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The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any

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Director
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Re: The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any  [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2017, 21:30
choice C, the OA, tell us that

comma+doing can be used to show a result of main clause.
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Re: The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any  [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2017, 23:15
Imo C
The comparison should be between eyes .
So A B D are out
Only C and E remain
Them is ambiguous in E

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Re: The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any  [#permalink]

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12 Apr 2018, 02:50
In the OA (c), the Ving modifier "allowing it......300 and 700 meters." must make sense with the subject of the preceding clause which is "eyes". However, "it"does not agree with the subject of the preceding clause "eyes". Please explain??
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Re: The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any  [#permalink]

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12 Apr 2018, 23:46
GMATNinja, egmat
I am a but confused here.
Please provide some insights on the Verb+ing usage.
Please clarify whether V+ing modifier must make sense with the subject of the preceding clause or not?

abhimahna wrote:
gmatacer40 wrote:
In the OA (c), the Ving modifier "allowing it......300 and 700 meters." must make sense with the subject of the preceding clause which is "eyes". However, "it"does not agree with the subject of the preceding clause "eyes". Please explain??

Hey gmatacer40 ,

I think you aren't much clear on ", verb + ing" rule tested on GMAT.

The rule says "verb + ing" after comma should either describe the previous clause (NOT SUBJECT) or should show the result of the previous clause.

In the question given, we are saying the results of adeptness of eyes is allowing to do something.

Does that make sense?

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Re: The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any  [#permalink]

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13 Apr 2018, 07:08
gmatacer40 wrote:
In the OA (c), the Ving modifier "allowing it......300 and 700 meters." must make sense with the subject of the preceding clause which is "eyes".

Hi gmatacer40, indeed and that is the case here.

Quote:
However, "it"does not agree with the subject of the preceding clause "eyes"

There is no requirement for the pronouns in the participial phrase (allowing...) to agree with the subject of the preceding clause. For example, following is a correct sentence:

Teacher showered students with gifts, surprising them.

Here, them does not have any reason or requirement to agree with teacher, the subject of the preceding clause.
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Re: The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any  [#permalink]

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13 Apr 2018, 07:16
gmatbusters wrote:
egmat
I am a but confused here.
Please provide some insights on the Verb+ing usage.
Please clarify whether V+ing modifier must make sense with the subject of the preceding clause or not?

Hello gmatbusters,

Thank you for the query.

The answer to your question is "yes". The action denoted by the comma + verb-ing modifier must make sense with the doer of the modified action. It is so because every action must be accounted for, i. e., it must have a doer.

Please review the our popular article that delves deep into the topic. The article is replete with relevant details and official examples to make the concept easy to understand:
https://gmatclub.com/forum/usage-of-verb-ing-modifiers-135220.html

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any  [#permalink]

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24 Apr 2018, 20:53
A,B,D wrong because eyes are compared with animal.
E wrong because it used for eyes and them used for single elephant

So C is correct

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Re: The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any  [#permalink]

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13 Jul 2018, 09:05
OG 2017 New Question[/quote]
hi egmat GMATNinja
Could you please explain the usage of the pronoun "it"
In the official answer, how the pronoun"it" refers clearly to seal
why does not it refer "animal"?
why there is no ambiguity?
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Re: The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any  [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2018, 00:12
AbdurRakib wrote:
The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any other animal yet tested, thus allowing it to hunt efficiently under the gloomy conditions at its feeding depths of between 300 and 700 meters.

A) The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any other animal yet tested, thus allowing it
B) The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any other animal yet tested, allowing them
C) The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than do those of any other animal yet tested, allowing it
D) Because they adapt to darkness more quickly than any other animal yet tested, the eyes of the elephant seal allow it
E) Because the eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than do those of any other animal yet tested, it allows them

OG 2017 New Question

Hi GMATNinja , mikemcgarry any other expert reading this

please explain how does "it" in option C clearly refers to seal , why does not "it" refer to animal
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Re: The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any  [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2018, 05:50
GMATNinja wrote:
The "it" is arguably ambiguous here, but a key thing to remember is that pronoun ambiguity is NOT an absolute rule on the GMAT (see this video for more on that issue).

Dear GMATNinja

I totally agree with you bout any rules of pronoun in GMAT. But actually the question at hand has something very powerful. The non-underline part has possessive pronoun 'its' which gives indication that a pronoun 'it' is acceptable (in line with its )and not ambiguous in that sentence.

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Re: The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any  [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2018, 06:01
I choose A over C.
And In C
Quote:
C) The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than do those of any other animal yet tested, allowing it

found "than do those" in C bit wordy.
expert help needed.
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Re: The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any  [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2018, 19:26
mayursurya wrote:
I choose A over C.
And In C
Quote:
C) The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than do those of any other animal yet tested, allowing it

found "than do those" in C bit wordy.
expert help needed.

You're in good company - (C) sounds a little goofy to me too! But goofiness is not a good reason to eliminate an answer choice. If one answer choice is logical and grammatically correct, and the other four all have identifiable issues, well, then we just have to accept that the OA might sound a little funny. (And if it didn't sound funny, the question wouldn't be difficult, right?)

Let's reexamine (A):
Quote:
The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any other animal yet tested

Sounds fine to the ear, but look at that comparison - one animal's eyes are compared to other animals. It's fine to compare one animal's eyes to another animal's eyes. It's perfectly OK to compare one animal to another. But it's nutty to compare eyes to animals. It doesn't matter if this is the world's most eloquent, poetic, beautiful-sounding sentence -- the thing is illogical, and needs to be eliminated.

Compare that with (C):
Quote:
The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than do those of any other animal yet tested, allowing it

Sounds weird, right? But let's look at the comparison again. The plural pronoun "those" must refer to the preceding plural noun "the eyes." So now the eyes of the elephant seal are correctly compared to the eyes of "any other animal". Perfectly logical.

The takeaway: if one answer choice sounds good, but is illogical, and another option sounds weird but makes perfect sense, the second sentence will always be preferred on the GMAT.

I hope that helps!
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Re: The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any  [#permalink]

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30 Nov 2018, 09:49
Hey jennpt

Could you please solve this question for us, i.e. the way you would solve in exam including strategy!! thanks!!
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Re: The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any  [#permalink]

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23 Feb 2019, 21:13
GMATNinja
Hi GmatNinja,

In option C here, could you help explain why we need to have "do" after than? Can we eliminate it? I dont really understand why we have to include "do" here

Also, if we need to have "do", shouldn't it be placed as "more quickly than those of any other animal yet tested DO"?

Thanks a lot.
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Re: The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any  [#permalink]

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11 May 2019, 13:28
Can somebody please explain 'than do those of' in option C. Shouldn't it be 'than those of'

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Re: The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any  [#permalink]

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12 May 2019, 19:58
Can somebody please explain 'than do those of' in option C. Shouldn't it be 'than those of'
When do is used in place of a verb the way it has in option C, we can change the normal order in which the subject and verb occur.

The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than do those of any other animal yet tested...

is another way of saying

The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than those of any other animal yet tested do...
or
The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than those of any other animal yet tested adapt to darkness...

Adding the do makes the sentence clearer. Take a look at what happens if we drop the do (if that is what you were asking):

The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than those of any other animal yet tested...

This is not wrong, but it could be interpreted as "X adapts to A more quickly than B".
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Re: The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any   [#permalink] 12 May 2019, 19:58

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