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The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated

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18 Mar 2015, 23:38
Hello @plumber 250

There is a word " AFTER " , which is mentioned in the statement

So , why do we still require - past perfect- "had accelerated " in the sentence ??
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20 Mar 2015, 02:13
Hi guys!
I understand why "that" is required but could please explain the difference between "little signs" and "few signs". I guess "little" is an adjective and "few" is a unit of measurement, we use it dealing with countable item. Or "little signs" is the same as "little hope"? I don't get the difference. Thanks!
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30 Apr 2015, 10:05
Konstantin1983 wrote:
Hi guys!
I understand why "that" is required but could please explain the difference between "little signs" and "few signs". I guess "little" is an adjective and "few" is a unit of measurement, we use it dealing with countable item. Or "little signs" is the same as "little hope"? I don't get the difference. Thanks!

"little" is used for uncountables while "few" is used for "countables".

So, "little hope" is ok, because "hope" is uncountable.

However, "little signs" is incorrect, because "signs" is countable and so, we should use "few signs".
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30 Apr 2015, 12:14
pqhai wrote:
"That" is required ==> only A, C, E remain.
Because the Fed said that <== past tense. Thus, the past perfect tense - "had accelerated" - is correct

The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few signs of higher energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far.

that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few
Correct.

• growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few
Wrong. Parallelism problem.

• that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are little
Wrong. Parallelism problem.

• growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are little
Wrong. Need "that".

• that growth accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few
Wrong. Tense problem.

Hope it helps.

totally agree with this. that's how I got to the answer. Just want to add smth. C uses "little" for countable noun signs. this is incorrect.
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01 May 2015, 13:40
VerbalHow wrote:
Konstantin1983 wrote:
Hi guys!
I understand why "that" is required but could please explain the difference between "little signs" and "few signs". I guess "little" is an adjective and "few" is a unit of measurement, we use it dealing with countable item. Or "little signs" is the same as "little hope"? I don't get the difference. Thanks!

"little" is used for uncountables while "few" is used for "countables".

So, "little hope" is ok, because "hope" is uncountable.

However, "little signs" is incorrect, because "signs" is countable and so, we should use "few signs".

Thanks! Now i got it. I was confused by the phrase "little signs". I though that "little" could be used to describe volume. Now it is easy to see that we can eliminate B,C,D. And we are down to A or E
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17 May 2015, 22:34
POE.
C and D are out because "little". With countable nouns, such as "signs", "few" should be used. Additionally, D needs "that".
B also out because no "that".
E is out because wrong tense sequencing, announcement and acceleration seems to take place at the same time.

CORRECT option - A.
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18 May 2015, 00:26
The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few signs of higher energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far.
"That" is necessary. Eliminate B and D.
• A that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few
• C that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are little "little can't be used with "signs" (countable)
• E that growth accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few need past perfect tense for the verb accelerate, since the acceleration happened prior to the reporting of that acceleration
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02 Jun 2015, 05:44
A

A. that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few

B. growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few - missing that

C. that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are little - little is not correct for countable signs

D. growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are little - missing that and also little incorrect

E. that growth accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few - missing had which is required to make second part in past perfect
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02 Jun 2015, 08:14
[quote="souvik101990"]The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few signs of higher energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far.

A. that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few - Looks the best.

The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few signs of higher energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far.

B. growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few - Parallelism error

C. that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are little - Little is used for uncountable nouns.

D. growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are little - Little is used for uncountable nouns.

E. that growth accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few - Incorrect.

Henco IMHO (A) is the best among the rest.
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10 Jun 2015, 04:49
VERY HARD
normaly the object clause is in past tense when the main clause is in past .

this is an example that the tense in object clause can be past perfect and present while the tense in main clause is in past.

this case happen rarely but do happen logically

terribly hard.
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19 Jul 2015, 06:16
1: Countable Vs Uncountable.
there are few signs of higher energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far.
>> Few is req.

2: X said something had happened.
>> Is req to show seq of event.

3: ||sm needs to be maintained with conjunction "and".

Option A is Correct.

The Federal Reserve announcement said
that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and
that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation,
even though
there are few signs of higher energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far.
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22 Jul 2015, 07:50
Four issues here; one, for the sake of parallelism, we need the introducer ‘that’ in both arms; B and D are eliminated.
Two, the growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter. Let’s not separate this factor into two as accelerated and slowed and then break heads over which one occurred earlier orlater. Had accelerated is perfect fit for the juncture.
The third issue is about the announcement which came as the last of the events in past. So past tense for announcement is apt.
Fourth issue moves over to present tense. Remain concerned is simple present and is the right expression for the Fed’s current concern.
Among A, C and E, E is dropped for using simple past for acceleration. C uses little to denote the countable 'signs'. A remains perfect foil.
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07 May 2016, 00:20
Hi,

I have a question regarding the present tense in which the second phrase is using: 'that the policy makers remain concerned...'

How could we use present tense in this sentence, 'said' is a past action so following it must be a past tense. The Fed could not know whether policy makers still remain concerned or not.

Verbal Expert pls help me if I am wrong.
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07 May 2016, 05:01
The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few signs of higher energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far.

• that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few
• growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few
• that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are little
• growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are little
• that growth accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few

Hi

Can someone explain that, can we also eliminate the answer choices on choosing between few and little which are there at the end.

Thanks
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08 May 2016, 14:15
Himanshu9818 wrote:
The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few signs of higher energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far.

• that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few
• growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few
• that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are little
• growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are little
• that growth accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few

Hi

Can someone explain that, can we also eliminate the answer choices on choosing between few and little which are there at the end.

Thanks
Himanshu

Of course, the 3:2 split is ideal for eliminating 2 or 3 choices in one shot. Since "signs" is countable (plural), "few" should be used - "little" is used for non-countable nouns. With this split, 2 options (C and D) get cancelled at once.
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29 Jun 2017, 07:14
I believe if "said" changes to "say", "had said" changes to "have said" so that the original meaning will be intact.
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30 Jun 2017, 00:04
1)The sentence is in indirect speech so we need that .
2)We also need that after and to maintain parallelism .
Only option A does that hence is the correct answer.
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06 Aug 2017, 05:43
Is it absolutely necessary to use past perfect in this instance?
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06 Aug 2017, 06:13
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Nicole wrote
Quote:
Is it absolutely necessary to use the past perfect in this instance?

Yes IMO; because that is the only marker of the timeline that indicates that the acceleration occurred before the Fed made the announcement. Just using the simple past 'accelerated' might erroneously imply that the announcement was made just as the growth was picking up.
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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated &nbs [#permalink] 06 Aug 2017, 06:13

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