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The extent to which a society is really free can be gauged by its atti

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The extent to which a society is really free can be gauged by its atti  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jan 2019, 06:18
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A
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C
D
E

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  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

58% (02:08) correct 42% (02:20) wrong based on 162 sessions

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The extent to which a society is really free can be gauged by its attitude toward artistic expression. Freedom of expression can easily be violated in even the most outwardly democratic of societies. When a government arts council withholds funding from a dance performance that its members deem "obscene," the voices of a few bureaucrats have in fact censored the work of the choreographer, thereby committing the real obscenity of repression.

Which of the following, if true, would most, seriously weaken the argument above?


A. Members of government arts councils are screened to ensure that their beliefs reflect those of the majority.

B. The term obscenity has several different definitions that should not be used interchangeably for rhetorical effect.

C. Failing to provide financial support for a performance is not the same as actively preventing or inhibiting it.

D. The council's decision could be reversed if the performance were altered to conform to public standards of appropriateness.

E. The definition of obscenity is something on which most members of a society can agree.

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Re: The extent to which a society is really free can be gauged by its atti  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jan 2019, 23:33
gladi

PRETHINK: If the bureaucrats were not the true representative of the freedom of expresion OR if the stop to funding is not same as restricting freedom of expression

A: Members of government arts councils are screened to ensure that their beliefs reflect those of the majority.

Modified A:Members of government arts councils are screened to ensure that their beliefs NOT reflect those of the majority.

please suggest than modified A would have been correct??
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Re: The extent to which a society is really free can be gauged by its atti  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jan 2019, 05:54
Bunuel wrote:
The extent to which a society is really free can be gauged by its attitude toward artistic expression. Freedom of expression can easily be violated in even the most outwardly democratic of societies. When a government arts council withholds funding from a dance performance that its members deem "obscene," the voices of a few bureaucrats have in fact censored the work of the choreographer, thereby committing the real obscenity of repression.

Which of the following, if true, would most, seriously weaken the argument above?


A. Members of government arts councils are screened to ensure that their beliefs reflect those of the majority.

B. The term obscenity has several different definitions that should not be used interchangeably for rhetorical effect.

C. Failing to provide financial support for a performance is not the same as actively preventing or inhibiting it.

D. The council's decision could be reversed if the performance were altered to conform to public standards of appropriateness.

E. The definition of obscenity is something on which most members of a society can agree.


KAPLAN OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:



C

The author equates the withholding of government funding with censorship. (C), which denies that they're the same thing, destroys the argument. (A) is irrelevant That the council's actions may reflect majority opinion wouldn't justify what the author considers censorship-her definition isn't dependent on what most people think. (B) complains that the term obscenity is used ambiguously, but it's the term censorship that's the problem here. (D) misses the whole point; in the author's view, denial of funding amounts to censorship, and (D) simply reaffirms this. And (E), like (A), points to majority opinion, but since the author never denies that most people can agree on whafs obscene, this is beside the point.
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Re: The extent to which a society is really free can be gauged by its atti  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jan 2019, 13:05
Looks like you wanted to tag me to this. :-)

A good pre-think could be: So yeah - the deal with freedom of speech is it does not matter what the majority thinks or agrees to. A person is free to express his or her opinion. So we are looking for an option that weakens the claim that "the actions of the art council amounted to curtailing the freedom of speech"

C does this perfectly - If it were true that - failing to financially support performance is not the same as actively preventing or inhibiting it - what the art council did does not amount to curtailing of freedom of speech.

It is similar to "not supporting a view" is not the same as "opposing it" there could be other shades of gray. :-)

Hope this helps.

Yash312 wrote:
gladi

PRETHINK: If the bureaucrats were not the true representative of the freedom of expresion OR if the stop to funding is not same as restricting freedom of expression

A: Members of government arts councils are screened to ensure that their beliefs reflect those of the majority.

Modified A:Members of government arts councils are screened to ensure that their beliefs NOT reflect those of the majority.

please suggest than modified A would have been correct??

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Re: The extent to which a society is really free can be gauged by its atti  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jan 2019, 13:26
Gladiator59 wrote:
Looks like you wanted to tag me to this. :-)

A good pre-think could be: So yeah - the deal with freedom of speech is it does not matter what the majority thinks or agrees to. A person is free to express his or her opinion. So we are looking for an option that weakens the claim that "the actions of the art council amounted to curtailing the freedom of speech"

C does this perfectly - If it were true that - failing to financially support performance is not the same as actively preventing or inhibiting it - what the art council did does not amount to curtailing of freedom of speech.

It is similar to "not supporting a view" is not the same as "opposing it" there could be other shades of gray. :-)

Hope this helps.

Yash312 wrote:
gladi

PRETHINK: If the bureaucrats were not the true representative of the freedom of expresion OR if the stop to funding is not same as restricting freedom of expression

A: Members of government arts councils are screened to ensure that their beliefs reflect those of the majority.

Modified A:Members of government arts councils are screened to ensure that their beliefs NOT reflect those of the majority.

please suggest than modified A would have been correct??


Gladiator59

I agree with your explanation

But I am curious to know if this form would have been correct

Modified A:Members of government arts councils are screened to ensure that their beliefs NOT reflect those of the majority.

Suggest

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Re: The extent to which a society is really free can be gauged by its atti   [#permalink] 08 Jan 2019, 13:26
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