The federal rules aimed at protecting human subjects of : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# The federal rules aimed at protecting human subjects of

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The federal rules aimed at protecting human subjects of [#permalink]

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09 Dec 2005, 15:39
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The federal rules aimed at protecting human subjects of medical experiments were established to ensure that patients must be warned of potential risks and an independent panel would evaluate the experiment before it was conducted.

A) must be warned of potential risks and an independent panel would

B) must be warned of potential risks and that an independent panel

C) are warned about potential risks and that an independent panel

D) will be warned about potential risks and an independent panel would

E) would be warned of potential risks and that an independent panel would
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Zarrolou on 24 Jul 2013, 03:26, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: The federal rules aimed at protecting human subjects of [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2013, 06:36
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fozzzy wrote:
can someone provide a detailed analysis on this one. Thanks!

Hi fozzy,
There you go.

The federal rules aimed at protecting human subjects of medical experiments were established to ensure that patients must be warned of potential risks and an independent panel would evaluate the experiment before it was conducted.

Since the meaning is pretty simple to understand, let’s proceed to the Error Analysis.

ERROR ANALYSIS:

1. The federal rules were made to ensure two things:
• patients must be warned of potential risks, and
• an independent panel would evaluate the experiment before it was conducted
The first entity is preceded by “that”, but the second one is not. We need before the second entity as well.

2. Use of “would evaluate” is correct because the main verb for this part of the sentence is written in simple past tense “was conducted”. Since the sentence is written in simple past tense, we must use past tense of “will” that is “would” here.
Now the entities in the list must be parallel. Since we have two clauses as entities, the context of the sentence requires that there be consistency in the verb tenses. Hence we need “would be warned”.
3. Also, “ensure” does not need the use of subjunctive verb. So “would be warned” will take care of this issue too.

PoE:

A) must be warned of potential risks and an independent panel would: Incorrect for the reasons stated above.

B) must be warned of potential risks and that an independent panel: Incorrect.
1. This choice repeats the verb tense (must) error as in choice A.
2. There is no need for subjunctive verb here. We do need “would” not only before “evaluate” but also before “be warned of”.

C) are warned about potential risks and that an independent panel: Incorrect.
1. Use of “are warned” is incorrect because the context of the sentence is set in the past tense.
2. Same “would” error as in choice B.
3. “warned of” is more formal than “warned about”. The latter is more colloquial. Hence, “warned of” is better

D) will be warned about potential risks and an independent panel would: Incorrect.
1. Use of “will be warned” leads to verb tense error
2. “that” is missing before the second entity in the list.

E) would be warned of potential risks and that an independent panel would: Correct.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: The federal rules aimed at protecting human subjects of [#permalink]

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29 Jan 2012, 01:05
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would is needed for future potentiality and parallel construction (that.. that..)
Thus E.
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Re: The federal rules aimed at protecting human subjects of [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2013, 03:39
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can someone provide a detailed analysis on this one. Thanks!

The federal rules aimed at protecting human subjects of medical experiments were established to ensure that patients must be warned of potential risks and an independent panel would evaluate the experiment before it was conducted.

The sentence says "evaluate" so we cannot place an "an independent panel" before (is singular). Out B and C.
The sentence also says "were", hence we are talking about the past; so the verb "will" is not correct.
If we are in the past, and we want to make a prediction about the future "would" is correct over "will". This eliminates option D.

A) must be warned of potential risks and an independent panel would
E) would be warned of potential risks and that an independent panel would

The parallelism in A is not correct, E, on the other hand, is perfectly parallel: to ensure patients would be warned and that an independent panel would .
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09 Dec 2005, 15:47
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E.

would is required to indicate future, unseen, effects of federal rules.
C is incorect: tense not consistent. "it was conducted" in non-underlined portion indicates past tense.
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09 Dec 2005, 18:58
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joemama142000 wrote:
The federal rules aimed at protecting human subjects of medical experiments were established to ensure that patients must be warned of potential risks and an independent panel would evaluate the experiment before it was conducted.

A) must be warned of potential risks and an independent panel would

B) must be warned of potential risks and that an independent panel

C) are warned about potential risks and that an independent panel

D) will be warned about potential risks and an independent panel would

E) would be warned of potential risks and that an independent panel would

E for parallel structure and parallel tenses and correct idiom "be warned of"
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15 Nov 2010, 21:06
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E for parallel construction (that.. that..) and subjunctive usgae ( were - would )
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27 Feb 2011, 14:01
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I originally picked E for ||ism. But after reaching MGMAT SC and a couple of OG examples where words like 'rule' and 'laws' are associated with MUST instead of COULD/SHOULD/WOULD (since laws are mandatory and words like would/should/could imply one has a choice in obeying the law...) , I decided to go with B because that is the only option that has MUST in the beginning and removes WOULD from the second half. It didn't make sense to me but I went by the rules in MGMAT and OG. Turns out there are exceptions to the rule

How to avoid this trap?
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09 Dec 2005, 17:05
If the sentence were modified would this be correct?

The federal rules aimed at protecting human subjects of medical experiments are established to ensure that patients must be warned of potential risks and an independent panel evaluate the experiment before it was conducted.

The federal rules aimed at protecting human subjects of medical experiments are established to ensure that patients will be warned of potential risks and an independent panel will evaluate the experiment before it was conducted.
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11 Dec 2005, 02:03
oa is E
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11 Dec 2005, 08:30
E,//lism would be warned of and would evaluate

I thought warn about is a correct idiom but now I know that I was wrong
thanks guys for posting this question
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12 Dec 2005, 06:19
Late, but E for the consistent use of the modal would.
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15 Nov 2010, 17:42
Yurik79 wrote:
joemama142000 wrote:
The federal rules aimed at protecting human subjects of medical experiments were established to ensure that patients must be warned of potential risks and an independent panel would evaluate the experiment before it was conducted.

A) must be warned of potential risks and an independent panel would

B) must be warned of potential risks and that an independent panel

C) are warned about potential risks and that an independent panel

D) will be warned about potential risks and an independent panel would

E) would be warned of potential risks and that an independent panel would

I vote for D

D would not be correct as it is missing the "that" to be parallel with to ensure "that" patients...
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16 Nov 2010, 07:19
I picked E not even for parrallelism but for the usage of: would be warned of.....rather than warned about...
We usually would get warned of danger rather than about
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16 Nov 2010, 20:50
anish319 wrote:
I picked E not even for parrallelism but for the usage of: would be warned of.....rather than warned about...
We usually would get warned of danger rather than about

I think your point is valid. Can somebody explain?
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28 Feb 2011, 10:58
warned of and warned about ? warned about is wrong usage .
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Re: The federal rules aimed at protecting human subjects of [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2013, 02:22
can someone provide a detailed analysis on this one. Thanks!
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Re: The federal rules aimed at protecting human subjects of [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2013, 06:27
egmat wrote:
fozzzy wrote:
can someone provide a detailed analysis on this one. Thanks!

Hi fozzy,
There you go.

The federal rules aimed at protecting human subjects of medical experiments were established to ensure that patients must be warned of potential risks and an independent panel would evaluate the experiment before it was conducted.

Since the meaning is pretty simple to understand, let’s proceed to the Error Analysis.

ERROR ANALYSIS:

1. The federal rules were made to ensure two things:
• patients must be warned of potential risks, and
• an independent panel would evaluate the experiment before it was conducted
The first entity is preceded by “that”, but the second one is not. We need before the second entity as well.

2. Use of “would evaluate” is correct because the main verb for this part of the sentence is written in simple past tense “was conducted”. Since the sentence is written in simple past tense, we must use past tense of “will” that is “would” here.
Now the entities in the list must be parallel. Since we have two clauses as entities, the context of the sentence requires that there be consistency in the verb tenses. Hence we need “would be warned”.
3. Also, “ensure” does not need the use of subjunctive verb. So “would be warned” will take care of this issue too.

PoE:

A) must be warned of potential risks and an independent panel would: Incorrect for the reasons stated above.

B) must be warned of potential risks and that an independent panel: Incorrect.
1. This choice repeats the verb tense (must) error as in choice A.
2. There is no need for subjunctive verb here. We do need “would” not only before “evaluate” but also before “be warned of”.

C) are warned about potential risks and that an independent panel: Incorrect.
1. Use of “are warned” is incorrect because the context of the sentence is set in the past tense.
2. Same “would” error as in choice B.
3. “warned of” is more formal than “warned about”. The latter is more colloquial. Hence, “warned of” is better

D) will be warned about potential risks and an independent panel would: Incorrect.
1. Use of “will be warned” leads to verb tense error
2. “that” is missing before the second entity in the list.

E) would be warned of potential risks and that an independent panel would: Correct.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.

Dear E-Gmat

ensure that patients are warned about potential risks and that an independent panel......

This uses subjunctive.. can we use subjunctive for ensure ( u said it doesnot needsubjunctive but explain if using subjunctive is wrong.....

Also, here govt did something so that people donot face any problem for the whole future , I mean we can state the intention in simple present ..... so C seems ok to me. Please correct me if I am wrong....
"I removed the obstacle on the road to ensure that no one gets hurt".
Is this sentence wrong too?
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Re: The federal rules aimed at protecting human subjects of [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2015, 09:56
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: The federal rules aimed at protecting human subjects of   [#permalink] 15 Oct 2015, 09:56

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