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The familiar slogan “survival of the fittest” is popularly

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The familiar slogan “survival of the fittest” is popularly  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jan 2017, 04:29
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C
D
E

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Question Stats:

65% (02:10) correct 35% (02:16) wrong based on 193 sessions

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The familiar slogan “survival of the fittest” is popularly used to express the claim, often mistakenly attributed to evolutionary biologists, that the fittest are most likely to survive. However, biologists use the term “fittest” to mean “most likely to survive,” so the slogan is merely claiming that the most likely to survive are the most likely to survive. While this claim is clearly true, it is a tautology and so is neither informative nor of scientific interest.

The argument above depends on assuming which one of the following?

A. All claims that are of scientific interest are informative
B. Only claims that are true are of scientific interest
C. Popular slogan are seldom informative or of scientific value
D. Informative scientific claims cannot use terms in the way they are popularly used
E. The truth of a purported scientific claim is not sufficient for it to be of scientific interest
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Re: The familiar slogan “survival of the fittest” is popularly  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jan 2017, 04:45
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The argument basically says this -

the slogan "survival of the fittest" --> Neither informative nor of scientific interest.

A - Incorrect.

the option says "all claims that are of scientific interest are informative" - this connects the two parts of the conclusion.
It does not link the premise to the conclusion. i.e. does not tell us why/how that particular slogan is neither informative nor of scientific interest.

B - Incorrect.

We know that this is not correct because the argument claims that the slogan is true but of no scientific interest.

C - Incorrect.
Negate this -
"Popular slogans are often informative and of scientific value" - does not mean that they are always informative or of scientific value.
Hence, we are not sure how applicable this is to the slogan mentioned. Hence, incorrect.

D - Incorrect.
negate this -
"Informative scientific claims can use terms in the way they are popularly used"
does not mean that the slogan mentioned is not informative and has no scientific value.

E - Correct
If this option is negated, then the argument falls apart -
"The truth of a purported scientific claim is sufficient for it to be of scientific interest" --> we know that the slogan mentioned is true --> hence, it is of scientific interest.
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Re: The familiar slogan “survival of the fittest” is popularly  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Mar 2019, 02:13
On "E. The truth of a purported scientific claim is not sufficient for it to be of scientific interest" , the argument is saying that "The familiar slogan “survival of the fittest” " is a true claim yet is does not bring any information nor scientific interest.
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Re: The familiar slogan “survival of the fittest” is popularly   [#permalink] 20 Mar 2019, 02:13
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