Iranians understandably viewed the oil company and the bank as symbols of a British imperialist policy."
A - goes against the passage.
B - the passage does not talk about "Iranian run businesses in Iran".
C - the passage does not talk about "joint British and Iranian businesses"
D - Not relevant to the question. See the above sentences from the passage - they do not talk about financial difficulties.
E - correct answer.
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##### General Discussion
Manager
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Re: The experience of British business  [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2016, 08:59
Can someone please explain why, in question 3, answer E is the correct one?

I picked D, but I know is the wrong one, but, at the same time, I don't see the connection between the passage and answer E.

Thanks!
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Re: The experience of British business  [#permalink]

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23 Jan 2016, 08:55
pepo wrote:
Can someone please explain why, in question 3, answer E is the correct one?

I picked D, but I know is the wrong one, but, at the same time, I don't see the connection between the passage and answer E.

Thanks!

I think below mentioned part of text is enough to qualify choice E over choice D.

However, the relationship between British business and the British government was sufficiently close that many Iranians understandably viewed the oil company and the bank as symbols of a British imperialist policy.

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Re: The experience of British business  [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2016, 15:40
1
JarvisR wrote:
The experience of British business in Iran between the 1860's and the 1970's is one example of the changing importance of British enterprise in Asia as a whole. Before 1914 British business established and dominated Iran's modern industrial and financial sector; in the 1920's this domination began to wane; by the 1960's British enterprise was of little importance in the Iranian economy. While in Japan and India the decline of British business was primarily a function of the rise of strong indigenous business groups, in Iran, by contrast, the government played a large role in both challenging British commercial interests and stimulating locally owned enterprise. Periodic surges of intense Iranian economic nationalism must be understood partly as a reaction to the close relations between British business in Iran and the British government. In retrospect, it is possible to see the uneasy and ambiguous nature of this relationship. It is true that the British Imperial Bank in Iran was never entirely a tool of the British government, and that the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company did not take its orders from the British government, despite the 51 percent government shareholding. However, the relationship between British business and the British government was sufficiently close that many Iranians understandably viewed the oil company and the bank as symbols of a British imperialist policy.

Q1: The primary purpose of the passage is to
A. evaluate a country's solution to a problem
B. describe differing perceptions of a historical event
C. contrast historical events in two countries
D. provide an explanation for a historical phenomenon
E. challenge an accepted explanation for a historical change

Q2:
The passage suggests which of the following about British business in Japan and India as compared to British business in Iran?
A. British business in Japan and India received less support from the British government than did British business in Iran.
B. During the early twentieth century, British business played less of a role in the Japanese and Indian economy than it did in the Iranian economy.
C. The governments of Japan and India played less of a role in the changing status of British business than did the government of Iran.
D. The types of enterprises conducted by the British in Japan and India were significantly different from the enterprises conducted by the British in Iran.
E. British business in Japan and India declined more gradually than did British business in Iran.

Q3:
The author of the passage mentions the British government's shares in the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company most probably in order to
A. demonstrate the British enterprise in Iran was controlled by the British government
B. contrast British-run businesses in Iran with Iranian-run businesses in Iran
C. show how joint British and Iranian enterprises were encouraged by the British government
D. illustrate a point about the financial difficulties faced by British businesses in Asia
E. suggest a reason for Iranians' perception of the role British government played in British busines

An initiative to get official RCs in proper format.
Source:GMATPREP COMPREHENSIVE RC

Hi, I got this RC on my exam. The question I got wrong is not on there. The question is:

According to the passage, which of the following is true of the relationship between the British government and the British businesses in Iran?

A) It deteriorated as the Iranian government challenged British commercial interests.
B) It was uneasy because the British government sought to exert control over business decisions
C) It was highly profitable for the government because the government owned such a large share of the industries.
D) It contributed to occasional surges of Iranian economic nationalism
E) It was largely responsible for the creation of Iranian market for British goods before 1914
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Re: The experience of British business  [#permalink]

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15 Apr 2017, 09:26
5 min 28 sec . all correct
Need to reduce time . Its an easy passage.
Intern
Joined: 06 Jan 2015
Posts: 5
Re: The experience of British business  [#permalink]

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15 Apr 2017, 11:01
sid13791 take a look at this question .
Attachments

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Senior Manager
Joined: 13 Oct 2016
Posts: 282
Concentration: Operations, Leadership
GMAT 1: 600 Q44 V28
Re: The experience of British business  [#permalink]

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14 May 2017, 23:02
Total time taken - 7 mins

All the questions answered are correct.

1.D
2.C
3.E
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Re: The experience of British business  [#permalink]

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15 May 2017, 17:39
Total Time taken 4mins 47 sec - All correct.
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Re: The experience of British business  [#permalink]

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01 Oct 2017, 08:12
Hello Experts,

In Q3, although all the other options in are wrong. I selected E by POE and got it right

But can anyone explain how E is the right choice?
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The experience of British business  [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2017, 05:23
1
oasis90 wrote:
JarvisR wrote:
The experience of British business in Iran between the 1860's and the 1970's is one example of the changing importance of British enterprise in Asia as a whole. Before 1914 British business established and dominated Iran's modern industrial and financial sector; in the 1920's this domination began to wane; by the 1960's British enterprise was of little importance in the Iranian economy. While in Japan and India the decline of British business was primarily a function of the rise of strong indigenous business groups, in Iran, by contrast, the government played a large role in both challenging British commercial interests and stimulating locally owned enterprise. Periodic surges of intense Iranian economic nationalism must be understood partly as a reaction to the close relations between British business in Iran and the British government. In retrospect, it is possible to see the uneasy and ambiguous nature of this relationship. It is true that the British Imperial Bank in Iran was never entirely a tool of the British government, and that the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company did not take its orders from the British government, despite the 51 percent government shareholding. However, the relationship between British business and the British government was sufficiently close that many Iranians understandably viewed the oil company and the bank as symbols of a British imperialist policy.

Q1: The primary purpose of the passage is to
A. evaluate a country's solution to a problem
B. describe differing perceptions of a historical event
C. contrast historical events in two countries
D. provide an explanation for a historical phenomenon
E. challenge an accepted explanation for a historical change

Q2:
The passage suggests which of the following about British business in Japan and India as compared to British business in Iran?
A. British business in Japan and India received less support from the British government than did British business in Iran.
B. During the early twentieth century, British business played less of a role in the Japanese and Indian economy than it did in the Iranian economy.
C. The governments of Japan and India played less of a role in the changing status of British business than did the government of Iran.
D. The types of enterprises conducted by the British in Japan and India were significantly different from the enterprises conducted by the British in Iran.
E. British business in Japan and India declined more gradually than did British business in Iran.

Q3:
The author of the passage mentions the British government's shares in the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company most probably in order to
A. demonstrate the British enterprise in Iran was controlled by the British government
B. contrast British-run businesses in Iran with Iranian-run businesses in Iran
C. show how joint British and Iranian enterprises were encouraged by the British government
D. illustrate a point about the financial difficulties faced by British businesses in Asia
E. suggest a reason for Iranians' perception of the role British government played in British busines

An initiative to get official RCs in proper format.
Source:GMATPREP COMPREHENSIVE RC

Hi, I got this RC on my exam. The question I got wrong is not on there. The question is:

According to the passage, which of the following is true of the relationship between the British government and the British businesses in Iran?

A) It deteriorated as the Iranian government challenged British commercial interests.
B) It was uneasy because the British government sought to exert control over business decisions
C) It was highly profitable for the government because the government owned such a large share of the industries.
D) It contributed to occasional surges of Iranian economic nationalism
E) It was largely responsible for the creation of Iranian market for British goods before 1914

Oasis90 The answer to this will be D. This can be inferred from this text of the passage :"Periodic surges of intense Iranian economic nationalism must be understood partly as a reaction to the close relations between British business in Iran and the British government". Why A is incorrect ? The relationship between the British government and British businesses did not deteriorate only the British businesses deteriorated after the government challenged British commercial interests.
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Re: The experience of British business  [#permalink]

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10 Dec 2017, 05:25
1
Took 6 mins , including 2 mins 15 seconds to read . All correct .

Q1: The primary purpose of the passage is to
A. evaluate a country's solution to a problem -- Incorrect -- there is evaluation of a solution
B. describe differing perceptions of a historical event -- Incorrect -- no differing perceptions provided
C. contrast historical events in two countries -- Incorrect -- 2 countries-- we are only talking about Iran
D. provide an explanation for a historical phenomenon -- Correct
E. challenge an accepted explanation for a historical change -- Incorrect - no challenge

Q2:
The passage suggests which of the following about British business in Japan and India as compared to British business in Iran?
While in Japan and India the decline of British business was primarily a function of the rise of strong indigenous business groups, in Iran, by contrast, the government played a large role in both challenging British commercial interests and stimulating locally owned enterprise.

C. The governments of Japan and India played less of a role in the changing status of British business than did the government of Iran. -- Correct

Q3:
The author of the passage mentions the British government's shares in the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company most probably in order to
It is true that the British Imperial Bank in Iran was never entirely a tool of the British government, and that the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company did not take its orders from the British government, despite the 51 percent government shareholding. However, the relationship between British business and the British government was sufficiently close that many Iranians understandably viewed the oil company and the bank as symbols of a British imperialist policy.

A. demonstrate the British enterprise in Iran was controlled by the British government -- the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company did not take its orders from the British government,
B. contrast British-run businesses in Iran with Iranian-run businesses in Iran -- Incorrect -- no contrast
C. show how joint British and Iranian enterprises were encouraged by the British government -- Incorrect
D. illustrate a point about the financial difficulties faced by British businesses in Asia -- No mention of financial difficulties
E. suggest a reason for Iranians' perception of the role British government played in British business -- Correct
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Re: The experience of British business  [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2018, 13:00
D,C,E in 6:45

If any one needs help, let me know!!
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Re: The experience of British business  [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2018, 05:39
Easy passage .
3/3
5 mins flat.
600 level passage.
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Re: The experience of British business  [#permalink]

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01 Dec 2018, 08:10
HI workout, u1983

Please add the below question to the passage

According to the passage, which of the following is true of the relationship between the British government and the British businesses in Iran?

A) It deteriorated as the Iranian government challenged British commercial interests.
B) It was uneasy because the British government sought to exert control over business decisions
C) It was highly profitable for the government because the government owned such a large share of the industries.
D) It contributed to occasional surges of Iranian economic nationalism
E) It was largely responsible for the creation of Iranian market for British goods before 1914

OA: D

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Re: The experience of British business   [#permalink] 01 Dec 2018, 08:10
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# The experience of British business

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